Guide for Authors
Anyone who wants to submit to The Osong Public Healthand Research Perspectives should follow the belowinstructions. If otherwise not mentioned, it follows theUniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted toBiomedical Journals (http://www.icmje.org), which wereestablished by the International Committee of MedicalJournal Editors(ICMJE).
Research and publication ethics
For policies on research and publication ethics not statedin these instructions, please consult "Good PublicationPractice Guidelines for Medical Journals (http://kamje.or.kr/publishing_ethics.html)" or "Guidelines on GoodPublication (http://www.publicationethics.org.uk/guidelines)".Statement of human and animal rights: Clinical researchstudies must state that the work was done in accordancewith the Ethical Principles for Medical Research InvolvingHuman Subjects outlined in the Helsinki Declaration of1975 (revised in 2008). Clinical studies that do not meetthe Helsinki Declaration will not be considered forpublication. Human subjects must not be identifiable.Patients' names, initials, hospital number, date of birth,or other protected healthcare information must not bedisclosed. Animal research studies must state that thework was performed according to National or InstitutionalGuide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, and theethical treatment of all experimental animals must beobserved.
Statement of informed consent: Human studies mustconform to ethical standards, and be approved by theappropriate Institutional Review Board (IRB). A statementconcerning IRB approval and consent procedures mustappear at the beginning of the Materials and Methodssection. Any systematic data gathering effort from patientsor volunteers must be approved by an IRB or adhere toappropriate local/national regulations. Authors may bequestioned about the details of consent forms or theconsent process. On occasion, the Editor-in-Chief mayrequest a copy of the approved IRB application from theauthor(s).Clinical Trials Registry: We strongly recommend, as acondition of consideration for publication, registration ina public or national clinical trials registry. Trials must beregistered at or before the onset of patient enrollment.This policy applies to any clinical trial where enrollmentcommenced after January 1, 2011. For trials precedingthis enrollment date, we request registration by January1, 2012, before the trial will be considered for publication.We define a clinical trial as any research project thatprospectively assigns human subjects to intervention orcomparison groups to study the cause-and-effectrelationship between a medical intervention and a healthoutcome. Studies designed for other purposes, such asstudies on pharmacokinetics or major toxicity (e.g., phase1 trials), are exempt. Examples of clinical trial registrationsites are the Clinical Research Information Servicemaintained by Korea Centers for Diseases Control andPrevention, Republic of Korea (http:// ncrc.cdc.go.kr/cris) or registry sponsored by the United States NationalLibrary of Medicine (www.clinicaltrials.gov).
Disclosure of conflicts of interest: The correspondingauthor of an article is asked to inform the Editor of anypotential conflicts of interest possibly influencing theirinterpretation of data. Potential conflict of interestapplies even when the authors are confident that theirjudgments have not been influenced in the manuscript.Such conflicts may be financial support or connections topharmaceutical companies and political pressure frominterest groups. The Editor will decide whether informationregarding the potential conflict of interest should beincluded in the published paper. Before publishing suchinformation, the Editor will consult with the correspondingauthor. In particular, all sources of funding for the researchshould be explicitly stated. The Osong Public health andResearch Perspectives asks reviewers to inform the Editorof any conflicts of interest before reviewing a particularmanuscript.Authorship: Authorship credit must be based on:
1) substantial contributions to the concept and design, oracquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;
2) drafting the article or revising it critically for importantintellectual content; and
3) final approval of the versionto be published. All authors must meet the above threeconditions. If the number of authors exceeds six, thespecific role(s) of authors should be described at the endof the main text.
