A Biochemical Phylogeny of the Protists - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125755504, 9780323155618

A Biochemical Phylogeny of the Protists

1st Edition

Authors: Mark Ragan
eBook ISBN: 9780323155618
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1978
Page Count: 330
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A Biochemical Phylogeny of the Protists covers a wide variety of biochemical characters and their usefulness in phylogenetics. This book is composed of 13 chapters that describe the methods of deducing phylogenies of protists from biochemical data. Protists are morphologically simple forms of life, including bacteria, fungi, many algae, protozoa, and sponges.

The first chapters deal with the biochemistry, evolution, and phylogenetics of the protists. The subsequent chapters explore the DNA and RNA structure and the protein and enzyme content of some protists. Considerable chapters describe the various metabolic pathways in the protists. The remaining chapters other biochemical processes, including sulfate reduction, nitrogen utilization, and carbon monoxide production. These chapters also provide a summary of numerous research studies biochemical phylogeny.

This book will prove useful to biochemists, microbiologists, researchers, and students.

Table of Contents


1 Introduction

1.1 What Are the Protists?

1.2 Why Are the Protists Interesting?

1.3 Systematics, Taxonomy, and Phylogeny

1.4 Why a Biochemical Phylogeny?

2 Biochemistry and Evolution

2.1 The Nature of Biochemical Data and the Central Dogma

2.2 Data Weighting and the Central Dogma

2.3 Prebiotic Processes and "Biochemical Predestination"

2.4 Darwinian and Non-Darwinian Evolution

2.5 Biochemistry and Morphology

2.6 Ontogeny and Phylogeny

2.7 A Note on the Biochemical Method

3 Phylogenetics

3.1 Phylogenetic Trees

3.2 Choice of Experimental Organisms

3.3 The Endosymbiotic Theory of Organelle Evolution

4 Nucleic Acids

4.1 Evolution of the Genetic Code

4.2 DNA: Structure and Composition

4.3 RNA: Structures and Composition

4.4 Ribosomes

5 Proteins

Part I: General Considerations

5.1 Polypeptides, Proteins, and Enzymes

5.2 Phylogeny and the Structure of Enzymes: General and Theoretical Considerations

5.3 Enzyme Aggregates

5.4 Evolution of Biosynthetic Pathways

5.5 Evolution of Metabolic Energy Production

5.6 Biochemical Methods in the Phylogenetic Study of Proteins

Part II: Heme Proteins, Metalloproteins, and Histones

5.7 Cytochromes

5.8 Heme Proteins Other than Cytochromes

5.9 Phycobiliproteins

5.10 Ferredoxins

5.11 Metalloproteins Other than Ferredoxins

5.12 Histones

6 Proteins: Enzymes

6.1 Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas Glycolysis

6.2 Pentose Phosphate Pathway

6.3 Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle

6.4 Hatch-Slack Pathway

6.5 Glycolate Oxidation

6.6 Calvin Cycle

6.7 Polysaccharide Biosynthetic Enzymes

6.8 Fatty Acid Synthases

6.9 Lysine Biosynthetic Pathways

6.10 Ornithine Biosynthesis and the Ornithine-Citrulline Cycle

6.11 Isoleucine Biosynthesis Pathways

6.12 Tryptophan Biosynthesis and the Polyaromatie Biosynthetic Pathway

6.13 Glutamate Dehydrogenases

6.14 Lactate and Malate Dehydrogenases

6.15 Nitrate Reductases

7 Metabolites: I

7.1 Monosaccharides and Oligosaccharides

7.2 Polysaccharides

7.3 Amino Acid Distribution

8 Metabolites: II

8.1 Acetate-Derived Biosynthetic Pathways

8.2 Fatty Acids

8.3 Lipids

8.4 Acetylenic Compounds

8.5 Compounds Derived from Shikimic Acid

8.6 Other Routes to Aromatic Compounds

9 Metabolites: III

9.1 The Mevalonic Acid Pathway: Isoprenoids

9.2 Phytol, Geranylgeraniol, and Farnesol

9.3 Quinones

9.4 Carotenoids

9.5 Sterols

10 Metabolites: IV

10.1 The δ-Aminolevulinic Acid Pathway

10.2 Chlorophylls

10.3 Photosynthesis

11 Miscellaneous Simple Molecules

11.1 Sulfate Reduction

11.2 Nitrogen Utilization

11.3 Carbon Monoxide Production

11.4 Mineral Nutrition and Vitamin Requirements

12 A Biochemical Phylogeny

12.1 Other Phylogenies in the Literature

12.2 A Biochemical Phylogeny

12.3 Comparison of These Phylogenies

13 Conclusions and Speculations

13.1 Reflections on the Biochemical Phylogeny

13.2 Time Course of Evolution

13.3 Important Unresolved Questions



Taxonomic Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1978
Academic Press
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About the Author

Mark Ragan

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