Guide for Authors
Note to NIH Grant Recipients: Articles accepted for publication from authors who have indicated that the underlying research reported in their articles was supported by an NIH grant will be sent by Elsevier to PubMed Central (PMC) for public access posting 12 months after final publication. The version of the article provided by Elsevier will be the final peer-reviewed manuscript that was accepted for publication and sent to Elsevier's production department, and which reflects author-agreed changes made in response to peer-review comments. Elsevier will authorize the author manuscript's public access posting 12 months after final publication. Following the deposit by Elsevier, authors will receive further communication from the NIH with respect to the submission. For more information on Elsevier's funding body agreements, see http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/authorsview.authors/fundingbodyagreements.
The Journal of Pain publishes original articles related to all aspects of pain and pain management and welcomessubmissions from clinical and basic researchers, medical specialists, psychologists, nurses, physical therapists,social workers, and workers in related fields. The Journal of Pain is interdisciplinary in focus andcommitted to advancing knowledge about pain mechanisms and pain management. The Journal will publishreports of original clinical research, reports of original basic research, Focus Articles, Critical Reviews, andLetters to the Editor. Manuscripts considered to provide particularly innovative or groundbreaking findingsmay be designated for fast-track handling by the editorial board, and such articles may be published on anexpedited basis. Fast-track determination will be made by the Editor-in-Chief in consultation with theeditorial board. Authors may request consideration of fast-track designation but most provide rationale forthis in their cover letter. The Journal does not publish case reports or studies that include open-label trials.The editor may also select some manuscripts for triage handling. Authors will receive prompt notification insuch cases.The Journal will not consider manuscripts that are prepared by professional research or writing companies andwhich are funded by pharmaceutical companies. Preparation of drafts of manuscripts by an employee of the studysponsor or by anyone else who is not listed as an author is expressly prohibited. All listed authors must makesubstantial contributions to: conception, design, acquisition and analysis of data; drafting and revising of thearticle; and approval of the article as written and responsibility for the content and completeness. No authormay be added after review of the original submission.
The Journal does not publish case reports, studies that include open-label medication trials, uncontrolled studies,reports on the translation of established measures, or articles that are primarily descriptive in nature. However,studies that contribute to the development and testing of pain theories and that test specific hypotheses basedon a theoretical rationale are particularly encouraged.Manuscript preparation
Authors must submit manuscripts electronically, uploading documents to the submission website (http://ees.elsevier.com/jpain/ ). The system will convert documents to PDF files. Authors are encouraged to submit manuscripts in Microsoft Word.Please follow the instructions below when organizing manuscripts:
Pages must be numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page. Manuscripts without numbered pages will be returned to authors for correction. Materials should be presented in this order: cover letter; manuscript (as a single file that contains the following): title page (include all authors' names and affiliations), abstract, perspective, text, acknowledgments (optional), disclosures, references, figure legends); figures; tables.Cover letter — A cover letter must be presented and must include contact information for the corresponding author; this contact information must also be presented on the title page and must match the corresponding author designated in the Elsevier Editorial System upon upload. (When such information differs, manuscripts will be returned to authors for correction.) Any conflicts of interest should be noted, and if no conflicts are present, this should be explicitly stated. Include a statement that all authors are listed and that all have contributed substantially to the manuscript. Authors must state whether manuscripts from the same study were submitted or published. Authors are asked to suggest the names of three potential reviewers; please include contact information.
Title page (page 1) — The title should be a concise and informative description of the study and should indicate animal species if the research was conducted on nonhuman animals subjects. Within the title, use nonproprietary names for drugs, and descriptions for devices. Brand name may be mentioned only once within the text (upon first reference), unless essential to the study. The title page should include the authors' names, department(s), institution where the work was done, and institutional affiliations of authors. The corresponding author must be clearly identified and phone/fax/e-mail information must be provided. The corresponding author noted on the manuscript's title page must be the same person designated as corresponding author within the Elsevier Editorial System. The title page should include a short running title (45 characters, excluding spaces) and up to six words to be used for indexing.Disclosures — This required section must appeardirectly before the References. Research funding sourcesmust be acknowledged, including corporate, grant,institutional, or departmental funds. If this does notapply, authors must state that no funding sourceswere provided. In this section, all authors must discloseany potential conflicts of interest, and must includea declaration statement if no conflicts exist. Conflictsinclude honoraria, travel to conferences, consultancies,stock ownership (excluding publicly owned mutualfunds), equity interests, and patent-licensing arrangements(particularly if a commercial product is notedin the article).
