Guide for Authors

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    INTRODUCTION
    • EDITORIAL POLICIES
    • TYPES OF PAPERS
    • Open Access
    • Language (usage and editing services)
    BEFORE YOU BEGIN
    • ETHICS IN PUBLISHING
    • Disclosure of financial interests and potential conflicts of interest
    • Role of the funding source
    • Funding body agreements and policies
    • Submission declaration
    • AUTHORSHIP
    • Changes to authorship
    • Copyright statement
    • Copyright
    • Open access
    • Informed consent and patient details
    • SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS
    PREPARATION
    • MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION
    • DEPARTMENT MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION
    • CONTINUING EDUCATION MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION
    • Use of word processing software
    • Highlights
    • Units
    • ILLUSTRATION SUBMISSION
    • Illustration services
    • TABLES
    • REFERENCES
    • VIDEO DATA
    • AudioSlides
    • SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS
    • SUBMISSION CHECKLIST
    AFTER ACCEPTANCE
    • Proofs
    • Use of the Digital Object Identifier
    • Offprints
    AUTHOR INQUIRIES

    EDITORIAL POLICIES

    The Journal of Pediatric Health Care invites clinical or research articles concerning pediatric clinical practice (primary, acute, specialty, home health, and school health), health care policy, or role issues relevant to the pediatric nurse practicing in an advanced practice role. All Articles and Department features should be submitted via the Elsevier Editorial System (EES) at http://ees.elsevier.com/jphc. All manuscripts are accepted for publication with the understanding that they are contributed solely to the JPHC. Per editorial discretion submissions may be reviewed for plagiarism using iThenticate®.

    Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications herein are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Editors, the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (NAPNAP), or publisher. The Editors, publisher, and NAPNAP disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material and do not guarantee, warrant, or endorse any product or services advertised in this publication. Neither do they guarantee any claim made by the manufacturers of such products or services.

    Manuscripts are reviewed by selected reviewers in appropriate specialties. Authors will be notified by an e-mail generated by EES of receipt of their manuscripts. Notification of acceptance customarily requires 6 to 8 weeks. Acceptance is based on originality of ideas, significance for pediatric advanced practice nurses, validity, and adherence to the submission requirements (See "Manuscript Preparation").

    Manuscripts become the permanent property of the JPHC and may not be published elsewhere without written permission from the author and Elsevier. All accepted manuscripts are subject to manuscript editing.

    TYPES OF PAPERS

    All Articles, Department features, and Letters to the Editor should be submitted via the Elsevier Editorial System (EES) at http://ees.elsevier.com/jphc. A brief description of each article type is provided below.

    Full-length Articles: Research, Clinical, Continuing Education

    Department Articles: Primary Care Case Study, Acute & Specialty Care Case Study, Health Policy, Pharmacology CE, Practice Guidelines, Professional Issues, Research, On the Web

    Open Access

    This journal does not ordinarily have publication charges; however, authors can now opt to make their articles available to all (including non-subscribers) via the ScienceDirect platform, for which a fee of US $3000 applies (for further information on open access see http://www.elsevier.com/about/open-access/open-access-options). Please note that you can only make this choice after receiving notification that your article has been accepted for publication, to avoid any perception of conflict of interest. The fee excludes taxes and other potential costs such as color charges. In some cases, institutions and funding bodies have entered into agreement with Elsevier to meet these fees on behalf of their authors. Details of these agreements are available at http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies. Authors of accepted articles, who wish to take advantage of this option, should complete and submit the order form (available at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/openaccessform.pdf). Whatever access option you choose, you retain many rights as an author, including the right to post a revised personal version of your article on your own website. More information can be found here: http://www.elsevier.com/authorsrights.

    Language (usage and editing services)

    Please write your text in English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop http://webshop.elsevier.com/languageediting/ or visit our customer support site http://support.elsevier.com for more information.

    ETHICS IN PUBLISHING

    For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication, see http://www.elsevier.com/publishingethics and http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/ethics.

