This book aims to reverse the bias shown in research literature concerning the decline of information processing abilities with age. Twenty chapters identify areas of limited or no decline in cognitive functioning with respect to rate of information processing, attentional capacity, object perception, word perception, language comprehension, learning, memory, and problem-solving. These findings attest to the imbalance of previous published research, presenting a fairer portrayal of the aged mind.

Key Features

@introbul:Key Features @bul:* Investigates a broad variety of information-processing tasks and capabilities * Shows that aging adults can look forward to minimum dysfunction over a wide range of intellectual activity * Reverses the bias toward portrayal of the aged, dysfunctional mind * Provides information applicable toward interacting with the aged in counseling and care-giving settings


Students and researchers in cognitive sciences and psychology as well as in gerontology, neuropsychology, social psychology, experimental psychology, counseling, education, psycholinguistics, and neurosciences.

Table of Contents

Introduction: A.T. Welford, The Gerontological Balance Sheet. Neurophysiological Sparing: D.S. Woodruff-Pak, Neural Plasticity as a Substrate for Cognitive Adaptation in Adulthood and Aging. T.R. Bashore, Differential Effects of Aging on the Neurocognitive Functions Subserving Speeded Mental Processing. R. Parasuraman and P.G. Nestor, Preserved Cognitive Operations in Earl Alzheimers Disease. Information Processing Rate: J. Myersonand S. Hale, General Slowing and Age-Invariance in Cognitive Processing: The Other Side of the Coin. S.H. Johnson and J.M. Rybash, A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective on Age-Related Slowing: Developmental Changes in the Functional Architecture. A. Baron and J. Cerella, Laboratory Tests of the Disuse Account of Cognitive Decline. T.R. Bashore and P.H. Goddard, Preservative and Restorative Effects of Aerobic Fitness on the Age-Related Slowing of Mental Processing Speed. AttentionalCapacity: B. Molander and L. Backman, Performance of a Complex Motor Skill Across the Life-Span: General Trends and Qualifications. L.M. Giambra, Sustained Attention in Older Adults: Performance and Processes. D.J. Madden and D.J. Plude, Selective Preservation of Selective Attention. Perception of Objects: N.L. Bowles, Semantic Processes that Serve Picture Naming. D.L. Schacter, J.F. Kihlstrom, A.W. Kaszniak, and M. Valdiserri, Preserved and Impaired Memory Functionsin Elderly Adults. J.C. Bartlett, Limits on Losses in Face Recognition. Word Perception: J.M. Duchek and D.A. Balota, Sparing Activati


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© 1993
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the authors

John Cerella

Affiliations and Expertise

VA Outpatient Clinic

John Rybash

Affiliations and Expertise

Hamilton College

Michael Commons

Affiliations and Expertise

Harvard Medical School