Guide for Authors
Aims and Scope
The Neuroimaging section of Psychiatry Research publishes manuscripts on positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, functional magnetic resonance imaging, single photon emission computed tumography, computerized electroencephalographic topography, regional cerebral blood flow, computed tomography, magnetoencephalography, autoradiography, post-mortem regional analyses, and other imaging techniques. Reports concerning results in psychiatric disorders, dementias and the effects of behavioral tasks and pharmacological treatments are featured. We also invite manuscripts on the methods of obtaining images and computer processing of the images themselves.
Submission of Manuscripts
Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging proceeds totally online via an electronic submission system. In case you do not have an Internet connection, please contact the appropriate Editorial Office for alternative instructions. By accessing the online submission at http://www.ees.elsevier.com/psyn/, you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. When submitting a manuscript online, authors need to provide an electronic version of their manuscript and any accompanying figures and tables and are requested to direct the manuscripts to the most appropriate Editor.
Once the uploading is done, the system automatically generates an electronic (PDF) proof, which is then used for reviewing. All correspondence, including the Editor's decision and request for revisions, will be processed through the system and will reach the corresponding author by e-mail.
Once a manuscript has successfully been submitted via the online submission system, authors may track the status of their manuscript using the online submission system (details will be provided by e-mail). If your manuscript is accepted by the journal, subsequent tracking facilities are available on Elsevier's Author Gateway, using the unique reference number provided by Elsevier and corresponding author name (details will be provided by e-mail).Authors may send queries concerning the submission process or journal procedures to the Editorial Offices:
Sherry Buchsbaum, Department of Psychiatry and NeuroPET Center University of California at San Diego, 11388 Sorento Valley Road, Suite #100, San Diego, CA 92121, USA. E-mail: email@example.com, Tel: +1 949 376 6906, Fax: +1 949 315 3079.or
Thomas Dierks, Psychiatric Clinic, University of Bern, Bolligenstr. 111, CH-300 Bern 60, Switzerland. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgFor further details on how to submit online, please refer to the online EES Tutorial for authors. Alternatively please contact the Author Support Team at email@example.com or the Reviewers Support Team at firstname.lastname@example.org
Elsevier also provides 24/7 Telephone Support for:The Americas: +1 888 834 7287
Asia & Pacific: +81 3 5561 5032
Europe & ROW: +353 61 709 190
Editorial PolicyManuscripts that are not published and that are not resubmitted in revised form will be destroyed within 1 year of the date of submission.
Submitted manuscripts will be reviewed anonymously by at least two referees. Should a revised manuscript be required by the editors, the authors are requested to resubmit their revised manuscript to the journal within 6 months time. Studies on humans submitted to the journal must comply with the principles laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki (Br Med J 1964; 2: 177-178). The editors retain the right to reject papers on the grounds that, in their opinion, the ethical justification is questionable. Manuscripts may be edited to improve clarity and expression.
Manuscripts should be typed in English
Psychiatric Research: Neuroimagingnow offers authors the option to sponsor non-subscriber access to individual articles. The access sponsorship contribution fee per article is USD 3,000. This contribution is necessary to offset publishing costs - from managing article submission and peer review, to typesetting, tagging and indexing of articles, hosting articles on dedicated servers, supporting sales and marketing costs to ensure global dissemination via ScienceDirect, and permanently preserving the published journal article. The sponsorship fee excludes taxes and other potential author fees such as color charges which are additional.Preparation of Manuscripts
•Authors can specify that they would like to select this option after receiving notification that their article has been accepted for publication, but not before. This eliminates a potential conflict of interest by ensuring that the journal does not have a financial incentive to accept an article for publication.
•Authors who have had their article accepted and who wish to sponsor their article to make it available to non-subscribers should complete and submit the sponsored article order form http://www.elsevier.com/framework_authors/Sponsoredarticles/articlesponsorshipform.pdf.
Title PageThe title of paper (only the first letter of the first word of the title should be capitalized), and authors' full names (do not use initials and academic degrees) and complete mailing addresses, including zip codes (USA) or country codes should be provided for the corresponding author (more simplified addresses may be provided for co-authors but should at least provide department, institution, city, state and country). An asterisk should be placed after the name of the author to whom correspondence and reprint requests should be addressed. Superscript letters (a, b, c, etc.) should be used to indicate the departmental and institutional affiliation of each author. If all authors are in the same department at the same institution, superscript letters are not required. The corresponding author's fax, telephone, and e-mail numbers should be supplied.