    Disclosure of financial interests and potential conflicts of interest

    Authors are required to provide full disclosure on potential conflicts of interest, including financial or personal relationships, interests, and affiliations relevant to the subject matter of the manuscript that have occurred over the past 2 years, or that are expected in the foreseeable future. This disclosure may include, but not be limited to, grants or funding, employment, affiliations, honoraria, consultancies, royalties, stock options/ownership, expert testimony, or editorial assistance. NAPNAP encourages authors to disclose discussion of investigational or "off-label" use of drugs or medical devices. If the article is accepted for publication, a disclosure statement will appear with the article.

    A disclosure statement should be included for each author on EES. If an author has no conflicts of interest to declare, this must be stated. Authors should contact the Editorial Office with questions or concerns, but should err on the side of inclusion when in doubt. The following is sample text:

    "Jane Smith reports having received lecture fees from XYZ Laboratories. Susan Brown disclosed consulting fees from 123 Inc. Elizabeth Wall reports no financial interests or potential conflicts of interest."

    Role of the funding source

    You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated. Please see http://www.elsevier.com/funding.

    Funding body agreements and policies

    Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies.

    Submission declaration

    Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint (an electronic preprint is an online draft of an article before it has been published in a journal; see http://www.elsevier.com/postingpolicy), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

    AUTHORSHIP

    The JPHC follows the ICMJE guidelines for definition of authorship: "Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published" (retrieved from http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html).

    Changes to authorship

    This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:
    Before the accepted manuscript is published as an article in press: Requests to add or remove an author, rearrange the author names, or change author credentials must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in production is suspended until authorship has been agreed.

    Copyright statement

    Upon submission of an article, authors will be asked to transfer copyright (for more information on copyright and permissions, see http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/authorsview.authors/copyright). This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information.

    Copyright

    This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research: Open access and Subscription.

    For subscription articles
    Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright, see http://www.elsevier.com/copyright). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.
    Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult http://www.elsevier.com/permissions). If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult http://www.elsevier.com/permissions.

    For open access articles
    Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (for more information see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement). Permitted reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license (see http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses).

    Retained author rights
    As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights. For more information on author rights for:
    Subscription articles please see http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/author-rights-and-responsibilities.
    Open access articles please see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement.

    Open access

    This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:

    Open access
    • Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
    • An open access publication fee is payable by authors or their research funder
    Subscription
    • Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our access programs (http://www.elsevier.com/access)
    • No open access publication fee

    All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Permitted reuse is defined by your choice of one of the following Creative Commons user licenses:
    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, to create extracts, abstracts and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text and data mine the article, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation, and license their new adaptations or creations under identical terms (CC BY-NC-SA).
    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

    Elsevier has established agreements with funding bodies, http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies. This ensures authors can comply with funding body open access requirements, including specific user licenses, such as CC BY. Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees. If you need to comply with your funding body policy, you can apply for the CC BY license after your manuscript is accepted for publication.

    To provide open access, this journal has a publication fee which needs to be met by the authors or their research funders for each article published open access.
    Your publication choice will have no effect on the peer review process or acceptance of submitted articles.

    The open access publication fee for this journal is $2,500, excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy: http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing.

    Informed consent and patient details

    Studies on patients or volunteers require institutional review board approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals in an Elsevier publication. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to Elsevier on request. For more information, please review the Elsevier Policy on the Use of Images or Personal Information of Patients or other Individuals, http://www.elsevier.com/patient-consent-policy. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.

    SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS

    All manuscripts must be submitted through the Elsevier Editorial System (http://ees.elsevier.com/jphc). Authors are requested to submit the text, tables, and artwork in electronic form (not as a PDF). In an accompanying letter authors should state that the manuscript, or parts of it, have not and will not be submitted elsewhere for publication.

    Submission of items includes 1) a cover letter, 2) title page with author information, disclosure statement, and key words, (3) the manuscript and references, and (4) table(s)/figure(s) with legends. Note figures and tables are to be submitted as separate files (see below). Revised manuscripts should also be accompanied by a unique file (separate from the cover letter) with anonymous responses to reviewers' comments. Please note that the response to reviewers should not contain any identifying information. The preferred order of files is as follows: cover letter, title page, response to reviews (revised manuscripts only), manuscript file(s), table(s), figure(s).

