Guide for Authors
Bruce H. Thiers, MD
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
Dirk M. Elston, MD
Ackerman Academy of Dermatopathology
New York, New York
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
930 E. Woodfield Rd.
Schaumburg, IL 60173
Phone: 847-240-1005; Fax: 847-240-0101
Contact for questions about manuscript preparation, submission, and review.
PUBLISHERSusan M. Kell, Senior Journal Manager
3251 Riverport Lane
Maryland Heights, MO 63043
Phone: 215-239-3380; Fax: 215-239-3388
Contact for questions about the proof of your accepted paper.
Information for Authors
All manuscripts must be submitted via the Elsevier Electronic System (EES) (http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad/).The Information for Authors undergoes continuous revision. The most current version can be found at www.jaad.org/. All manuscripts for the Journal of the AmericanAcademy of Dermatology must be submitted electronicallythrough the Web-based EES program. EES may be accessed by visiting http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad/ . The site provides instructions formanuscript submission as well as a tutorial for authors.Word, WordPerfect, RTF, and Text files will be accepted;Word and WordPerfect are preferred. All tracking andfollow-up will be done through EES (http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad/). Questions about theprogram may be addressed toJAADManagingEditor@aad.org. All manuscript submissions must include the copyrighttransfer form, the conflict of interest disclosure form, theauthorship statement (attestation) form, and the manuscriptsubmission checklist. These forms can be copied from theJanuary or July issues of the Journal and/or downloadedfrom either our Web site (http://www.jaad.org/) or EES (http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad/). Please scan the completed forms and upload them to EES with your submission. If this presents a problem, please contact the managing editor at JAADManagingEditor@aad.org.
Editorial policies. The Journal of the American Academyof Dermatology is a refereed journal designed to meetthe continuing education needs of the Academy membersand the international dermatologic community. The Journalbases its policies on the guidelines set forth by the InternationalCommittee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org ).Disclaimer. Statements and opinions expressed in the articles andcommunications herein are those of the author(s) and notnecessarily those of the Editor(s), publisher, or Academy.The Editor(s), publisher, and Academy disclaim any responsibilityor liability for such material and do not guarantee,warrant, or endorse any products or services advertised in thispublication, nor do they guarantee any claim made bythe manufacturer of such products or services.
Conflict of interest. The Journal requires all authors toacknowledge, in the comments section of EES (http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad/), all funding sourcesthat supported their work as well as all institutional orcorporate affiliations of the authors. The title page mustalso include a publishable statement disclosing any associations, current and over the past5 years, that might pose a conflict of interest. Theseinclude but are not limited to employment, royalties, consultant arrangements with a commercial entity, stock or other equityownership, stock options, patent licensing arrangements,payments for conducting or publicizing a product or study, or consulting relationships with investment companies. Inaddition, authors are required to disclose similar associationswith companies that make a competing product. Whenno conflicting or competing interests are present, this should be indicated in the publishable disclosurestatement. If the authors have competingor conflicting interests that cannot be disclosed in publishablestatements, authors should list them in the comments sectionof EES (http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad/).They should also explain these interests as well as the reason forthe need for confidentiality in a statement to the Editor. TheEditor asks each reviewer to disclose any competing interests or conflicts of interest that might interfere with one's objectivity (or to recuse oneself from acting as a reviewer). The Editors and members ofthe editorial staff have registered their competing interests,if any, with the officers of the American Academy of Dermatology. The Editors and members of the editorial staff will ensure that all conflicts are appropriately resolved. Conflicts that cannot be appropriately resolved will result in rejection of the manuscript or review. Undisclosed conflicts may result in sanctions to include published statements of retraction or removal of a manuscript from the archived journal table of contents and Medline database.An authorship statement and conflict of intereststatement must be submitted with each manuscript. Both forms are included in theJanuary and July issues of the Journal (see last page ofContents for page number) and are available for downloadfrom the JAAD Web site(http://www.jaad.org/).