Abstract (page 2) — An abstract of 200 words or less should describe concisely the purpose of the study, the main findings, and conclusions, all in one paragraph without subheadings. References may not be included in the abstract.Trial registration — Clinical trials that involve devices or drugs provided by a manufacturer or pharmaceutical company should be registered at the time of submission to The Journal of Pain. The online registry information should appear at the end of the abstract.
Perspective — This item, limited to 50 words, should appear at the end of the abstract. The perspective presents a synopsis of the work to facilitate understanding of its significance. Authors of basic science reports should highlight the potential clinical relevance of their results for the benefit of clinical readers. Authors of clinical science reports should highlight the underlying mechanisms for the results, for the benefit of clinical scientists and basic scientists. Example: "Perspective: This article presents the psychometric properties of a new measure of spouse responses to patient chronic pain and well behavior. This measure could potentially help clinicians who seek to assess how spouse responses may contribute to patient pain and disability." References should not be included in the perspective.Key words — Five key words should be provided following the perspective, for indexing purposes.
Text — The text of the article should include the followingsections: Abstract and Perspective (as noted above), Disclosures (as noted above), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, References, and Figure Legends (if applicable).Subheadings in the Materials and Methods,Results, Discussion, and Acknowledgments sectionsshould be used as necessary to aid organization andpresentation, but subheadings and sections shouldnot be numbered. All sections should be written concisely.Limit the Introduction to 600 words and theDiscussion to 1500 words. Note that section labels maynot apply to some article types, including Focus Articlesand Critical Review Articles. Footnotes are not permittedin the text. Information must be cited parenthetically,or within the References section.Notes regarding the Materials and Methods section
Human subjects — Articles involving research conductedin human subjects must include statements inMaterials and Methods indicating that 1) approval bythe Institutional Review Board was granted; and 2) informed consent was obtained from each subject.Subjects should be identified only by number, notname or initials. Articles involving research conductedin non-human animals must include a statement in Materialsand Methods, indicating approval by the InstitutionalReview Board and that the care and use ofanimals conformed to applicable national/internationalguidelines.Animal subjects — Articles involving research conducted in non-human subjects must include 1) a statement indicating approval by the Institutional Review Board and that the care and use of animals conformed to applicable national/international guidelines; and 2) information about the source (vendor and location) of animals. If anesthesia was used, the anesthetic, dose, and duration of surgery must be provided, as well as information about any intra- and/or post-operative drugs (ie, drug, dose, and inter-dosing interval, if given more than once).
CONSORT Statements — For clinical trials, authors must prepare a CONSORT statement. This should be presented as a flow chart diagram, preferably labeled as Figure 1, and should be cited within the text. This statement gives readers important information about procedures used during trials. See http://www.consort-statement.org/ for details.Proprietary information — Use nonproprietary names for drugs, and descriptions for devices. Brand name may be mentioned only once within the text (upon first reference), unless essential to the study. For presentation of brand or trade names, include manufacturer's name, city, state and country within parentheses. Upon subsequent reference, use generic drug names or device descriptions only.
Acknowledgments — This is optional. This section should be presented at the end of the text and may be used by authors to thank contributors.References — The reference list should appear at theend of the manuscript. The list must be in alphabeticalorder, according to the surname of the first author. Incases of multiple citations by the same first author, referencesshould be listed by chronological date of thepublication. In cases of multiple citations by the samefirst author and different second, third, etc. authors,references should be cited in alphabetical orderaccording to the surname of the second, third, etc.authors. Within the text, papers should be cited usingsuperscript numbers that correspond to the alphabetizedreference list as follows: "Similar changes weredemonstrated in the cingulate cortex.15" All authorsmust be listed in the references; the use of et al is notpermitted. Journal abbreviations should conform tothe style used in Index Medicus, National Library ofMedicine. Unpublished data, personal communications,and abstracts that cannot be retrieved by readers(eg, some meeting abstracts), and other inaccessiblematerials should not be listed as references. Unpublishedmaterials may be cited parenthetically withinthe text, noting the authors and the year in whichthe research was conducted. For manuscripts containingcitations that are in press, authors must haveelectronic copies immediately available in case reviewers/editors request these materials. If all or partof this research was presented in Abstract form at anAmerican Pain Society annual meeting, please notethis at the end of the Introduction and include thecitation in the list of References, citing abstractspublished in The Journal of Pain's annual meetingsupplemental issue. For information on formattinga specific Abstract reference, contact the EditorialOffice at email@example.com.
