A Short Textbook of Colloid Chemistry

A Short Textbook of Colloid Chemistry

2nd Edition - January 1, 1962

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  • Authors: B. Jirgensons, M. E. Straumanis
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483184630

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Description

A Short Textbook of Colloid Chemistry, Second Revised Edition details the factual aspect of colloid chemistry that includes the basic facts, established empirical and mathematical relationships, and practical applications. The chapters of the title are organized into two parts. In the first part, the text discusses the general concepts of colloid chemistry, such as the history and scope, basic terms, and basic methods in experiment with colloids. Part Two covers the technical aspect of colloid chemistry, such as the optical properties, electrical properties, and viscosity. The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of disciplines that deal with colloids, such as chemistry and chemical engineering.

Table of Contents


  • Prefaces

    Foreword

    First Part

    1 The History and Scope of Colloid Chemistry

    Definitions

    Historical Data

    The Importance of Colloid Chemistry

    2 Classification of Colloids. The Basic Terms in Colloid Chemistry

    Inorganic and Organic Colloids

    Globular (Sphero-) and Fibrous (Linear) Colloids

    Molecular and Micellar Colloids

    Solvation of Colloids

    A Summary of Classifications

    A Summary of Colloid Chemical Nomenclature

    3 Some Simple, Basic Methods in Experiments With Colloids

    The Preparation of Certain Colloids

    Filtration and Ultrafiltration

    Diffusion and Dialysis

    Flocculation or Coagulation of Colloids

    Viscosity

    Some Optical Properties of Sols

    Concentration and Density of Sols

    Second Part

    4 The Kinetic Properties of Disperse Systems

    Brownian Movement of Small Particles

    The 'Internal' Brownian Movement of Chain Molecules

    Diffusion

    Sedimentation Equilibrium

    Osmotic Pressure

    5 Interfacial Phenomena

    Surface Tension

    Surface Tension of Colloid Solutions

    The Surface of the Dispersed Phase. Adsorption Phenomena

    Adsorption

    6 The Optical Properties of Colloids

    1. Opalescence and Reflection Turbidity

    2. The Scattering of Light in Colorless Colloids. Rayleigh'S Law

    3. Dependence of Scattering on Molecular Weight. Debye Treatment

    4. Scattering by Relatively Large Particles. Verification of Mie'S Theory

    5. Absorption of Light in Colloids. Colored Colloids

    6. Optical Rotation by Solutions of Natural High Polymers

    7. Optical Anisotropy in Colloids

    7 The Electrical Properties of Colloids

    The Phenomenon of Electrophoresis

    Electro-Osmosis

    Streaming Potential and Sedimentation Potential

    The Origin of Charge on Colloids

    The Influence of Electrolytes on the Charge of Colloids

    Proteins As Amphoteric Macromolecular Electrolytes

    Dielectric Dispersion in Sols

    8 The Viscosity of Colloidal Solutions

    General Terms

    Methods of Measurement

    The Viscosity of Spherocolloids

    The Viscosity of Linear Colloids

    Anomalous Stress-Flow Relations

    Thixotropy

    9 The Determination of Particle Size

    Determination of Particle Size by the Ultracentrifuge

    Determination of Particle Size by the Ultramicroscope

    Determination of Molecular Weight by Light Scattering

    Molecular Weight Determination by Osmotic Pressure Measurements

    Determination of Molecular Weight by Viscosity Measurements

    Determination of Molecular Weight by Chemical Methods

    Determination of Molecular Weight by Precipitation Titration

    Other Methods

    The Polydispersity and Polymolecularity of Colloidal Solutions

    10 Determination of Particle Shape

    Double Refraction of Flow, Depolarization, and Other Optical Phenomena

    The Shape of Colloidal Particles from the Anisotropy of Conductivity

    Optical Dissymmetry in Light Scattering and Particle Shape

    Determination of Particle Shape from Sedimentation and Diffusion Measurements

    Particle Shape and Viscosity of Solutions. Rigid Particles

    The Shapes of Linear Macromolecules in Solution

    Charged Linear Macromolecules

    Contractile Muscle Proteins

    11 The Determination of Particle Size, Form, and Structure Using X-Rays and Electrons

    Determination by X-Rays

    Particle Size by Small Angle Scattering

    Particle Size Determination by Electron Diffraction

    Particle Size and Form Determination by the Electron Microscope

    Some Further Results of the Study of Colloids by X-Rays

    12 The Preparation of Colloidal Solutions

    Dispersion Methods

    Condensation Methods

    Purification and Concentration of Sols by Electrodecantation

    Formation of Detergent and Dye Micelles

    Formation of Colloidal Substances in Polymerization and Polycondensation

    The Isolation of Natural Polymers

    The Solubility of Molecular Colloids

    Solubility of Linear Polymers from the Point of View of Thermodynamics

    13 The Coagulation of Lyophobic Colloids

    The Spontaneous Ageing of Colloids

    The Coagulation of Colloids by Electrolytes

    The Cause of Flocculation

    The Coagulation Rate

    Sensitization and Stabilization Phenomena

    14 The Stability of Lyophilic Sols

    The Degree of Solvation

    The Coagulation of Hydrophilic Colloids by Electrolytes

    Flocculation with Liquid Non-Solvents

    Micellar Aggregation Phenomena

    Denaturation of Proteins

    Interaction between Hydrophilic Colloids

    15 Gels, Jellies and Membranes

    Classification of Gels and Jellies

    The Formation of Jellies

    The Properties of Gels

    Membranes and Films

    Chemical Reactions in Jellies

    X-Ray Diffraction by Organic Gels

    16 Emulsions

    Concentration and Particle Size

    Mesophases. Liquid Crystals

    Preparation of Emulsions. Emulsifying Agents

    The Structure of the Particles in Emulsions

    The Thickness of the Interfacial Film

    The Stability of Emulsions

    Two Types of Emulsions

    The Inversion of Phases

    Creaming and Breaking of Emulsions

    Some Practically Important Emulsions

    Emulsion Polymerization

    17 Dispersions of Gases and Foams

    Foams

    Preparation and Stability of Foams

    Some Physical Properties of Foams

    The Breaking of Foams

    Some Applications of Foams

    18 Aerosols: Fog, Dust, Smoke

    Preparative Methods

    Properties and Characteristics of Aerosols

    Destruction of Aerosols

    19 Solid Sols

    Restriction of the Field of Solid Sols

    Amorphous Substances as Dispersion Medium

    Transparent Crystalline Substances as Dispersion Media

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 516
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1962
  • Published: January 1, 1962
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483184630

About the Authors

B. Jirgensons

M. E. Straumanis

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