Active Coatings for Smart Textiles - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081002636, 9780081002650

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles

1st Edition

Authors: Jinlian Hu
eBook ISBN: 9780081002650
Hardcover ISBN: 9780081002636
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 14th April 2016
Page Count: 482
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Table of Contents

  • The Textile Institute and Woodhead Publishing
  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
  • 1. Introduction to active coatings for smart textiles
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. Functions and applications of active coating
    • 1.3. Development of smart materials for active coating
    • 1.4. Development of processing technologies for active coating
    • 1.5. Outline of the book
  • Part One. Types of active coatings
    • 2. Memory polymer coatings for smart textiles
      • 2.1. Introduction
      • 2.2. Memory polymers
      • 2.3. Functions of memory coating textiles
      • 2.4. Conclusions
    • 3. Environmentally mild self-cleaning processes on textile surfaces under daylight irradiation: Critical issues
      • 3.1. Introduction: self-cleaning of textiles by mild environmental sunlight-activated processes
      • 3.2. Pretreatment by and functionalization of surfaces by radiofrequency plasma and ultraviolet-C (184nanomoles)
      • 3.3. Coating by colloidal titanium dioxide of artificial fibers such as polyamide and polyester: evaluation of self-cleaning performance under low-intensity solar irradiation
      • 3.4. Coating by colloidal titanium dioxide of natural fibers: evaluation of self-cleaning performance under low-intensity solar irradiation
      • 3.5. Cotton self-cleaning by titanium dioxide clusters attached by chemical spacers under low-intensity solar irradiation
      • 3.6. Self-cleaning cotton textiles titanium dioxide–modified by silicon dioxide–protective layers
      • 3.7. Coatings by binary oxides and/or promoted or enhanced copper-binary oxides leading to faster stain discoloration under low-intensity solar irradiation: reaction mechanism and surface characterization
      • 3.8. Trend of work in this area: future directions
    • 4. Smart durable and self-healing textile coatings
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. Types and classifications of smart coatings for improving textile durability
      • 4.3. Properties of textiles with durability-enhancing coatings
      • 4.4. Applications of smart durable and self-healing textiles
      • 4.5. Future trends
      • 4.6. Conclusions
      • Sources of further information
    • 5. Smart breathable coatings for textiles
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. Working principles of smart breathable coatings
      • 5.3. Materials for breathable coating
      • 5.4. Methods of generating hydrophilic and microporous coatings
      • 5.5. Testing and evaluation of different breathable coated fabrics
      • 5.6. Applications
      • 5.7. Conclusions and future trends
    • 6. Conductive polymer coatings
      • 6.1. Introduction
      • 6.2. Conductive polymers for textile coating
      • 6.3. Properties and applications of conducting polymers
      • 6.4. Conclusion
    • 7. Natural photonic materials for textile coatings
      • 7.1. Introduction
      • 7.2. Types and classifications of natural photonic materials
      • 7.3. Photonic structures brought to textile coating
      • 7.4. Structural-colored sensors by external stimuli
      • 7.5. Summary and outlook
  • Part Two. Smart coating processes and technologies
    • 8. Coating processes and techniques for smart textiles
      • 8.1. Introduction
      • 8.2. Substrate and coating interactions
      • 8.3. Overview of coating
      • 8.4. Traditional processes for textile coating
      • 8.5. Coating for smart textiles
      • 8.6. Future trends
    • 9. Microencapsulation technology for smart textile coatings
      • 9.1. Introduction
      • 9.2. Benefits of microencapsulation for textiles
      • 9.3. Microencapsulation technologies
      • 9.4. Application procedures of microcapsules on textile substrate
      • 9.5. Smart end uses of textile substrates containing microcapsules
      • 9.6. Conclusions
    • 10. Plasma surface treatments for smart textiles
      • 10.1. Introduction
      • 10.2. Principles of plasma creation
      • 10.3. Plasma–substrate interactions
      • 10.4. Applications of plasma surface treatments in smart textiles
      • 10.5. Future trends
      • 10.6. Conclusion
      • Sources of further information
    • 11. Nanotechnology-based coating techniques for smart textiles
      • 11.1. Introduction
      • 11.2. Types and classifications of nanotechnology-based coating techniques
      • 11.3. Nanofibre coating via electrospinning
      • 11.4. Future trends
      • 11.5. Conclusion
    • 12. Biomimetic nanocoatings for structural coloration of textiles
      • 12.1. Introduction
      • 12.2. Characterization of biomimetic structural coloration
      • 12.3. Structural colors of thin-film interference on textiles with electrostatic self-assembly
      • 12.4. Structural colors of photonic crystals on textiles
      • 12.5. Conclusions and future trends
    • 13. Functional modification of fiber surface via sol–gel technology
      • 13.1. Introduction
      • 13.2. Hydrophobic and oleophobic modifications
      • 13.3. Anti-ultraviolet property using titanium dioxide hybrid sol
      • 13.4. Antibacterial finishing using cationic or titanium dioxide hybrid sol
      • 13.5. Color fixation using smart silane coupling agent hybrid sol
      • 13.6. Conclusion
  • Part Three. Applications of smart textiles with responsive coatings
    • 14. Smart coatings for comfort in clothing
      • 14.1. Introduction
      • 14.2. Principles of comfort in textiles and clothing
      • 14.3. Technologies for smart textile coatings
      • 14.4. Functions of smart textile/apparel coatings
      • 14.5. Future trends
      • 14.6. Conclusion
      • Sources of further information
    • 15. Smart coatings for sportswear
      • 15.1. Introduction
      • 15.2. Smart coating and functional requirements of sportswear
      • 15.3. Smart coatings to enhance comfort in sportswear
      • 15.4. Smart coating to provide protection
      • 15.5. Smart coating for performance enhancement
      • 15.6. Smart textiles for health and motion monitoring in sportswear
      • 15.7. Conclusions
    • 16. Smart coatings for protective clothing
      • 16.1. Introduction
      • 16.2. Smart coating for body armor application
      • 16.3. Smart coating for hazardous material protective clothing
      • 16.4. Smart coating for health care protective clothing
      • 16.5. Smart coating for firefighter protective clothing
      • 16.6. Future trends
    • 17. Smart medical textiles based on cyclodextrins for curative or preventive patient care
      • 17.1. Introduction
      • 17.2. Cyclodextrin production, binding properties, and applications
      • 17.3. Cyclodextrins grafted on textiles for medical purposes
      • 17.4. Conclusion and perspectives
    • 18. Smart coatings for textiles in architecture
      • 18.1. Introduction
      • 18.2. Current trends in advanced architecture and smart textiles for architectural applications
      • 18.3. Current components and types of smart-coated textiles for architectural applications
      • 18.4. Future trends in advanced architecture and smart textiles for architectural applications
      • 18.5. Applications for interior, exterior use and for actuators
  • Index


