Adolescence

Adolescence

The Transitional Years

1st Edition - January 1, 1983

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  • Author: J. Roy Hopkins
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483265650

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Description

Adolescence: The Transitional Years presents the intricate physical, emotional, and behavioral changes that occur during the years between childhood and adulthood. This book provides psychological studies of adolescence and the methods used to gain information about adolescent development. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the contributions of psychology to understanding the transition from childhood to adulthood. This text then reviews the changes at puberty, including the sequence of development for girls and boys and the underlying physiological mechanisms responsible. Other chapters consider the cultural variations in the mode of transition from childhood to adulthood. This book provides as well a brief overview of the psychological dimensions of self-identity. The final chapter deals with the educational experience for adolescents and examines the factors associated with different levels of educational attainment. This book is a valuable resource for developmental psychologists, sociologists, geneticists, anthropologists, theorists, and research workers.

Table of Contents


  • Chapter 1 Issues in the Study of Adolescence

    The Nature of Adolescence

    The Onset of Adolescence

    The End of Adolescence

    Adolescence as Western Invention

    Themes of Adolescence

    Searching for an Identity

    Establishing Autonomy

    Decision-Making about Life Goals

    Approaches to the Study of Adolescence

    Literary Accounts

    Case Studies

    Observational Studies

    Interview and Questionnaire Studies

    Hypothesis-Testing Studies

    Age Effect and Cohort Effects

    Cross-Sectional Research

    Longitudinal Research

    Summary

    Chapter 2 Physical Development and Status Change

    The Secular Trend

    Dimensions of the Secular Trend

    Factors Affecting the Secular Trend

    Effects of the Secular Trend

    Transformations of Puberty

    The Initiation of Puberty

    Typical Physical Changes at Puberty

    A Young Girl's Puberty: The Case of Claire

    A Young Boy's Puberty: The Case of Mark

    Gender Variation and Individual Variation

    The Timing of Puberty

    Early Maturation

    Late Maturation

    Status Change and Initiation

    Rites of Passage

    Initiation Drama and Social Communication

    Functions of Initiation Rites

    Status Change in Western Culture

    Summary

    Chapter 3 Identity Development

    Psychological Dimensions of Self-Identity

    Aspects of Identity

    Freud's Theoretical Approach to Adolescent Identity Development: The Transformations of Puberty

    Stages of Psychosexual Development

    Erikson's Psychosocial Theory

    Stage Crises

    Differences Between Erikson's and Freud's Views

    Senses of Identity in Erikson's Theory

    Crisis and Commitment in Identity Status

    Identity and Individuation

    Sex Differences in Identity Status

    Developmental Validity of Identity Status

    Methodological Difficulties

    Summary

    Chapter 4 Sex-Role Consolidation in Adolescence

    Opening Exercise

    The Surgeon-Patient Riddle

    Roles and Stereotypes

    Sex-Role Stereotypes

    Stereotypes in Behavior

    Sex-Role Orientation

    Masculinity and Femininity

    Father Absence and Cross-Sex Identity

    Androgyny

    Culture and Sex-Role Orientation

    Parental Influences on Sex-Role Orientation

    Cultural Expectations for Gender Roles

    Developmental History of Sex Differences in Behavior

    Spatial Ability

    Measures of Spatial Ability

    Spatial Ability and Hormonal Influences

    Brain Lateralization

    Spatial Ability and Genetic Influences

    Spatial Ability and Differential Socialization

    Beyond Sex Roles

    Summary

    Chapter 5 Cognitive Development

    The Check-Checking Problem

    The Nature of Thought in Adolescence

    Increased Use of Logic

    Hypothetical Reasoning

    Abstract Thinking

    Thinking About Thinking

    Stages in Cognitive Development

    Piaget's Cognitive-Developmental Theory

    Piaget's Stages

    Concrete Versus Formal Operations

    Transition from Concrete to Formal Operations

    Training Studies

    Formal Operations as a Structured Whole

    Environment and Formal Operations

    IQ and Formal Operations

    Methodological Issues

    Summary

    Chapter 6 Moral Development

    Plagiarism

    Developmental History of Moral Judgment

    Piaget's Position

    Kohlberg's Theory

    Levels of Moral Judgment

    Cognitive and Moral Stages

    Moral Stages and Development

    The Issue of Sequentiality

    The Structured Whole in Moral Development

    Moral Judgment and Moral Behavior

    Cheating

    Obedience

    Prosocial Behavior

    Effects of Social Environment on Moral Developent

    Role-Taking Opportunities

    Parental Influences on Moral Development

    Sex Differences in Moral Developent

    Sex Differences in Moral Judgment

    Sex Differences in Moral Behavior

    Identity and Moral Judgment

    Summary

    Chapter 7 Social Interaction in Adolescence

    Relationships with Parents

    Social Interchanges

    Family Role Relationships

    The Generation Gap

    Developmental Changes in Adolescent-Parent Relationships

    The "Launching Center"