Authorship. The Journal's authorship criteria are adaptedfrom those of the International Committee of MedicalJournal Editors and are delineated on the Authorship Statement,which must be signed by each author.Role of writers, "ghost writers," and other "third parties"involved in manuscript development and production: Theinvolvement, nature of involvement, and affiliation or supportof any medical writers, "ghost writers," or other individualsor companies or third parties participating in the development or writing of any papers must be noted and explained in thecover letter and in a publishable statement on the manuscripttitle page. (This does not include tasks such as typing orphotocopying.) This statement will be published as part of the first-pagefootnotes. All individuals involved in the preparationand writing of each paper who meet the JAAD's authorshipcriteria (see our Authorship Statement) must be listed asauthors. The names, highest academic degree, and affiliationsof any persons who contributed to writing the paper oranalyzing the data who do not meet authorship criteria mustbe included in the paper's Acknowledgements along with adisclosure of any pertinent conflicts of interest. Individualslisted in the Acknowledgements because of such contributionsto the work should provide written consent. The use of "ghost writers" or any author employed by an entity with a commercial interest in any product discussed is rarely appropriate for any manuscript and is strictly prohibited for any CME-accredited activity.
Special requirements for studies involving livehuman or animal subjects. Studies involving live humanor animal subjects must have been approved by the authors'Institutional Review Board or its equivalent. A copy of theIRB approval letter must be included with the submissionor sent to the Journal office under separate cover. If applicable,IRB approval must be mentioned in the methodssection of all manuscripts. Patients must not be identified by nameor initials; numbers should be used. No other information,including clinical photos or family trees, from which apatient could be identified is permitted unless expresswritten permission from the patient/family is provided atthe time of manuscript submission. All clinical investigationsmust have been conducted according to the Declaration ofHelsinki principles. If the Methods section is not sufficientlyclear, authors may be asked to provide the editors with acopy of IRB-approved research protocols for the use of ourreviewers.Special requirements for submission of surveyresearch. Submissions of survey research must include: 1.A copy of the letter documenting Human Subject InstitutionalReview Board (IRB) approval. 2. A copy of the surveyinstrument. (The editors, in consultation with the authors,will determine if the survey instrument should be publishedand whether it should be published as an online-onlyAppendix.) The manuscript's Methods section must: 1. Attestthat the use of any proprietary sampling contact information(eg, mailing list) was approved by its owner. 2. Provide IRBprotocol approval number and date. 3. Describe how thesurvey instrument was developed and piloted, and whether/how the survey was validated. During the review process,editors and reviewers may request a copy of the approvedstudy protocol to aid in their evaluation of the study.
Randomized trials. Randomized trials must be submittedin a format consistent with the CONSORT statement,along with a completed CONSORT manuscript submissionchecklist. The word "random" or "randomized" should be inthe title. The updated CONSORT guidelines can be accessedby visiting http://www.consort-statement.org . A copy of the "CONSORT Checklist for Authors SubmittingReports of Randomized Controlled Trials" may be downloadedfrom the JAAD Web site (http://www.jaad.org/).Any reports of clinical trials submitted after January 1, 2008 must be registered by the time of submission; any study that enrolled the first patient after January 1, 2008 must have been prospectively registered, ie, registered before the first patient was enrolled. The registry must meet ICMJE criteria (available at http://www.icmje.org). The registry at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov meets such requirements. When submitting a manuscript that reports a clinical trial, authors are asked to provide the date the first patient enrolled, the date the study was registered, and the registration number.