    Papers should be prepared using American Psychological Association (APA) style. You are referred to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition, ISBN 978-1-4338-0561-5, copies of which may be ordered from http://books.apa.org/books.cfm?id=4200067 or APA Order Dept., P.O.B. 2710, Hyattsville, MD 20784, USA or APA, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC3E 8LU, UK.

    Full-length manuscripts may be submitted with the goal of offering CE credit (see Continuing Education below).

    All correspondence once the manuscript is submitted, including the Editor's decision and request for revision, will be by e-mail.

    MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

    Manuscripts (text, excluding references and tables) should not exceed 5000 words. Department submissions have varied word counts (see Department Manuscript Preparation below). If abbreviations cannot be avoided, use the expanded form when first mentioned and abbreviate thereafter. Use generic drug and equipment names (trade names may be listed in parentheses at the point of first mention). If it is necessary to mention a trade name for equipment, the name must be followed immediately by the manufacturer s name and city/state. Pagination should begin with the title page as page 1 and continue through the entire manuscript. To each page, add Line Numbers, a function of Microsoft Word, prior to submitting.

    Title Page. Articles require a title page. It should include the title of the manuscript, author names with earned credentials (as per the American Academy of Nursing, www.aannet.org), job title, and corresponding author's address and phone number. It should also include any disclosures, acknowledgments, and key words.

    Key Words. On the title page, provide 3 to 6 key words, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). These key words will be used for indexing purposes.

    Abstract. Abstracts should be limited to 150 words and appear on the first page after the title page. The abstract should be factual, and present the key points in the manuscript, with a summary of clinical implications. Abstracts are not published for Departments with exception for Pharmacology Continuing Education (CE).

    Introduction: State the purpose or objective of the study, including the major hypothesis tested, if any.

    Method: Describe the study design, the setting, sample, and measures used to collect data.

    Results: Describe the major outcomes and statistical significance, if appropriate.

    Discussion: State the significance of the results.

    Letters to the Editor. Letters to the Editor raising some point of current interest or commenting on an article that appeared in the JPHC will be considered for publication. The Editor reserves the right to accept, reject, or excerpt letters without changing the views expressed by the writer. The author will have an opportunity to reply to the comments.

    DEPARTMENT MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

    Department features are published in varying frequency. Queries regarding department submissions can be sent to the corresponding or department editor listed. Suggested words counts for manuscript length are listed in the department descriptions. Authors should follow the instructions for full length articles. 

    Primary Care Case Study. This section features case presentations reflecting either common or unusual clinical situations seen in primary care. The anonymity of patients presented should be maintained and permission obtained from the patient and or family if the patient is not de-identified. IRB approval for the presentation of case studies may be required and is the author's responsibility. Any author interested in sending a query should direct their cases to the Corresponding Editor at joannserota@msn.com. See the suggested template for case study preparation. The suggested word count is 3000.

    Acute & Specialty Care Case Study. This Department features case presentations reflecting either acute or specialty care. The anonymity of patients presented should be maintained and permission obtained from the patient and or family if the patient is not de-identified. IRB approval for the presentation of case studies may be required and is the author's responsibility. Any author interested in sending a query should contact the corresponding editor at karin.reuter-rice@duke.edu. See the suggested template for case study preparation. The suggested word count is 3000.

    Health Policy. Current and compelling state and national health policy issues impacting children and their families are published. Queries for this Department can be sent to Karen.duderstadt@nursing.ucsf.edu. The suggested word count for this department is 1500 words.

    Practice Guidelines. The essential components of practice guidelines are development, peer review, and consensus. For specific instructions, contact the corresponding editor at e-mail: Robert.J.Yetman@uth.tmc.edu. The suggested word count is 4000 words.

    Professional Issues. This Department features articles about professional practice and role issues of interest to pediatric advanced practice nurses. Submit queries to e-mail: aklinetilford@gmail.com. The suggested word count is 2500 words.

    Research. This feature provides general research information to assist in the implementation, dissemination, and evaluation of research-based care by PNPs. Send queries to the corresponding editor at Rita.Pickler@cchmc.org. The suggested word count is 2000 words and usually addresses a research methodology issue.

