Acquisition and Processing of Marine Seismic Data - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128114902

Acquisition and Processing of Marine Seismic Data

1st Edition

Authors: Derman Dondurur
Paperback ISBN: 9780128114902
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st March 2018
Page Count: 400
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Description

Acquisition and Processing of Marine Seismic Data demonstrates the main principles, equipment required and suitable selection parameters in 2D/3D marine seismic data acquisition. It also examines theoretical principles of 2D marine seismic data processing and their practical implications. Featuring detailed datasets and examples, the book helps relate theoretical background to real seismic data and contains important QC analysis methods and results, both for data acquisition and marine seismic data processing. Originally published by the Turkish Chamber of Engineers and Architects, the book is a valuable tool for researchers and students in geophysics, marine seismics, seismic data, and oil and gas exploration.

Key Features

  • Contains simple step-by-step diagrams of the methodology used in the processing of seismic data to demonstrate the theory behind the applications
  • Combines theory and practice, including extensive noise, QC and velocity analyses, as well as examples for beginners in the seismic operations market
  • Includes simple illustrations to provide to the audience an easy understanding of the theoretical background
  • Contains a glossary as well as enhanced field data examples and applications

Readership

Earth scientists, particularly geophysicists, and professionals in the oil and gas industry

Table of Contents

SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION

1.1. Underwater Acoustics

1.2. Marine Acoustic Methods

1.3. Fundamentals in Seismic Methods

SECTION 2 - DATA ACQUISITION in MARINE SEISMICS

2.1. 1D, 2D and 3D Seismic Data Acquisition

2.2. Data Acquisition Systems and Components

2.3. Data Acquisition Parameters

2.4. QC Applications in Data Acquisition

SECTION 3 - NOISE in MARINE SEISMICS

3.1. Operational Noise

3.2. Air gun Bubble

3.3. Multiple Reflections

3.4. Swell Noise

3.5. Bird Noise

3.6. Cable Noise

3.7. Inline Waves

3.7.1. Tail Buoy Noise

3.7.2. Cable Noise

3.7.3. Direct Wave

3.7.4. Refracted Wave

3.8. Side Scattered Waves

3.9. Guided Waves

3.10. Seismic Interference

3.11. Other Noise Sources

SECTION 4 - FUNDAMENTALS in DATA PROCESSING

4.1. Specific Functions

4.2. Auto-correlation

4.3. Cross-correlation

4.4. Convolution

4.5. Fourier Series

4.6. 1D Fourier Transform

4.7. 2D Fourier Transform

4.8. z Transform

4.9. Hilbert Transform

4.10. Radon (τ-p) Transform

4.11. Sampling Theory

SECTION 5 - PRE-PROCESSING

5.1. Demultiplexing

5.2. Data Loading

5.3. Single Trace Section

5.4. Geometry Definition

5.5. Bandpass Filter

5.6. Gain Recovery

5.7. Shot-Channel Edit / Trace Kill

5.8. Muting

5.9. f-k Dip Filters

5.10. Brute Stack

SECTION 6 - DECONVOLUTION

6.1. Effects and Types of Deconvolution

6.2. Convolutional Model

6.3. Preconditions for Deconvolution

6.4. Spiking Deconvolution

6.5. Predictive Deconvolution

6.6. Deconvolution in Practice

6.7. Deconvolution of Marine Seismic Data

6.8. Maximum Entropi (Burg) Deconvolution

6.9. Deconvolution in Frequency Domain

6.10. Shaping Filters

SECTION 7 - CDP SORT

7.1. CDP Geometry

7.2. CDP Fold

SECTION 8 - VELOCITY ANALYSIS

8.1. Seismic Velocity Types

8.2. Velocity Determination from Seismic Data

8.3. Velocity Analysis of Marine Seismic Data

SECTION 9 - NMO CORRECTION and STACKING

9.1. Normal Moveout (NMO) Time

9.2. NMO Stretching

9.3. Stacking

9.4. Special Stacking Methods

SECTION 10 - SEISMIC MIGRATION

10.1. Migration Concept and Effects

10.2. Migration Types

10.3. Kirchhoff Migration

10.4. Finite Differences Migration

10.5. Frequency-Wavenumber (f-k) Migration

10.6. Migration in Practice

10.7. Prestack Migration

10.8. Prestack Partial Migration (Dip Move Out - DMO)

SECTION 11 - SUPPRESSION of MULTIPLE REFLECTIONS

11.1. CDP Stack

11.2. Predictive Deconvolution

11.3. Deconvolution in τ-p Domain

11.4. Radon Velocity Filter

11.5. Wave Equation Multiple Rejection (WEMR)

11.6. f-k Filter Method

11.7. Surface Related Multiple Elimination (SRME)

SECTION 12 - SPECIAL METHODS

12.1. Fx-decon

12.2. Median Filter

12.3. Karhunen-Loéve (K-L) Transform

12.4. Time Variant Spectral Whitening (TVSW)

12.5. Trace Mix

Details

No. of pages:
400
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2018
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Paperback ISBN:
9780128114902

About the Author

Derman Dondurur

Derman Dondurur is a research professor at the Institute of Marine Sciences and Technology at Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey. He has been working single and multichannel seismic data acquisition for more than 15 years onboard the research vessel RV K. Piri Reis, where he lead the collection and processing of marine seismic data, QC processes, and parameter determination and testing applications during the acquisition and processing. He was the coordinator of several research and investigation projects, both scientific and private, along with the private oil companies and research institutions, which included offshore seismic data acquisition and processing applications for several years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Professor, Institute of Marine Science and Technology, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey