Guide for Authors

  • INTRODUCTION

    Aims and Scope

    Journal of Sport and Health Science (JSHS) is a peer-reviewed scholarlyjournal dedicated to the advancement of sport/exercise/health sciences. JSHSpublishes original research, scholarly reviews, opinion papers, and researchhighlights / commentaries in exercise/sport science, physical educationand sport coaching, health promotion, and traditional Chinese medicine.Through these features, JSHS aims to build a communication platform forinternational researchers to share scholarly achievements effectively.With the distinguished editorial board, JSHS will dedicate to highacademic standards, integrity, and excellence by publishing scholarly workwith highest quality in the following sub-disciplines of sport/exercise/health science.Types of paper

    Contributions falling into the following categories will be considered for publication: Research Highlight, Commentary, Opinion, Review, Original article, Letter to the Editor

    Please ensure that you select the appropriate article type from the list of options when making your submission. Authors contributing to special issues should ensure that they select the special issue article type from this list.

    Research Highlights

    Research Highlights are by invitation only and present short updates on new progress in the field of sport and health. They should be no more than 900 words.

    Commentary

    Commentary articles comment on articles that have been published in JSHS. They should contain no more than 1000 words of text, one display item (figure or table) and a maximum of 20 references. Commentary articles do not contain an abstract.

    Opinion

    Opinion pieces cover a wide variety of topics that are of current interest in sport and health and highlight their interaction with society. They may discuss policy, ethics, science or society and should be written in an accessible, non-technical style. They can be written with authority, color, vivacity and personal voice. Opinion pieces should be 1500 to 2500 words and should contain no more than 25 references. They do not contain primary research data, although they may present ‘sociological’ data (funding trends, demographics, bibliographic data, scientific and social development, etc.). Opinion pieces do not contain an abstract, and apart from keywords there is no obligation to divide the text into sections. In all other respects, the directions for full papers should be followed.

    Review

    Review Articles survey recent developments in a topical area of sport and health. Reviews have a word limit of 6000 words including abstract but excluding references, tables and figures.

    Original Article

    Studies that are of high scientific quality and that are of interest to the diverse readership of the journal. Manuscripts should include an abstract and appropriate experimental details to support the conclusions. Original Articles should be no more than 5000 words and should not normally include more than six display items (tables and/or figures).

    Case Studies

    A Case Study should report on specific cases that are unique, exciting, andcurrent to exercise and sport science, sports medicine, health, and other relevantfields of study. Case studies should make a distinct contribution tothe scientific field and/or question existing paradigms. A case could be anindividual or a community depending on the nature of the study. We expectmost case studies to include an abstract, an introduction, a brief case reportand a discussion.

    Letter to the Editor

    Letters to the Editor present preliminary reports of unusual urgency, significance and interest, whose subjects may be republished in expanded form. They should contain no more than 900 words of text, one display item (figure or table) and a maximum of 10 references. Letters to the Editor do not contain an abstract, and apart from keywords there is no obligation to divide the text into sections. In all other respects, the directions for full papers should be followed.

    BEFORE YOU BEGIN

    Ethical Requirement

    All materials must adhere to high ethical and animal welfare standards.Any use of animals must be based on ethological knowledge and respect forspecies-specific requirements for health and well-being. For investigationsof human subjects, an appropriate institutional review board approved theproject and the informed consent was obtained from the study participants.For detailed information on Ethics in Publishing and Ethical guidelines forjournal publication see http://www.elsevier.com/publishingethics and http://www.elsevier. com/ethicalguidelines.

    Conflict of interest

    All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. See also http://www.elsevier.com/conflictsofinterest.

    Submission declaration

    Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

    Changes to authorship

    This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:
    Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the editorial office (jshs@sus.edu.cn) from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) The editorial office will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.

    After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.

    Copyright

    Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'License to Publish'. Acceptance of the license will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'License to Publish' form or a link to the online version of this license.

    Permission of the journal is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult jshs@sus.edu.cn). If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article.

    Role of the funding source

    You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated. Please see http://www.elsevier.com/funding.

    Language and language services

    Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who require information about language editing and copyediting services pre- and post-submission, please visit http://webshop.elsevier.com/languageediting/ or our customer support site at http://support.elsevier.com.

    Submission

    Submission to this journal proceeds totally online. Use the following guidelines to prepare your article. Via the homepage of this journal ( http://www.jshs.org.cn) you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. The system automatically converts source files to a single Adobe Acrobat PDF version of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail and via the author's homepage, removing the need for a hard-copy paper trail. If you are unable to provide an electronic version, please contact the editorial office prior to submission (e-mail: jshs@sus.edu.cn; Tel: +86-21-51253133; Fax: +86-21-51253133).

    Process for Manuscript Submission

    Submitted manuscripts should be accompanied by a covering letter giving details of: 1) the title of the manuscript and its main point; 2) a statement that the manuscript has not been published in part or whole (except in the form of abstract) or is under consideration for publication elsewhere in any language; 3) a statement that all authors have agreed to be so listed and have seen and approved the manuscript, its consent and its submission to JSHS; 4) a full current postal address, telephone and fax numbers, and current e-mail address. We usually communicate with authors by e-mail. Authors must specify if they wish to exclude a method of communication.

    Authors may suggest 2-3 reviewers. Please provide the name, postal address, and e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers, and fields of interest. Authors may also suggest that specific individuals not be involved as reviewers, but JSHS reserves the right of final selection.

    Manuscript Status

    Upon receipt of the manuscript, the JSHS Editorial Office will immediately assign a code number, which is strongly recommended for use in subsequent correspondence. A letter acknowledging receipt will be sent to the corresponding author. After being pre-reviewed by the editors, most of the submitted manuscripts will be sent to expert referees for peer-review.

    All manuscripts are subject to editorial modifications. JSHS disclaims any liability for statements made by authors or advertisers.

    Additional Information

    Tables and figures may be presented with captions within the main body of the manuscript; if so, figures should additionally be uploaded as high resolution files.

    PREPARATION

    Use of wordprocessing software

    It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the wordprocessor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the wordprocessor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts. Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic illustrations.

    To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the "spell-check" and "grammar-check" functions of your wordprocessor.

    Article structure

    Subdivision - numbered sections

    Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to "the text". Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

    Introduction

    State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

    Material and methods

    Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

    Results

    Results should be clear and concise.

    Discussion

    This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

    Conclusions

    The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

    Appendices

    If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

    Essential title page information

    • Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
    • Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
    • Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
    • Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address" (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

    Abstract

    A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

    Keywords

    Authors are invited to submit keywords associated with their paper.

    Abbreviations

    Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

    Acknowledgements

    Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

    Nomenclature and units

    Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI. Authors wishing to present a table of nomenclature should do so on the second page of their manuscript.

    Math formulae

    Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).

    Footnotes

    Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many wordprocessors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.

    Table footnotes

    Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.

    Artwork

    Electronic artwork General points
    • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
    • Save text in illustrations as "graphics" or enclose the font.
    • Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times, Symbol.
    • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
    • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
    • Ensure that the figures can be understood without reading the text. Minimise use of abbreviations.
    • Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version.
    • Submit each figure as a separate file.

    A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available at the Elsevier website: http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.

    You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.

    Formats

    Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalised, please "save as" or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):

    EPS: Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as "graphics".

    TIFF: color or grayscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.

    TIFF: Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.

    TIFF: Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.

    If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply "as is".

    Please do not:
    • Supply files that are optimised for screen use (like GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low;
    • Supply files that are too low in resolution;
    • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

    Color artwork

    Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF, EPS or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version.

    Figure captions

    Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (noton the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

    Tables

    Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

    References

    Citation in text

    Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either "Unpublished results" or "Personal communication" Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

    Web references

    As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

    References in a special issue

    Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.

    Reference management software

    This journal has standard templates available in key reference management packages EndNote (http://www.endnote.com/support/enstyles.asp) and Reference Manager (http://refman.com/support/rmstyles.asp). Using plug-ins to wordprocessing packages, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article and the list of references and citations to these will be formatted according to the journal style which is described below.

    Reference style
    Text: Indicate references by superscript numbers in the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.
    List: Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
    Examples:
    Reference to a journal publication:
    1. Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. J Sci Commun 2000;163:51–9.
    Reference to a book:
    2. Plum F, Posner JB. The Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd edition. Philadelphia: FA Davis, 1980:123–33.
    Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
    3. Kurland LT. The epidemiologic characteristics of multiple sclerosis. In: Vinken PJ, Bruyn GW, eds. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Vol 9: Multiple Sclerosis and Other Demyelinating Diseases. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing, 1970:63–84.
    Note shortened form for last page number. e.g., 51–9, and that for more than 6 authors, the first 6 should be listed followed by ‘et al.’ For further details you are referred to “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals” (J Am Med Assoc 1997;277:927–34), see also http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/terms_cond.html

    Journal abbreviations source
    Journal names should be abbreviated according to
    Index Medicus journal abbreviations: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/lji.html;
    List of title word abbreviations: http://www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php;
    CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service): http://www.cas.org/sent.html.

    Submission checklist

    The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

    Ensure that the following items are present: One Author designated as corresponding Author:
    One Author designated as corresponding Author:
    • E-mail address
    • Full postal address
    • Telephone, mobile telephone and fax numbers
    All necessary files have been uploaded
    • Keywords
    • All figure captions
    • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
    Further considerations
    • Manuscript has been "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked"
    • References are in the correct format for this journal
    • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
    • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
    • Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
    • If only color on the Web is required, black and white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposesFor any further information please visit our customer support site at http://support.elsevier.com.

    AFTER ACCEPTANCE

    Use of the Digital Object Identifier

    The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. The correct format for citing a DOI is shown as follows (example taken from a document in the journal Physics Letters B): doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2010.09.059

    When you use the DOI to create URL hyperlinks to documents on the web, they are guaranteed never to change.

    Proofs

    One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author or, a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 (or higher) available free from http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html. Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site: http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/acrrsystemreqs.html#70win.

    If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Editorial Office in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately - please let us have all your corrections within 48 hours. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that the publication would be delayed if no response is received.

    Offprints

    The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use.

    AUTHOR INQUIRIES

    For inquiries relating to the submission of articles (including electronic submission) please visit this journal's homepage(http://www.jshs.org.cn). Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, will be provided by the Editorial Office. You can track accepted articles at http://www.elsevier.com/trackarticle. You can also check our Author FAQs ( http://www.elsevier.com/authorFAQ) and/or contact Customer Support via http://support.elsevier.com.

    Page Charge and Colour Charge

    In 2014, we are waiving all fees for authors, including page charge, cost for color photos and cover images.

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