Adapting to Climate Change in Europe - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128498873

Adapting to Climate Change in Europe

1st Edition

Exploring Sustainable Pathways - From Local Measures to Wider Policies

Editors: Hans Sanderson Mikael Hildén Duncan Russel Gil Penha-Lopes Alessio Capriolo
Paperback ISBN: 9780128498873
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st March 2018
Page Count: 356
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Adapting to Climate Change in Europe: Exploring Sustainable Pathways - From Local Measures to Wider Policies is a scientific synthesis of a four-year project on adaptation activities in Europe. It combines scientific assessments with real-world case descriptions to present specific tools and methods. This book aims at ensuring sustainable solutions in adaptation to climate change. The challenge of adaptation is still at an early stage; this book fills relevant gaps in current knowledge on climate adaptation, providing a crucial set of tools to support effective decision-making. It acts as a guide to practitioners and decision-makers along different steps of on-going adaptation processes. Adapting to Climate Change in Europe contains methods and tools for improving stakeholder’s participation and analyzing costs and benefits of different adaptation measures. It is an essential resource for researchers, graduate students, and experts and policymakers working in climate change and adaptation.

Key Features

  • Features real world case studies providing a tool for comparative learning
  • Fulfills the current knowledge gap in climate change adaptation
  • Includes top-down economic models allowing for a novel application and integration of adaptation features in European and global models
  • Provides in-depth analysis of participation using new empirical material and approaches


Researchers, graduate students, experts working in climate change and adaption, policymakers working on climate change. Urban planning professionals and climatologists

Table of Contents

1. Introduction – European climate change adaptation research 
1.1 Rationale - needs to bridge the knowledge gaps
1.2 Aim of the Book
1.3 Approach and structure

2. Storylines and pathways for adaptation in Europe
2.1 RCPs & SSPs – a brief review
2.2 European regional diversity
2.3 Incremental and transformational adaptation storylines and options

3. The diversity of adaptation in a multi-level governance setting
3.1 The diversity of current and possible climate change impacts at the local (case) level
3.2 History, Challenges and Enablers of local and sectoral climate change adaptation
3.3 The role of participatory processes
3.3.1    Background, history, barriers and opportunities of participation on Climate Change Adaptation
3.3.2    Experiences and appraisals of participatory methods at the case level
3.3.3   New methodologies and approaches in stakeholder participation
3.3.4   The role of Participatory Action-Research on Climate Change Adaptation Pathways
3.4 Economic Assessment – the benefits and costs of adaptation measures
3.5 Barriers, opportunities and good practices in implementation
3.6 Guidelines and Evaluation criteria for climate adaptation measures (BECCA)

4. Upscaling the impacts of climate change in different sectors
4.1 Challenges in upscaling
4.1.1 Processes and methods in upscaling
4.1.2 Critical assumptions
4.1.3 Uncertainty in upscaling
4.2 Dealing with flood risks
4.2.1. Model description and progress in developments
4.2.2 Cost and benefits of the reference scenario
4.2.3 Cost and benefits of adaptation strategies
4.2.4 Validation using case studies
4.2.5 Uncertainty analysis
4.2.6 Policy implications
4.3 Agricultural adaptation
4.3.1 Model description and progress in developments: the SARA framework and model components (ClimateCrop model, WAAPA model, land use model, crop-share model)
4.3.2 Analysis of adaptation
4.3.3 Validation using case studies
4.3.4 Cost and benefits of the reference scenario
4.3.5 Cost and benefits of adaptation strategies
4.3.6 Uncertainty analysis
4.3.7 Policy implications
4.4 Adressing health impacts
4.4.1 Model description and progress in developments
4.4.2 Validation using case studies
4.4.3 Impacts for human health
4.4.4 Cost and benefits of adaptation strategies
4.4.5 Uncertainty analysis
4.4.6 Policy implications
4.5 Adaptation  and carbon storage
4.5.1 Model description and progress in developments
4.5.2 Results of the biophysical and economic assessment
4.5.3 Validation using case studies
4.5.4 Uncertainty analysis
4.5.5 Policy implications
4.6 Indirect effect of Urban floods:  two case studies
4.6.1 Model description and progress in developments
4.6.2 Developing a disaster-specific IO model: the Flood Footprint model (MRIO)
4.6.3 Case study 1: flood Footprint for the City of Sheffield: a single regional modelling result
4.6.4 Case Study 2: flood footprint in the City of Rotterdam: a multi-regional modelling results
4.6.5 Policy implications