Undocumented claims (eg, "firstedness," "safe and effective"). Please do not claim that your report is the first reported case. If such a claim is deemed necessary, authors should explain their reasoning in the cover letter and provide a detailed Appendix describing how they came to this conclusion. Describe search strategies, search terms, databases queried, and how far back these were checked. Also list textbooks and monographs that were searched to substantiate the claim. Similarly, the phrase "safe and effective" should be reserved for FDA-approved product labeling based on registered phase III trials. In other settings, the term should be avoided entirely. Acceptable terminology for a case series would include the sentence "Our patients demonstrated positive responses and the treatment was well tolerated."Trade names. Trade names and brand names of drugs and devices may not be used in the title of the paper. They may appear only once in the paper and should be placed in parentheses along with their manufacturer and the manufacturer's location following the first mention of the generic name in the text. Thereafter, only generic names should be used throughout the article.
On brevity and other matters of style. Brevity is appreciated. Authors should avoid repeating the same information in the abstract, introduction, and discussion.
Copyright transfer. In accordance with the CopyrightAct of 1976, which became effective January 1, 1978, thefollowing statement signed by each author must accompanythe manuscript submitted: "I, the undersignedauthor, transfer all copyright ownership of the manuscriptreferenced above to the American Academy of Dermatology,in the event the work is published. I warrant that thearticle is original, does not infringe upon any copyright orother proprietary right of any third party, is not underconsideration by another journal, and has not been publishedpreviously. I have reviewed and approve the submittedversion of the manuscript and agree to its publicationin the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology." Acopyright transfer form is included in the January and Julyissues of the Journal (see last page of Contents for pagenumber) and may be downloaded from the JAAD Web site (http://www.jaad.org/). Author(s) will be consulted, whenever possible, regardingrepublication of material.Special Subject Repositories: Certain repositories such as PubMed Central ("PMC") are authorized under special arrangement with Elsevier to process and post certain articles, such as those funded by the National Institutes of Health, under its Public Access policy (see elsevier.com for more detail on the policy). Articles accepted for publication in an Elsevier journal from authors who have indicated that the underlying research reported in their articles was supported by an NIH grant will be sent by Elsevier to PMC for public access posting 12 months after final publication. The version of the article provided by Elsevier will include peer-review comments incorporated by the author into the article.
Sections/article type guidelinesAuthors, please note: JAAD is contractually limited in the number of pages that can be published each month. Manuscripts should be concise and to the point. Inclusion of textbook-type material is strongly discouraged, as is repetition of the same statements in the Introduction and Discussion. The Introduction and Discussion should pertain directly to the study being reported, and not contain a lengthy review of a disease entity or its treatment.
Continuing Medical Education (CME): In-depth, substantiated, educational articles presenting core information for the continuing professional development of the practicing dermatologist. CME articles should not be simply reviews but should present new information not readily available in textbooks.To have manuscripts considered for publication in the JAAD as certified CME activities, authors must first complete and submit proposal worksheets and manuscript outlines for approval by the CME Planning Workgroup and Deputy Editor (available at http://www.jaad.org/content/auth_page). Submit this proposal along with a proposed outline of the manuscript to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Unless a specific exemption is granted by the Deputy Editor, all CME submissions should be written in 2 articles (Part I and Part II). A proposal and outline must be submitted for each part, as these will also be submitted as individual manuscripts. Should the proposals be accepted, the author will be granted permission to move forward and submit the manuscripts. An accepted proposal does not guarantee that the written manuscript will be accepted for publication. An approved proposal only provides authority to have a manuscript considered for the CME section.Each manuscript should: 1) contain bulleted key points preceding each major section; 2) include summary tables when possible, as well as separate algorithms for evaluation and management when appropriate. Please note that the key points are intended as a substitute for the capsule summary, which is not a part of the CME article format. Any unique pediatric or geriatric manifestations should be included in the text. Recommended tests should have an impact on therapy and should be supported by outcomes data. The word count for each part of the CME article should not exceed 3500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables. Authors who submit an article they wish to be considered for CME certification may not recommend peer reviewers. Only manuscripts submitted with an approved proposal and outline will be considered.
The level of evidence should be cited whenever recommendations are made. Level IA evidence includes evidence from meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials; level IB evidence includes evidence from at least one randomized controlled trial; level IIA evidence includes evidence from at least one controlled study without randomization; level IIB evidence includes evidence from at least one other type of experimental study; level III evidence includes evidence from nonexperimental descriptive studies, such as comparative studies, correlation studies, and case-control studies; and level IV evidence includes evidence from expert committee reports or opinions or clinical experience of respected authorities, or both. All therapeutic recommendations should be accompanied by a table indicating their level of evidence, with a definition of the different levels included as a footnote.In order to qualify for CME credit, authors must provide for each CME article 2 clinical vignettes, each followed by 2 or 3 questions that evaluate clinical competence acquired as a result of the CME activity. The questions should reflect appropriate clinical practice rather than simply testing factual knowledge. Suitable questions assess the learner's ability to diagnose or treat a condition appropriately after reading the CME article. Guidelines for question writing can be found at http://www.jaad.org/webfiles/images/journals/ymjd/dos_donts.pdf.
The AAD offers short educational modules on CME planning free of charge. To learn more about CME planning, visit http://www.abcsofcme.org.Original Articles: Original, in-depth clinical and investigative laboratory research papers. A structured abstract and capsule summary should be included (See "Preparation of Manuscripts"). Authors of randomized control trials are strongly urged to follow the guidelines presented in the CONSORT statement (http://www.consort-statement.org/). Similar guidelines for authors of epidemiologic studies are included in the STROBE statement (http://www.strobe-statement.org/Checklist.html). Citation of levels of evidence is encouraged for any article when appropriate. Information on rating levels of evidence can be found in the instructions to authors of CME articles. The word count should not exceed 2500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.
Reviews: A current review of a disease or treatment. The word count should not exceed 2500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.Dermatologic Surgery: Articles emphasizing the surgicalaspect of dermatology. A structured abstract and capsule summary should be included (See "Preparation of Manuscripts"). The word count should not exceed 2500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.
Dermatopathology: Articles emphasizing the histopathological changes in skin disease. A structured abstract and capsule summary should be included (See "Preparation of Manuscripts"). The word count should not exceed 2500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.Dermatoethics consultations: These articles examine ethical controversies faced by the practicing dermatologist. Two types of submissions are welcomed: 1) Short case-based articles (up to 1750 words and 5 references). Each submission should begin with a case scenario illustrating the ethical or professionalism issue to be discussed, accompanied by a multiple choice question offering four possible actions to deal with the problem. This is followed by a balanced discussion of the subject, with special focus on the ethical issues, and an analysis of the case based on the multiple choice options presented with the author's recommended resolution. 2) "Dermatoethics consultation requests", in which readers can submit short cases or scenarios for commentary and analysis. These will be selected for print or online commentary written by the editors or invited experts.
Editorials/Commentaries: Brief, provocative, opinionated communications, not necessarily documented, on a limited subject. The word count should not exceed 750 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.Letters: Notes & Comments, Research Letters, and Case Letters: The Letters department has three sections. Letterscommenting on material previously published in the Journalwill be considered for the Notes & Comments section.New or preliminary research findings and early reports of therapeutic trials in one or several patients may be considered for publication as Research Letters. Research Letters should not be subdivided into sections, eg, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, etc. Conclusions based on uncontrolled trials and/or limited experience should be stated in appropriately tentative terms. Concise descriptions detailing one or two patients and early reports of new drug reactions will be considered for the Case Letters section. A Case Letter should not merely describe an interesting patient but should have some inherent teaching value. Case Letters should not be subdivided into sections, eg, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, etc. Repetition of introductory, textbook type information should be avoided. Manuscripts should center on the case at hand, and should not take the form of a lengthy "Case and Review." All patient information in Case Letters must be adequately de-identified. If identifying information or figures are included, express written permission from the patient(s) must be provided at the time of manuscript submission. Letters must not exceed 500 words and should not cite more than five references. Up to two figures or tables may be included. Each part of a multi-part figure is counted toward the maximum allotment, eg, a figure 1A and 1B are considered 2 figures. Case Letters are designated for online only publication, although, at the discretion of the editors, some may appear in the print journal as well. Letters on articles that have appeared in the Journal will be sent for response to the authors of the article being commented upon. This response may be published or sent directly to the commentator at the discretion of the editor. Questions or comments that could be addressed directly to authors (including complaints about missed citations) should be sent directly to the author, rather than involving the Journal as an intermediary.