The title page should be included in the main body of the text, along with the abstract and keywords.
The Abstract should be 150-200 words for full-length articles and 50 words for brief reports.The abstract should be followed by 3 to 6 keywords (3 keywords for brief reports). Note that the keywords should not duplicate words used in the title of the article, which will be automatically indexed.
TextSubheadings should follow the numbering system used in the major heading; for example, the subheading "Subjects" within the Methods section should be flush left on a separate line and designated 2.1., the subheading "Procedures" should be designated 2.2., etc.
Although exceptions will be considered, manuscripts should not exceed 5000 words, and shorter manuscripts (e.g., 3000 words) are preferred. Each article should contain the following major headings: Introduction (preceded by arabic number 1.), Methods (preceded by number 2.), Results (preceded by number 3.), Discussion (preceded by number 4.), Acknowledgment (optional section following the discussion, which should not be preceded by a numeral), and References (should not be preceded by a numeral).
Lower level headings, if required, should also be numbered (e.g., "2.1.1. Patients." as a lower order heading under "2.1. Subjects."). Only the first letter of the first word of each heading should be capitalized.The use of abbreviations within the text should be minimized, and each abbreviation, when introduced, must be defined and used consistently thereafter. Systeme International measurements should be used. For products or instruments (do not abbreviate) used in the research reported, provide the name, city and country of the supplier in parentheses. All tables and figures must be referred to in the text.
Brief ReportsCase Reports
Brief Reports should not exceed 1500 words, including 50-word abstract, 3 keywords, text, and references plus 1 table or 1 figure.
Case reports will only be considered as letters to the editor (maximum of 500 words and no references)
The IntroductionMaterials and Methods
The introduction should be brief and explain the purpose of the study; an extensive review of the literature should be avoided, but directly relevant articles by other investigators, as well as by the authors themselves, must be cited. If the paper includes subjects who have been included in previous reports, references should be provided and the number of subjects whose data have been included elsewhere should be specified.
Materials and Methods should contain sufficient detail to enable others to repeat the procedures without studying the references directly.
The Results should summarize the most important data, and statistical correlations should be included. Tabular data should not be duplicated, important points and trends should be pointed out. The final sentence should emphasize the importance attached to the observations.
The Acknowledgement section is optional and should also be used for grant-support information.
Funding body agreements and policiesDiscussion
Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies
The discussion should relate directly to the study being reported and give perspective to the adequacy of the materials and methods for the purpose of the study. Results should be interpreted to lend meaning to the observations. Any discrepancies with previously published results should be explained. The paper should conclude with a brief statement regarding the significance of the study.
Study group variability should be reported as the standard deviation, not the standard error. In addition to the probability value, be sure to specify full details of the statistical analysis performed (e.g., name of statistical test used, test value, one-tailed or two-tailed test used,degrees of freedom or number of subjects, and probability level). Authors should also explicitly state what hypothesis is being tested. Probability values should be presented as uppercased, italicized P; r, t, F, df, and n should also be italicized. Leading zeroes should be used throughout.
Literature citations. References in the text to literature cited should be given by the name of the author(s), followed by the year of publication in parentheses, e.g.: Smith and Smith (1994) or (Allen et al., 1952; Smith, 1966a, 1966b; Jones and Jones, 1993). For three or more authors, the name ofthe first author followed by et al. should be used. References listed within parentheses should be in chronological order. Articles published by the same author(s) in the same year should be designated "a," "b," etc. (note that the a/b designation corresponds to the order in which each article appearsin the reference list, not to the order of first citation within the manuscript). All references cited in the text must be included in the reference list. Check carefully to insure that the spelling of names in the text matches that in the reference list and that the date in the text matches the date in the reference list.