    On the Web. Information and educational materials for health care practitioners, patients, and families found on Web sites will be highlighted. Queries for this Department should be directed to jdauria@email.unc.edu. This Department will be published in the JPHC's e-pages with linking capabilities to the Web sites discussed.

    CONTINUING EDUCATION MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

    Pharmacology CE. Manuscripts on pharmacologic management of selected illnesses, specific drug use, and items of interest relative to pharmacology are published. This column is a CE offering (see CE instructions below). Queries for this Department can be sent to the corresponding editor at wootm@plu.edu.

    Continuing Education Article Author Information

    Manuscripts submitted may offer varying amounts of CE credit. To be considered for CE, a manuscript must include:

    1. Demonstration of the prospective author's expertise in the subject matter through experience, education, or both.

    2. List three to five objectives, using action verbs that require readers to demonstrate their understanding of the topic (e.g., Explain the pathophysiology of..., Recommend an appropriate approach...Discuss important considerations...)

    3. A researched, referenced manuscript of approximately 6000 words (including objectives, tables, and posttest questions/answers). The text must provide current, advanced, testable information on clinical or professional topics.

    4. Ten multiple-choice questions with 4 responses each or true/false items with the correct answers indicated. (See "Tips for Writing Test Questions.")

    5. A curriculum vitae for each author should be sent to lnelsen@napnap.org upon acceptance.

    6. A faculty declaration form for NAPNAP must be completed by all authors. This form can be accessed at www.jpedhc.org. Completed forms should be returned to lnelsen@napnap.org.

    Tips for Writing Test Questions

    Questions should measure the mastery of the objectives and article content. Ideally, the majority of questions should be designed for the reader to apply the knowledge learned from reading the article as opposed to simple recall of information.

    1. Be sure the order of questions matches the sequence information in the article. For example, question #1 should correspond to the information that appears in the article first.

    2. After you have finished writing the test, be certain that the test includes questions that relate to each objective.

    3. Make all questions multiple choice or true/false with possible options labeled "a," "b," "c," "d" for multiple choice and "a" or "b" for true or false.

    4. Be certain that the 3 incorrect options are not plausible.

    5. Use the same terminology in the test as in the narrative. (For example, if the narrative refers only to "hypertension," use "hypertension," not "high blood pressure," in the test.)

    6. Make sure the correct option is derived directly from the narrative and clearly defensible as the best answer.

    7. Avoid using words in the correct option that are also found in the stem (the first part of the question). Doing so provides "clues" to the correct answer.

    8. Make sure that the options are not mutually exclusive. For example, if option "a" reads, "Slows the heart rate," and option "b" reads, "Increases the heart rate," these 2 options are mutually exclusive. The test taker can be reasonably certain that "c" and "d" are extraneous, and that either "a" or "b" is the correct answer.

    9. Be sure that 1 or more of the options are not included in another option. For example, if option "a" reads, "Affects the heart rate," and option "b" reads, "Slows the heart rate," option "b" is actually included in option "a." Thus, if "b" is a correct response, "a" is also.

    10. Include an answer key. The editor reserves the right to edit questions submitted for purposes of clarity and accuracy. The editors acknowledge the challenge of constructing a posttest that is accurate and clear.

    11. Posttest questions and answers should be submitted as a separate submission on EES.

    Continuing Education Approval Procedure

    1. The number of contact hours is assigned by the Education department of NAPNAP.

    2. One member of the CE Committee not associated with the JPHC, who matches the profile of the average JPHC reader, is asked to review the article. An average of the time it takes them to read the article and complete the posttest will determine the number of contact hour(s) assigned. One contact hour equals 60 minutes.

    3. CE Articles are approved for 1 year. At the discretion of the Education department, the approval time may be shortened depending on the stability of the article content.

    For more information regarding development of learning objectives and posttest questions, please contact Laura Nelsen at lnelsen@napnap.org.

    Use of word processing software

    It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier: http://www.elsevier.com/guidepublication). Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic artwork.
    To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

    Highlights

    Highlights are a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article. Highlights are optional and should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). See http://www.elsevier.com/highlights for examples.

    Units

    Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI.

