Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

1st Edition - September 5, 2013

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  • Editor: James Shen
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123948366

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The growth of implant and fixed prosthodontics practices in dentistry has created a rapidly increasing demand for advanced ceramics and ceramic processes. Innovations in ceramics and ceramic processes are vital to ensure reliable and affordable dental-restoration solutions with aesthetically pleasing outcomes. The work aims to engage the bioceramics and engineering communities to meet the challenges of modern dental restoration using advanced ceramics. Incorporating fundamental science, advanced engineering concepts, and clinical outcomes, the work is suitable for bioceramicists, ceramics manufacturers, dental clinicians and biologists.

Key Features

  • State-of-the-art-coverage encompasses bioresorbable ceramics for bone regeneration and bioactivating surfaces of inert, high-strength ceramics for implantation, keeping research knowledge appropriately updated
  • Discusses transition from the baseline stable and physically stiff ceramics research into engineering of highly coherent laminate composites for prosthetic crowns and bridges
  • Showcases current feasible techniques for producing, in cost-effective and materials-saving ways, long-lasting individualized ceramic components with biocompatibility, complexity and high precision


Ceramicists, biomaterials researchers and biomedical scientists and engineers

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Chapter 2. Teeth

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Microstructure of Teeth

    2.3 Optical Properties of Teeth

    2.4 Mechanical Properties of Teeth

    2.5 Common Defects and Damage



    Chapter 3. Dental Prostheses

    3.1 Introduction of Prosthodontics and Dental Prostheses

    3.2 Restoration of Tooth Defects

    3.3 Restoration of Partial Edentulism

    3.4 Restoration of Complete Edentulism



    Chapter 4. Dental Implants

    4.1 Principle Structure of Dental Implants

    4.2 Implants

    4.3 Abutments

    4.4 Suprastructure

    4.5 Clinical Procedures

    4.6 Fitting and Bite Force

    4.7 Infection Management

    4.8 Osseointegration


    Chapter 5. Clinical Failures of Ceramic Dental Prostheses

    5.1 Fractographic Analysis of Ceramics and Glasses

    5.2 Failures of Ceramic Dental Prostheses



    Chapter 6. Advanced Ceramics

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Hierarchical Structures

    6.3 Structure–Property Relations

    6.4 Optical Properties



    Further Reading

    Chapter 7. Advanced Ceramic Processes

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Powder Treatment

    7.3 Shape-Forming Processes

    7.4 Drying and Binder Removal

    7.5 Sintering


    Chapter 8. Microstructure Characterization of Advanced Ceramics

    8.1 Surface Topography

    8.2 Porosity and Pore Structure

    8.3 Microscopic Defects

    8.4 Interfacial Bonding Structures


    Chapter 9. Mechanical Properties and Reliability of Advanced Ceramics

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Fracture Mechanics

    9.3 Sub-Critical Crack Growth

    9.4 Fatigue

    9.5 Other Reasons for Damage

    9.6 Mechanical Testing of Advanced Ceramics

    9.7 Fractography

    9.8 Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 10. Interfaces Between Tissues and Ceramics

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Methodologies

    10.3 Interface between Ceramic Implants and Bone

    10.4 Interface between Porous Ceramic Implants and Bone

    10.5 Interface between Ceramics and Soft Tissues




    Chapter 11. Alumina- and Zirconia-based Ceramics for Load-bearing Applications

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Alumina in Dentistry

    11.3 Zirconia in Dentistry

    11.4 Alumina-Zirconia Composites in Dentistry

    11.5 Adhesion


    Chapter 12. Dental Glasses and Glass-ceramics

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Classes of Dental Glass-Ceramics

    12.3 Limitations and Challenges

    12.4 Future Development




    Chapter 13. Requirements of Bioactive Ceramics for Dental Implants and Scaffolds

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Osseointegration

    13.3 Phenomenological View of Bioactivity

    13.4 Biological View of Bioactivity

    13.5 Load-Bearing Dental Implants

    13.6 Morphogenetically Active Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering



    Chapter 14. Surface Modifications of Load-Bearing Ceramics for Improved Osseointegration

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Modifications of Surface Topography

    14.3 Modifications of Surface Chemistry


    Chapter 15. Industrial-scale Production of Customized Ceramic Prostheses

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 The History of Customized Production from the Procera Perspective

    15.3 Ceramic Versus Metallic Materials

    15.4 CAI/CAD/CAM

    15.5 Production of Dental Prosthetics

    15.6 Simulation Tools

    15.7 Quality Control


    Chapter 16. Advanced Dental-restoration Materials: Concepts for the Future

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Strong Glasses and Glass-Ceramics

    16.3 Functional Gradient Materials

    16.4 Thin and Multilayered Coatings

    16.5 Translucent Load-Bearing Ceramics

    16.6 Polymer Ceramic Hybrids

    16.7 Strong Porous Ceramics

    16.8 Biomimetic Materials



    Chapter 17. Defect Minimization in Prosthetic Ceramics

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 The Decisive Role of Defects

    17.3 Minimizing Defects in Powders

    17.4 Minimizing Defects in Materials Processes

    17.5 Evaluation of the Presence of Defects

    17.6 Summary


    Chapter 18. Advanced Direct Forming Processes for the Future

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Ink-jet Printing Technologies

    18.3 Laser Sintering




Product details

  • No. of pages: 416
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2013
  • Published: September 5, 2013
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123948366

About the Editor

James Shen

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