5. Economy wide impacts of climate mitigation and adaptation strategies across European regions
5.1 Economic costs and benefits analysis of climate adaptation strategies
5.1.1  Model description and progress in developments
5.1.2 Cost and benefits of adaptation strategies: a comparison of the new sectoral estimates with data previously used in AD-WITCH
5.1.3  Calibration using sectoral models
5.1.4  Cost-benefit analysis of adaptation and mitigation under alternative scenarios
5.1.5  Uncertainty analysis
5.1.6  Policy implications
6. Comparative decision support tool
6.1. Economic tools for decision support
6.2 Participatory tools for decision support
6.3 Administrative tools for decision support
6.4 Comparing tools  – strengths, weaknesses against given criteria e.g. efficiency, equity etc, policy coherence 
6.5 Bottom-Up decision making and policy implications

7. Policy recommendations and key future policy developments
7.1  Analysis of national and supranational policy frameworks
7.1.1  The EU adaptation strategy and its programme theory
7.1.2  Climate policy integration in national adaptation strategies
7.2  Designing coherent and cost effective and cost efficient climate policies
7.2.1 The role of policies: critical discussion of the public-private relationship
7.2.2 Structural choices (one could think that bottom up & top down discussion could come here)
7.2.3 Incremental and Transformational Adaptation
7.2.4 Implementing adaptation policies
7.2.5 Mainstreaming into key sectoral policies

8. Summary version

9. Glossary


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© Elsevier 2018
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About the Editor

Hans Sanderson

Dr Hans Sanderson received his PhD in Denmark (Roskilde University), did his Post-Doc in Canada (University of Guelph), and now works as a senior scientist at Aarhus University. Prior to this he worked as Director for Environmental Safety for the Soap and Detergent Association (SDA) in Washington DC. He has published > 50 peer reviewed papers, some 10 book chapters and dozens of presentations and posters at international meetings including the US National Academy of Sciences. He is a reviewer on >25 international different journals and serve on 6 different editorial boards. He was the chair for the second European Climate Change Adaptation conference (ECCA2015) and he is currently the coordinator of the BASE project on whose outcomes this Book initiative is based.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Scientist, Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Denmark

Mikael Hildén

Prof. Mikael Hildén has a Ph.D. in Resource Management and more than 30 years of experience in environmental management, research, training and consulting in Finland and abroad. He has expertise in combining legal, economic, social, technical and scientific research on environmental policy. He has lead several multidisciplinary research projects in particular on the evaluation and assessment of environmental policies, plans and programmes. He has published more than 65 refereed papers, two monographs and over 100 reports and studies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Climate Change Programme, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Finland

Duncan Russel

Duncan Russel has a PhD in Environmental Sciences from the University of East Anglia and has over 10 years’ experience of research in the areas of knowledge politics, policy integration and EU and UK environmental policy making. He has lead and/or has had managerial roles on major interdisciplinary projects funded by UK Government, UK research Councils and the EU. He has 25 articles published in leading international peer reviewed environmental science, political science and geography journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor in Environmental Policy, University of Exeter, UK

Gil Penha-Lopes

Dr Gil Penha-Lopes is graduated on Marine Biology and received his PhD in Applied Ecology (Wastewater Wetlands). He is currently running several projects on adaptation to climate change and coordinating a wide national project in Portugal aiming to elaborate Municipal Adaptation Strategies and promote local adaptation (ClimAdaPT.Local: He is invited auxiliary professor at FFCUL and lecturer at the Climate Change and Sustainable Developmental Policies Doctoral Program of Lisbon University. He has published 32 articles in 15 international peer-reviewed journals, and among these ones, 14 as first (corresponding) author.

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal

Alessio Capriolo

Dr Alessio Capriolo is a senior researcher in Environmental Economics and has over 18 years’ experience of research in this area. He is currently working at the Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), as Head of the “Economic evaluation and environmental accounting” unit. He is graduated with honour at the European Master in Environmental Management at Erasmus Universiteit (Rotterdam) and received his PhD in Theory and quantitative methods for economic development. He has been lecturer in different Universities (Universidad Nacional de Quilmes in Buenos Aires, University of Siena, University of Rome). He has been coordinator in EU-funded projects and he is author of several publications on his working themes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Head of the Economic evaluation, environmental accounting and sustainability, environmental risk perception and management Division, Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), Italy

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