Plagiarism and duplicate publication: It is postulatedthat all submitted materials are original and not beingconsidered by other scientific journals. Plagiarism andduplicate publication is checked through CrossCheck andeTBLAST upon submission. Secondary publication may beconsidered if both journal editors approve.Copyright and Creative Commons License
All published manuscripts become the permanent propertyof Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention This isopen access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) whichpermits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the originalwork is properly cited. All authors should sign a 'CopyrightTransfer and Conflict of Interest Disclosure' form andsubmit it with the manuscript. The form is available in thejournal's homepage at http://www.kcdc-phrp.com.Publication types
The Osong Public health and Research Perspectivespublishes editorials, review and original articles, briefreports, correspondence and book reviews.Editorials deal with the contents of correspondence issuesso that they emphasize the scientific meaning of articles.Editorials also deal with present hot issues in the OsongBio-Technopolis. Guest editors may be recruited.
Review articles provide a concise review on subjects ofimportance to medical researchers. The word count ofreview articles should not exceed 5,000 words. Reviewarticles are usually invited.Original articles are papers containing results of basic andclinical investigations, which are sufficiently welldocumented to be acceptable to critical readers. Theword count of original articles should not exceed 3,000words.
Brief reports deal with issues of importance to biomedicalresearchers. The maximum length of the manuscriptshould be 2,000 words including tables and figures.Correspondence is a comment from readers regarding apublished article with a reply from the authors of thearticle.
Book reviews may be published. Please dispatch a book tothe editorial office if you think the book is essential topublic health personnel.Manuscript Preparation
All materials must be written in proper and clear English.The manuscript including tables and their footnotes, andfigure legends, must be typed double-spaced on white A4paper, with a margin of at least 2.5 cm on every side.Materials should be prepared with a letter quality printerusing a ragged right margin and standard 12-point font.The manuscript should be in the following sequence: titlepage, abstract and keywords, introduction, materials andmethods, results, discussion, acknowledgments,references, tables, and figure legends. All pages should benumber consecutively starting from the title page.Title page: This should contain the title of your manuscript,the full names of authors and institutional affiliation(s). Ifseveral authors and institutions are listed, the affiliationof each author should be clearly indicated. In a separateparagraph, the postal address for correspondence(institutional affiliation, city, zip-code and country), nameof the corresponding author, highest degree obtained,telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address, should beprovided. Information concerning sources of financialsupport should be inserted as a footnote. A running titleless than ten words should also be included.
Abstract and Keywords: The Abstract should be less than250 words, and describe the purpose, methods, results,and conclusion of the study in a structured format.Abbreviations, if needed, should be kept to an absoluteminimum. Abstracts for case report may deviate from thisformat, but carry the same word count restrictions.Abstracts are not required for correspondence. Originalarticles and brief reports should provide structuredabstracts with the following headings: objectives,methods, results and conclusion. Structured abstracts arenot required for Reviews. Up to ten keywords should belisted at the bottom of the abstract for use in indexing.For the keyword selection, refer to the medical subjectheading (MeSH) list, available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/Mbrowser.html.Introduction: The Introduction should give a briefbackground of the topic, generally informing the reader ofthe relevant findings of others and referencing the mostpertinent publications. Specific questions about theauthors' particular investigation and what was studiedshould also be described.
Materials and Methods: We endorse the principlesembodied in the Declaration of Helsinki and expect thatall investigations involving human materials have beenperformed in accordance with these principles. For animalexperiments, the "Guiding Principles in the Care and Useof Animals" approved by the American PhysiologicalSociety must be observed. Explanation of the experimentalmethods should be concise and sufficient for repetition byother qualified investigators. Procedures that have beenpublished previously do not need to be described in detail.However, new or significant modifications of previouslypublished procedures require full descriptions. The sourcesof special chemicals or preparations should be given alongwith their location (name of company, city, state, andcountry). Method of statistical analyses and criteria ofsignificance level should be described. In Case Reports,case history or case description can replace the Materialsand Methods section as well as the Results section.Results: This section should be presented logically usingtext, table and illustrations. Excessive repetition of tableor figure contents should be avoided.
Discussion: The data should be interpreted concisely withoutrepeating material already presented in the Results.Speculation is permitted, but it must be supported by theauthors' presented data and be well founded.Conflicts of interest: Any confl icts of interest related tothe work must be disclosed.
Acknowledgments: All persons who have made substantialcontribution, but who are not eligible as authors can berecognized in the Acknowledgments section.
References: Citation of references in the text should bemade by giving consecutive number in bracket (NLM style).They should be listed in the order of citation in the textwith consecutive number in this separate section. It followsPatrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors,editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. WendlingDL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library ofMedicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2011 Mar8y]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine.Papers in press may be listed among the referenceswith the journal name and tentative year of publication.Unpublished data or personal communications can be listedonly with the author's written permission.Example of reference style:
1. Hamelin M, Yim K, Kuhn KH, et al. Pathogenesis ofhuman metapneumovirus lung infection in BALB/c miceand cotton rats. J Virol. 2005 Jul;79(4):8894903.Tables and Figures: Tables and figures should be submittedseparately from the main manuscript, and figurelegends should be typed on separate sheets.
2. Berliz HD, Grosch W, Schieberlie P. Food Chemistry, 3rd ed.Burghaegn MM, translator, Berlin: Springer; 2004, 1970p.
Tables should be simple and should not duplicate the informationgiven in figures. Include a title for all tables andnumber them with Arabic numerals in the order of theircitation. Type each table on a separate sheet and describeall abbreviations. Each column should have an appropriateheading, and if numerical measurements are given,the unit should be included in the column heading. Thesignificance of results should be indicated by appropriatestatistical analysis. Table footnotes should be indicatedwith superscript markings. All units of measurement andconcentration should be designated.Flow diagram and complex biochemical structures shouldbe prepared professionally. Graphics should be used onlywhen a relevant point needs illustration. Clear, glossyprints are acceptable instead of original drawings, providedthat all parts of the figures are in focus. X-ray filmsor Polaroid photographs are not acceptable. Except for extremelycomplicated drawings, which show large amountsof data, all figures are published at one page or one columnwidth. When the figures are reduced to the size ofa single column or single page width, the smallest partsof the figure must be legible, otherwise the figures willbe returned to the author for revision. Points of observationsshould be noted with different symbols rather thanwith different types of lines and their significance can bedirectly shown in the body of the figure or in the legend.Only those common symbols for which the printer has typeshould be used. If a figure contains a left- and right-handordinate, explanation of the left ordinate should read upwardsand the right ordinate should read downwards.
All photographs should be of the highest quality. The preferredsize of photography is 8 x 8 cm, but one-page width(15.5 cm in width x 8 cm in length) is also acceptable.On the back of each figure, affix a label giving the figurenumber, and an arrow indicating the top of the figure. Donot give the first author's name. Color photographs willbe published if the Editor deems them to be absolutelynecessary. The entire cost of reproducing color photographswill be borne by the journal. The author is responsiblefor submitting prints that are of sufficient quality topermit accurate reproduction, and of approving the finalcolor proof. All photographs should be correctly exposed,sharply focused, and submitted on glossy white paper. TheOsong Public health and Research Perspectives assumes noresponsibility for the quality of the photography as theyappear in the journal. The figure numbers, in Arabic numerals,should appear directly on the photographs at thelower right corner. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photographsshould contrast with the background. Tissue orthin paper overlay can be used to protect figures and toindicate important areas of the photograph that must bereproduced with greatest accuracy. A legend for each lightmicroscopic photograph should include name of the strainof an organism and magnification. Electron microscopicphotograph should have an internal scale marker. All figuresmay be reduced, enlarged or trimmed for publicationby the Editor.All figure legends should be typed double spaced. Do notuse a separate sheet for each legend. Figure legends shouldbriefl y describe the data shown, explain any abbreviationsor reference points in the photographs, and identify allunits, mathematical expressions, abscissa, ordinates andsymbols.