Reference list: References should be arranged in alphabetical order by first author and should not be numbered. For single-authored articles, if more than one article by the same author is included, list each reference in chronological order. If both articles were published in the same year, alphabetize by the first major word of the article title and designate the first listed article as "a," the second as "b," etc. For multi-authored articles, list in alphabetical order by (1) last name of first author, (2) last name of second author, etc. If the names of all authors are identical, list in chronological order. If both authors' names and year of publication are the same, alphabetize by the first major word of the article title.Provide the last names and first initials of all authors (do not use et al. in the reference list). Journal titles should not be abbreviated. Be sure that all references are complete: journal articles should include authors, year of publication, article title, full journal name, volume number, and beginning and concluding page numbers. Book chapters should include authors, year of publication, chapter title, name(s) of volume editor(s), volume title, volume number (if any), name of publisher, city of publication, and page numbers. Books should include author(s) or editor(s), year of publication, book title, publisher, and city of publicaiton. Include only references that have been cited in the text.
Examples of typical types of references follow. In addition to the particular reference styles, the examples illustrate the order in which references should be listed and give examples of "a" and "b" designations.Bernstein, T.M., 1985. The Careful Writer: A Modern Guide to English Usage. Atheneum, New York.
Buchsbaum, M.S., 1990. Frontal lobes, basal ganglia, temporal lobes--three sites for schizophrenia? Schizophrenia Bulletin 16, 377-378.Buchsbaum, M.S., Holcomb, H.H., DeLisi, L.E., Hazlett, E., 1986. Brain imaging in affective disorders. In: Rush, A.J., Altshuler, K.Z. (Eds.), Depression: Basic Mechanisms, Diagnosis and Treatment. The Guilford Press, New York, pp. 126-142.
Issa, F., Gerhardt, G.A., Bartko, J.J., Suddath, R.L., Lynch, M. Gamache, P.H., Freedman, R., Wyatt, R.J., Kirch, D.G., 1994a. A multidimensional approach to analysis of cerebrospinal fluid biogenic amines in schizophrenia: I. Comparisons with healthy control subjects and neuroleptic-treated/unmedicated pairs analyses. Psychiatry Research 52, 237-249.Issa, F., Kirch, D.G., Gerhardt, G.A., Bartko, J.J., Suddath, R.L., Freedman, R., Wyatt, R.J., 1994b. A multidimensional approach to analysis of cerebrospinal fluid biogenic amines in schizophrenia: II. Correlations with psychopathology. Psychiatry Research 52, 251-258.
Strunk, W., White, E.B., 1979. The Elements of Style, 3rd ed. MacMillan, New York.The correctness of the reference list is the entire responsibility of the author! Please check it carefully and remember to recheck when your article has been revised. Unpublished results should not be included in the reference list but, rather, should be quoted in the text (Smith and co-workers, unpublished results).
Tables and FiguresTables: Tables should be typed with double spacing and should be uploaded separately, numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals, and should contain horizontal lines only. A short descriptive heading should be provided above with any footnotes and/or explanations below.
Figures: Figures and Photographs of good quality should be submitted online as a separate file. Please use a lettering that remains clearly readable even after reduction to about 66% (lettering should be no smaller than 2 mm after reduction). In preparing figures, bear in mind the dimensions of the page and columns (typesetting area 15.8 x 20.8 cm and 7.4 x 20.8 cm, respectively). For every figure or photograph, a legend should be provided.All authors wishing to use illustrations already published must first obtain the permission of the author and publisher and/or copyright holders and give precise reference to the original work. This permission must include the right to publish in electronic media.
Footnotes: These should be avoided; when essential, these should be numbered consecutively and typed at the foot of the appropriate page.For further information regarding artwork, visit the website: http://www.elsevier.com/artwork
Supplementary material (when applicable)NOTE: Your published article will be assigned a digital object identifier (DOI) which is used to cite and link to the electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The DOI will never change. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly Articles in Press because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. The DOI can also be used to create an URL hyperlink to supplementary material associated to an article.
Elsevier now also accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files will be published online with the electronic version of your article in Elsevier web products, including ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com.
When you use the DOI to create URL hyperlinks to documents on the web, they are guaranteed never to change.Readers will complete the following steps to view the supplementary material for your paper:
1. Open the following DOI site with a browser: http://dx.doi.org
2. Enter the entire DOI citation in the text box provided, and then click Go.
The article or supplementary material that matches the DOI citation appears in the browser window.The DOI scheme is administered by the International DOI Foundation. Many of the world's leading learned publishers have come together to build a DOI-based article linking scheme known as CrossRef.
