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Biotechnology of Metals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128040225, 9780128040997

Biotechnology of Metals

1st Edition

Principles, Recovery Methods and Environmental Concerns

Author: K.A. Natarajan
eBook ISBN: 9780128040997
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128040225
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 13th June 2018
Page Count: 502
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Biotechnology of Metals: Principles, Recovery Methods and Environmental Concerns deals with all aspects of metal biotechnology in different areas, such as biogenesis, biomaterials, biomimetic strategies, biohydrometallurgy, mineral biobeneficiation, electrobioleaching, microbial corrosion, human implants, concrete biocorrosion, microbiology of environment pollution, and bioremediation. As the technology of this interdisciplinary science has diversified over the last five years, this book provides a valuable source for scientists and students in a number of disciplines, including geology, chemistry, metallurgy, microbiology, chemical engineering, environment, civil engineering, and biomedical engineering.

Key Features

  • Offers comprehensive coverage of an interdisciplinary subject
  • Outlines the role of microbiology and biotechnology in mining, metallurgy, waste disposal and environmental control
  • Covers new topics, such as biogenesis, biomaterials processing, the role of micro-organisms in causing corrosion, and much more
  • Presents scientifically illustrated experimental research methods in metals biotechnology


Researchers, undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of geology, microbiology, mining, metallurgy, chemical engineering and environmental sciences, metallurgical engineers, hydromettalurgists, mineral engineers, chemical engineers, geochemists, environmental scientists

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to scope and statics of biotechnology relevant to minerals and metals-Background, description and relevance of various topics covered in the book
2. Biotechnology-Materials Interface-Biology – Metals cycle in nature – Role of microorganisms in materials processing, Biomimetics and biomaterials processing strategies
3. Biogenesis of minerals and metals. Geomicrobiology – concepts and applications. Biomineralization with examples
4. History and Methods in Biohydrometallurgy – Microorganisms relevant to bioleaching and environment – Microbiological aspects of mining organisms – Application of molecular biological tools for exploration, mining and metal extraction
5. Microbial adhesion to metals and minerals- Mechanisms in microbe – mineral interactions – Development of metal tolerant orgamsms – Bacterial adaptation to enhance bioleaching Kinetics
6. Dump, bioheap leaching and solution mining (In-sit leach) – Concepts, principles and leaching strategies- Examples – Copper and uranium - Industrial operations and Practice
7. Biohydrometallurgy of Zinc and Nickel – Mechanisms and approaches
8. Bioreactor leaching – Stirred tank processes with applications in biohydrometallurgy – Applications in Copper, Zinc, Cobalt, Nickel and Precious Metal Extraction from concentrates
9. Status and developments in bioleaching of metal concentrates – Industrial developments and analyses of problems
10. Bioprocessing of polymetallic ores and ocean manganese nodules – Talvivaara as industrial experience
11. Reductive dissolution in bioprocessing – Examples from bioprocessing of nickel laterites and ferric – oxide reduction
12. Bioprocessing of secondary minerals and industrial wastes – Processing of electronic wastes – Bioprocessing of various secondary and waste products from petroleum, mining, chemical, leather and software industries
13. Electrochemical concepts in biohydrometallurgy – Electrochemistry of metals and minerals – Galvanic and electrobioleaching – Electrobioleaching of multisulfide concentrates and ocean ferromanganese nodules
14. Biomineral beneficiation – Microbially-induced flotation and flocculation of minerals- Surface chemical principles and mechanisms in biobeneficiation – Biobeneficiation of iron ores bauxite, clays, sulfide minerals and industrial minerals. Bioprocessing for rare earths, phosphorous removal
15. Biofouling, biodeterioration and microbial corrosion of metals and alloys –Microorganisms and microbiology in microbially – influenced corrosion (MIC) - Biofilms and MIC mechanisms – Prevention strategies
16. Microbial aspects of environmental pollution and control- Acid mine drainage – Microbiological aspects of acid mine drainage and control – Bioremediation and constructed wet land technology- Remediation of contaminated soils and waters. Mining environment control and rehabilitation of abandoned mines
17. Experimental and Research techniques in metals biotechnology – Laboratory experiments in microbiology of mines, minerals and metals – Isolation, culturing and identification of mining microbes – Biobeneficiation and bioleaching experiments – Electrochemical aspects of bioleaching and biocorrosion
18. References


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© Elsevier 2018
13th June 2018
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About the Author

K.A. Natarajan

Dr. K.A. Natarajan is presently NASI Senior Scientist- Platinum Jubilee Fellow and Emeritus Professor at the Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. He did his M.S. and Ph.D degrees specializing in Mineral beneficiation and Hydrometallurgy from the University of Minnesota, USA. The Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore conferred on him the degree of Doctor of Science in 1992 for his pioneering research contributions in Minerals bioprocessing. He is a Fellow of several academies such as the Indian Academy of Sciences, Indian National Academy of Engineering, and the National Academy of Sciences. He has received several medals and awards such as the National Metallurgist Award by the Ministry of Mines, Govt. of India, National Mineral award by the Ministry of Mines. Govt. of India, Alumni Award of Excellence in Engineering Research by the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Kamani Gold medal of the Indian Institute of Metals and the Hindustan Zinc Gold Medal. He has also been honored with the presentation of Biotech Product and Process Development & Commercialization Award 2003, Dept. of Biotechnology, Govt. of India. He is on the Editorial board of several international journals in the area of mineral processing. His areas of research include mineral processing, hydrometallurgy, minerals bioprocessing, corrosion engineering and environmental control. He has published over 300 research papers in leading international journals in the above areas. He was the Chairman of the Department of Metallurgy, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore from 1999 to 2004.

Affiliations and Expertise

NASI Senior Scientist, Platinum Jubilee Fellow, and Emeritus Professor, Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

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