Active Coatings for Smart Textiles presents the latest information on active materials and their application to textiles in the form of coatings and finishes for the purpose of improving performance and creating active functional effects. This important book provides detailed coverage of smart coating types, processes, and applications.

After an introduction to the topic, Part One introduces various types of smart and active coatings, including memory polymer coatings, durable and self-cleaning coatings, and breathable coatings. Technologies and related processes for the application of coatings to textiles is the focus of Part Two, with chapters devoted to microencapsulation technology, plasma surface treatments, and nanotechnology-based treatments.

The book ends with a section on applications of smart textiles with responsive coatings, which are increasingly finding commercial niches in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles, and architecture.

Key Features

  • Introduces various types of smart and active coatings for textiles
  • Covers technologies and application processes for the coating and finishing of textiles
  • Reviews commercial applications of such coatings, including in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles and architecture


R&D managers in the textile industry and postgraduate students and academic researchers in textile science.


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2016
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:


"This important book provides detailed coverage of …the latest developments in active coating materials and the technologies of textiles for smart clothing, protective clothing, and equipment, and biomedical and industrial applications." --Asian Textile Journal

Ratings and Reviews

About the Authors

Jinlian Hu Author

Jinlian Hu is a Professor at the Institute of Textiles and Clothing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University. A Fellow of the Textile Institute, she was also the recipient of the 2001 Award for Distinguished Achievement from the US Fiber Society. Professor Hu has published over 300 articles and several books on textile materials. She is currently the Editor-in-Chief of the Research Journal of Textiles and Apparel.

Affiliations and Expertise

Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong