Guide for Authors

All journal information and instructions compiled in one document (PDF) in just one mouse-click Author information pack

• Types of paper
• Ethics in publishing
• Conflict of interest
• Submission declaration and verification
• Changes to authorship
• Article transfer service
• Copyright
• Role of the funding source
• Funding body agreements and policies
• Open access
• Green open access
• Language (usage and editing services)
• Submit your article
• Referees
• Supplementary material
• Manuscript Preparation
• AudioSlides
• Data deposit and linking
• Google Maps and KML files
• 3D models
• Interactive plots
• Virtual Microscope
• Use of the Digital Object Identifier
• Online proof correction
• Offprints

The Journal of Structural Geology publishes process-oriented investigations about structural geology using appropriate combinations of analog and digital field data, seismic reflection data, satellite-derived data, geometric analysis, kinematic analysis, laboratory experiments, computer visualizations, and analogue or numerical modelling on all scales. Contributions are encouraged to draw perspectives from rheology, rock mechanics, geophysics,metamorphism, sedimentology, petroleum geology, economic geology, geodynamics, planetary geology, tectonics and neotectonics to provide a more powerful understanding of deformation processes and systems. Given the visual nature of the discipline, supplementary materials that portray the data and analysis in 3-D or quasi 3-D manners, including the use of videos, and/or graphical abstracts can significantly strengthen the impact of contributions.

Types of paper

There are six types of contributions:
Original Research Paper, Pedagogical Paper, Review Paper, Comment/Reply to Comment, and Letter to the Editors. In addition, one Photograph of the Month is published in each volume. All contributions are subject to peer review except Comment/Replies to Comments, and Letters to the Editors.The Photograph of the Month is reviewed by the Chief Editor.

Original Research Papers are the standard type of contribution which must present original results.

Pedagogical Papers will be considered for occasional publication. They may be authoritative reviews of established concepts, comprehensive explanations of new theory, or descriptions of practical devices. Papers should be clearly illustrated by examples. Authors that wish their papers to be considered on pedagogical merit should emphasize this in their letter of submission.

Review Papers should give a succinct, thorough overview of the current state of research in a particular field but may contain some new, unpublished material that helps to frame the state of our current understanding with respect to the particular field. Submission of Review Papers should be discussed with the Chief Editor before submission through the EES.

Comments on papers published in the Journal of Structural Geology must be submitted within six months of the publication of the online version of the paper. The authors addressed by the Comment will be allowed one month in which to submit a Reply. Both Comment and Reply will be limited to a maximum of three printed pages each, and will be accepted at the discretion of the handling Editor. Comments and replies do not need an abstract.

Letters to the Editors, carrying opinions, views, or other matter of general interest to the structural geological community will be considered for occasional publication. Letters to the Editors should have a maximum length of one printed page, and should be addressed directly to the Chief Editor, before submission through the EES.

Photograph of the Month Authors and readers of the Journal of Structural Geology are welcome to submit a Photograph of the Month, which, if accepted, will be published at the start of a printed monthly issue in black and white, and in ScienceDirect in colour. Photographs of spectacular and special structures should be submitted at high resolution, and include a caption of maximum 300 words specifying geographical coordinates and the name of the photographer. Since the text is a figure caption that is not part of a regular paper, full postal and email address of the author are not included, but the author's city and country can be added. Any references should be embedded in the text using this format: (Name, initials. Year. Journal name written out, volume number, first page). Only specify the name of the first author, add 'et al.' in case there are more authors and do not include the title of the contribution. Photograph and caption should be submitted as attachments in an email to

Authors must now confirm that their work complies with any applicable legal requirements as well as relevant regulations relating to conservation e.g. A Code of Conduct for Rock Coring from the Geologists' Association.

Ethics in publishing

For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see and

Conflict of interest

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. See also Further information and an example of a Conflict of Interest form can be found at:

Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck

Changes to authorship

This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:
Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.
After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.

Article transfer service

This journal is part of our Article Transfer Service. This means that if the Editor feels your article is more suitable in one of our other participating journals, then you may be asked to consider transferring the article to one of those. If you agree, your article will be transferred automatically on your behalf with no need to reformat. Please note that your article will be reviewed again by the new journal. More information about this can be found here:


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright, see An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult

For open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (for more information see Permitted third party reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license (see

Author rights
As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. For more information see

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Funding body agreements and policies

Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees. To learn more about existing agreements please visit

Open access

This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:

Open access
• Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
• An open access publication fee is payable by authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution
• Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our universal access programs (
• No open access publication fee payable by authors.

Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards.

For open access articles, permitted third party (re)use is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses:

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)
Lets others distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), include in a collective work (such as an anthology), text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

The open access publication fee for this journal is USD 3300, excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy:

Green open access

Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our green open access page for further information ( Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications. Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public. This is the embargo period and begins from the publication date of the issue your article appears in.

This journal has an embargo period of 24 months.

Language (usage and editing services)

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop ( or visit our customer support site ( for more information.

Submit your article

Please submit your article via


Authors should provide the names, addresses and e-mail addresses of five suggested reviewers with the manuscript.

Supplementary material

We accept supplementary material to support and enhance scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, movies, animation sequences, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of an article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: In order to ensure that the submitted material is directly usable, data should be provided in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. It should be understood that the supplementary data is also subject to peer review, and should be submitted to the journal together with the original manuscript.

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscript format: Manuscripts must be prepared in single-column, double-spaced format using a font size of 12 pt. Continuous line numbering must be included throughout. In MS Word, the correction mode should be switched off, otherwise comments and corrections may appear in the final PDF.

Paper Length: Papers should be written in the most concise form possible. Papers will typically be limited to a maximum of 18 printed pages or 15000 words equivalent. Estimates should be made, prior to submission, according to the following: text occupies c. 900 words per page, line drawings, photographic figures and tables will be reduced as appropriate. Reference lists represent approximately 1450 words per page. For review purposes, reduce the resolution of the figures and check that the size of the PDF that is produced by the EES does not exceed 10 Mb.

At least three files should be included: a Cover letter, the Manuscript, and Highlights. In addition, a separate file for any figures needs to be prepared. Multiple figures can be combined in one file as separate pages, or each figure can be uploaded separately.

Cover letter:
In the cover letter a particular handling editor may be indicated. Submissions for a Special Issue must state this in their cover letter. Where revisions are extensive, a revised manuscript should also contain a detailed rebuttal letter explaining how the referees comments have been answered. Information about what makes the paper novel, previous submission history (including to JSG), any previous publication of the paper and confirmation that your work complies with any applicable legal requirements is requested as part of the upload process and does not need to be included within the cover letter.

Follow this order when composing manuscripts: Front page, Abstract, Main text, Acknowledgements, References, Figure Captions, Tables, Appendices. Do not import Figures or Tables into your text - these should appear at the end.
The front page must include:

  • Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  • Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please present the correct family name in CAPITALS. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, the e-mail address of each author.
  • Corresponding author. Clearly indicate the corresponding author by an asterisk. This person will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Include, for the corresponding author, telephone numbers (with country and area code) in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
  • Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address" (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
  • Keywords. Authors are requested to supply 4-6 keywords on the front page that can be used for indexing/abstracting purposes.

An Abstract in English should be provided with all papers, including Review Papers. The abstract, not exceeding 200 words, should be informative and independent of the paper. It should not contain references. During submission you must copy/paste your abstract in the box requiring the abstract. Nevertheless, you should also include your abstract in the manuscript.

The Main text should be subdivided as follows. Primary headings should be bold, left justified and numbered consecutively beginning with 1. at the Introduction. Secondary headings should italicized, left justified, and numbered 1.1., and so on. Tertiary headings are numbered 1.1.1., 1.1.2., etc. The Editors reserve the right to request changes in style to certain standards of uniformity. Figures or tables should not be embedded in the text, but please indicate where a figure or table should preferably appear in the text (e.g. 'insert Table 1' or 'Figure 2 here').

References: All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript. Non-published material, included papers in preparation cannot be included in the reference list. In the text refer to the author's name (without initials) and year of publication (e.g. "Since Peterson (1993) has shown that..." or "This is in agreement with results obtained later (Alexius and Naso, 1976; Kramer, 1994)." For three or more authors use the first author followed by "et al.", in the text. Sort multiple citations in the text chronologically and then alphabetically, separate them by a semi-colon e.g. (Sprunt and Nur, 1976; Hickman and Evans, 1995; Lehner, 1995). The list of references at the end of the paper should be arranged alphabetically by authors' last names. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of authors' names and dates in the text correspond with the reference list. References should be given in the following form:

Albee, H.F., Cullins, H.L., 1975. Geologic map of the Alpine Quadrangle, Bonneville County, Idaho, and Lincoln County Wyoming. United States Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map GQ-1259, scale 1:24,000.

Burnham, C.W., 1970. The importance of volatile constituents. In: Yoder, H.S. (Ed.), The Evolution of Igneous Rocks. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 439-474.