Citation examples:Journal articles
Jensen MP, Hakimian S, Sherlin LH, Fregni F: New insights into neuromodulatory approaches for the treatment of pain. J Pain 9:193-199, 2008
Books/Published conference proceedingsChapter/article in book
Wall and Melzack's Textbook of Pain, 5th edition, Koltzenburg M, McMahon S (Eds.), Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2006.
Gebhart GF, Bielefeldt K: Visceral Pain. In: The Senses: A Comprehensive Reference, Vol. 5, Pain (Bushnell, M.C. and Basbaum, A.I., Eds.), Academic Press, San Diego, 2008, pp. 543-570.
SAS Institute. SAS/STAT software: Changes and enhancements through release 6.12. Cary, NC: SAS Institute, 1996
Dworkin RH, Gnann JW, Oaklander AL, Raja SN, Schmader KE, Whitley RJ: Diagnosis and Assessment of Pain Associated with Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia. J Pain 9(Suppl 1):37-55, 2008
Epub Ahead of PrintURL
Nielsen CS, Staud R, Price DD: Individual Differences in Pain Sensitivity: Measurement, Causation, and Consequences. J Pain 2009 Feb 8; [Epub ahead of print]
The American Academy of Pain Medicine: The use of opioids for the treatment of chronic Pain: A Consensus Statement. Available at: http://www.painmed.org Accessed March 9, 2006
For other examples not listed here, please contact The Journal of Pain editorial office at firstname.lastname@example.org or at (319)430-4118.Figure legends — A legend must be provided for eachfigure. Legends should be placed on the same pageand hould appear in numerical order. Legends shouldbe brief and not repetitive of description in the text.
Figures — All figures must be cited in the text; figuresmust be cited in consecutive order (this also applies toindividual panels within figures). Computer-generatedfigures should use solid fills or cross-hatching, not tonalshading. Figure legends should be presented separatelyand placed in the manuscript after the list of references.Figure legends should be brief and not repetitive of descriptionin the text. Color figures may be accepted butany cost related to print production is the responsibilityof the author. However, authors who are members ofthe American Pain Society may qualify for complimentaryproduction of essential color figures. Also, colorfigures may be published in the electronic version ofThe Journal at no cost to the authors, regardless ofInstructions for Authors, Continuedmembership in the American Pain Society. Withinfigures, patients eyes must be masked unless authorsreceive patient permission. For a consent form, contactthe Editorial Office at email@example.com.TIFF and EPS are the preferred formats for artwork. Alltype fonts used in studio-created artwork must be either"embedded" in the file or supplied separately.All graphic files supplied as bitmap format (not vectorformat) in TIFF, JPEG, or GIF must be submitted in sufficientlyhigh resolution (240-300 dpi for grayscale orcolor images and 600-1000 dpi for line art) to allowfor printing. See Elseviers website for guidelines forpreparing electronic artwork: http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions
Tables — All tables must be cited in the text; tables mustbe cited in consecutive order. Tables should be comprehensivewithout reference to the text and should notbe repetitive of descriptions in the text. Every tableshould consist of two or more columns; tables withonly one column will be treated as lists and incorporatedinto the text. Explanatory matter and source notationsfor borrowed or adapted tables should beplaced in a table footnote, not in the title or table body.Language-editing services — Authors who believe it may benefit their manuscripts are encouraged to consider the use of English language editing services prior to submission. Such services can help improve the language to ensure clarity for the review process, and help identify problems that can be corrected. Costs for editing services are borne by the authors; using this service does not guarantee a positive outcome in the review process. Authors may consider services such as those provided by Elsevier (http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/authorsview.authors/authorservices) Other language editing companies are also available.
Supplemental information — Supplemental digital materials may be submitted to appear online-only. Such content should be cited consecutively within the text, and can include documents, tables, figures, and audio or video materials.Permissions — To use information borrowed or adapted from another source, authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder (usually the publisher). This is necessary even if you are the author of the borrowed material. It is essential to begin the process of obtaining permissions early; a delay may require removing the copyrighted material from the article. Give the source of a borrowed table in a footnote to the table; give the source of a borrowed figure in the legend of the figure. The source must also appear in the list of references. Use exact wording required by the copyright holder. Send copies of the letter granting permission, identified by table or figure number, to the Editorial Officeat firstname.lastname@example.org (a scanned and uploaded copy is fine; please include the manuscript number in the subject line).
