Guide for Authors

  • All journal information and instructions compiled in one document (PDF) in just one mouse-click Author information pack

    • Purpose
    • Article Types
    BEFORE YOU BEGIN
    • Ethics in publishing
    • Human and animal rights
    • Conflict of Interest
    • Submission declaration and verification
    • Authorship
    • Changes to authorship
    • Copyright
    • Role of the funding source
    • Accountability
    • Funding body agreements and policies
    • Open access
    • Language (usage and editing services)
    • Informed consent and patient details
    • Student papers
    • Submission
    PREPARATION
    • Review process
    • Essential Title Page information
    • Highlights
    • Permissions
    • Artwork
    • Illustration services
    • Tables
    • References
    • Video data
    • AudioSlides
    • Supplementary data
    • Submission requirements
    AFTER ACCEPTANCE
    • Use of the Digital Object Identifier
    • Proofs
    • Offprints
    • Disclaimers
    AUTHOR INQUIRIES

    Purpose

    JNP: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, offers high quality, peer-reviewed clinical articles, original research, continuing education, and departments that help nurse practitioners (NPs) excel as providers of primary and acute care across the lifespan. Each issue meets their practice needs and encourages discussion and feedback with thought-provoking articles on controversial issues and topics. JNP supports advocacy by demonstrating the role that policy plays in shaping practice and delivering outcomes.

    Article Types

    Except as noted, all articles should be 4,000 to 5,000 total words, inclusive of all headings, titles, author information, keywords, abstract, text, references, tables, and graphics. Authors will be guided stepwise through the submission process and must choose a category from the following options:

    Original Research - follow standard research format using headings to identify research question, review of literature, methods, sample, data analysis, results, recommendations, and conclusions. For quantitative studies, please include a power analysis used to calculate needed sample sizes. Include a concise and factual abstract that does not exceed 100 words and that summarizes the article content.

    Brief Report - choose this category to disseminate research findings without a presentation of the full research report. Examples include reports of role expansion of the NP in other countries, quality improvement projects, or other information of interest to NPs that does not warrant a full feature article. Articles are limited to 2,500 words and should include a concise and factual abstract that does not exceed 100 words. Authors should work directly with Associate Editor Julee Waldrop at jwaldropJNP@gmail.com before submitting materials.

    Case Challenges - designed to stimulate interest among experienced NPs in a clinical problem that they might actually encounter in clinical practice, not something that would be extremely rare. Authors should work directly with Editor-in-Chief Marilyn Edmunds in developing a case presentation, history, and physical, and then posing questions concerning a possible differential diagnosis, tests to confirm the diagnostic evaluation, and a management plan. The answers to the questions should be thoroughly presented and referenced where appropriate and will appear in the same issue as the clinical presentation but at a different location. Word length is to be about 2,500-3,000 words and may include ECGs, radiographs, forms, etc. Suggested format is available from the Associate Editor at jwaldropJNP@gmail.com.

    Clinical Feature - focus on the latest evidence-based information about the presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and management of a particular clinical problem relevant to NP practice. Authors may also include up to 3 minutes of video to demonstrate or explain components of the clinical article, for example, demonstrating a particular assessment procedure. Publication priority will be given to articles demonstrating an interdisciplinary team approach or policy implications. Include a concise and factual abstract that does not exceed 100 words and that summarizes the article content.

    Policy Feature - identify issues, trends, barriers, legislative successes, or recommendations that affect NPs' ability to practice to the full extent of their education. Include a concise and factual abstract that does not exceed 100 words and that summarizes the article content.

    Educational Feature - articles that describe NP faculty curricular design, implementation, evaluation, mentoring, precepting, or other components of NP education. These presentations will be considered for an online-only faculty section and may include live URLs, links to mobile apps or audios, more lengthy forms, etc, that lend themselves to online publication. While the peer-reviewed articles will appear online only, they will be listed in the table of contents for the print version of the Journal and will be indexed in all databases in which JNP is included. Include a concise and factual abstract that does not exceed 100 words and that summarizes the article content.

