A History of Modern Psychology - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780126330427, 9781483270081

A History of Modern Psychology

2nd Edition

Authors: Duane Schultz
eBook ISBN: 9781483270081
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1975
Page Count: 416
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Description

A History of Modern Psychology, Second Edition discusses the development and decline of schools of thought in modern psychology. The book presents the continuing refinement of the tools, techniques, and methods of psychology in order to achieve increased precision and objectivity. Chapters focus on relevant topics such as the beginning of the history of psychology; the philosophical and physiological influences on psychology; the details of various schools of thought in psychology; and the contemporary psychology of America and other countries. Undergraduate students of psychology and related fields will find the book invaluable in their pursuit of knowledge.

Table of Contents


Contents

Preface

1 The Study of the History of Psychology

Introduction

The Physiological Influence

The Relevance of the Past for the Present

Where Does the History of Psychology Begin?

The Development of Schools of Thought in Psychology

Conceptions of Scientific History: Personalistic and Naturalistic

2 Direct Philosophical Influences on Psychology

The Spirit of Mechanism: The Universe as a Machine

The Beginnings of Modern Science: Descartes (1596-1650)

The Life of Descartes The Contributions of Descartes

British Empiricism and Associationism

John Locke (1632-1704) George Berkeley(1685-1153) David Hume (1111-1116) David Hartley (1105-1151) James Mill (1113-1836)

Contributions of Empiricism to Psychology

3 Physiological Influences on Psychology

Developments in Early Physiology: An Overview

The Beginnings of Experimental Psychology

Why Germany? Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894) Ernst Weber (1195-1818) Gustav Theodor Fech7ier (1801-1881)

The Formal Founding of the New Science

A Note on "Founding"

4 The New Psychology: Structuralism and Its Early Opponents

An Overview of Structuralism

Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)

The Life of Wundt The Wundtian System

The Research Topics of the Leipzig Laboratory

In Retrospect

Other Early European Psychologists

Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850-1909) George Elias Müller (1850-1934) Franz Brentano(1838-1911) Carl Stumpf (1848-1936) Oswald Külpe (1862-1915)

Comment

5 Structuralism: Final Form

Edward Bradford Titchener (1867-1927)

The Life of Titchener

Titchener's Systenatic Position

Original Source Material on Structuralism: From A Text-Book of Psychology

The Fate of Structuralism

Criticisms of Structuralism Contributions of Structuralism

6 Functionalism: Antecedent Influences

What Is Functionalism?

Historical Overview of Functionalism

The Evolution Revolution: Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

The Life of Darwin The Works of Darwin

The Influence of Darwin upon Psychology

Individual Differences: Sir Francis Galton -(1822-1911)

The Life of Galton The Works of Galton

Comment

Animal Psychology

A Final Note

7 Functionalism: American Pioneers

"Only in America"

Anticipator of Functional Psychology: William James (1842-1910)

The Life of James The Contributions of James

Comment

G. Stanley Hall (1844-1924)

The Life of Jiall The Works of Hall Comment

James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944)

The Life of Cattell The Works of Cattell

Comment

Ganz Amerikanisch

8 Functionalism: Formal Development

The Founding of Functionalism

The Chicago School

John Dewey (1859-1952) James Rowland

Angell (1869-1949) Harvey A. Carr (1873-1954)

Original Source Material on Functionalism: From Psychology

Functionalism at Columbia: Robert Sessions Woodworth (1869-1962)

Criticisms of Functionalism

Contributions of Functionalism

9 Behaviorism: Antecedent Influences

Introduction

Animal Psychology

Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949)

The Life of Thorndike Thorndike's Connectionism Comment

Ivan Petrovitch Pavlov (1849-1936)

The Life of Pavlov Pavlov's Research Comment

Vladimir M. Bekhterev (1857-1927)

Comment

Functionalism

10 Behaviorism: The Beginning

Introduction: John B. Watson (1878-1958)

Original Source Material on Behaviorism: From "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It"

Comment

The Methods of Behaviorism

The Subject Matter of Behaviorism

Specific Views and Concepts

Instinct Learning Emotion Thought

Watson's Popular Appeal

A Final Note

Criticisms of Watsonian Behaviorism

Contributions of Watsonian Behaviorism

11 Behaviorism: After the Founding

Early Behaviorists

Edwin B, Holt (1873-1946) Albert P. Weiss (1879-1931) Karl Lashley (1890-1958)

The Influence of Operationism

More Recent Behaviorists

Edward Chace Tolman (1886-1959) Edwin Ray Guthrie (1886-1959) Clark Leonard Hull(1884-1952) Burrhus Frederick Skinner (1904-)

Concluding Commentary on Behaviorism

12 Gestalt Psychology

Introduction

Antecedent Influences

The Founding of Gestalt Psychology

Max Wertheimer (1880-1943) Kurt Koffka (1886-1941) Wolfgang Köhler (1887-1967)

The Nature of the Gestalt Revolt

Original Source Material on Gestalt Psychology: From "Gestalt Theory"

Werthelmer's Principles of Organization

Gestalt Principles of Learning

The Mentality of Apes: Köhler Productive Thinking: Wertheimer

The Principle of Isomorphism

The Reaction in America

Post-Founding Developments

The Spread of Gestalt Psychology after the Founding Field Theory: Kurt Lewin (1890-1947) Lewin and Social Psychology

Criticisms of Gestalt Psychology

Contributions of Gestalt Psychology

13 Psychoanalysis: The Beginnings

Introduction

Historical Antecedents

Early Theories of the Unconscious The Influence from Psychopathology Other Sources of Influence

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) and the Development of Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis as a Method of Treatment

Freud's Method of Research

Psychoanalysis as a System of Personality

The Unconscious and Conscious Aspects of Personality Instincts Anxiety Stages of Personality Development

Mechanism and Determinism in Freud's System

Early Conflicts between Psychology and Psychoanalysis

Criticisms of Psychoanalysis

Contributions of Psychoanalysis

14 Psychoanalysis: After the Founding

Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961)

The Life of Jung Jung's System: Analytical Psychology The Structure of Personality Personality Development Introversion-Extraversion Word Association Comment

Social-Psychological Theories in Psychoanalysis: The Zeitgeist Strikes Again

Alfred Adler (1870-1937): Individual Psychology

Karen Horney (1885-1952)

Horney's System Horney's Theory of Neurosis

Comment

Erich Fromm (1900-)

Comment

Critique of the Social-Psychological Theories

The Mainstream after Freud

15 Epilogue: More Recent Developments

The Dissolution of the Schools

Contemporary American Psychology

Methods Major Research Areas

Professionalization

Contemporary Psychology in Other Countries

Germany England Soviet Union Japan

Other Countries

The Future: Humanistic Psychology?

References

Index






Details

No. of pages:
416
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1975
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483270081

About the Author

Duane Schultz