FITS files in journal articles

About FITS Files

Elsevier encourages authors toupload relevant FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) data files when theysubmit a manuscript for publication. FITS files will be presented at the at thespecific place in the article where the data is mentioned, giving readersaccess to valuable data in the right context.

FITS is a common file imageformat used in Astronomy. It is designed specifically for scientific data andallows description of photometric and special calibration, together with imageorigin metadata.

As FITS files consists of one orvarious headers containing ASCII card images that carry keyword value pairsrendered between data blocks. The value pairs provide information such as size,origin, coordinates, binary data format, free form comments, history of thedata and anything else the creator desires. Image metadata is stored in a humanreadable ASCII reader, so that the use can easily examine the headers toinvestigate the file origin.

Non image data can also be savedin FITS files and they can contain several file extensions.

Benefits for the authors and readers

The FITSfiles in journal articles enables authors to enrich their paper by displayingadditional content in the context in which it is most appropriate.

  • Authors will be able to present their research data at the point of relevance in the article.
  • Readers will be able to better understand the article content by having the data at the right place of the article for their understanding.
  • The FITS files will be downloadable to facilitate the re-use of the data and the validation of the results.

FITS Files

Author Instructions

Submission of FITS files in journal articles is very similar tosubmitting other types of supplementary material.

The option to add a FITS filetype will be available at the file submission screen when you upload yourmanuscript. We invite you to indicate where in the article the FITS file shouldbe displayed by including an instruction such as "Insert FITS file 1 here" inyour manuscript. You can also add a caption to your FITS files by adding aninstruction such as "Insert the following caption for the FITS file 1:<caption text>".