3G Evolution

3G Evolution

HSPA and LTE for Mobile Broadband

1st Edition - June 7, 2007

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  • Authors: Erik Dahlman, Stefan Parkvall, Johan Skold, Per Beming
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080549590

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This very up-to-date and practical book, written by engineers working closely in 3GPP, gives insight into the newest technologies and standards adopted by 3GPP, with detailed explanations of the specific solutions chosen and their implementation in HSPA and LTE. The key technologies presented include multi-carrier transmission, advanced single-carrier transmission, advanced receivers, OFDM, MIMO and adaptive antenna solutions, advanced radio resource management and protocols, and different radio network architectures. Their role and use in the context of mobile broadband access in general is explained. Both a high-level overview and more detailed step-by-step explanations of HSPA and LTE implementation are given. An overview of other related systems such as TD SCDMA, CDMA2000, and WIMAX is also provided.This is a ‘must-have’ resource for engineers and other professionals working with cellular or wireless broadband technologies who need to know how to utilize the new technology to stay ahead of the competition.The authors of the book all work at Ericsson Research and are deeply involved in 3G development and standardisation since the early days of 3G research. They are leading experts in the field and are today still actively contributing to the standardisation of both HSPA and LTE within 3GPP.

Key Features

* Gives the first explanation of the radio access technologies and key international standards for moving to the next stage of 3G evolution: fully operational mobile broadband
* Describes the new technologies selected by the 3GPP to realise High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) and Long Term Evolution (LTE) for mobile broadband
* Gives both higher-level overviews and detailed explanations of HSPA and LTE as specified by 3GPP


Mobile and wireless communications engineers working for the equipment suppliers and network operators, network managers, academic researchers.

Table of Contents

  • Table of contents

    PART I – Introduction

    1 Background of 3G evolution
    1.1 History and background of 3G
    1.2 Standardisation
    1.3 Spectrum for 3G

    2 The motives behind the 3G evolution
    2.1 Driving forces
    2.2 3G Evolution – two Radio Access Network approaches and an evolved Core Network

    PART II - Technologies for 3G evolution

    3 High data rates in mobile communication
    3.1 High data rates – fundamental constraints
    3.2 Higher data rates within a limited bandwidth –Higher-order modulation
    3.3 Wider-bandwidth including multi-carrier transmission

    4 OFDM transmission
    4.1 Basic principles of OFDM
    4.2 OFDM demodulation
    4.3 OFDM implementation using IFFT / FFT processing
    4.4 Cyclic-prefix insertion
    4.5 Frequency-domain model of OFDM transmission
    4.6 Channel estimation and reference symbols
    4.7 Frequency diversity with OFDM – Importance of channel coding
    4.8 Selection of basic OFDM parameters
    4.9 Variations in instantaneous transmission power
    4.10 OFDM as a user-multiplexing and multiple-access scheme
    4.11 Multi-cell broadcast/multicast transmission and OFDM

    5 Wider-band ”single-carrier” transmission
    5.1 Equalization against radio-channel frequency-selectivity
    5.2 Uplink FDMA with flexible bandwidth assignment
    5.3 DFT-spread OFDM

    6 Multi-antenna techniques
    6.1 Multi-antenna configurations
    6.2 Benefits of multi-antenna techniques
    6.3 Multiple receive antennas
    6.4 Multiple transmit antennas
    6.5 Spatial multiplexing

    7 Scheduling, Link Adaptation, and Hybrid ARQ
    7.1 Link adaptation – Power and rate control
    7.2 Channel-dependent scheduling
    7.3 Advanced Retransmission Schemes
    7.4 Hybrid ARQ with Soft Combining


    8 WCDMA Evolution – HSPA and MBMS
    8.1 WCDMA – Brief Overview

    9 High-Speed Downlink Packet Access
    9.1 Overview
    9.2 Details of HSDPA
    9.3 Finer details of HSDPA

    10 Enhanced Uplink
    10.1 Overview
    10.2 Details of Enhanced Uplink
    10.3 Finer details of Enhanced Uplink

    11 MBMS – Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service
    11.1 Overview
    11.2 Details of MBMS

    12 HSPA Evolution
    12.1 MIMO
    12.2 Higher-Order Modulation
    12.3 Continuous Packet Connectivity
    12.4 Enhanced CELL_FACH Operation
    12.5 Layer 2 Protocol Enhancements
    12.6 Advanced Receivers
    12.7 Conclusion

    PART IV: LTE and SAE

    13 LTE and SAE – Introduction and Design Targets
    13.1 LTE Design Targets
    13.2 SAE Design Targets

    14 LTE Radio Access – an Overview
    14.1 Transmission schemes – Downlink OFDM and Uplink SC-FDMA
    14.2 Channel-dependent Scheduling and Rate Adaptation
    14.3 Hybrid ARQ with Soft Combining
    14.4 Multiple Antenna Support
    14.5 Multicast and Broadcast Support
    14.6 Spectrum Flexibility

    15 LTE Radio Interface Architecture
    15.1 RLC – Radio Link Control
    15.2 MAC – Medium Access Control
    15.3 PHY – Physical Layer
    15.4 LTE states
    15.5 Data Flow

    16 LTE physical layer
    16.1 Overall time-domain structure
    16.2 Downlink transmission scheme
    16.3 Uplink transmission scheme

    17 LTE Access Procedures
    17.1 Cell Search
    17.2 Random Access
    17.3 Paging

    18 System Architecture
    18.1 Functional split between radio access network and core network
    18.2 HSPA/WCDMA and LTE Radio Access Network
    18.3 Core network architecture

    PART V – Performance and Concluding Remarks

    19 Performance of 3G evolution
    19.1 Performance assessment
    19.2 Performance evaluation of 3G evolution
    19.3 Evaluation of LTE in 3GPP
    19.4 Conclusion

    20 Other Wireless Communications Systems
    20.1 UTRA TDD
    20.2 CDMA2000
    20.3 GSM/EDGE
    20.4 WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)
    20.5 Mobile Broadband Wireless Access (IEEE 802.20)
    20.6 Summary

    21 Future Evolution
    21.1 IMT-Advanced
    21.2 The research community
    21.3 Standardization bodies
    21.4 Concluding Remarks


Product details

  • No. of pages: 484
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2007
  • Published: June 7, 2007
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080549590

About the Authors

Erik Dahlman

Erik Dahlman works at Ericsson Research and are deeply involved in 4G and 5G development and standardization since the early days of 3G research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ericsson, Sweden

Stefan Parkvall

Stefan Parkvall works at Ericsson Research and are deeply involved in 4G and 5G development and standardization since the early days of 3G research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ericsson, Sweden

Johan Skold

Johan Skold works at Ericsson Research and are deeply involved in 4G and 5G development and standardization since the early days of 3G research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ericsson, Sweden

Per Beming

Affiliations and Expertise

Ericsson, Sweden

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