Di Toro, G., 2003. Processes on fault surfaces of seismic shear zones. Ph.D. thesis, University of Padova.

Gavinius, M., Agger, G., 2003. Geology of the Monte Artemisio, Italy. Leidsche Geologische Mededelingen 75, 23-45.

Guilbert, J.M., Park, C.F., 1986. The Geology of Ore Deposits. Freeman and Company, New York.

Kanagawa, K., 1996. Simulated pressure fringes, vorticity, and progressive deformation. In: De Paor, D.G. (Ed.), Structural Geology and Personal Computers. Computer Methods in the Geosciences 15, 259-283.

Lesher, C.E., Cashman, K.V., Mayfield, J.D., 1999. Kinetic controls on crystallization of Tertiary North Atlantic basalt and implications for the emplacement and cooling history of lava at Site 989, Southeast Greenland rifted margin. In: Larsen, H.C., Duncan, R.A., Allan, J.F., Brooks, K. (Eds.), Proceeding of the ODP, Scientific Results, 163, College Station, Texas (Ocean Drilling Program), 3-16.

Li, Z.X., Metcalfe, I., Powell, C.M. (Eds.), 1996. Breakup of Rodinia and Gondwanaland and Assembly of Asia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43.

Sanderson, D.J., 1982. Models of strain variation in nappes and thrust sheets: a review. In: Williams, G.D. (Ed.), Strain within Thrust Belts. Tectonophysics 88, 201-233.

Stipp, M., Stunitz, H., Heilbronner, R., Schmid, S., 2002. The eastern tonalite fault zone: a 'natural laboratory' for crystal plastic deformation of quartz over a temperature range from 250 to 700°C. Journal of Structural Geology 24, 1861-1884.

Rowe CD., Meneghini F., Moore JC., 1999. Fluid-rich damage zone of an ancient out-of sequence thrust, Kodiak Islands, Alaska. Tectonics 28, TC1006, doi:10.1029/2007TC002126.

Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred to in the text and given a suitable caption. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the table and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript (e.g. in graphs).

Illustrations: Photographs, charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as "Fig(s)." or "Figure(s)" in the text. For reviewing purposes, each figure should be uploaded as a separate page at the smallest possible readable resolution and should carry a figure number and, if possible, the figure caption. Figures should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to in the text. In the revised version, please upload your figures at a high resolution that gives optimal figure quality.
Colour: Colour figures can be accepted. Colour figures will appear on the web (e.g., Science Direct and other sites) at no extra cost, but colour figures in the printed version will be charged at Euro 295 per figure. If you do not choose colour in print, please submit, in addition to all the colour illustrations, corresponding usable black and white versions.

Highlights: Highlights are mandatory for this journal and are not a copy of the abstract. They consist of 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters per bullet point including spaces) that convey the core findings of the article. Prepare the highlights as a single-page file, and submit this separately from the main text, as prompted during the electronic submission process. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and see for examples.


  1. Authors should carefully check if equations are correctly presented in the PDF that is produced by the EES. Letters, used as variables, should be set in italic.
  2. Equations should be numbered serially on the right-hand side, in parentheses. In the text they should be referred to as Eq. (1); within mathematical expressions they may be referred to by numbers alone. Equations require normal punctuation
  3. Computer program listings, if appropriate, must be added as an Appendix.

SI times units must follow algebraic rules such as the distributive law: 100 Ma - 90 Ma = (100-90) Ma = 10 Ma, and so on. Similarly, rates and decay constants should be expressed in (ka)-1, (Ma)-1 or (Ga)-1.

All manuscripts must be submitted electronically, at, except for Photograph of the Month contributions (these are submitted by Email, see above). There are 8 steps in the electronic submission process, which can be interrupted and saved to be continued at a later time. The website instructs you what to do at each step. Don't forget to include five potential reviewers, with their Email addresses, in step 7: 'Enter comment'. Step 8 involves uploading all material, to be ordered as specified. You can rearrange the order of uploaded files.
IMPORTANT:As a final check, you MUST download the PDF of your manuscript and check that it is complete and correct. Your submission will be complete and ready for processing only after you have confirmed that the PDF is correct.

Graphical abstract
A Graphical abstract is optional and should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 (height) × 1328 pixels (width) or proportionally larger. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. files. See for examples.

