Adsorptive Bubble Separation Techniques

Adsorptive Bubble Separation Techniques

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editor: Robert Lemlich
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154819

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Adsorptive Bubble Separation Techniques focuses on the mechanisms of the various adsorptive bubble separation methods. This book examines the various adsorptive bubble separation techniques, including ion flotation, foam fractionation, precipitate flotation, mineral flotation, bubble fractionation, and solvent sublation. Organized into 20 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the certain important properties of foam. This text then examines the results of several separations, as well as the results of additional studies into the mechanisms of the different techniques. Other chapters explain the studies of foam separation in the case of synthetic solutions, which provide a good knowledge of the extraction mechanisms of the radioactive cations, cesium, cerium, and strontium. This book discusses as well the experimental and theoretical work on foam separation done in Israel. The final chapter deals with the separation of surfactants and metallic ions at various places around the world. This book is a valuable resource for materials scientists, engineers, and chemists.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Chapter 1 Introduction

    I. Overview

    II. Classification of Techniques

    III. Droplet Analogs


    Chapter 2 Morphology, Coalescence, and Size Distribution of Foam Bubbles

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology and Structure of Foams

    III. Gas Diffusion in Foams

    IV. Thinning and Rupture of Bubble Walls


    Chapter 3 Principles of Foam Fractionation and Drainage

    I. Introduction

    II. Adsorption

    III. Column Operation

    IV. Foam

    V. Closure



    Chapter 4 Ion Flotation

    I. Introduction

    II. Methodology

    III. Parameters Affecting the Process

    IV. Continuous Ion Flotation

    V. Analytical Applications

    VI. Theoretical Considerations

    VII. Uses

    VIII. Conclusion


    Chapter 5 Precipitate Flotation

    I. Introduction

    II. Precipitate Flotation of the First Kind

    III. Precipitate Flotation of the Second Kind

    IV. Conclusion


    Chapter 6 Principles of Mineral Flotation

    I. Introduction

    II. Measurement of Flotation Behavior

    III. Equilibrium Considerations in Flotation Systems

    IV. Adsorption of Organic and Inorganic Ions at Mineral-Water Surfaces

    V. Some Physical Chemical Variables in Flotation

    VI. Some Examples of Technological Flotation Separations

    VII. Flotation Kinetics

    VIII. Summary


    Chapter 7 Bubble Fractionation

    I. Introduction

    II. Theory

    III. Experimental Results



    Chapter 8 Solvent Sublation

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Design

    III. Characteristics of Solvent Sublation

    IV. Mechanism of Removal

    V. Relationship to Solvent Extraction

    VI. Conclusion


    Chapter 9 Foam Separation of Enzymes and Other Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Fundamental Considerations

    III. Foam Separation of Proteins

    IV. Closure


    Chapter 10 Foam Fractionation of Surfactants, Orthophosphate, and Phenol

    I. Batch and Continuous Separation of Cat ionic and Anionic Surfactants

    II. Batch Separation of Orthophosphate and of Phenol



    Chapter 11 Ion, Colloid, and Precipitate Flotation of Inorganic Anions

    I. Batch Ion Flotation of Chromium(VI)

    II. Continuous Ion Flotation of Chromium(VI)

    III. Continuous Dissolved-Air Ion Flotation of Chromium(VI)

    IV. Batch and Continuous Precipitate Flotation of Chromium(III)

    V. Ion and Colloid Flotation of Cyanide Complexed by Iron

    VI. Precipitate Flotation of Cyanide Complexed by Iron


    Chapter 12 Flotation of Participates: Ferric Oxide, Bacteria, Active Carbon, and Clays

    I. Colloidal Ferric Oxide

    II. Six Species of Bacteria

    III. Active Carbon with Adsorbed Phenol

    IV. Clays and Clay Sediments: Clarification of Turbid Waters

    V. Effect of Particulates on Foam Separation of Surfactants


    Chapter 13 Removal and Use of Hydrolyzable Metals in Foam Separations

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Methods and Materials

    III. Foam Separation of Hydrolyzable Metals

    IV. Microflotation for Removal of Colloids


    Chapter 14 Application of Adsorptive Bubble Separation Techniques to Wastewater Treatment

    I. Introduction

    II. Applications to Domestic Wastewater

    III. Applications to Industrial Wastes

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 15 Separation of Surfactants and Metallic Ions by Foaming: Studies in France

    I. Introduction

    II. Preliminary Study

    III. Adaptation of Foam Separation to Waste Treatment

    IV. Exploitation of a 100-liter/hr Pilot Plant

    V. Conclusion


    Chapter 16 Separation of Surfactants and Metallic Ions by Foaming: Studies in Israel

    I. Introduction

    II. Adsorption to Gas Liquid Interfaces

    III. Properties of Dynamics Foams

    IV. Equipment Design and Performance



    Chapter 17 Separation of Metallic Ions by Foaming: Studies in Italy

    I. Ion Adsorption

    II. Representative Separations



    Chapter 18 Separation of Particles, Molecules, and Ions by Foaming: Studies in Japan

    I. General Aspects of Separation by Bubbling

    II. Ion Flotation

    III. Molecule and Particle Flotations


    Chapter 19 Separation of Surfactants and Metallic Ions by Foaming: Studies at Radiation Applications, Inc., and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S.A.

    I. Origin and Objectives of Foam Fractionation Work at RAI and ORNL

    II. Fractionation of Metal Ions from Nitrate Solutions

    III. Screening of Surface-Active Agents

    IV. Decontamination of Process Wastewater

    V. Combined Foam Separation - Froth Flotation Process

    VI. Some Comparisons between Static and Dynamics Surfaces

    VII. Development of Counter-Current Foam Columns

    VIII. Foam Drainage Model and Experimental Results



    Chapter 20 Separation of Surfactants and Ions from Solutions by Foaming: Studies in the U.S.S.R.

    I. Introduction

    II. Surfactant Separation

    III. Ion Separation


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 348
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154819

About the Editor

Robert Lemlich

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