A Physiological Approach to Clinical Neurology - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780407001961, 9781483163314

A Physiological Approach to Clinical Neurology

3rd Edition

Authors: James W. Lance James G. McLeod
eBook ISBN: 9781483163314
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 26th February 1981
Page Count: 394
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Description

A Physiological Approach to Clinical Neurology, Third Edition is a 13-chapter book that first describes pain and other sensations, weakness, neuromuscular disorders, spinal reflexes, as well as muscle tone and movement. This text also explores the disordered muscle tone, a term used to describe the sensation of resistance felt by the clinician as he manipulates a joint through a range of movement with the subject attempting to relax. Other chapters discuss the basal ganglia and their disorders and the cerebellum and its disorders. The anatomy and physiology of the special senses, cranial nerves, and autonomic nervous system are also explained. The last three chapters elucidate consciousness, unconsciousness, epilepsy, and the relationship between brain and mind. This book will be useful to those in the field of clinical neurology.

Table of Contents


Preface to the Third Edition

Preface to the First Edition

Acknowledgments

1 Pain and Other Sensations

Sensory Symptoms

The Perception of Different Kinds of Sensation

Pain

Common Patterns of Pain

Clinical History-Taking in Relation to Pain

The Interpretation of Sensory Symptoms and Signs

Principles of Management of Painful Syndromes

Summary

2 Weakness

Asthenia

Paralysis or Paresis

Hysterical Weakness

Transient Paralysis

The Clinical Approach to the Problem of Weakness

Summary

3 Neuromuscular Disorders

The Neurone

Disease of the Anterior Horn Cell and Motor Roots

Peripheral Neuropathy

The Neuromuscular Junction

Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenic Syndrome

Muscle

Summary

4 Spinal Reflexes

The Stretch Reflex

The Muscle Spindle and its Motor Control

Afferent Fibers from Muscle and their Reflex Effects

Flexor Reflexes

Spinal Control of Segmental Reflexes

The Tonic Vibration Reflex (TVR)

Presynaptic Inhibition

Function of the Stretch Reflex in Man

Phasic Muscle Reflexes

The Clinical Significance of the Tendon Jerk

Summary

5 Muscle Tone and Movement

Motor Neurones

Supraspinal Control of Motor Neurones

Movement

Summary

6 Disordered Muscle Tone

Muscle Tone

Spinal and Cerebral Shock

Spasticity

Principles in the Management of Spasticity

Summary

7 The Basal Ganglia and their Disorders

The Extrapyramidal Motor System

Parkinson's Disease

Hemiballismus

Chorea

Athetosis

Dystonia

Asterixis

The Diagnosis of Tremor

Summary

8 The Cerebellum and its Disorders

Structure of the Cerebellum

The Integrating Action of the Cerebellar Cortex

The Place of the Cerebellum in Control of Movement

Symptoms and Signs of Cerebellar Disease

Disorders of the Cerebellum

Summary

9 The Special Senses and Cranial Nerves

The Sense of Smell (Cranial Nerve 1)

Vision (Cranial Nerve 2)

Ocular Movements (Cranial Nerves 3 ,4 and 6)

Mastication and Facial Sensation (Cranial Nerve 5)

Facial Movement (Cranial Nerve 7)

Deafness, Tinnitus, Vertigo (Cranial Nerve 8)

Swallowing and Phonation (Cranial Nerves 9, 10, 11, 12)

Summary

10 Autonomic Nervous System

Anatomy

Physiology

Pharmacology

Tests of Autonomic Function

Disorders of Autonomic Function

Summary

11 Consciousness and Unconsciousness

The Ascending Reticular Activating System

The Electroencephalogram (EEG)

The Source of Consciousness

Sleep

Loss of Consciousness

Clinical Examination of the Unconscious Patient

Common Causes of Coma

Summary

12 Epilepsy

The Pathophysiology of Epilepsy

Factors in Seizure Production

Factors in Seizure Prevention

Classification and Mechanism of the Epilepsies

Summary

13 The Relationship between Brain and Mind

Perception

Memory

Emotion

Response

Propositional Thought

Dementia

Focal Cerebral Symptoms

The Influence of the Mind on the Body

General Conclusions

Summary

Index


Details

No. of pages:
394
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483163314

About the Author

James W. Lance

James G. McLeod

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