Guide for Authors

  • All journal information and instructions compiled in one document (PDF) in just one mouse-click Author information pack

    • Philosophy
    • Categories of Articles
    • Resident-Fellow Authorship Pathway
    BEFORE YOU BEGIN
    • Ethics in publishing
    • Human and animal rights
    • Conflict of interest
    • Submission declaration and verification
    • Authorship
    • Copyright
    • Role of the funding source
    • Funding body agreements and policies
    • Open access
    • Language (usage and editing services)
    • Informed consent and patient details
    • Submission
    • Manuscript Review Process
    PREPARATION
    • Use of word processing software
    • Article structure
    • Essential title page information
    • Structured abstract
    • Keywords
    • Abbreviations
    • Acknowledgements
    • Units
    • Artwork
    • Illustration services
    • Tables
    • References
    • Video data
    • AudioSlides
    • Supplementary data
    • Submission checklist
    • Republished Material
    AFTER ACCEPTANCE
    • Use of the Digital Object Identifier
    • Proofs
    • Offprints
    AUTHOR INQUIRIES


    Editor-in-Chief

    E. Steve Roach, MD

    Department of Neurology E583

    Nationwide Children’s Hospital

    700 Children’s Drive

    Columbus, OH 43205

    Telephone: 614-722-4634

    Fax: 614-722-4633

    pedneurol.editor@nationwidechildrens.org

    Philosophy

    An excellent journal should consistently influence the future development of the field, not merely catalogue information. Pediatric Neurology will enhance the exchange of ideas and provide essential information to child neurologists and others who treat children with neurological disorders.

    Categories of Articles

    Topical Reviews:
    Review articles should synthesize new and established information on an important clinical subject. Unsolicited review article contributions will be considered, but we suggest that you contact the editorial office regarding the suitability and scope of review article ideas prior to submitting an unsolicited manuscript. Review articles should not exceed 5000 words or 90 references unless approved by the editor. An abstract is required.

    Original Articles:
    These articles report clinical or laboratory studies of clinical relevance, quality improvement studies, consensus statements, or methodological design summaries from clinical trials. The manuscripts should not exceed 4000 words or 50 references. If the number of authors exceeds 10, the editors reserve the right to print a portion of the names and affiliations separately, preceding the acknowledgment section.

    Clinical Observations:
    Observations are focused reports that might present a small case series or case report, limited chart review, pilot trial or other clinically relevant studies. These reports should describe new or unusual conditions or provide new insight into the diagnosis, treatment, or pathophysiology of an existing disorder. Clinical observations should not exceed 2500 words and 15 references. An abstract is required.

    Perspectives in Pediatric Neurology:
    Perspectives in Pediatric Neurology features invited commentaries about provocative or rapidly evolving issues that affect the practice of child neurology or clinical training. These essays may also examine the interface between cultural and medical issues or unveil new hypotheses. These submissions must have fewer than 1200 words, no more than two authors, and ten or fewer references. An abstract is not required.

    Visual Diagnosis:
    These photoessays feature remarkable pictures or a video illustrating a physical finding or a test result. Visual diagnosis submissions must have instructive value and clinical relevance but need not include new observations. These manuscripts should have no more than 500 words (inclusive of references and figure legends), four references, and three authors. A typical submission consists of a one paragraph patient summary, a 1-2 paragraph discussion, and up to 2 images depicting physical signs, radiographic abnormalities, or pathological specimens. An abstract is not required.

    Historical Vignettes:
    We consider papers that describe the key contributions of individuals or trace the development of disease concepts. Historical vignettes that are likely to be longer than 1200 words should be discussed with the editors prior to submission.

    Letters:
    Letters to the editor may be considered for the on-line pages but will not be included in the print journal. Letters to the editor typically offer comments on material published in Pediatric Neurology during the past few months or introduce brief ideas or commentary. Letters should not exceed 500 words and 5 references. Letters may include one table or one figure.