Book Reviews: Books and monographs (domestic andforeign) will be reviewed depending on their interest andvalue to subscribers. Send books to the Editor, Bruce H. Thiers, MD, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology,903 E. Woodfield Rd., Schaumburg, IL 60173. No books will bereturned. Journal guidelines for writing book reviews are available online (http://www.jaad.org/article/S0190-9622(08)00647-6/fulltext).Book reviews are limited to 375 words and are designated for online-only publication.Images in Dermatology: This is an online-only feature that consists of 1-3 clinical or histologic images along with a short (100 word or less) description of any relevant history. Short (up to 1 minute) video clips are also acceptable. Included are 3 questions, each with 5 answer choices. Each of the 5 choices must be accompanied by a 1 or 2 sentence discussion explaining why it is correct or incorrect. The discussion of all 5 choices is limited to a total of 250 words for each question. Authors may cite up to 5 references. The submitted title, consisting of less than 8 words, should be descriptive and not indicate the diagnosis or correct answer choice. All submissions must be through EES. If identifying information or figures are included, express written permission from the patient must be provided atthe time of manuscript submission. Material may not have been submitted or published elsewhere. If you are currently working on a submission for this feature, please contact the managing editor at JAADManagingEditor@aad.org for an example of the desired format.
Dermoscopy Case of the Month: This online-only feature allows clinicians to hone their dermoscopy skills. Submissions should be structured as follows:• Clinical presentation
• Confocal microscopy appearance(optional)
• Dermoscopic appearance
• Histologic diagnosis
• Key message
Manuscripts should be no longer than 250 words and may include up to 4 figures (a clinical image, a dermoscopic image, a confocal microscopy image [optional], and a histologic image when relevant); references (no more than 2) are optional.Pearls: This online-only feature allows clinicians to communicate the "tricks of the trade" that help them practice more effectively and efficiently. Three types of pearls will be published: (1) Clinical Pearls, (2) Therapeutic Pearls, and (3) Surgical Pearls. Submissions should be structured as follows:
• Clinical (or Therapeutic, or Surgical) challengeManuscripts should be no longer than 250 words. Figures (no more than 2) and references (no more than 2) are optional.Video
For editorial and peer review of an initial submission, submit videos according to the following specifications:
- Acceptable file formats: MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 (.mpg), Quicktime (.mov), or Compuserve GIF (.gif). Please contact the publisher about the use of other formats.
- Maximum file size: 10MB
- Maximum length: 8 minutes
- Verify that the videos are viewable in QuickTime or Windows Media Player.
- Concise legends (typed on a separate page) must accompany each video clip or computer graphic presentation.
- All videos or graphics submitted must be of the highest quality possible.
An original, edited CD-ROM or DVD-R in Windows-compatible format will be the standard format for submission of videos and computer graphics (ie, slide presentations with or without animation).Three copies of the disk containing the video/computer graphics should be submitted by mail or courier when the manuscript is submitted. Be sure to include the manuscript title and date of submission so that the disks can be crossreferenced to the manuscript submission. Please indicate the video component on the submission cover page.