When your manuscript is accepted it is considered to be in its final form. Proofs are not to be regarded as 'drafts'. One set of page proofs in PDF format will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author, to be checked for typesetting/editing. No changes in, or additions to, the accepted (and subsequently edited) manuscript will be allowed at this stage. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. A form with queries from the Copyeditor may accompany your proofs. Please answer all queries and make any corrections or additions required. The Publisher reserves the right to proceed with publication if corrections are not communicated. Return corrections within 3 days of receipt of the proofs. Should there be no corrections, please confirm this. Elsevier will do everything possible to get your article corrected and published as quickly and accurately as possible. In order to do this we need your help. When you receive the (PDF) proof of your article for correction, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Subsequent corrections will not be possible, so please ensure your first sending is complete. Note that this does not mean you have any less time to make your corrections, just that only one set of corrections will be accepted.

Reference management software
Most Elsevier journals have a standard template available in key reference management packages. This covers packages using the Citation Style Language, such as Mendeley ( and also others like EndNote ( and Reference Manager ( Using plug-ins to word processing packages which are available from the above sites, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article and the list of references and citations to these will be formatted according to the journal style as described in this Guide. The process of including templates in these packages is constantly ongoing. If the journal you are looking for does not have a template available yet, please see the list of sample references and citations provided in this Guide to help you format these according to the journal style.

If you manage your research with Mendeley Desktop, you can easily install the reference style for this journal by clicking the link below:
When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Mendeley plug-ins for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice. For more information about the Citation Style Language, visit


The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.

Data deposit and linking

Elsevier encourages and supports authors to share raw data sets underpinning their research publication where appropriate and enables interlinking of articles and data. Please visit for more information on depositing, sharing and using research data.

Google Maps and KML files

KML (Keyhole Markup Language) files (optional): You can enrich your online articles by providing KML or KMZ files which will be visualized using Google maps. The KML or KMZ files can be uploaded in our online submission system. KML is an XML schema for expressing geographic annotation and visualization within Internet-based Earth browsers. Elsevier will generate Google Maps from the submitted KML files and include these in the article when published online. Submitted KML files will also be available for downloading from your online article on ScienceDirect. For more information see

3D models

You can enrich your online articles by providing 3D models (optional) in PLY, OBJ or U3D format, which will be visualized using the interactive viewer next to the article. Each 3D model will have to be zipped and uploaded to the online submission system via the '3D models' submission category. Please be advised that the recommended model size before zipping is maximum 150 MB. Multiple models can be submitted. Please provide a short informative description for each model by filling in the 'Description' field when uploading a dataset. Note: all datasets will be available for download from the online article on ScienceDirect. If you have concerns about your data being downloadable, please provide a video instead. For more information see and

Interactive plots

This journal enables you to show an Interactive Plot with your article by simply submitting a data file. For instructions please go to

Virtual Microscope
The journal encourages authors to supplement in-article microscopic images with corresponding high resolution versions for use with the Virtual Microscope viewer. The Virtual Microscope is a web based viewer that enables users to view microscopic images at the highest level of detail and provides features such as zoom and pan. This feature for the first time gives authors the opportunity to share true high resolution microscopic images with their readers. More information and examples are available at Authors of this journal will receive an invitation e-mail to create microscope images for use with the Virtual Microscope when their manuscript is first reviewed. If you opt to use the feature, please contact for instructions on how to prepare and upload the required high resolution images.

Virtual Microscope

The journal encourages authors to supplement in-article microscopic images with corresponding high resolution versions for use with the Virtual Microscope viewer. The Virtual Microscope is a web based viewer that enables users to view microscopic images at the highest level of detail and provides features such as zoom and pan. This feature for the first time gives authors the opportunity to share true high resolution microscopic images with their readers. More information and examples are available at Authors of this journal will receive an invitation e-mail to create microscope images for use with the Virtual Microscope when their manuscript is first reviewed. If you opt to use the feature, please contact for instructions on how to prepare and upload the required high resolution images.

Use of the Digital Object Identifier

The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B):
When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.

Online proof correction

Corresponding authors will receive an e-mail with a link to our online proofing system, allowing annotation and correction of proofs online. The environment is similar to MS Word: in addition to editing text, you can also comment on figures/tables and answer questions from the Copy Editor. Web-based proofing provides a faster and less error-prone process by allowing you to directly type your corrections, eliminating the potential introduction of errors.
If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and upload your edits on the PDF version. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods to the online version and PDF.
We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.


The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a personalized link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. This link can also be used for sharing via email and social networks. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's WebShop ( Authors requiring printed copies of multiple articles may use Elsevier WebShop's 'Create Your Own Book' service to collate multiple articles within a single cover (

You can track your submitted article at You can track your accepted article at You are also welcome to contact Customer Support via