The Science and Technology of Unconventional Oils - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128012253, 9780128013397

The Science and Technology of Unconventional Oils

1st Edition

Finding Refining Opportunities

Authors: M. Ramirez-Corredores
eBook ISBN: 9780128013397
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128012253
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st June 2017
Page Count: 776
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This book, The Science and Technology of Unconventional Oils: Finding Refining Opportunities, intends to report the collective physical and chemical knowledge of unconventional oils (heavy, extra-heavy, sour/acid, and shale oil) and the issues associated with their refining for the production of transportation fuels. It will focus on the discussion of the scientific results and technology activities of the refining of unconventional oils. The presence of reactive and refractory compounds and components that negatively impact refining processing (the "bad actors") are discussed and analyzed. The commercially available technologies, with their reported improvements and emerging ideas, concepts, and technologies, are described. This comprehensive overview constitutes the basis for establishing technology gaps, and in return sets the science and technology needs to be addressed in the future. In summary, this book incorporates the relevant knowledge of processing unconventional crude oils and of the "Bottom-of-the-Barrel" fraction, describing the related commercially available and emerging technologies to contribute to the identification of existing gaps.

Key Features

  • Relates physicochemical properties and phenomenological behavior of unconventional oils to refining challenges
  • Describes commercially available technologies and the problems they solve
  • Lists recent improvements in various processes and identifies technology gaps
  • Explains emerging new refining technologies and the problems they solve
  • Discusses future needs and challenges, and suggests further research and development needs


Undergraduate, graduate, postdoctoral students in chemistry and chemical process industrial and petroleum engineering, oil refining, and renewable fuels. Researchers and R&D managers on Oil Refining, Biorefineries and Lignocellulosic (2nd Generation) Renewable Fuels developers

Table of Contents

Preface *

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Asphaltenes

2.1 Definition and Properties

2.2 Impact in the oil Industry

2.3 Management

2.4 General Remarks

Chapter 3. Metal compounds

3.1  Characteristics

3.2 Effects of Metals in Refining Process

3.3 Abatement

Chapter 4 Naphthenic acids

4.1 Origin and Nature

4.2 Impact to the oil industry

4.3 Final Remarks on Acidity

Chapter 5. Unconventional methods

5.1 Mechanochemistry

5.2 Radiation -based Methods

5.3 Sonochemistry

5.4 Unconventional improvements

5.5 Unconventional Integrated Processing

Chapter 6. Bio-oil

6.1 Biomass Characteristics

6.2 Thermochemical Production of bio-oil

6.3 Yields and Quality

6.4 Quality Challenges for refining to renewable fuels

6.5 Bio-oil Refining

6.6 R&D Needs

Chapter 7 Conclusions


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© Academic Press 2017
Academic Press
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About the Author

M. Ramirez-Corredores

Dr. Magdalena Ramirez-Corredores is a Distinguished Scientific Researcher at Idaho National Laboratory in the Chemistry and Radiation Measurements Department, working on Biomass Science. She gained her previous industrial research experience at KiOR LLC, BP International Ltd and PDVSA. She is a fellow researcher with a successful record of producing innovative solutions and breakthrough technologies in hydrocarbon and alternative feeds processing and in catalysis: biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals, unconventional oils processing, fossil and bio‐oil hydrotreatment, light ends, and pretreatment, separation and purification processes. She has 60 inventions described in 48 US patents (12 cases still pending in the United States) and more than 150 worldwide awarded patents. She has authored 115 publications (1 book, 7 monographs, 62 articles and 45 conference papers). Her total number of citations (excluding all authors’ self‐citations) is 1,105, for an h-index of 18. She earned her doctorate in chemistry at England’s University of Bath: "The formation of solid solutions of CaO-SrO and investigation on their surface properties" in 1980. She received her BSc in Chemistry at Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas: "Isotopic effect in the catalytic cracking of alkylbenzenes" in 1974. She is also a recipient of the highest industrial research awards form her country of origin, Venezuela, the Exceptional Contributions Award, PDVSA 2001 and National Award on Technological Research, CONICIT 1991.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Scientific Researcher, Chemistry and Radiation Measurements Department, Idaho National Laboratory