Description

Both technically and economically, additives form a large and increasingly significant part of the polymer industry, both plastics and elastomers. Since the first edition of this book was published, there have been wide-ranging developments, covering chemistry and formulation of new and more efficient additive systems and the safer use of additives, both by processors in the factory and, in the wider field, as they affect the general public.

This new edition follows the successful formula of its predecessor, it provides a comprehensive view of all types of additives, concentrating mainly on their technical aspects (chemistry/formulation, structure, function, main applications) with notes on the commercial background of each. The field has been expanded to include any substance that is added to a polymer to improve its use, so including reinforcing materials (such as glass fibre), carbon black and titanium dioxide.

This is a book which has been planned for ease of use and the information is presented in a way which is appropriate to the users' needs.

Readership

All those involved in the plastics industry, from users to specifiers and compounders.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

1 - AN OVERVIEW OF ADDITIVES
Types and uses of additives; The main effect of additives on the properties of a compound; Main types of additive for plastics, and their functions.

2 - OVERVIEW: TYPES AND MAIN TECHNICAL TRENDS
Current lines of development: fillers, pigments, plasticisers, stabilisers, flame retardants; Special additives, antistatic and conductive additives, food contact and medical additives, clarifiers, nucleating agents, compatibilisers; Multi-functional formulations; Masterbatches; Dendritic polymers.

3 - OVERVIEW: THE WORLD MARKET
World consumption of additives; World production and consumption of major thermoplastics, 1999-2005 ('000 tonnes); The market for masterbatch; Commercial trends; Growth of specialist compounders; Regional factors; Recent mergers and takeovers in the additives sector (1997-2000).

Modifying specific properties: mechanical properties:
4 - FILLERS
Effect of fillers: mechanical properties, thermal properties, moisture content, reinforcement mechanism of fillers - Factors for compounding, aggregation of fillers - Types of fillers: calcium carbonate, kaolin, magnesium hydroxide (talc), wollastonite, silica, metal powders, microspheres, expandable microspheres, cellulose fillers - Surface modification: particle geometry, coating - Nano technology, processing nanocomposites - Commercial trends.

Modifying specific properties: mechanical properties:
5 - REINFORCEMENTS
Fibres - the basic properties; Types of reinforcing fibre: aramid, carbon/graphite, glass fibre, E-CR glass, polyester, hybrid fibres; Other fibres: asbestos, boron, nylon

Details

No. of pages:
484
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2001
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9781856173704
Electronic ISBN:
9780080498614

About the author

J. Murphy

Author of the Reinforced Plastics Handbook