A Manual of Essential Tools and Opportunities in Research - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128131831

A Manual of Essential Tools and Opportunities in Research

1st Edition

Authors: Karthik Balachandran Venkateswaran Ramanathan
Paperback ISBN: 9780128131831
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st June 2029
Page Count: 150
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A Manual of Essential Tools and Opportunities in Research outlines the steps necessary to conduct research and successfully complete it. This useful guide focuses on practical considerations, rather than theory alone, and covers the whole gamut of the research process. Topics covered include FINER framework, economics and cost-effectiveness, and data visualization. The book is a valuable resource for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, early independent researchers and clinical researchers across the biomedical and life sciences.

Key Features

  • Offers tips on how to conduct research and implement frugal innovation in developing countries
  • Provides a handy compilation of useful resources for everyday research tasks
  • Includes guidance on choosing software
  • Highlights strategies for overcoming potential research pitfalls


Graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, early independent researchers, and clinical researchers across the biomedical and life sciences

Table of Contents

1. Choice

1.1. Mentor

1.1.1. Why to choose a mentor?

1.1.2. How to choose a mentor?

1.1.3. Where to get mentorship?

1.1.4. Being a good mentee

1.2. Area of interest

2. Idea generation

2.1. Sources

2.2. High risk research

2.3. Thinking frameworks

3. Idea evaluation and refinement

3.1. FINER

3.2. PICO

4. Study design and research methodology

4.1. Choosing study design

4.2. Pitfalls

5. Basic biostatistics

5.1. Principles

5.2. Calculation of power and sample size

5.3. Role of statistical consulting

6. Writing a proposal

6.1. Format

6.2. Templates

7. Ethics, approval and registration

7.1. Templates

7.2. CTRI

7.3. Advice and appeals

8. Securing grants

8.1. Opportunities

8.2. Grantsmanship

8.3. Grant reviewer's checklist

9. Execution of the Study

9.1. Resources

9.2. Publicity

9.3. Data management

9.4. Randomization

9.5. Allocation concealment

9.6. Blinding

9.7. Informed consent

9.8. Recruitment

9.9. DSMB

9.10. Study closeout

10. Statistical analysis

10.1. Data visualization

10.2. Software for analysis

11. Summarizing existing knowledge

11.1. Review of literature

11.2. Search strategies

11.3. Platforms and databases

11.4. Evidence Based Medicine (EBM)

11.5. Critical evaluation of an article

12. Writing a manuscript

12.1. Title

12.2. Abstract

12.3. IMRAD

12.4. Reference management

12.5. Plagiarism

12.6. Proofing

13. Getting published

13.1. Patenting or open source

13.2. Metrics

13.3. Choosing a journal

13.4. Peer review - the process

13.5. Reviewer checklist

13.6. Handling rejection

13.7. Reporting guidelines

14. Dissemination avenues

14.1. Presentations and posters

14.2. Academic social networking

14.3. Academic blogging

14.4. Tele mentoring

15. Doing better science

15.1. Replication vs Reproduction

15.2. Hypothesis driven vs hypothesis generating

15.3. Integrity in research

16. Economics and cost effectiveness

17. Landmark papers

18. Next steps

18.1. Lifelong learning

18.2. Collaboration

18.3. Policy changes

18.3.1. Capacity building

18.3.2. Rethinking research

18.4. Meta research

18.5. Qualitative research

19. Appendix

19.1. Websites

19.2. Books

19.3. Software

19.3.1. Mobile

19.3.2. Computer

19.4. Workshops


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© Academic Press 2019
Academic Press
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About the Author

Karthik Balachandran

Dr. Karthik Balachandran, MD, is an endocrinologist and received his MBBS, MD and DM from JIPMER. He served as President of JIPMER Resident Doctors Association in 2015. His research interests include metabolic bone diseases and thyroid. He has a blog, Medico Musings, where he writes about and discusses endocrinology, data science and research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Resident, Jawaharlal Institutes of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India

Venkateswaran Ramanathan

Dr. Venkateswaran Ramanathan, MD, received his MBBS and MD from JIPMER and is an Assistant Professor in the same institute. He is working as a full time Internist and is in charge of the Medical ICU at JIPMER. His research interests include infections acquired in the ICU.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Jawaharlal Institutes of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India

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