    Department - after working directly with the department editor and receiving his or her direction and approval, material less than 1,100 words may be submitted for the following sections. To facilitate communication with select department editors, please use the following emails:
    • Diagnostic Tips: Mellisa Hall, mhall@usi.edu. Expert clinicians share important factors to consider in assessing or diagnosing or procedures used in specific clinical problems.
    • Prescription Pad: Tim Nguyen, timnguyenpharmd@gmail.com. From updates on common medications to novel treatments for primary care complaints, this department is geared toward experienced prescribing clinicians.
    • Shaping Policy, Improving Practice: Angela Golden, Npfromhome@gmail.com. This department will answer reader questions about the Affordable Care Act and other policy matters that directly influence NP practice.

    Letter to the Editor - Address comments to Editor-in-Chief Marilyn W. Edmunds at editor@journalnp.com.

    Ethics in publishing

    For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see http://www.elsevier.com/publishingethics and http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/ethics.

    JNP and Elsevier adhere to the highest standards with regard to research integrity and in particular the avoidance of plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. It is therefore essential that authors, before they submit a paper, carefully read the Ethical guidelines. When submitting a paper, authors will be prompted as to whether they have read and agree to these guidelines before proceeding further with their submission. Authors are reminded that, where they draw upon material from another source, they must either put that material in the form of a quote or write it entirely in their own words. In both cases, they must explicitly cite the source, including the specific page number in the case of a quote or a particular point.

    If your university or hospital library uses a software platform such as iThenticate to ensure content originality, please submit the results of the software analysis for your article in your cover letter.

    Human and animal rights

    If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html; EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/lab_animals/legislation_en.htm; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals http://www.icmje.org. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

    Conflict of Interest

    All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. As you move through the submission process, you will be required to submit a signed copy of the "Conflict of Interest" form that is found on the website. Use a separate form for you and each coauthor. JNP also requires all authors to acknowledge, on the Title Page of their manuscript, all funding sources and/or granting agencies that supported their work, as well as all institutional or corporate affiliations of all the authors and to disclose to the Editor any commercial associations that could pose a conflict of interest or financial bias. These include employment, consultation fees, grants or other funding, patent licensing arrangements, company stock, payments for conducting or publicizing a study, paid expert testimony, travel, honoraria, gifts, or meals. If the article is accepted for publication, the Editor will determine how any conflict of interest should be disclosed. Articles with commercial support and professional editing are not usually eligible for publication but would be considered for paid supplements. See also http://www.elsevier.com/conflictsofinterest.

    Submission declaration and verification

    Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see http://www.elsevier.com/postingpolicy), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck http://www.elsevier.com/editors/plagdetect.

    Authorship

    All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted.

    Changes to authorship

    This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:
    Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.
    After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.

    Copyright

    This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research: Open access and Subscription.

    For subscription articles
    Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright, see http://www.elsevier.com/copyright). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.
    Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult http://www.elsevier.com/permissions). If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult http://www.elsevier.com/permissions.

    For open access articles
    Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (for more information see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement). Permitted reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license (see http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses).

    Retained author rights
    As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights. For more information on author rights for:
    Subscription articles please see http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/author-rights-and-responsibilities.
    Open access articles please see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement.

    Role of the funding source

    You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

    Please note that such information should appear on the Title Page. Generally, articles that have been funded by business or industry or have received professional editing support will be precluded from publication as features but may be eligible for consideration as paid supplements.

    Accountability

    JNP requires all authors to acknowledge, on the Title Page of their manuscript, all funding sources and/or granting agencies that supported their work, as well as all institutional or corporate affiliations of all the authors. Authors are also required to disclose to the Editor, in a covering letter at the time of submission, any commercial associations that could pose a conflict of interest or financial bias. These include consultation fees, patent licensing arrangements, company stock, payments for conducting or publicizing a study, travel, honoraria, gifts, or meals. If the article is accepted for publication, the Editor will determine how any conflict of interest should be disclosed. Authors are expected to fulfill the requirements of their employer's publication policy before submitting their manuscript. The Journal follows the ICMJE's Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (http://www.icmje.org).

    Funding body agreements and policies

    Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies.

    Open access

    This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:

    Open access
    • Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
    • An open access publication fee is payable by authors or their research funder
    Subscription
    • Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our access programs (http://www.elsevier.com/access)
    • No open access publication fee

    All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Permitted reuse is defined by your choice of one of the following Creative Commons user licenses:
    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, to create extracts, abstracts and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text and data mine the article, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation, and license their new adaptations or creations under identical terms (CC BY-NC-SA).
    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

    Elsevier has established agreements with funding bodies, http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies. This ensures authors can comply with funding body open access requirements, including specific user licenses, such as CC BY. Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees. If you need to comply with your funding body policy, you can apply for the CC BY license after your manuscript is accepted for publication.

