Guide for Authors

  • Nuclear Medicine and Biology uses a Web-based online manuscript submissionand review system. Please visit to submityour manuscript electronically. The website guides authors stepwise throughthe creation and uploading of the various files. Note that original sourcefiles, not PDF files, are required. A cover letter is generally required;please save this as a separate file for upload. Authors may send queriesconcerning the submission process, manuscript status or journal proceduresto the Editorial Office. Once the submission files are uploaded thesystem automatically generates electronic (PDF) proof, which is thenused for reviewing. All correspondence, including the Editor's decisionand request for revisions, will be by e-mail.


    Manuscripts must be double-spaced.

    The first page should include:

    (a) the title, which should be concise but informative.
    (b) an abbreviated title of not more than 45 letters and spaces forabstracting and indexing purposes.
    (c) the authors' names and institutions including postal address infull for the corresponding author.
    (d) the author to whom correspondence should be sent, includinge-mail address, telephone and fax numbers.
    (e) for indexing purposes, please provide up to 6 key words.
    An abstract of 80 to 300 words with subdivisions of Introduction,Methods, Results, and Conclusions, Advances in Knowledge and Implications for patient Care must be supplied for all articles.

    Experimentation in animals.

    In manuscripts describing experiments with living animals, authorsshould state clearly in the text that the experiments were carried out incompliance with the relevant national laws relating to the conduct ofanimal experimentation, or, where such laws do not exist, that the studieswere performed in accordance with an internationally recognizedcode of practice such as the United Kingdom Biological Council'sGuidelines on the Use of Living Animals in Scientific Investigations, 2nd edn.

    Experimentation in subjects. Papers reporting human experimentation will be reviewed in accordance with the precepts established by the Helsinki Declaration (available at: Such papers must include a statement that human investigations were performed after approval by a local Human Investigations Committee and after obtaining informed consent from a patient or other responsible individuals.

    Illustrations and Tables (see below) should not be placed in the bodyof the text, but their approximate location should be indicated in themargin. All figure captions must be typed in a list on a separate sheetat the end of the script.


    Preferably Systeme International (SI) units should be used throughoutwith equivalent quantities in older usage indicated in parentheses.NBS Special Publication 330 The International System of Units (SI) orthe Systeme International d'Unites may be helpful in this respect.Chemical and biological nomenclature should conform to InternationalUnion of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) recommendations.The IUPAC Rules can be found in the Handbook of Chemistry andPhysics, CRC Press Inc., Boca Raton, Fla. No-carrier-added compounds shouldbe written as [13N]NH3, [11C]CO2 unless proof of theocretical specific activity isgiven. Metastable (isomeric) states of nuclei are designatedby an "m" placed after the atomic-mass number, e.g.99mTc 99g


    Text: Indicate references by number(s), in square brackets in line withthe text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given. List: Number the references (numbers insquare brackets) in the order in which they appear in the text. List thefirst six authors for each reference.

    References to a journal publication:
    [1] Van der Geer J, Hanraas JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientificarticle. J Sci Commun 2000;163:51-9.

    [2] Ravasi L, Tokugawa J, Nakayama T, Seidel J, Sokoloff L,Eckelman WC, et al. Imaging of the muscarinic acetylcholine neuroreceptor in ratswith the M2 selective agonist [18F]FP-TZTP. Nucl Med Biol 2012; 39:45-55.

    Reference to a book:
    [3] Strunk Jr W, White EB. The elements of style. 3rd ed. NewYork: Macmillan, 1979.

    Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
    [4] Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version ofyour article. In: Jones BS, Smith TX, editors. Introduction to the electronicage.New York: E-Publishing Inc.; 1999, p. 281-304.

    Abbreviated journal titles should be in accordance with ChemicalAbstracts Service Source Index (CASSI).


    Complete instructions for submission can be found at (click on Information forAuthors). Color figures are welcome, and will appear in color on theweb a no extra charge; however, there is a charge for the reproductionof color illustrations in print ($650 for the color figure and $100 foreach additional color figure in the same article). Alternatively, theillustrations can be reproduced in black and white in the print edition atno extra charge.

    All figures that contain images of biodistribution in vivo must containthe amount of radioactivity injected, the anesthesia used, and the lengthof the scan used to obtain that image in the figure caption. The sameinformation should also appear in the Materials and Method section.


    Each table should be typed, with caption, on a separate sheet at theend of the manuscript.

    Extensive tables should be suitable for direct photographicreproduction, and thus are to be treated as illustrations (see above).


    Proofs will be despatched to the first-named author, unless otherwiserequested. They should be returned with the least possible delay. Correctionsto the proofs must be restricted to printer's errors only. Any substantialchanges other than these will be charged to the author. Please note thatauthors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return, since latecorrections cannot be guaranteed for inclusion in the printed journal.


    Offprints and copies of the issue (at a specially reduced rate) can beordered on the offprint order form that will accompany the proofs. Thisshould be returned to: Elsevier Inc., 360 Park Avenue South, New York,NY 10010-1710 USA.

    Updated April 2012


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