The article in the journal must be complete and fully comprehensible without reference to the Supplementary Material. The purpose of Supplementary Material is to provide additional and usually more detailed information for readers who are particularly interested in the study. Supplementary Material is not an integral part of a published paper; the suitability of the Supplementary Material is assessed by the editor but it is not subject to the peer review procedure as applied to articles in the journal.Scope of Supplementary material. Several types of material may be included in Supplementary Material. These may include more detailed tables of demographic data and of results and statistical analyses. In other cases, Supplementary Material provides an opportunity for authors to publish questionnaires used for data collection that are too long for inclusion in the journal article. Additional and more detailed figures and photographs, including colour pictures, can be reproduced in this way.
Supplementary Material may either accompany the first version of a manuscript submitted to the journal or in response to a request from an editor.
There is also a possibility of supplying audio and video files as Supplementary Material; in such cases, authors are advised to seek the advice of the Editor before preparing the material.Format for submission. Supplementary Material should begin with a statement of the Title and Authors of an article exactly as they appear in the main manuscript, followed by the statement "This material supplements but does not replace the content of the peer-reviewed paper published in Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging". Authors should ensure that the journal article contains at least one footnote referring to the Supplementary Material.
The text of the Supplementary Material should to the extent possible be styled according to the usual format of the journal. However, when the intention is to display materials in an existing format (e.g. a questionnaire or psychological test materials), they may be reproduced without change.Word-processor or rtf files for widely-used computer systems are acceptable. Word-processor files may include graphics. Separate graphic items may also be submitted in standard file formats such as metafiles, bitmaps, jpg or gif. Scanned images are acceptable but image sizes, colour depth and resolution should be adjusted to the minimum necessary to convey the required information at high quality. Files should not be submitted in proprietary formats that cannot be read without special software. At this time only media that can be read by Windows systems can be accepted.
3D Neuroimaging DataYou have the option to enrich your online article by providing 3D neuroimaging data in NIfTI format. This will be visualized for the readers using the interactive viewer embedded within your article, and will enable them to: browse through available neuroimaging datasets; zoom, rotate and pan the 3D brain reconstruction; cut through the volume; change opacity and color mapping; switch between 3D and 2D projected views; and download the data. The viewer supports both single (.nii) and dual (.hdr and .img) NIfTI file formats. Recommended size of a single uncompressed dataset is ?100 MB. Multiple datasets can be submitted. Each dataset will have to be zipped and uploaded to online submission system via the "3D neuroimaging data" submission category. Please provide a short informative description for each dataset by filling in the "Description" field when uploading a dataset. Note: all datasets will be available for download from the online article on ScienceDirect. If you have concerns about your data being downloadable, please provide a video instead. For more information see: http://www.elsevier.com/3DNeuroimaging .
Supplementary Material relating to a particular article may be submitted as more than one file.AudioSlides
The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at http://www.elsevier.com/audioslides. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.Colourful e-Products
Figures that appear in black & white in print can appear in colour, online. There is no extra charge for authors who participate.
For colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for colour in print or on the Web only. Because of technical complications which can arise by converting colour figures to "grey scale" (for the printed version should you not opt for colour in print), please submit in addition usable black and white versions of all the colour illustrations. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see http://www.elsevier.com/artworkDues-paying members of the International Society for Neuroimaging in Psychiatry (ISNIP) are entitled to one free page of colour per year.
Changes to AuthorshipCopyright Transfer
This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:
Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.
After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.
Upon acceptance of an article, you will be asked to transfer copyright (for more information on copyright see http://www.elsevier.com/copyright . This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included in the submission, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: contact Elsevier's Rights Department, Philadelphia, PA, USA: phone (+1) 215 238 7869, fax (+1) 215 238 2239, e-mail email@example.com.
Requests for materials from other Elsevier publications may also be completed on-line via the Elsevier homepage http://www.elsevier.com/locate/permissions.Proofs
Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author to be checked for typesetting errors. No changes or additions to the accepted manuscript will be allowed at this stage. Corrected proofs should be returned to the publisher within 48 hours of receipt. Page charges will not be made.Reprints
The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use.