Guide for Authors

All journal information and instructions compiled in one document (PDF) in just one mouse-click Author information pack

• Important documents
• General requirements
• Focus
• Types of paper
• Ethics in publishing
• Conflict of interest
• Submission declaration and verification
• Contributors
• Changes to authorship
• Copyright
• Role of the funding source
• Funding body agreements and policies
• Open access
• Green open access
• Language services
• Submission
• Submission address
• Referees
• Language
• Abbreviations
• Nomenclature and units
• Equations
• Article structure
• Acknowledgements
• References
• Tables
• Figure captions
• Figures
• Appendices
• Electronic Supplementary Material
• Permissions
• Database linking
• Google Maps and KML files
• Submission checklist
• Additional Information
• Use of the Digital Object Identifier
• Proofs
• Offprints
• Web releases

Important documents

Author Quick Reference Guide
Submission Checklist

General requirements

Original contributions reporting new information pertaining to the science of large lakes of the world and their watersheds will be considered for publication in the Journal. A manuscript should advance knowledge on a subject or promote a better understanding of existing concepts. It can not have been published elsewhere, nor can it be simultaneously submitted for publication elsewhere.


The Journal is multidisciplinary in its coverage, publishing manuscripts on a wide range of theoretical and applied topics in the fields of biology, chemistry, physics, geology, and socioeconomics of the large lakes of the world and their watersheds. We also welcome contributions on large saline lakes. Research on estuarine waters may be considered if the results have application to large lakes. Large lakes generally are considered as those lakes which have a mean surface area of > 500 km2 (see Herdendorf C.E. 1982, Large lakes of the world. J. Great Lakes Res. 8:379-412, for examples), although smaller lakes with direct relevance to large lakes or large lake issues and including very deep lakes (>100 m depth), may be considered, including very deep lakes.

The Journal publishes four regular issues a year and frequently publishes special issues. Special issues focus on a specific topic, for example, in 2013 the journal published a special issue on Remote Sensing of the Great Lakes and Other Inland Waters. The number of special issues published each year varies based on interest with three in 2011, four in 2012 and one in 2013. Those interested in publishing a special issue should contact the editor for further information.

Types of paper

Original submissions may be in the form of Articles, Reviews, Commentaries, technical Notes or Editorials.

  • Articles represent original research results.
  • Reviews are in depth reviews of a particular topic or field.
  • Notes are short articles that report on brief but complete projects, significant observations, or are preliminary findings of continuing projects that warrant rapid publication.
  • Commentaries in the form of letters or essays are welcome. Commentaries are informational or opinion papers relevant to large lakes research, or are reflections on previously published papers. For commentaries on published papers, the original author will be allowed to reply. The review of commentaries will be at the discretion of the Editor.
  • Editorials, generally one journal page in length, are published at the beginning of an issue. They represent the opinions or ideas of the author(s). Editorials will be reviewed at the discretion of the Editor.

Ethics in publishing

For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see and

Conflict of interest

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. See also Further information and an example of a Conflict of Interest form can be found at:

Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck


Each author is required to declare his or her individual contribution to the article: all authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.

Changes to authorship

This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:
Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.
After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.

The International Association for Great Lakes Research holds the copyright for articles whose authors do not opt to publish via the open access route.

Papers prepared by American or Canadian government employees as part of their official duties need not have the assignment of copyright transferred since this material is automatically considered as part of the public domain. However, the form must be signed.


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright, see An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult

For open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (for more information see Permitted third party reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license (see

Author rights
As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. For more information see

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Funding body agreements and policies

Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees. To learn more about existing agreements please visit
After acceptance, open access papers will be published under a noncommercial license. For authors requiring a commercial CC BY license, you can apply after your manuscript is accepted for publication.

Open access

This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:

Open access
• Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
• An open access publication fee is payable by authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution
• Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our universal access programs (
• No open access publication fee payable by authors.

Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards.

For open access articles, permitted third party (re)use is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

The open access publication fee for this journal is USD 2500, excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy:

Green open access

Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our green open access page for further information ( Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications. Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public. This is the embargo period and begins from the publication date of the issue your article appears in.

This journal has an embargo period of 24 months.

Language services

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who require information about language editing and copyediting services pre- and post-submission please visit or our customer support site at for more information.


Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word, LaTeX) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.

Submission address

Please submit your article via


When you submit your manuscript, you will be REQUIRED to list the first name, last name, and email address of four suggested reviewers. You cannot complete the submission process until this information is submitted.


Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Italics are not to be used for expressions of Latin origin, for example, in vivo, et al., per se. Use decimal points (not commas); use a comma for thousands (10,000 and above).


Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention. Ensure consistencies of abbreviations throughout the article. Use a forward slash to represent the word 'per' in measurements (e.g., m/day, mg/kg, g/m3). Abbreviate liter as "L". Molar units (e.g., mM) should be used whenever possible and appropriate rather than mass units (e.g., mg/L) for reporting concentrations. Dates should be abbreviated as in 10 October 1974 or October 10, 1974 (do not use 10/10/74). Time of day is indicated by four digits using the 24-hour system. Quantities of all units of time are referred to in Arabic numerals (e.g., 3 weeks, 7 hours, etc.). Chemical formulas should correspond to the style of Chemical Abstracts. For Secchi disk use upper case S.

Nomenclature and units

Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI. You are urged to consult IUGS: Nomenclature for geological time scales/rock names: for further information.

The names of fishes should follow those listed in Joseph, J.S. et al. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Amer. Fisheries Soc., Spec. Publ. No.20 (6th Ed.), 5410 Grosvenor Ln., Bethesda, MD 20814, or equivalent documents for other regions of the world.


Present simple equations in the line of normal text where possible and avoid placing a comma or period after the equation. Use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. Present variables in italics. Denote powers of e by exp to avoid confusion. Equations displayed separately from text, if referred to explicitly in the text, should be numbered, and these numbers should each be surrounded by parentheses.

Article structure

Manuscript text should be submitted in Microsoft Word or LaTex format. All text should be contained in a single column. Keep your formatting simple. Use bold face, italics, subscripts and superscripts as needed. Manuscript text should be submitted in Microsoft Word or LaTex format. All text should be contained in a single column. Keep your formatting simple. Use bold face, italics, subscripts and superscripts as needed.


  • Add line numbers to your manuscript using the word processor's preferences.
  • Do not use the word processor's options to justify text.
  • Do not hyphenate words.
  • Do not embed figures in your text or include them at the end of the manuscript. All figures must be submitted as separate high-resolution files (see the Figures section below).
  • Do use only one table grid per table and places tables at the end of the manuscript.
  • Do use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

Each article should be comprised of items listed below, in order. Each section heading should appear on a separate line in bold typeface. Subsections should be used as needed and appear on a separate line in italics. If a species name occurs in the subheading, they should remain italicized. When cross-referencing text, refer to the subsection name.

These are the following Sectionsand Descriptions:

  • Title page: Title, author names and affiliations

  • Abstract: Summary of manuscript in 250 words or less

  • Keywords: Minimum of 2 and a maximum of 6 included immediately following the Abstract

  • Introduction: Start on new page; introduce the subject matter

  • Methods: Detail methods used

  • Theory/calculation: Detail theory or calculation not included in Methods

  • Results: Concise summary of results

  • Discussion: Highlight the significance of the results; may be combined with Results section

  • Conclusion: Main conclusions of research; may be combined with Discussion or a Results/Discussion section

  • Acknowledgements: List others who participated or funded this research

  • References: List of references. Personal communications and web references are only listed in the text. References within a Special Issue are referenced as “this issue”

  • Tables: Place one table per page with table number and caption above each table

  • Figure Captions: Start this section on a new page and list figure captions in numeric order

  • Figures: Submit each figure as a separate file named appropriately (Fig1, Fig2, etc.)

  • Appendices: Submit each appendix as a separate file after the figures

  • Supplementary Material: Submit any supplementary information as a separate file after any appendices or figures.

Title Page Information
Use a short title that accurately describes and identifies the topic of the manuscript. Be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations
Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Include the first name and full last name for all authors. Identify the authors' affiliation address (where the actual work was done) with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author. Also provide telephone and fax numbers and e-mail addresses for each author.

If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address"' (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Corresponding author
Clearly indicate with an "*" which author is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

The abstract should be 250 words or less and briefly state the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

List a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 6 keywords immediately following the abstract. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes so choose the most appropriate for your research. Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Use only abbreviations firmly established in the field.

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. As the journal is multidisciplinary, the introduction also should provide a description of the research topic which will introduce the subject matter to unfamiliar readers. Jargon specific to a discipline should be used sparingly, and it should be defined in the manuscript.

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Results should be clear and concise. When the findings and/or conclusions of a manuscript rely on the results of chemical analyses, the manuscript should include sufficient information to demonstrate that the reported results are valid. When a manuscript includes the development or use of a model, sufficient information must be in the article or available to the referees to assess the applicability of the model.

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate for shorter papers and notes. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


Include acknowledgements in a separate titled section at the end of the article before the references. List individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). Acknowledgements should not be unduly extensive.


References within the text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full.
An excessive use of references is to be avoided. Reference use is viewed as excessive if the number of reference pages is a significant proportion of the total text length or where a particular series of citations (i.e., enclosed in parentheses) used to substantiate a statement exceeds 4 or 5 references. Unpublished results and personal communications are not permitted in the reference list, but must be mentioned in the text, citing names, affiliation and date. Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

All citations in the text should refer to:

  1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
  2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
  3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication. Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically, such as (Allan, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1999).

Reference section
Create a separate Reference section and place it after Acknowledgments and before Tables and Figure Captions. References included in the list of references must have an author, a date of publication, a title for the publication, a publisher and their address, and a pagination for the publication. References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.