If the article is accepted for publication, the video will be digitized and permanently archived on the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology website jaad.org.Supplements
The Journal follows the guidelines for supplementsestablished by the International Committee of MedicalJournal Editors. These guidelines are included in the documententitled "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submittedto Biomedical Journals," which can be found athttp://www.icmje.org . Supplements undergo peer reviewand are processed in the same fashion as regular submissionsto the Journal. All manuscript submission requirements,including clear disclosure of authorshipcontributions, must be satisfied for each paper. Inquiriesabout proposed supplements should be directed to theEditor before submitting the supplement. Please note Journal policy on the useof the word "unrestricted" in the description of educationalgrants: The use of the term "unrestricted" will be limited tosituations in which the granting institution has no influenceon the selection of the subject, speakers, or authors. Incircumstances in which the granting institution has had suchinfluence (as, for example, in organizing a symposium orsupplement on a particular subject), it is nonethelessrequired that the granting organization have no influenceover the content of the articles. It is also understood that theauthors assume full responsibility for the content of thearticles and for complete disclosure of all funding sources,potential conflicts of interest, role of any sponsor, and roleof any third parties involved in the preparation or writing ofthe manuscripts.
Electronic publication at www.jaad.orgThe full content of each regular monthly issue is routinely posted online at jaad.org.
Articles in Press: Prior to print publication, most Original Articles are now published "online ahead of print" in our Articles in Press section in the JAAD Online at jaad.org. Some articles are published online only in our JAAD Online section ("online only publication"). More specifically, all Case Letters are designated for online only publication, although, at the discretion of the editors, some may appear in the print journal as well. Articles in other categories, especially those that may appeal to only a narrow segment of the readership, may be accepted for online-only publication. Please note that online publication is considered a bonafide form of publication and can be cited using the DOI number located in the footnotes on the first page of each article.
PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTSStyle
Original manuscripts will be considered for publication.
Correct preparation of the manuscript will expedite thereview and publication procedures. Please note thefollowing requirements.
The original page-numbered copy of the manuscriptmust be double-spaced. The title page should be numbered page 1. Please line number all submissions before creating the PDF. This continuous line numbering will help our reviewers with writing their comments and should speed the peer-review process. To add line numbers to your Word manuscript file, select File/Page Setup/Layout/Line Numbering/Add line numbering/Continuous, and save the changes.
Manuscripts must conform to acceptable English usage.Consult the latest edition of The Chicago Manual of Style byThe University of Chicago Press or the Manual of Style bythe American Medical Association for current usage. Abbreviationsmust be limited primarily to those ingeneral usage. Weights and measurements must beexpressed in metric units. Temperatures must beexpressed in degrees centigrade.
Title page: On the title page, include the title, authors' fullnames, highest earned academic degrees, and institutionalaffiliations and locations. Include a separate word count for the abstract, capsule summary, and text (excluding references, figures, and tables). The title page must also includea statement of all funding sources for the work as well asa publishable conflict of interest statement (see above fordetails). Designate one author as correspondent (provideaddress, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address) toreceive communications from the Editorial Office and galleyproofs from the publisher. The name and address of theauthor who will receive reprint requests should be noted ifdifferent from the correspondent. The correspondingauthor should promptly inform the managing editor (JAADManagingEditor@aad.org) of any change in e-mail or mailing address.Abstract: Unless otherwise stated, all articles must beaccompanied by a typed, double-spaced abstract not exceeding200 words. Abstracts of papers submitted forpublication in the Original Articles, Dermatopathology,and Dermatologic Surgery sections should be structured asfollows:
Background: What is the major problem that prompted thestudy?Abstracts for Reviews may be structured or unstructured at the discretion of the author. Note that abstracts should not be submitted with Editorials/Commentaries, Research Letters, Case Letters, Images in Dermatology, Pearls, and the Dermoscopy Case of the Month).
Objective: What is the purpose of the study?
Methods: How was the study done?
Results: What are the most important findings?
Limitations: What are the limitations of the study?
Conclusion: What is the single most important conclusion?
Key words: A list of 6-10 key words (eg, Key words: sunscreen; UVA protection; UVB protection) should appear after the Abstract.Classifications: Select at least 6 classifications to facilitate matching the manuscript with reviewers. You can do this in EES by clicking 'Select Document Classifications' to open a window containing a list of the classifications pertaining to the Journal. Then click the check-box next to any classification you wish to select. Click 'Submit' when you are done.