    Resident-Fellow Authorship Pathway

    The editors encourage publication by physicians in training and have developed a pathway to facilitate such scholarly endeavors to the extent possible. Manuscripts summarizing work by a current or recent (completion of training within 18 months prior to submission) resident or fellow will receive special consideration. To be considered for this program, submit with the manuscript a letter from your program director stating the date of training completion and confirming that the work described in the manuscript was begun during the individual’s training. Presently, the step-wise review process described below is offered only to physicians training in North America, although we welcome routine submissions from individuals from all regions.

    The trainee should be the first author of the submitted manuscript, typically with at least one more senior physician serving as a co-author and project mentor. All submission categories are eligible for consideration, but the manuscript should summarize work done primarily by the trainee. Submissions from residents and fellows will undergo a full editorial review leading to constructive written feedback. If the manuscript is not accepted after this initial review, we will allow a second submission of the revised manuscript provided that the revision is returned to the journal within two months of completion of the first review. At this point, the manuscript can be accepted, accepted with minor or major revisions, or rejected.

    These measures are designed to create a constructive and less threatening environment for less experienced authors. However, each accepted manuscript must eventually meet the same standards as the journal’s other articles. For this reason, articles evaluated via this program will not be specifically identified at the time of publication.

    Ethics in publishing

    For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see http://www.elsevier.com/publishingethics and http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/ethics.

    Human and animal rights

    If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html; EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/lab_animals/legislation_en.htm; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals http://www.icmje.org. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

    Conflict of interest

    All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. See also http://www.elsevier.com/conflictsofinterest. Further information and an example of a Conflict of Interest form can be found at: http://help.elsevier.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/286/p/7923.

    Submission declaration and verification

    Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see http://www.elsevier.com/postingpolicy), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck http://www.elsevier.com/editors/plagdetect.

    Authorship

    All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted.

    Disclosure of Manuscript Assistance
    The authors should have access to all of a study’s relevant data. The first draft of each manuscript should be written by one or more of the listed authors. Paid editors are allowed, but the source of their funding and the nature of any work they performed should be fully disclosed. Similarly, the affiliation and funding source of statisticians or data analysts who are not listed authors should be disclosed.

    Copyright

    This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research: Open access and Subscription.

    For subscription articles
    Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright, see http://www.elsevier.com/copyright). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.
    Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult http://www.elsevier.com/permissions). If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult http://www.elsevier.com/permissions.

    For open access articles
    Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (for more information see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement). Permitted reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license (see http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses).

    Retained author rights
    As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights. For more information on author rights for:
    Subscription articles please see http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/author-rights-and-responsibilities.
    Open access articles please see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement.

    Role of the funding source

    You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

    Funding body agreements and policies

    Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies.

    Public Access Policy Compliance
    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) policy requires that NIH-funded investigators submit any final peer-reviewed manuscripts to PubMed Central (PMC) and that these appear on PMC no later than 12 months after final publication. To comply with this HIH Public Access Policy, Elsevier will submit the final peer-reviewed manuscripts (reflecting any changes made by the authors in response to the peer-review process) to PMC on behalf of authors reporting NIH funding of the submitted work. Elsevier will authorize the manuscript's public access posting 12 months after final its publication. Authors should declare their NIH funding when completing the copyright transfer form.

    Open access

    This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:

    Open access
    • Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
    • An open access publication fee is payable by authors or their research funder
    Subscription
    • Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our access programs (http://www.elsevier.com/access)
    • No open access publication fee

    All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Permitted reuse is defined by your choice of one of the following Creative Commons user licenses:
    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, to create extracts, abstracts and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text and data mine the article, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation, and license their new adaptations or creations under identical terms (CC BY-NC-SA).
    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

    Elsevier has established agreements with funding bodies, http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies. This ensures authors can comply with funding body open access requirements, including specific user licenses, such as CC BY. Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees. If you need to comply with your funding body policy, you can apply for the CC BY license after your manuscript is accepted for publication.

