A Laboratory Introduction to Psychology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483256740, 9781483274195

A Laboratory Introduction to Psychology

1st Edition

Authors: John W. P. Ost James Allison William B. Vance
eBook ISBN: 9781483274195
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1969
Page Count: 224
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Description

A Laboratory Introduction to Psychology was written to acquaint the student with the concepts and methods of laboratory science as they apply to psychology. It is assumed that the laboratory course will follow or accompany a comprehensive course in introductory psychology which emphasizes scientific topics. The experiments have been related to journal articles and to sections of several popular textbooks so that students and instructors will have ready access to introductory material. This manual is limited to standard topics of experimental psychology, but includes some experiments that are relatively new. The topics discussed are grouped into in three main categories: Animal Behavior, Sensory Processes, and Human Behavior. Within each of these sections, the experiments are somewhat connected in shorter series. The Animal Behavior studies include one series consisting of conditioning, extinction, discrimination, and secondary reinforcement, and a second series on schedules of reinforcement and motivation. The experiments on Sensory Processes include some threshold measurements, and also a series of studies on perceived magnitude, adaptation level, and illusions. The experiments on Human Behavior include a series on learning and transfer, on short-term memory, and on two-person interactions.

Table of Contents


Preface

Experiments with Animal Behavior

1 Extinction and Spontaneous Recovery

2 Discrimination Training

3 Secondary Reinforcement

4 Response Rate and Schedules of Reinforcement

5 The Partial Reinforcement Effect in Extinction

6 Motivation

Experiments in Sensory Processes

7 The Difference Threshold for Weight

8 Physical Magnitude and Perceived Magnitude

9 Adaptation Level

10 Relative-Size Illusion

11 Visual Acuity in the Retinal Periphery

Experiments in Human Learning and Performance

12 Transfer of Training

13 Short-Term Memory for Digits: I

14 Short-Term Memory for Digits: II

15 Short-Term Memory for Digits: III

16 Serial Learning

17 Serial Learning and Unusual Items

18 Two-Person Games: I

19 Two-Person Games: II. The Prisoner's Dilemma

Appendixes

A Methods in the Analysis of Data

B Use of the Random Number Table

C Experimental Reports

D Instructions for Experiment 19

Details

No. of pages:
224
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1969
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483274195

About the Author

John W. P. Ost

James Allison

Affiliations and Expertise

Howard Hughes Medical Institute Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, U.S.A.

William B. Vance