A Concise Text-Book of Organic Chemistry is a handy guide for chemistry students preparing for Advanced Level certificates. The nature of organic chemistry, compared with that of inorganic chemistry, is basically the chemistry of carbon.
The book focuses on the arrangements and changes of the atoms inside the carbon molecules. The molecular formulas of organic compounds are therefore studied, including alkanes and their derivatives known as aliphatic or fatty acids, as well as the hydrocarbons of the benzene series and derivatives known as the aromatic compounds. The aliphatic amines as derivatives of ammonia resulting from the substitution of the hydrogen atoms by alkyl groups are described. The formula for methane, although at present is convenient for general purposes, is shown to be not a true representative of the actual arrangement in which four H radicals are grouped around the carbon atom. Castor oil, linseed, and other drying oils are also examined in terms of their glyceride (of other long chain unsaturated acids) content. Carbohydrates, divided as monosaccharides, polysaccharides, and glycosides, are discussed as to their empirical composition. The several methods and reagents for synthesizing organic compounds are explained, using the simple aliphatic organic compounds as an example. The aromatic series of organic compounds, such as the benzene series of hydrocarbons, and the aromatic sulfonic acids, phenols, and ethers are then analyzed.
This book is suitable for students of organic chemistry and for those preparing for tests in the General Certificate of Education and for the Ordinary National Certificate. Readers related to agricultural, medical, pharmaceutical, and technological and technical courses can find this guide relevant.
Preface A Note to the Student about How to Use this Book Chapter 1 The Nature of Organic Chemistry The Molecular Formula of Organic Compounds The Constitutional Formula of Organic Compounds Homologous Series: Functional Groups Isomerism Chapter 2 The Aliphatic Hydrocarbons The Paraffin Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons of the Ethylene Series Hydrocarbons of the Acetylene Series Chapter 3 Halogen Derivatives of the Paraffin Hydrocarbons Halogen Derivatives The Unsaturated Halogen Derivatives Chapter 4 The Alipathic Alcohols and Ethers The Alcohols Alcohols containing more than One Hydroxyl Group The Aliphatic Ethers The Aliphatic Sulphur Compounds Chapter 5 Amino and Nitro Compounds The Aliphatic Amines The Nitroparaffins Chapter 6 The Aliphatic Aldehydes and Ketones The Aliphatic Aldehydes Ketones Chapter 7 The Aliphatic Acids Acids Chapter 8 Derivatives of the Aliphatic Acids The Acid Chlorides The Acid Anhydrides The Acid Amides The Esters The Nitriles The Isonitriles Chapter 9 Halogen, Hydroxy, Aldehydic, Ketonic and Amino-Acids The Halogen Substituted Acids The Hydroxy Acids Aldehydic and Ketonic Acids The Amino-acids and the Proteins Chapter 10 The Dibasic Acids The Hydroxydibasic and Polybasic Acids Chapter 11 Stereochemistry — Optical Isomerism Chapter 12 Unsaturated Acids — Geometrical Isomerism The Unsaturated Acids Geometrical Isomerism Chapter 13 Carbohydrates The Monosaccharides The Disaccharides The Polysaccharides Chapter 14 Synthetic Processes in Organic Chemistry Chapter 15 The Aromatic Series of Organic Compounds The Benzene Series of Hydrocarbons The Nuclear Substitution of Benzene Derivatives Chapter 16 The Aromatic Nitro, Amino and Diazo Compounds The Nitro-derivatives The Aromatic Amines The Diazo Compounds
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- © Pergamon 1965
- 1st January 1965
- eBook ISBN: