Guide for Authors

  • Authors can send their manuscript to our online Elsevier Online Submission System

    Fax: +49-6151-24857

    Manuscripts should be submitted in English, and the presentation should be as succinct as comprehension will permit. Manuscripts are reviewed and refereed. Those accepted for publication are edited for conformance to the journal’s style. Metric units should be used unless to do so is not feasible or would result in a serious loss of clarity.

    The following file formats are accepted:

    • Text: Microsoft Word, LaTeX/REVTeX (Note: author toolkits for Microsoft Word and LaTeX/REVTeX are available in internet)
    • Figures: TIFF, PostScript, EPS (minimum 300 dpi resolution). See additional requirements below.

    Submissions should contain aPDF file including all figures and tables.

    Manuscripts must contain the following:

    • Title page listing the paper title; the name(s) of the author(s); and the affiliation, complete mailing address, phone number, fax number, and Email address.
    • List sponsorship information in an acknowledgment section at the end of the paper.
    • Abstract (200 words maximum) should be a summary of the paper and not an introduction. Because the abstract may be used in abstracting journals, it should be self-contained (i.e., no numerical references) and substantive in nature, presenting concisely the objectives, methodology used, results obtained, and their significance.
    • Subject terms or keywords are required, maximum of eight. Key words referring to the special contents of the publication, and not to its methods. The editor retains the right to change the Key words.
    • Text should be typed double-spaced, in a single column using 12-point type.
    • Equations should be created using MathType or Microsoft Equation Editor, if possible.
    • References to published literature must be typed double-spaced and numbered consecutively in the order of their citation in the text. Private communications or unpublished reports should be treated as references.

    It is important that the following instructions be followed precisely for the graphics files to be utilized in the journal production process:
    • Size your illustrations according to the journal’s specifications for column widths. Figures are generally reduced to either one-column width (8.8 cm) or two-column width (18.2 cm) or smaller. Submit each illustration at the final size in which you would like it to appear in the journal. Each illustration should be prepared for 100% reproduction.
    • Avoid submitting illustrations containing small axes with oversized labels.
    • Ensure that line weights will be 0.5 points or greater in the final published size. Line weights below 0.5 points will reproduce poorly.
    • The graphic should be sent with the correct orientation.
    • Set the graphic for 600 dpi resolution for line art, 264 dpi for halftones, and 600 dpi for combinations (line art and halftone).
    • Save line art as black/white bitmap; not greyscale.
    • Save halftones and combinations as greyscale, not black/white bitmap.
    • Set the bounding box to image to avoid excess white space around the image.
    • Submit ALL illustrations for each article, including line art.
    • Each figure file should contain all parts of the figure. For example, if Figure 1 contains three parts (a, b, c), then all of the labelled parts should be combined in a single file for Figure 1. 8 pt labels are preferable. Arrange the three parts vertically.
    • Check files for extraneous information. Edit out any figure captions or e-mail headers. The only data in the file should be the figure itself.
    • Colour figures can be printed only if the costs are covered by the author (€250.00 for first colour figure, €200.00 for every following colour figure).
    • Submit color files at 300 dpi TIFF, PS, or EPS format. If selecting a file mode, use CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black) or RGB (Red, Green, Blue).
    • If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge that these figures will appear in colour on the web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced on colour in the printed version.
    • For more detailed instructions please visit our artwork instruction pages at
    • Every illustration should have a caption, listed on a separate sheet. Tables should be prepared so that they can be printed in one column or full page width (see above).

    Tables should bear consecutive numbers. Please add headings immediately above the tables.

    Literature references should appear in the text as consecutive numbers between angular brackets, e.g. [3], they should be listed in full at the end of the article.

    Formats for citations
    [1] C.S. Lin, Y.L. Lay, C.C. Huan, H.C. Chang, T.S. Hwang, An imagebased LCD positioning system utilizing the modified FHT method, Optik 114 (2003) 151–160.
    [2] M. Gu, Advanced optical imaging theory, Springer, Heidelberg, 2000.
    [3] G.R. Meredit, Prospect of New Nonlinear Organic Materials, in C. Flytzanis, J.L. Oudar (Eds.), Material and Devices, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 116–127.

    In order to facilitate speedy and correct publication, please send us the final form of your manuscript, carefully typed and ready for printing. Only printer’s errors may be corrected in the proofs.

    Later alterations would have to be published at the end of the article under the heading “Postscript at proof stage”. Please take special care with the writing of formulae. There should be clear distinctions between 0 (zero) and o, O (letter o); between 1 (figure one), | (absolute value stroke), and l (letter l); also between n and u, and small k and capital K. Please indicate clearly the positional height of all symbols so that powers and indices can be recognized correctly.
    All formula symbols will be set in sloping type (italics), except for those denoting functions (sin, exp. etc), or units (cm, J, etc.), and abbreviations (max, etc). Any further exceptions should be marked in the text. Vectors will always be set in half bold type instead of arrows above them.

    The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use. Additional offprints may be ordered when proofs are returned.

    Originality and plagiarism
    The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from ‘passing off’ another’s paper as the author’s own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

    Funding body agreements and policies
    Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors who publish in Elsevier journals to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit


advert image