Adhesion in Biological Systems - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124690509, 9780323156110

Adhesion in Biological Systems

1st Edition

Editors: Richard Manly
eBook ISBN: 9780323156110
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1970
Page Count: 318
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Adhesion in Biological Systems summarizes the knowledge of adhesion in the presence of moisture, a condition required in almost all biological systems. Organized into four parts with a total of 17 chapters, this book begins with the principles of adhesion in biological systems. Then, it describes the various biological adhesives, as well as the adhesives for soft and hard tissues.
Scientists in a number of fields, including physics, chemistry, zoology, botany, engineering, medicine, and pharmacy, will benefit from this book.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Part I. Principles of Adhesion in Biological Systems

1. A Biophysical Consideration of Cell Contact Phenomena

I. Cell Contact

II. Cell Adhesion and Attachment

III. Cell Separation


2. Surface Properties Influencing Biological Adhesion

I. Introduction

II. Wettability Considerations

III. The Wetting Properties of Polyamides

IV. Discussion

V. Summary and Prospects


Part II. Biological Adhesives

3. Adhesion of Cells to Surfaces

I. Introduction

II. Relationship of Gingival Epithelium to Teeth

III. Cell Adhesion

IV. Measurement of Adhesion by Detachment of Cells

V. Fine Structure of Adhering Surfaces

VI. Questions Still Unanswered

VII. Conclusions


4. Attachment of Marine Bacteria to Solid Surfaces

I. Observation of Attached Bacteria

II. Surface Charge of Bacterial Cells

III. Fimbriae or Pili

IV. Capsular and Slime Polysaccharides

V. The Bacterial Cell Wall (Envelope)

VI. Bacteria with Stalks and Holdfasts

VII. Attachment by Deposition of Inorganic "Cements"

VIII. The Adhesiveness of Bacteria in Relation to the Nature of the Substratum

IX. Relationship of Microbial Films to Marine Fouling


5. A Review of Some Factors Affecting Settlement and Adhesion in the Cyprids of Some Common Barnacles

I. Introduction

II. General Morphology of the Cyprid

III. Reactions at Settlement


6. Histochemistry of Barnacle Cyprid Adhesive Formation

I. Introduction

II. Materials and Methods

III. Results

IV. Discussion


7. Histological and Histoenzymological Characteristics of the Cement Apparatus in Barnacles

I. Introduction

II. Experimental Procedures and Observations

III. Discussion

IV. Conclusions


8. Composition of Mussel and Barnacle Deposits at the Attachment Interface

I. Collection of Bioadhesive Material

II. Analytical Methods

III. Results of Chemical Analysis

IV. Discussion


Part III. Adhesives for Soft Tissue

9. Chemical Mechanisms Suitable for Bonding Tissues

I. Physical or Mechanical Bonds

II. Secondary Chemical Bonds

III. Primary Chemical Bonds


10. Compositions Producing Adhesion through Hydration

I. Development of Adhesives Dependent on Hydration

II. Measurements of Adhesion through Hydration

III. Discussion of Wet Adhesive Test Methods

IV. Properties of Hydrocolloids Related to Wet Adhesion

V. Mechanism of Wet Adhesion


Applications of Alpha Cyanoacrylates

11. Hemostatic Applications of Alpha Cyanoacrylates: Bonding Mechanism and Physiological Degradation of Bonds

I. Introduction

II. Preparation and Properties of 2-Cyanoacrylates

III. Polymerization Mechanism

IV. Surface Phenomena

V. Strength of the Adhesive Bond

VI. Polymer Degradation

VII. Mechanism of Hemostasis

VIII. Medical Implications


12. Butyl Cyanoacrylate as a Surface Adhesive in Human Oral Wounds

I. Periodontal Surgery

II. Extraction Sites

III. Ulcerations

IV. Free Mucosal Grafts

V. Biopsy Sites

VI. Sutured Tissue

VII. Other Surgical Sites

VIII. Filling Material for Carious Teeth

IX. Pulp Capping

X. Summary


13. Review of Cyanoacrylate Monomers in Surgery

I. Experimental Spray

II. Clinical Application

III. Summary


14. Adhesion to Skin Effects of Surgical Tapes on Skin

I. Introduction

II. Experimental Tape Stripping of the Skin

III. Measurements of Force of Removal

IV. Discussion


Part IV. Adhesives for Hard Tissues

15. Bonding to Hard Dental Tissues

I. Potential Uses for Dental Adhesives

II. Factors Affecting the Establishment and Maintenance of Bonding In Vivo

III. Approaches to Bonding to Teeth

IV. Clinical Applications of Adhesives

V. Concluding Comments


16. Polyurethanes

I. Introduction

II. Methods

III. Materials

IV. Experimental Procedures and Results

V. Properties of the Liner

VI. Discussion


17. Surface Preparation and Various Adhesive Resins

I. Introduction

II. The Substrate

III. Epoxy Curing Agents


Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1970
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Richard Manly

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