    To provide open access, this journal has a publication fee which needs to be met by the authors or their research funders for each article published open access.
    Your publication choice will have no effect on the peer review process or acceptance of submitted articles.

    The open access publication fee for this journal is $2,500, excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy: http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing.

    Language (usage and editing services)

    Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/languageediting/) or visit our customer support site (http://support.elsevier.com) for more information.

    Informed consent and patient details

    Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals in an Elsevier publication. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to Elsevier on request. For more information, please review the Elsevier Policy on the Use of Images or Personal Information of Patients or other Individuals, http://www.elsevier.com/patient-consent-policy. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.

    Submission

    Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts source files to a single PDF file of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF files at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail removing the need for a paper trail.

    Submit your article
    Please submit your article via http://ees.elsevier.com/pnu/.

    Authors who are unable to submit electronically should contact the editorial office (pedneurol.editor@nationwidechildrens.org) to discuss alternative means of submission.

    The authors should submit a cover letter containing an assurance that (1) all coauthors have read and agreed to the content of the manuscript, (2) a description of any commercial involvement in the study design or manuscript preparation or other conflicts of interest by any of the author, and (3) an explanation of any unusual circumstances that could influence the assessment of the manuscript.

    The authors may suggest two or three potential referees for their manuscript (please include the individuals’ name, e-mail addresses, and institutional affiliations). However, the editors do not guarantee that a suggested reviewer will be assigned to a particular manuscript.

    Manuscript Review Process

    All manuscripts are initially reviewed by a Pediatric Neurology editor. Submissions that are clearly outside the scope of Pediatric Neurology will be declined without further review. Manuscripts that are so poorly written that it hampers the review process will be declined but with the option of resubmission if the concerns have been addressed. All submitted manuscripts are analyzed with plagiarism detection software prior to undergoing editorial review.

    Most submissions are reviewed by two or more qualified reviewers. All correspondence, including the editor’s decision and requests for revisions, will be conducted by e-mail. The editor's decisions are final.

    E-publication Ahead of Print
    All accepted manuscripts are subject to copyediting. Before publication, page proofs are sent to the corresponding author, who is responsible for verifying the final manuscript contents, including all copyediting changes. Once a manuscript has been typeset, copyedited, and approved by the editor and the authors, it will soon appear online in our “Articles in Press” section.

    Rapid Review Option
    Authors may request rapid review and expedited publication of manuscripts they consider to of vital significance to the field. To initiate the rapid review process, the authors should submit a letter with the manuscript outlining the reasons why the manuscript is important. The editor will ensure a rapid review and editorial decision, and successful manuscripts will be considered for publication in the next available issue of the journal.

    Use of word processing software

    It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier: http://www.elsevier.com/guidepublication). Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic artwork.
    To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

    Manuscripts should be written in idiomatic English using appropriate scientific terms. Authors whose native language is not English should seek assistance from a colleague who is proficient in English for help with spelling, syntax, and style issues.

    Manuscripts should be double-spaced throughout, including references, tables, and figure legends. The sequence of elements is title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, figure legends, and tables.

    Article structure

    Subdivision - unnumbered sections
    Divide your article into clearly defined sections. Each subsection is given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. Subsections should be used as much as possible when cross-referencing text: refer to the subsection by heading as opposed to simply 'the text'.

    Statistical Methods
    For manuscripts requiring statistical analysis, please provide a subsection on statistical methodology at the end of the Methods section that describes the statistical analysis employed for the data presented in the manuscript. In this section, please also identify any the statistical software package that was utilized. Data should be cited with mean +/- Standard Deviation (SD) or Standard Error (SE). If a P value is cited, the authors should indicate the statistic (e.g., 2-tailed T test, Chi square test, Fisher test). P-values larger than 0.01 should be reported to two decimal places, those between 0.01 and 0.001 to three decimal places, and those smaller than 0.001 should be reported as p<0.001.