Units: Système International (SI) units should be usedthroughout.Electronic manuscript submission
The manuscript file should be mailed to the editorial office. The preferred file type is Microsoft Word or RTF. Labelthe file with the name of the corresponding author, and thefirst three words of the title of the manuscript. Manuscriptfiles should be sent to Managing editor, email: email@example.com. Preferred file formats for the main text and tablesare doc or rtf. The file format of figures should be ppt ortif at least 600 dpi resolution. If authors have difficultyin submitting the manuscripts, please contact the editorialoffice. Authors should download the Copyright TransferForm in the website and submit it with manuscripts.Editorial Office
Chaeshin Chu, Ph.D.
The Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
643 Yeonje-ri, Gangoe-myeon
The Republic of Korea 353-191
Phone: +82-43-719-7197 (office), +82-10-2667-0397 (cellular)
Review ProcessThe Osong Public health and Research Perspectives reviewall received materials. Manuscripts are reviewed for Englishif the author is not a native English speaker. Manuscriptsare sent to the three most relevant investigatorsfor review of the contents. The editor selects peer reviewersvia recommendations from Editorial Board membersor from the specialist database owned by the EditorialBoard. If deemed necessary, a review of statistics may beadditionally requested. For review, names and their affiliations of the authors are blinded. Also, the identitiesof the reviewers will not be revealed. Acceptance of themanuscript is decided, based on the critiques and recommendeddecision of the reviewers. A reviewer's decisioncan be "acceptance without revision", "acceptance afterminor revisions", "review again after revisions", and"rejection". The reviewed manuscripts are returned backto the corresponding author with comments and recommendedrevisions. A final decision regarding acceptance orrejection for publication is forwarded to the correspondingauthor from the Editorial Office. The peer review processusually takes usually two to four weeks after manuscriptsubmission.Revision: Revisions are usually requested to take into accountthe criticisms and comments made by the reviewers.The revised manuscript should be re-submitted withthe original illustrations. Failure to resubmit the revisedmanuscript within two months is regarded as a withdrawal.The corresponding author must indicate clearly what alterationshave been made in response to the reviewers'comments, point-by-point. Acceptable reasons should begiven for noncompliance with any recommendation of thepeer reviewers. Once accepted, manuscripts will be publishedwithin six months.
Alteration in Proof: The Osong Public health and ResearchPerspectives provides the corresponding author withproofs for their correction. Corrections should be kept toa minimum. The Editor retains the prerogative to questionminor stylistic alterations and major alterations that mightaffect the scientific content of the paper. Faults foundafter publication are the responsibility of the authors. Weurge our contributors to proofread their accepted manuscriptsvery carefully. The corresponding author may becontacted by the Editorial Office, depending on the natureof the correction required in the proof. If the proof is notreturned to the Editorial Office within 48 hours, it maybe necessary to reschedule publication of the paper in asubsequent issue.Page charge and submission of print copies
There is no page charge or submission charge andprint copies of manuscripts are freely available.Please contact the editorial office for the delivery ofprint copies.Anyone who wants to submit to The Osong Public Healthand Research Perspectives should follows the below instructions.If otherwise not mentioned, it follows theUniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to BiomedicalJournals (http://www.icmje.org), which were establishedby the International Committee of Medical JournalEditors (ICMJE).Author's check list before submission
1. Double-spaced on A4-size white paper with 12-pointfont, all pages numbered consecutively starting from thetitle page.
2. Manuscript sequence: title page, abstract and keywords,introduction, materials and methods, results,discussion, confl icts of interest, acknowledgments, references,tables and figure legends.
3. Title page with article title, authors' full name(s)and affiliation, address for correspondence (includingtelephone, fax numbers and e-mail address), running title(less than 10 words), and footnotes, if any.
4. Abstract in a structured format within 250 words, andkeywords according to MeSH.
5. All table and figure numbers found in the text.
6. References listed in the correct format. Check that allreferences listed in the references section are cited inthe text and vice versa.
7. A covering letter stating the material is not publishedpreviously, and will not be submitted for publicationelsewhere, and stating confl icts of interest of all listedauthors, if any.