To secure permission for materials published in The Journal of Pain, please visit www.elsevier.com/permissions. For more information about permission issues, contact email@example.com.Embargo policy — Accepted manuscripts are embargoed until The Journal's monthly mail date. Unauthorized release of materials before that date is expressly prohibited. For mail date information, contact the Editorial Office at HYP firstname.lastname@example.org.Cover images — The Journal of Pain will publish appropriate images on the journal's cover. Selected figures may accompany a submitted manuscript (authors should make a note in the covering letter), or images may be submitted individually. Authors are encouraged to submit art for consideration; materials may be uploaded to http://ees.elsevier.com/jpain.
Submission of materials, etc. — Manuscripts must be submitted electronically (see directions at http://ees.elsevier.com/jpain/ ).A Mandatory Submission Form must accompany all submissions. Authors are strongly encouraged to include the signed mandatory form as the final file when uploading new submissions. The form must be signed by all authors. Forms can also be emailed to the Editorial Office at email@example.com, or faxed to (312) 275-7776.
Accepted manuscripts — Page proofs will be sent via e-mail as a .pdf file. Authors are asked to return proofs within 48 hours by e-mail or fax. There are no author page charges for The Journal of Pain.Note to NIH Grant Recipients: Articles accepted for publication from authors who have indicated that the underlying research reported in their articles was supported by an NIH grant will be sent by Elsevier to PubMed Central (PMC) for public access posting 12 months after final publication. The version of the article provided by Elsevier will be the final peer-reviewed manuscript that was accepted for publication and sent to Elsevier's production department, and which reflects author-agreed changes made in response to peer-review comments. Elsevier will authorize the author manuscript's public access posting 12 months after final publication. Following the deposit by Elsevier, authors will receive further communication from the NIH with respect to the submission.
Reprints — For information about reprints, visit http://webshop.elsevier.com/myarticleservices/offprints/.Meeting announcements and press releases are not published in The Journal.
The Journal of PainMark P. Jensen, PhD, Editor
The Journal of Pain
University of Washington
1959 NE Pacific Street
Seattle, WA 98195-6490
Special FeaturesFocus Articles/Critical Reviews — A Focus Article may present a hypothesis or state a position on a basic scientific or clinical topic related to pain. The position may be provocative, but must be based on scientific evidence, and referenced accordingly. A Review Article offers a summary of a topic and includes pertinent literature to present a position. These are not intended for the presentation of unpublished data. Focus Articles will undergo the same rigorous review as unsolicited manuscripts of original research. Agreement of the editor to receive and consider an article does not imply acceptance.
Commentaries on Focus Articles/Critical Reviews — The editor may solicitcommentaries on Focus Articles or Critical Reviews. Commentaries should belimited to less than 2000 words and are subject to editorial review.Letters to the Editor — Letters to the Editor commenting on published items are encouraged. Letters should be double-spaced and limited to 500 words or less, though lengthier pieces may be approved by the Editor. The published item must be cited in the References section; authors should refer to The Journal's instructions for proper citation formatting. The letter will be shared with the author(s) of the original article, who will have the chance to respond. The Journal will also consider general letters relevant to the study or treatment of pain; these letters need not refer to a published article. The guidelines noted above also apply to standalone letters. All letters are subject to editorial review.
Meeting announcements and press releases are not published in The Journal of Pain.Open AccessOpen AccessThis Journal offers you the option of making your article freely available to all via the ScienceDirect platform. To prevent any conflict of interest, you can make this choice only after receiving notification that your article has been accepted for publication. The fee of $3,000 excludes taxes and other potential author fees such as color charges. In some cases, institutions and funding bodies have entered into agreement with Elsevier to meet these fees on behalf of their authors. Details of these agreements are available at http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies. Authors of accepted articles who wish to take advantage of this option should complete and submit the order form (available at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/openaccessform.pdf). Whatever access option you choose, you retain many rights as an author, including the right to post a revised personal version of your article on your own website. More information can be found here: http://www.elsevier.com/authorsrights.[Comp: set Open Access as an H1, such as "Special Features"] Updated January 2013