    Essential title page information

    Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
    Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
    Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
    Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

    • Please list the manuscript's word count.
    • The complete title of the manuscript (should not to exceed 120 characters and spaces) and a shorter running title (not to exceed 35 characters and spaces) should both appear on the title page.

    Multiple Primary Authors
    Up to three authors may be granted joint first authorship if they have shared equally in the work. Any individual who is designated as an author must have participated actively in the design or conduct of the study, analysis of data, and writing or revising the article for scientific content. Joint first authorship will be designated by a footnote indicating that the individuals “were equally responsible for the work described in this paper.”

    Structured abstract

    A structured abstract, by means of appropriate headings, should provide the context or background for the research and should state its purpose, basic procedures (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods), main findings (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible), and principal conclusions. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations.

    An abstract should be a single paragraph of no more than 250 words for review papers and longer original articles and comparatively shorter for case reports and brief reports.

    Reference citations in the abstract are discouraged. When a reference must be cited in the abstract, please provide complete citation data in parenthesis within the abstract.

    Keywords

    Please include four to eight key words. These may be listed at the bottom of the abstract page. For manuscripts that do not require an abstract, list the key words on a separate page following the title page.

    Abbreviations

    We minimize the use of abbreviations. All abbreviations must be defined by writing the full name of the abbreviated term followed by the abbreviation in parentheses at the point of first mention within the body of the manuscript.

    Acknowledgements

    Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

    Units

    Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI.

    Commercial Products
    Please utilize generic names for pharmacologic agents, proprietary techniques, or other commercial products. If for some reason it is necessary to include a proprietary name for a product, list the brand name parenthetically after the first use of the generic name. Thereafter, continue to utilize the generic name.

    Artwork

    Image Manipulation
    Any digital enhancement techniques applied to figure images must be described in detail in the figure legend. Please also include a comparison copy of the same image prior to the modification.

    Electronic artwork
    General points
    • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
    • Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
    • Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.
    • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
    • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
    • Provide captions to illustrations separately.
    • Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version.
    • Submit each illustration as a separate file.
    A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website:
    http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions
    You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.
    Formats
    If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format.
    Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
    EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
    TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
    TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
    TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.
    Please do not:
    • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors;
    • Supply files that are too low in resolution;
    • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

    All figures must be cross-referenced within the manuscript text and numbered in the order they are mentioned. Figure legends should describe its illustration in sufficient detail that a reader can interpret the illustration without repeated reference to the manuscript’s text. Figure legends should be placed in the manuscript after the list of references.

    Photographs of identifiable subjects must be accompanied by signed permission from an adult patient, a parent, or legal representative authorizing publication. Please be careful to eliminate names or other potentially identifying data from radiographs or other illustrations.

    Color artwork
    Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for color: in print or on the Web only. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.
    Please note: Because of technical complications that can arise by converting color figures to 'gray scale' (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) please submit in addition usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations.

    Illustration services

    Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/illustrationservices) offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier's expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, tables and graphs. Image 'polishing' is also available, where our illustrators take your image(s) and improve them to a professional standard. Please visit the website to find out more.

    Figure captions
    Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

    Tables

    For purposes of the initial manuscript review, the table formatting is unimportant provided that the material is easily interpretable by the reviewer. After a manuscript has been accepted for publication, we may request that you convert tables into a different format that use spaces, not vertical lines, to separate columns. You may need to convert or copy data from statistical or spreadsheet software into a Microsoft Word file in order to preserve the manuscript’s formatting.

    Number the table pages consecutively with the rest of the manuscript. Tables must be cited within the text. Multiple tables should be identified with Arabic numerals (for example, Table 1 and Table 2) in the order of their text appearance. Please provide a concise title for each table. Some tables will benefit from a brief legend explaining its organization and content. Explanatory notes, and definitions of abbreviations, and source attribution for borrowed material should appear immediately underneath the table’s legend. Table footnotes should be designated by symbols (such as *, †, ‡, §, ¶, #, ††, or ‡‡).