Capsule summary: Papers submitted for publication in the Original Articles, Review, Dermatologic Surgery, and Dermatopathology sections must include a capsule summary of up to 50 words. The capsule summary should be composed of 3 bulleted statements which address the following:
- (First bullet) What is already known on this topic
- (Second bullet) What this article adds to our knowledge
- (Third bullet) How this information impacts clinical practice and/or changes patient care
Abbreviations and acronyms: Only standard abbreviationsare to be used. Consult Scientific Style and Format bythe Council of Biology Editors or the Manual of Style by theAmerican Medical Association. Abbreviations in the title arenot acceptable and they should be avoided in the abstract wheneverpossible. A laboratory or chemical term or a disease processmust be spelled out at first mention, with the acronym orabbreviation following in parentheses. List all abbreviationsand acronyms on a separate page.Histologic/microscopic figures: The legend must specifystain. Arrows and arrowheads should beused freely to clarify findings.
References: Personal communications should not becited in the reference list but may appear parentheticallyin the text. References must be identified in the text by superscript Arabic numerals in order of their mention. References should not be formatted as footnotes, but should appear in a list at the end of the text. The reference list should be typed double-spaced and in numeric sequence. The format shouldconform to that set forth by the International Committee ofMedical Journal Editors and the National Library of Medicine(http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html).Journal titles should conform to the abbreviations in CumulatedIndex Medicus.EXAMPLES OF REFERENCES
List the first six authors followed by et al.:
For journal articles:For books:
Kofler H, Wambacher-Gasser B, Topar G, Weinlich G,Schuler G, Hintner H, et al. Intravenous immunoglobulintreatment in therapy-resistant epidermolysis bullosa acquisita.J Am Acad Dermatol 1997;36:331-5.
Hunt TK, editor. Wound healing and wound infection:theory and surgical practice. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts; 1980.
For electronic media:
For chapters in books:
McNutt NS, Fishman PM. Metastatic tumors. In: FarmerER, Hood AP, editors. Pathology of the skin. Norwalk(CT): Appleton & Lange; 1990. p. 465-78.
Bhatia A, Prakash S. Topical phenytoin for woundhealing. Dermatology Online Journal. Available at:http://dermatology.cdlib.org. Accessed November 3,2004.
For articles published online ahead of print:Illustrations and tables: Tables, figures, and legendsshould supplement, not duplicate, the text. Clinical photographs should be of high quality without distracting backgrounds. Please visit our website (http://www.jaad.org ) for examples of acceptable and unacceptable illustrations. A reasonablenumber of halftone photographs and line drawings will bepublished at no extra charge to the author. Color illustrationswill be reviewed by the Editor and those consideredappropriate will be published free of charge to the authors.Figures must be cited in the text and numbered in order ofmention. Figures must have an arrow marking the top edgeand they must be numbered consecutively (ie, 1, 2, 3).Multi-part figures must be marked clearly (ie, 1A, 1B, 1C). Legends should start with the name of the disease or condition being depicted.For graphics files, use Adobe Photoshop and save the files ineither TIF or EPS format. DO NOT SUBMIT figures inPowerPoint or Excel formats. If they have not already doneso, authors will be contacted to provide print-quality figures after their articles have been accepted.
Adebamowo CA, Spiegelman D, Danby FW, Frazier AL, WillettWC, Holmes MD. High school dietary dairy intake and teenage acne. J Am Acad Dermatol doi:10.1016/ j.jaad.2004.08.007. Published online October 29, 2004.
Policy on image alteration: Any image alteration from the original using programs such as Photoshop must be explained and justified in the legend.Black and white graphs must be legible and clearlyprinted. The fill for bar graphs or pie charts should bedistinctive; avoid shading or dotted patterns. Use thick, solidlines and bold, solid type. Place lettering on a white background;avoid reverse type (white lettering on a dark background).All lettering must be done professionally and shouldbe in proportion to the drawing, graph, or photograph.Typewritten or freehand lettering is unacceptable. Consistencyin size within the article is strongly preferred. Anyspecial instructions regarding sizing should be clearly noted.
