Representing the Proceedings of the International Speciality Conference "Acid Rain Research; Do we have enough answers?", this book provides a valuable conclusion to the coordinated research on acidification in the Netherlands from 1985 to 1994. The book focuses on atmospheric deposition, effects of acid deposition on forest ecosystems in the Netherlands, and future acidification research. Special attention is given to: trace gases; ammonia; and particle deposition; and the overall assessment of deposition loads to ecosystems and soils is also discussed.

This volume will be invaluable to environmental scientists, ecologists, and those involved in atmospheric science/pollution.

Table of Contents

Limitation of space allows only a selection of papers to be listed.

Foreword. Acknowledgements. Conclusions. Opening Session. Opening remarks (A. van Alphen, Chairman Steering Committee Acidification Research). Atmospheric Deposition. Trace Gases. Long term measurement of SO2 dry deposition over vegetation and soil comparisons with models (D. Fowler et al.). The use of the gradient method to monitor trace gas fluxes over forest: flux-profile functions for ozone and heat (J. Duyzer, H. Weststrate). Ammonia / Ammonium. Ammonia and ammonium in the atmosphere: present knowledge and recommendations for further research (W.A.H. Asman). Measurement and modelling of ammonia exchange over arable surfaces (M.A. Sutton et al.). Particle Deposition. Deposition of aerosol to coniferous forest (G.P. Wyers et al.). Microscopic processes governing the deposition of trace gases and particles to vegetation surfaces (J. Burkhardt). Generalization; Total Atmospheric Deposition and Soil Loads; Measurements and Models. On the determination of total deposition to remote areas (B.B. Hicks). Quantifying the scale dependence in estimates of wet and dry deposition and the implications for critical load exceedances (R.I. Smith, D. Fowler, K.R. Bull). Effects of Acid Deposition on Forest Ecosystems in The Netherlands. Effects of Acid Deposition on Forest Ecosystems in The Netherlands. Large scale impacts of acid deposition on forests and forest soils in The Netherlands. Ecological effects of atmospheric deposition on non-forest ecosystems in Western Europe (R. Bobbink, J.G.M. Roelofs). Future of Acidification Research. Today's Knowledge; Is It Sufficient for Tomorrow's Decision Making Purposes? Lessons learned in acidification research: Implications for future environmental research and assessments (E. Cowling). Reliability o


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© 1995
Elsevier Science
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About the editors

J.W. Erisman

Affiliations and Expertise

National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands


@qu:...I became extremely interested in this authoritative and up-to-date account, covering the multidisciplinary facets of the topic. @source:Environmental Pollution