Guide for Authors
Instructions to Authors
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas is an open access online free journal. A paper is accepted for publication on the understanding that it has not been submitted simultaneously to another journal in any language. Authors are permitted to submit the paper only in English Language. The Editors reserve the right to make editorial and literary corrections. Any opinions expressed or policies advocated do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of the Editors. Papers should be set out as follows, with each section beginning on a separate sheet: title page, summary, text, acknowledgements, references, tables, and illustrations. Authors are highly recommended to visit previously published papers of this journal to get enough idea how to format their submission before trying to submit. Authors are requested to submit their manuscript online via http://www.ees.elsevier.com/jmhi. For submission only a single Word file containing all figures or tables is needed. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revisions, will be managed via this system. Corresponding author should sign the copyright and publication agreement form before publication. Written permission is needed to reproduce published material (illustrations and tables) from the original publishers. Accepted papers will be rapidly published online with no charge of authors.
The title page should give title of article; complete names of authors with highest academic degree(s); affiliations (the name of department (if any), institution, city, and state or county where the work was done); and corresponding author address (the name, address, E-Mail Address, FAX number, and telephone number of the author to whom reprint requests are to be sent). Avoid abbreviations in the title.
The abstract should contain details of the idea or hypotheses and the most important supporting evidences and implications. Great care should be taken to provide an informative abstract which summarizes the main argument of the paper. Abstract must be a concise representative of whole article with a maximum length of 300 words.
A Graphical abstract is mandatory for this journal. It should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Image size: please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. See http://www.elsevier.com/graphicalabstracts for examples.
Authors can make use of Elsevier's Illustration and Enhancement service to ensure the best presentation of their images also in accordance with all technical requirements: Illustration Service.
Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate file in the online submission system. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). See http://www.elsevier.com/highlights for examples.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Authors are asked to subdivide their paper to different sections to enhance the reader's comprehension but the length of paper should not be higher than 40 pages of double spaced 12 point type including tables, illustrations and references. The text of paper must include Introduction, The Hypotheses/Ideas, Evaluation of the Hypotheses/Ideas, Preliminary experimental data (if exist), and Discussion/conclusion sections. The introduction should clear the scene for the hypotheses/idea. The hypotheses/idea needs to be clear why and how it differs from current thoughts, how the hypotheses/idea has evolved, and why it is important. The proposed hypotheses/idea should be evaluated in the light of known and published information. Authors should clarify how the new hypotheses/idea can be examined. Authors are allowed to indicate their own pilot data with brief describing of methods used and results found with as minimum as possible figures or tables. The importance of new hypotheses/idea in different fields should be indicated and discussed. It should be also discussed how much new hypotheses/idea if confirmed will change the current medicine.
Authors are requested to complete the overview box for the article. This box will appear at the end of the article and before the references. The answers should not exceed 4 lines. This box contains three questions:
•First Question: What do we already know about the subject?•Second Question: What does your proposed theory add to the current knowledge available, and what benefits does it have?
The author should briefly describe the current situation of the topic under study.
The authors are expected to briefly describe what the study adds to the current knowledge available, and what benefits will it have in basic, clinical and applied sciences (e.g. does it reduce the cost and time of diagnostic tests or treatment methods? Does it make the earlier studies' results applicable? or etc.)
•Third question: Among numerous available studies, what special further study is proposed for testing the idea?References
The author should clearly state which further studies are required to test the idea, and which questions need to be answered.
Only relevant references should be cited. The accuracy of references is the responsibility of the author. References should be entered consecutively by Arabic numerals in parentheses in the text. The references should be listed in numerical order in double spacing. References to journals should include the authors' names and initials, full title of paper, abbreviated journal title on the basis of Index Medicus abbreviations, year of publication, volume number, and page numbers. References to books should include the authors' names and initials, full title of book, publication number, publication's name, place of publication, year of publication, and page numbers. Internet references should include authors' name, title, web address, date of publication (if known), and the date on which the website was accessed. This journal adheres the Vancouver style of reference lists (Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, http://www.icmje.org/index.html). Automated formatting for in-text references and the reference list is not allowed on any types of manuscripts submitted to this journal. Authors are encouraged to consider the latest paper published in J Med Hypotheses Ideas for the general format of presentation. Examples are as follows:
Vafaei M, Derakhashani S, Elahi B. Modified retention enema, possible cure for solitary rectal ulcer. J Med Hypotheses Ideas 2007;1:5.
Rahimi R, Nikfar S, Larijani B, Abdollahi M. A review on the role of antioxidants in the management of diabetes and its complications. Biomed Pharmacother 2005;59:365-73.Book (written or edited):
Written:Abdollahi M. Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Poisonings by Pesticides. Eshraghieh Publications, Tehran, 1994.
Edited:Koren G. Medication Safety in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding, McGraw-Hill Professional, New York, 2007.
Chapter in book:Abdollahi M. Iran. In: Information Resources in Toxicology, 4th Edition. Ed. Wexler PJ, San Diego, Academic Press (Elsevier), 2009, pp: 935-946. 500.
orAbdollahi M. Epidemiological studies; IRAN. In: Anticholinesterase Pesticides: Metabolism, Neurotoxicity, and Epidemiology. Ed. Satoh T and Gupta R, Hoboken, NJ, Wiley, 2011, pp:433-444.
AcknowledgmentFigures and Tables
Authors should disclose at the time of submission information on any conflict of interest that may influence the manuscript.
Authors are encouraged to indicate the hypothesis or idea by providing informative diagrams, schemes, drawings, tables, or figures. Providing previously-known information about the topic in a table is highly recommended.Tables, diagrams, schemes, and figures should better be designed by Microsoft Office processor. Images should be in jpeg format. All figures or images or tables must be embedded in manuscript body and not uploaded as a separate file.