    ILLUSTRATION SUBMISSION

    Figures must be submitted in electronic format. Images should be provided in EPS or TIFF format per the instructions for online submission at http://ees.elsevier.com/jphc. Illustrations should be numbered in the order of their mention in the text. Please refer to the Author Artwork Instructions link at the Journal's online submission system (http://ees.elsevier.com/jphc) for additional information about artwork.

    The legends should be typed double-spaced on a separate document and numbered to correspond with the figures. If a figure has been previously published, the legend must give full credit to the original source and permission obtained. Please send the permission and direct any questions to m.flynn@elsevier.com.

    Color artwork
    Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF, JPEG, EPS, or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for color: in print or on the Web only. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.
    Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting color figures to 'gray scale' (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) please submit in addition usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations.

    Illustration services

    Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/illustrationservices) offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier's expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, tables and graphs. Image 'polishing' is also available, where our illustrators take your image(s) and improve them to a professional standard. Please visit the website to find out more.

    Figure captions
    Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

    TABLES

    Each table should be submitted as a separate file. Please ensure each table file is an editable Word document. They should be numbered according to their mention in the text. A concise title describing the table's content should be supplied for each table. All footnotes should appear immediately below the table, and all abbreviations not used in the text should be defined in a footnote. If a table or any data therein have been previously published, a footnote must give full credit to the original source with permission obtained. Please send the permission and direct any questions to m.flynn@elsevier.com.

    REFERENCES

    Use the reference style of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2009). The reference list should appear on a separate page at the end of the text. Only references cited in the text should appear in this list.

    Citation in text
    Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

    Reference links
    Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.

    Web references
    As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

    Reference style
    Text: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association. You are referred to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition, ISBN 978-1-4338-0561-5, copies of which may be ordered from http://books.apa.org/books.cfm?id=4200067 or APA Order Dept., P.O.B. 2710, Hyattsville, MD 20784, USA or APA, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC3E 8LU, UK.
    List: references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.
    Examples:
    Reference to a journal publication:
    Burka, S. D., Van Cleve, S. N., Shafer, S., & Barkin, J. L. (2014). At integration of pediatric mental health care: an evidence-based workshop for primary care providers. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 28, 23–34. doi:10.1016/j.pedhc.2012.10.006
    Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
    Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281–304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

    Journal abbreviations source
    Journal names should be abbreviated according to the list of title word abbreviations: http://www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php.

    VIDEO DATA

    Elsevier accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the video or animation content and noting in the body text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate to the video file's content. In order to ensure that your video or animation material is directly usable, please provide the files in one of our recommended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 50 MB. Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com. Please supply 'stills' with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your video data. For more detailed instructions please visit our video instruction pages at http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions. Note: since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.

    AudioSlides

    The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at http://www.elsevier.com/audioslides. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.

    SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS

    Supplementary data (i.e., multimedia files, additional images/datasets, etc.) to accompany your manuscript can be submitted. If the manuscript is accepted, such file(s) may appear with the online version of the article and the availability of the online file(s) will be noted in the printed version of the JPHC.

    SUBMISSION CHECKLIST

    The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.
    Ensure that the following items are present:
    One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
    • E-mail address
    • Full postal address
    • Phone numbers
    All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
    • Keywords
    • All figure captions
    • All tables (including title, description, footnotes) in separate, editable Word files
    Further considerations
    • Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
    • References are in the correct format for this journal
    • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
    • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
    • Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print, or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
    • If only color on the Web is required, black-and-white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes
    For any further information please visit our customer support site at http://support.elsevier.com.

    Proofs

    One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author, or a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 (or higher) available free from http://get.adobe.com/reader. Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site: http://www.adobe.com/products/reader/tech-specs.html.
    If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately – please let us have all your corrections within 48 hours. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.

    Use of the Digital Object Identifier

    The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B):
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.09.059
    When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.

    Offprints

    The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a personalized link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. This link can also be used for sharing via email and social networks. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/myarticleservices/offprints). Authors requiring printed copies of multiple articles may use Elsevier WebShop's 'Create Your Own Book' service to collate multiple articles within a single cover (http://webshop.elsevier.com/myarticleservices/booklets).



    You can track your submitted article at http://help.elsevier.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/89/p/8045/. You can track your accepted article at http://www.elsevier.com/trackarticle. You are also welcome to contact Customer Support via http://support.elsevier.com.

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