    To provide open access, this journal has a publication fee which needs to be met by the authors or their research funders for each article published open access.
    Your publication choice will have no effect on the peer review process or acceptance of submitted articles.

    The open access publication fee for this journal is $2,500, excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy: http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing.

    Language (usage and editing services)

    Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/languageediting/) or visit our customer support site (http://support.elsevier.com) for more information.

    Informed consent and patient details

    Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals in an Elsevier publication. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to Elsevier on request. For more information, please review the Elsevier Policy on the Use of Images or Personal Information of Patients or other Individuals, http://www.elsevier.com/patient-consent-policy. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.

    Also, please note that if an accepted article identifies a particular facility, patient/client, etc, the author is responsible for securing written authorization to use that name.

    Student papers

    Students are held to the same standards as other authors, and their papers must be written in a scholarly format at the level for physician or experienced NP readers. Student papers must meet the requirements of the journal and be co-authored by a university faculty member who has worked with the student to ensure the paper is in publishable form and that it represents the best paper from their institution. Studies must have a sufficiently developed methodology with large enough sample size to result in valid conclusions that can be generalized beyond the sample itself. Pilot studies are generally not acceptable, and authors with strong methodologies are encouraged to continuing collecting data until they have enough data to draw conclusions that warrant publication. If accepted, student papers will be held for publication until the students have graduated.

    JNP welcomes the submission of capstone projects that follow the guidelines above. Authors of these projects should review Publishing a DNP capstone: The where, what, and how before submission.

    Submission

    Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word, LaTeX) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.

    Submit your article
    Please submit your article via http://ees.elsevier.com/jnp.

    Review process

    Articles deemed potentially publishable will undergo double-blind peer review, which means that both the reviewer and author name(s) are not allowed to be revealed to one another for a manuscript under review. The identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. For more information please refer to http://www.elsevier.com/reviewers/peer-review. To facilitate this, please include the following separately:

    • Title page (with author details): This should include the title, authors' names and affiliations, and a complete address for the corresponding author including telephone and e-mail address.
    • Blinded manuscript (no author details): The main body of the paper (including the references, figures, tables and any acknowledgments) should not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names or affiliations.
    Reviewers are asked to return their response within 2 weeks but often require longer. Almost all submissions require revision, which is to be completed within 30 days. Because of the intense competition among articles, JNP has a commitment to make publication decisions quickly; unrevised articles will not be allowed to remain indefinitely in the system.

    Essential Title Page information

    • Title - Be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
    • Author names, full credentials, and affiliations - Where the family name may be ambiguous (eg, a double name), please clearly indicate given names and surnames. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations, institutional and corporate, with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
    • Author byline - Indicate which 2 credentials each author would like after their name in the byline and table of contents (eg, Joan Smith, MSN, PNP).
    • Corresponding author - Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
    • Present/permanent address. - If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
    • Funding - Report all funding sources and/or granting agencies that supported your work, as well as all institutional or corporate affiliations of all the authors.
    Authors' full credentials; authors' current job titles, employers, and the cities in which they work; and the email address for the corresponding author will be listed in the biography at the end of the article, so please be sure to include all necessary information.

    Highlights

    Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). See http://www.elsevier.com/highlights for examples.

    Permissions

    The author is responsible for obtaining written permission to use any copyrighted materials, including illustrations, photographs, tables, and any content taken from websites. Documentation of permission to reprint copyrighted materials should be submitted electronically when the article is submitted. Additional information on securing permissions can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/author-rights-and-responsibilities.

    Artwork

    Electronic artwork
    General points
    • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
    • Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
    • Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.
    • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
    • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
    • Provide captions to illustrations separately.
    • Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version.
    • Submit each illustration as a separate file.
    A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website:
    http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions
    You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.
    Formats
    If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format.
    Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
    EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
    TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
    TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
    TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.
    Please do not:
    • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors;
    • Supply files that are too low in resolution;
    • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

    Color artwork
    Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF) or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) in addition to color reproduction in print. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.

    Illustration services

    Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/illustrationservices) offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier's expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, tables and graphs. Image 'polishing' is also available, where our illustrators take your image(s) and improve them to a professional standard. Please visit the website to find out more.