For color photographs, if prints have been enhanced,a preference for reproduction should benoted. The quality of the reproduction depends entirelyon the quality of the illustrations submitted.Please note that 35 mm transparencies are normally enlargedto twice their original size. If it is important to deviatefrom this standard, please indicate when file material issubmitted. Top for each print (and transparency) must benoted.Patient consent must accompany recognizablephotographs of patients at the time of submission. Photographs and text (such as details in the case report or genetic pedigree) must be deidentified to protect patient confidentiality unless patient consent has been documented. In the event that patient consent has not been documented, please crop the photo and/or obstruct the eye region in such a manner that the patient cannot be recognized. The altered figure must be unidentifiable unless documentation of patient consent is provided.
Figures may be submitted in electronic format. All images should be at least 5 inches wide. Images should be provided in TIF, EPS, or JPEG format. Graphics software such as Photoshop and Illustrator, not presentation software such as Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, CorelDraw, or Harvard Graphics, should be used in the creation of the art. Color images must be CMYK and at least 300 DPI. Gray scale images should be at least 300 DPI. Combinations of gray scale and line art should be at least 1200 DPI. Line art (black and white or color) should be at least 1200 DPI.Legends should be typed double-spaced and inserted after thereferences. If an illustration has been published previously,full credit to the original source must be given in the legend.
Tables should be self-explanatory and numbered sequentially in Roman numerals in order of their mention in the text. Tables should be submitted in Word, WordPerfect, RTF, or Text formats; Word and WordPerfect are preferred. A brief title should be provided for each. If a table, or any data therein, has been published previously, full credit to the original source must be given in a footnote.Permissions and patient consent forms: Direct quotations,tables, or illustrations that have appeared incopyrighted material must be accompanied upon submission by writtenpermission for their use from the copyright ownerand the original author along with complete informationas to their source .
Patient consent forms for publication of recognizablephotographs must be sent to the Editorial Officeupon submission of the article.Patients must be identified by numbers and/or letters, not by name, initials, orhospital record number. Institutional consent must alsobe available.Reprints. Reprint order forms will be sent to authors after the manuscript has been accepted. The provision of reprints by the author is optional.
Procedure for reviewThe author may suggest several reviewers for the manuscript. We will attempt to use at least one suggested reviewer. The editorial staff will review the manuscript and will ordinarily send it to at least two reviewers. Reviewers will pay particular attention to scientific accuracy, relevance, novelty, importance, appropriate style, and quality of illustrations. First decisions (accept, revise, reject) are usually made within four to six weeks; longer delays are possible. Some degree of manuscript revision should be expected and regarded as constructive. A request to submit a revised manuscript does not guarantee that it will be accepted, only that it will be reconsidered, perhaps after additional peer review. Because space in the Journal is limited, the final editorial decision rests not only on the validity of the report and the opinions of the reviewers, but also on the editors' judgment of a paper's novelty, clarity, importance, and likely degree of interest to the readership.
The Journal employs a confidential and anonymous peer review process to evaluate submitted papers for possible publication. A small number of papers are rejected after in-house editorial review when editors deem that the paper is not appropriate for the Journal or is not of sufficient quality to warrant further evaluation. The overall acceptance rate is less than 50%.
Expedited review and publicationUpdated March 2013
Authors who feel that their paper should receive expeditedreview and/or rapid publication should request it andexplain their rationale in the Comments section of EES (http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad/). They should also send a separate explanatory e-mail to the managing editor: JAADManagingEditor@aad.org. The time frame forrapid review is ordinarily 2 to 4 weeks; for expedited online publication,3 to 6 weeks from the date of acceptance of the finalrevision. Authors are reminded that as a monthly clinicaljournal, we do not operate on the time frame of a weeklyand do not ordinarily publish "news" items.