A Short Textbook of Colloid Chemistry - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780080096018, 9781483184630

A Short Textbook of Colloid Chemistry

2nd Edition

Authors: B. Jirgensons M. E. Straumanis
eBook ISBN: 9781483184630
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1962
Page Count: 516
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A Short Textbook of Colloid Chemistry, Second Revised Edition details the factual aspect of colloid chemistry that includes the basic facts, established empirical and mathematical relationships, and practical applications. The chapters of the title are organized into two parts. In the first part, the text discusses the general concepts of colloid chemistry, such as the history and scope, basic terms, and basic methods in experiment with colloids. Part Two covers the technical aspect of colloid chemistry, such as the optical properties, electrical properties, and viscosity. The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of disciplines that deal with colloids, such as chemistry and chemical engineering.

Table of Contents



First Part

1 The History and Scope of Colloid Chemistry


Historical Data

The Importance of Colloid Chemistry

2 Classification of Colloids. The Basic Terms in Colloid Chemistry

Inorganic and Organic Colloids

Globular (Sphero-) and Fibrous (Linear) Colloids

Molecular and Micellar Colloids

Solvation of Colloids

A Summary of Classifications

A Summary of Colloid Chemical Nomenclature

3 Some Simple, Basic Methods in Experiments With Colloids

The Preparation of Certain Colloids

Filtration and Ultrafiltration

Diffusion and Dialysis

Flocculation or Coagulation of Colloids


Some Optical Properties of Sols

Concentration and Density of Sols

Second Part

4 The Kinetic Properties of Disperse Systems

Brownian Movement of Small Particles

The 'Internal' Brownian Movement of Chain Molecules


Sedimentation Equilibrium

Osmotic Pressure

5 Interfacial Phenomena

Surface Tension

Surface Tension of Colloid Solutions

The Surface of the Dispersed Phase. Adsorption Phenomena


6 The Optical Properties of Colloids

1. Opalescence and Reflection Turbidity

2. The Scattering of Light in Colorless Colloids. Rayleigh'S Law

3. Dependence of Scattering on Molecular Weight. Debye Treatment

4. Scattering by Relatively Large Particles. Verification of Mie'S Theory

5. Absorption of Light in Colloids. Colored Colloids

6. Optical Rotation by Solutions of Natural High Polymers

7. Optical Anisotropy in Colloids

7 The Electrical Properties of Colloids

The Phenomenon of Electrophoresis


Streaming Potential and Sedimentation Potential

The Origin of Charge on Colloids

The Influence of Electrolytes on the Charge of Colloids

Proteins As Amphoteric Macromolecular Electrolytes

Dielectric Dispersion in Sols

8 The Viscosity of Colloidal Solutions

General Terms

Methods of Measurement

The Viscosity of Spherocolloids

The Viscosity of Linear Colloids

Anomalous Stress-Flow Relations


9 The Determination of Particle Size

Determination of Particle Size by the Ultracentrifuge

Determination of Particle Size by the Ultramicroscope

Determination of Molecular Weight by Light Scattering

Molecular Weight Determination by Osmotic Pressure Measurements

Determination of Molecular Weight by Viscosity Measurements

Determination of Molecular Weight by Chemical Methods

Determination of Molecular Weight by Precipitation Titration

Other Methods

The Polydispersity and Polymolecularity of Colloidal Solutions

10 Determination of Particle Shape

Double Refraction of Flow, Depolarization, and Other Optical Phenomena

The Shape of Colloidal Particles from the Anisotropy of Conductivity

Optical Dissymmetry in Light Scattering and Particle Shape

Determination of Particle Shape from Sedimentation and Diffusion Measurements

Particle Shape and Viscosity of Solutions. Rigid Particles

The Shapes of Linear Macromolecules in Solution

Charged Linear Macromolecules

Contractile Muscle Proteins

11 The Determination of Particle Size, Form, and Structure Using X-Rays and Electrons

Determination by X-Rays

Particle Size by Small Angle Scattering

Particle Size Determination by Electron Diffraction

Particle Size and Form Determination by the Electron Microscope

Some Further Results of the Study of Colloids by X-Rays

12 The Preparation of Colloidal Solutions

Dispersion Methods

Condensation Methods

Purification and Concentration of Sols by Electrodecantation

Formation of Detergent and Dye Micelles

Formation of Colloidal Substances in Polymerization and Polycondensation

The Isolation of Natural Polymers

The Solubility of Molecular Colloids

Solubility of Linear Polymers from the Point of View of Thermodynamics

13 The Coagulation of Lyophobic Colloids

The Spontaneous Ageing of Colloids

The Coagulation of Colloids by Electrolytes

The Cause of Flocculation

The Coagulation Rate

Sensitization and Stabilization Phenomena

14 The Stability of Lyophilic Sols

The Degree of Solvation

The Coagulation of Hydrophilic Colloids by Electrolytes

Flocculation with Liquid Non-Solvents

Micellar Aggregation Phenomena

Denaturation of Proteins

Interaction between Hydrophilic Colloids

15 Gels, Jellies and Membranes

Classification of Gels and Jellies

The Formation of Jellies

The Properties of Gels

Membranes and Films

Chemical Reactions in Jellies

X-Ray Diffraction by Organic Gels

16 Emulsions

Concentration and Particle Size

Mesophases. Liquid Crystals

Preparation of Emulsions. Emulsifying Agents

The Structure of the Particles in Emulsions

The Thickness of the Interfacial Film

The Stability of Emulsions

Two Types of Emulsions

The Inversion of Phases

Creaming and Breaking of Emulsions

Some Practically Important Emulsions

Emulsion Polymerization

17 Dispersions of Gases and Foams


Preparation and Stability of Foams

Some Physical Properties of Foams

The Breaking of Foams

Some Applications of Foams

18 Aerosols: Fog, Dust, Smoke

Preparative Methods

Properties and Characteristics of Aerosols

Destruction of Aerosols

19 Solid Sols

Restriction of the Field of Solid Sols

Amorphous Substances as Dispersion Medium

Transparent Crystalline Substances as Dispersion Media

Author Index

Subject Index


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© Pergamon 1962
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About the Author

B. Jirgensons

M. E. Straumanis

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