    Figure captions
    Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

    Tables

    Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

    References

    Citation in text
    Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

    Reference links
    Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.

    Web references
    At a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc), should also be given. Web references should be included in the reference list.

    References in a special issue
    Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.

    Reference formatting
    There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct. If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to the following examples:

    Reference style
    Text: Indicate references by (consecutive) superscript arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. The numerals are to be used outside periods and commas, inside colons and semicolons. For further detail and examples you are referred to the AMA Manual of Style, A Guide for Authors and Editors, Tenth Edition, ISBN 0-978-0-19-517633-9 (see http://www.amanualofstyle.com).
    List: Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
    Examples:
    Reference to a journal publication:
    1. Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. J Sci Commun. 2010;163:51–59.
    Reference to a book:
    2. Strunk W Jr, White EB. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York, NY: Longman; 2000.
    Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
    3. Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, eds. Introduction to the Electronic Age. New York, NY: E-Publishing Inc; 2009:281–304.

    Journal abbreviations source
    Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations: http://www.issn.org/services/online-services/access-to-the-ltwa/.

    Video data

    Elsevier accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the video or animation content and noting in the body text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate to the video file's content. In order to ensure that your video or animation material is directly usable, please provide the files in one of our recommended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 50 MB. Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com. Please supply 'stills' with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your video data. For more detailed instructions please visit our video instruction pages at http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions. Note: since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.

    AudioSlides

    The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at http://www.elsevier.com/audioslides. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.

    Supplementary data

    Elsevier accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com. In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please provide the data in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. For more detailed instructions please visit our artwork instruction pages at http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.

    Submission requirements

    Papers should be written in a scholarly format using references generally no older than 5 years. Writing should be at the level for physicians and experienced NPs.

    Please prepare the following items for submission:

    1. Abstract - create a concise and factual abstract that does not exceed 100 words and that summarizes the article content. References should be avoided.
    2. Keywords - List at least 5 words that best describe your article and would identify it through a standard search engine.
    3. Cover letter - indicate who you are, a very brief summary of your article, and why you believe it would fit with JNP's mission; also state that the manuscript has not been and will not be submitted elsewhere for publication.
    4. Conflict of interest statement - submit a signed copy of the "Conflict of Interest" form that is found on the website as you move through the submission process. Use a separate form for you and each coauthor.
    5. Title page - include title of the manuscript; name of authors in order in which they should appear; an affiliation, address, phone number, and e-mail address for each author; author byline; and funding sources. Please identify the corresponding author who will receive all correspondence. Student authors should indicate their anticipated date of graduation.
    6. Word count - create a page that lists only the total number of words in the submission—not just the main text.
    7. Blinded manuscript - make no reference to the geographic location, the institution at which the work or study was conducted, or any of the names or affiliations of the authors. Generic terms should be used instead (region, university, medical center, etc).
    8. Tables and figures (if appropriate) - separately label and save each table and hi-resolution figure file. Figure legends (number and explanation) should be included at the end of the blinded manuscript, not as part of the figure file. Identify sources for all tables and submit written permission to publish copyrighted tables or images that you wish to reprint or adapt.

    Use of the Digital Object Identifier

    The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B):
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.09.059
    When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.

    Proofs

    One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author, or a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 (or higher) available free from http://get.adobe.com/reader. Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site: http://www.adobe.com/products/reader/tech-specs.html.
    If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately – please let us have all your corrections within 48 hours. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.

    Offprints

    The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a personalized link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. This link can also be used for sharing via email and social networks. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/myarticleservices/offprints). Authors requiring printed copies of multiple articles may use Elsevier WebShop's 'Create Your Own Book' service to collate multiple articles within a single cover (http://webshop.elsevier.com/myarticleservices/booklets).

    Disclaimers

    All manuscripts are accepted for publication with the understanding that they are contributed solely to JNP.

    Statements and opinions expressed in the articles are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Editors, the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP), or Elsevier. The Editors, AANP, and Elsevier disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material and do not guarantee, warrant, or endorse any product or services advertised in this publication.

    Manuscripts become the permanent property of JNP and may not be published elsewhere without written permission from Elsevier. All accepted manuscripts are subject to copyediting.



    You can track your submitted article at http://help.elsevier.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/89/p/8045/. You can track your accepted article at http://www.elsevier.com/trackarticle. You are also welcome to contact Customer Support via http://support.elsevier.com.

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