    References

    Citation in text
    Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

    Reference links
    Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.

    Web References
    Cited web pages should include the last date accessed by the authors. We recommend that the authors print a file copy of the accessed pages in case the site later becomes dysfunctional.

    Reference formatting
    There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct. If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to the following examples:

    Pediatric Neurology uses the same reference format as the AMA journals.

    Reference style
    Text: Indicate references by (consecutive) superscript arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. The numerals are to be used outside periods and commas, inside colons and semicolons. For further detail and examples you are referred to the AMA Manual of Style, A Guide for Authors and Editors, Tenth Edition, ISBN 0-978-0-19-517633-9 (see http://www.amanualofstyle.com).
    List: Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
    Examples:
    Reference to a journal publication:
    1. Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. J Sci Commun. 2010;163:51–59.
    Reference to a book:
    2. Strunk W Jr, White EB. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York, NY: Longman; 2000.
    Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
    3. Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, eds. Introduction to the Electronic Age. New York, NY: E-Publishing Inc; 2009:281–304.

    Journal abbreviations source
    Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations: http://www.issn.org/services/online-services/access-to-the-ltwa/.

    Video data

    Elsevier accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the video or animation content and noting in the body text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate to the video file's content. In order to ensure that your video or animation material is directly usable, please provide the files in one of our recommended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 50 MB. Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com. Please supply 'stills' with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your video data. For more detailed instructions please visit our video instruction pages at http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions. Note: since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.

    Video illustrations are subject to the same documentation of patient or family consent as photographic illustrations.

    Please read and follow the Multimedia section of the Author Artwork Instructions PDF guide to be found at http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.

    AudioSlides

    The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at http://www.elsevier.com/audioslides. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.

    Supplementary data

    Elsevier accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com. In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please provide the data in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. For more detailed instructions please visit our artwork instruction pages at http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.

    Submission checklist

    The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.
    Ensure that the following items are present:
    One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
    • E-mail address
    • Full postal address
    • Phone numbers
    All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
    • Keywords
    • All figure captions
    • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
    Further considerations
    • Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
    • References are in the correct format for this journal
    • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
    • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
    • Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print, or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
    • If only color on the Web is required, black-and-white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes
    For any further information please visit our customer support site at http://support.elsevier.com.

    Republished Material

    We prefer not to re-use previously published tables or figures in original articles in Pediatric Neurology, although previously printed illustrations may be suitable for reviews, historical vignettes, and selected other papers. Authors who intend to include previously published material must submit written permission to republish the items from both the copyright holder and the author. The source of any republished material should be listed in the bibliography and this entry cited in the appropriate portion of the manuscript along with an appropriate notation that the material was “reprinted with permission from…..”

    Previously unpublished material that belongs to an individual other than the authors should be acknowledged in the manuscript at the point where the material is used (e.g. “photograph courtesy of Dr. John Smith”) and accompanied by written permission to publish the material from the donor.

    Any cost associated with the republication is the responsibility of the authors.

    Use of the Digital Object Identifier

    The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B):
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.09.059
    When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.

    Proofs

    One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author (if we do not have an e-mail address then paper proofs will be sent by post) or, a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 9 (or higher) available free from http://get.adobe.com/reader. Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site: http://www.adobe.com/products/reader/tech-specs.html.
    If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately – please let us have all your corrections within 48 hours. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.

    Offprints

    The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a personalized link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. This link can also be used for sharing via email and social networks. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/myarticleservices/offprints). Authors requiring printed copies of multiple articles may use Elsevier WebShop's 'Create Your Own Book' service to collate multiple articles within a single cover (http://webshop.elsevier.com/myarticleservices/booklets).



    You can track your submitted article at http://help.elsevier.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/89/p/8045/. You can track your accepted article at http://www.elsevier.com/trackarticle. You are also welcome to contact Customer Support via http://support.elsevier.com.

Advertisement

advert image