    Peer Interaction in Adolescence

    Sullivan's Interpersonal Theory

    The Interpersonal Cognitive System

    Dating as Adolescent Social Interaction

    Historical Changes in Heterosexual Interaction

    Stages of Dating

    Dating Adjustment

    Dating and Sexual Role-Playing

    Summary

    Chapter 8 Adolescent Sexuality

    The Sexual Revolution

    Liberalized Attitudes

    Increased Participation in Sexual Behavior

    Developmental Aspects of Sexuality

    Development of Interpersonal Intimacy

    Incidence of Coitus in Early Adolescence

    Sexual Intercourse in Late Adolescence

    Factors Influencing Sexual Behavior

    Sexual Behavior and the Peer Group

    Sex Within a Relationship

    Sex and Moral Judgment

    Puberty and Self-Perception

    Social Characteristics Influencing Sexual Behavior

    Gender and Sexual Role-Playing

    The Double Standard

    Sexual Role-Playing in Anthropological Perspective

    Sexual Activities

    Masturbation

    Adolescent Homosexuality

    Difficulties with Sex Research in Adolescence

    Sample Representativeness

    Response Reliability

    Summary

    Chapter 9 Youth Culture and Political Socialization

    Youth Culture and Generational Differences

    Cohort Effects

    Age Effects

    Period Effects

    History of Student Protest in the United States

    Eighteenth- and 19th-century Protest

    Twentieth-Century Protest

    Political Events and Youth Movements

    Generation Units

    Explaining Generation Units: Political Socialization

    Political Socialization

    Parental Influences on Political Behavior

    Peer Influence on Political Behavior

    Other Socialization Agents

    Factors Associated with Generation Units

    Personality Characteristics

    Cognitive Development and Political Knowledge

    Level of Moral Development

    Radicals a Decade Later

    Social Structure and Technology

    Nonpolitical Generation Units in Adolescence and Youth

    Religious Cults

    Countercultural Generation Units

    Summary

    Chapter 10 Juvenile Delinquency

    The Case of Juan Hernandez

    Delinquent Behavior Versus Official Delinquency

    Delinquent Offenses

    Self-Reports of Delinquent Behavior

    Types of Delinquency

    Anonymous and Nonanonymous Disclosure

    Seriousness of Delinquent Behavior

    Explanatory Approaches to Delinquency

    The Glueck Study

    The Youth-in-Transition Project

    Subcultures of Delinquency

    Factors Associated with Delinquency

    Family Relationships

    Social Class

    Race

    Intelligence

    Education and Delinquency

    Gender

    Summary

    Chapter 11 Problems and Pathologies in Adolescence

    The Case of Jules

    The Case of Alma

    Adolescent Schizophrenia

    Special Aspects of Adolescent Schizophrenia

    Developmental History of Adolescent Schizophrenia

    Depression and Suicidal Behavior

    Trends in Adolescent Depression

    Adolescent Suicidal Behavior

    Anorexia Nervosa

    Preoccupation with Food

    Diagnostic Criteria and Incidence

    Developmental History of Anorexia Nervosa

    Family Backgrounds of Anorexics

    Substance Use and Substance Abuse

    Alcohol Use in High School

    Drug Use in High School

    Summary

    Chapter 12 Educational Experience

    Secondary Educational in the United States

    Functions of Secondary Education

    Educational Attainment in the 1980s

    Sorting Mechanisms

    High-School Dropouts

    The Ecology of the High School

    Beyond High School

    College Attendance

    Effects of Education

    Measurement of the Effects of Education

    Affective Changes

    Cognitive Changes

    Summary

    A Final Word: Movement into Adulthood

    References

    Name Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: January 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483265650

About the Author

J. Roy Hopkins

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