A History of Modern Psychology - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780126330601, 9781483257945

A History of Modern Psychology

3rd Edition

Authors: Duane Schultz
eBook ISBN: 9781483257945
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 462
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Description

A History of Modern Psychology, 3rd Edition discusses the development and decline of schools of thought in modern psychology. The book presents the continuing refinement of the tools, techniques, and methods of psychology in order to achieve increased precision and objectivity. Chapters focus on relevant topics such as the role of history in understanding the diversity and divisiveness of contemporary psychology; the impact of physics on the cognitive revolution and humanistic psychology; the influence of mechanism on Descartes's thinking; and the evolution of the third force, humanistic psychology. Undergraduate students of psychology and related fields will find the book invaluable in their pursuit of knowledge.

Table of Contents


Contents

Preface

1 The Study of the History of Psychology

Introduction

Overview of the Development of Modern Psychology

The Relevance of the Past for the Present

The Evolution of Psychology: Conceptions of Scientific History

Landmarks of Development: Schools of Thought in Psychology

2 Direct Philosophical Influences on Psychology

The Spirit of Mechanism: The Universe as a Machine

The Beginnings of Modern Science: René Descartes (1596-1650)

The Life of Descartes

The Contributions of Descartes

British Empiricism and Associationism

John Locke (1632-1704)

George Berkeley (1685-1753)

David Hume (1711-1776)

David Hartley (1705-1757)

James Mill (1773-1836)

Contributions of Empiricism to Psychology

3 Physiological Influences on Psychology

Introduction

Developments in Early Physiology: An Overview

The Beginnings of Experimental Psychology

Why Germany?

Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894)

Ernst Weber (1795-1878)

Gustav Theodor Techner (1801-1887)

The Formal "Founding" of the New Science

4 The New Psychology: Structuralism and its Early Opponents

Structuralism: An Overview

Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)

The Life of Wundt

Wundt's System

The Research Topics of the Leipzig Laboratory

In Retrospect

Other Early European Psychologists

Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850-1909)

Georg Elias Müller (1850-1934)

Franz Brentano (1838-1917)

Carl Stumpf (1848-1936)

Oswald Külpe (1862-1915) and the Würzburg School

Comment

5 Structuralism: Final Form

Edward Bradford Titchener (1867-1927)

The Life of Titchener

Titchener's System

Original Source Material on Structuralism: From A Text-Book of Psychology

The Fate of Structuralism

Criticisms of Structuralism

Contributions of Structuralism

6 Functionalism: Antecedent Influences

Introduction

Functionalism: An Overview

The Evolution Revolution: Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

The Life of Darwin

The Works of Darwin

The Influence of Darwin on Psychology

Individual Differences: Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911)

The Life of Galton

The Works of Galton

Comment

The Influence of Animal Psychology on Functionalism

Comment

7 Functionalism: American Pioneers

Only in America: Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) and Synthetic Philosophy

Anticipator of Functional Psychology: William James (1842-1910)

The Life of James

The Works of James

Comment

Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924)

The Life of Hall

The Works of Hall

Comment

James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944)

The Life of Cattell

The Works of Cattell

Comment

Ganz Amerikanisch

8 Functionalism: Formal Development

The Founding of Functionalism

The Chicago School

John Dewey (1859-1952)

James Rowland Angell (1869-1949)

Harvey A. Carr (1873-1954)

Original Source Material on Functionalism: From Psychology

Functionalism at Columbia

Robert Sessions Woodworth (1869-1962)

Criticisms of Functionalism

Contributions of Functionalism

9 Behaviorism: Antecedent Influences

Introduction

The Influence of Animal Psychology on Behaviorism

Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949)

Ivan Petrovitch Pavlov (1849-1936)

Vladimir M. Bekhterev (1857-1927)

Comment

The Influence of Functionalism on Behaviorism

10 Behaviorism: The beginnings

Introduction

John B. Watson (1878-1958)

Original Source Material on Behaviorism: From "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it"

Comment

The Methods of Behaviorism

The Subject Matter of Behaviorism

Specific Views and Concepts

Instinct

Learning

Emotion

Thought

Watson's Popular Appeal

A Final Note

Criticisms of Watsonian Behaviorism

Contributions of Watsonian Behaviorism

11 Behaviorism: After the Founding

Early Behaviorists

Edwin B. Holt (1873-1946)

Albert P. Weiss (1879-1931)

Karl Lashley (1890-1958)

The Influence of Operationism on Behaviorism

Neobehaviorists

Edward Chace Tolman (1886-1959)

Edwin Ray Guthrie (1886-1959)

Clark Leonard Hull (1884-1952)

Burrhus Frederick Skinner (1904-)

Challenges to Behaviorism

12 Gestalt Psychology

Introduction

Antecedent Influences

The Founding of Gestalt Psychology

Max Wertheimer (1880-1943)

Kurt Koffka (1886-1941)

Wolfgang Köhler (1887-1967)

The Nature of the Gestalt Revolt

Original Source Material on Gestalt Psychology: From "Gestalt Theory"

Major Principles of Gestalt Psychology

Principles of Organization

Principles of Learning

The Principle of Isomorphism

Post-Founding Developments

The Spread of Gestalt Psychology

Field Theory: Kurt Lewin (1890-1947)

The Influence of Lewin on Social Psychology

Criticisms of Gestalt Psychology

Contributions of Gestalt Psychology

13 Psychoanalysis: the Beginnings

Introduction

Antecedent Influences

Early Theories of the Unconscious

Psychopathology

Other Sources of Influence

The Development of Psychoanalysis: Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

Psychoanalysis as a Method of Treatment

Freud's Method of Research

Psychoanalysis as a System of Personality

Instincts

Unconscious and Conscious Aspects of Personality

Anxiety

Stages of Personality Development

Mechanism and Determinism in Freud's System

Conflicts between Psychoanalysis and Psychology

Criticisms of Psychoanalysis

The Scientific Credibility of Psychoanalysis

Contributions of Psychoanalysis

14 Psychoanalysis: After the Founding

Introduction

Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961)

The Life of Jung

Jung's System: Analytical Psychology

Comment

Social-Psychological Theories in Psychoanalysis: The Zeitgeist Strikes Again

Alfred Adler (1870-1937)

The Life of Adler

Adler's System: Individual Psychology

Comment

Karen Horney (1885-1952)

Horney's System

Comment

Erich Fromm (1900-1980)

Fromm's System

Comment

Criticisms of the Social-Psychological Theories

15 More Recent Developments

Schools of Thought in Psychology

Behaviorism: The Cognitive Revolution

The Influence of the "Zeitgeist" on the Cognitive Revolution

Socio-Behaviorism: Albert Bandura (1925- )

Comment

The Psychoanalytic Tradition: Recent Developments

Gordon Allport (1897-1967)

Allport's System

Comment

Henry Murray (1893- )

Murray's System

Comment

Erik Erikson (1902- )

Erikson's System

Comment

Comment on Post-Freudian Psychoanalysis

Humanistic Psychology: The Third Force

Historical Antecedents of Humanistic Psychology

The Nature of Humanistic Psychology

Humanistic Psychotherapies

Abraham Maslow (1908—1970)

Maslow's System

Comment

Carl Rogers (1902- )

Rogers's System

Comment

The Future of Humanistic Psychology

Bibliography

Index

Details

No. of pages:
462
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483257945

About the Author

Duane Schultz