A Theory of Economic Systems - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122937804, 9781483265896

A Theory of Economic Systems

1st Edition

Authors: Manuel Gottlieb
Editors: Charles Tilly Edward Shorter
eBook ISBN: 9781483265896
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 27th September 1984
Page Count: 476
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Description

A Theory of Economic Systems is a systematic inquiry into the nature of historical economic systems, their relationships to each other, their peripheral areas, and the ways in which they and their components have evolved over time. Topics covered include modes of production; coordination of resource use; functions of the state in the economy; and the institutions of money and property.

Comprised of nine chapters, this book begins with a brief introduction to the frame of reference; basic definitions of the terms used in economic systems; methodological issues; and the bounds of the inquiry. The next chapters are devoted to modes of production or forms of productive organization. Ten distinct modes of production are identified, with different modes sometimes dominant in different fields of economic activity (agriculture, industry, wholesale trade, urban services, etc.). The way the use of economic resources is coordinated both within and between modes is considered, with particular reference to markets, rationing, and central planning. Subsequent chapters focus on the role of the state and the public economy in economic systems; money and property; the ways in which separate economic systems may be drawn into meaningful multinational gestalts or orders; and problems of system classification. The book concludes by listing eight broad family types of systems into which most, if not all, historically experienced systems may fit.

This monograph should appeal to social scientists in varied fields of specialization such as geography, sociology, economic history, political science, and economics.

Table of Contents


Preface


A Note on Background


A Note on References


Acknowledgments


1. Introduction


Methodology


The Scope of the Economic


Services


Transactions


Role of the Noneconomic and Understanding


Primitive and Archaic Systems Excluded


Functions of an Economic System


2. The Mode of Production: Early Forms


Defining the Mode of Production


Village Community Mode


Simple Commodity Producer Mode


Slave Mode


Feudal Mode


Peon Mode


Landlord Mode


3. Modes of Production: Capitalist and Corporate


Capitalist Mode


Ordering Principle: Competition


Mercantile Capitalism


Agrarian Capitalism


Industrial Capitalism: Six Behavioral Laws


The Quasi-Public Corporation Mode: Structure


Character of the Corporate Mode


4. The Mode of Production: Conclusion


The Cooperative Mode


Essential Principles of Cooperation


Retail Marketing Co-Ops


Farm Co-Ops


Public Mode


Staffing of the Public Mode


Technology of the Public Mode


Public Mode: Utilities


Military—Industrial—Science Complex


Hybrid Modes


Economic Systems as Multimodal


5. Coordination of Resource Use within and Between Modes


Introduction


Markets


Price Formation


Rationing


Economic Planning


Socialist Economic Planning


6. Functions of the State in the Economy


Introduction


Regulation of Foreign Trade


Regulation of Domestic Production


Regulated Wages and Working Conditions


Price Control and

Details

No. of pages:
476
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483265896

About the Author

Manuel Gottlieb

About the Editor

Charles Tilly

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Michigan, U.S.A.

Edward Shorter

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Toronto, Canada

Ratings and Reviews