Each reference should be listed on a separate line in the following formats:

Reference to a journal publication:
     Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., 2010. The art of writing a scientific article. J. Sci. Commun. 163, 51-59.

Reference to a book:
     Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 2000. The Elements of Style, fourth ed. Longman, New York.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
     Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 2009. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones,
     B.S., Smith , R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281-304.

Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations:

Personal communications and unpublished results
Do not include in personal communications or unpublished results in the References section. To cite these types of references, insert the name, affiliation and year parenthetically in the text citing "personal communication".

Web references
Web references should not be included as a reference unless the website is maintained by an institution committed to maintaining the website in perpetuity such as the State of Michigan. Web references are not included in the Reference section rather the full URL should be given in parentheses in the text at the point of citation and should include the date the website was accessed. If known, DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc., should also be given. Please make it clear in your text why this website is referenced e.g. source of data, source of a model or model results.

References in a special issue
Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.


Tables should supplement, not duplicate, figures and text. Indicate in the margin of the text where each table should appear. Where tables of data may be of value to only a few readers, consider indicating in the text that data are available from the author upon request. Tables should be submitted one per page at the end of the manuscript (before figures) and should be in MS Word format (not MS Excel or bitmap). Tables should not contain footnotes rather provide such explanations in the Table caption.

Table Formatting
Horizontal lines should be used to distinguish top and bottom of the table and column titles. Do not use vertical lines

Table Caption
Table number and captions should appear at the top of the table. Give enough information in table legends so that each table is understandable without reference to the text. However, if the table caption becomes excessively lengthy with descriptions of how numbers were derived, refer to the text for additional information. Only use footnotes to provide specific explanation of specific data.

Figure captions

Number all figures consecutively with Arabic numerals within your manuscript. Start a Figure Captions section on a new page. For each figure, include the number and description of the figure. Avoid adding footnotes to your figures or the figure captions.


Within the body of your manuscript, indicate in the margin of the text where each figure should appear. DO NOT embed figures within the body of your text or at the end of your manuscript. Submit each figure as a separate file labeled with the figure number (Fig 1, Fig 2, etc.).

Figure formatting
Create all figures in approximately the correct size and orientation desired in the printed version. Use uniform lettering and sizing within and between figures. The optimal fonts to use are Arial, Courier, Times, Symbol with sizes generally no less than 12 points.

Figures should be created in a high-resolution format (recommended formats are TIFF, EPS or PDS) with a minimum of 300 dpi. Microsoft DOC, XLS or PPT may be acceptable if the resolution is sufficient to allow figures to be reduced in size for publication. Generally, image file types optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG) are low resolution and should be avoided. A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available at

Color artwork
If you submit color figures they will appear at no additional charge in the Web version of your manuscript (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites). For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. During the closing process, you will be asked to indicate your preference for color in print or on the Web only. It costs $400 per unit to print in color. If you do not want color figures in the print version, you must supply "gray scale" versions of all color figures that must match the color illustrations in appearance exactly (other than color). If you choose to provide both color and black-and-white figures, clearly label the figures with the figure number and the color type.


Appendices can be used to include tables or descriptions of methods/results generally too large or detailed to put into a manuscript. They will appear in print and online. If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Please place each appendix in a separate file named as Appendix A, Appendix B, etc. During submission, attach appendices after the manuscript and any tables or figures.

Electronic Supplementary Material

Electronic supplementary material (ESM) may be included to support and enhance your scientific research and can contain figures, tables, high- resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Files of ESM will be published online only with the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect (http: // Submit ESM during the submission process as one file if possible. Material in the file should be ordered as cited in the manuscript text. ESM tables and figures should be identified as Table S1, Table S2, Figure S1, Figure S2 etc. Equations used in ESM should be given separate numbering: Eq. (S1), etc.


If you include excerpts or figures from other copyrighted works, you must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases (

Reference management software
Most Elsevier journals have a standard template available in key reference management packages. This covers packages using the Citation Style Language, such as Mendeley ( and also others like EndNote ( and Reference Manager ( Using plug-ins to word processing packages which are available from the above sites, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article and the list of references and citations to these will be formatted according to the journal style as described in this Guide. The process of including templates in these packages is constantly ongoing. If the journal you are looking for does not have a template available yet, please see the list of sample references and citations provided in this Guide to help you format these according to the journal style.

If you manage your research with Mendeley Desktop, you can easily install the reference style for this journal by clicking the link below:
When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Mendeley plug-ins for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice. For more information about the Citation Style Language, visit

Database linking

Elsevier encourages authors to connect articles with external databases, giving readers access to relevant databases that help to build a better understanding of the described research. Please refer to relevant database identifiers using the following format in your article: Database: xxxx (e.g., TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN). See for more information and a full list of supported databases.

Google Maps and KML files

KML (Keyhole Markup Language) files (optional): You can enrich your online articles by providing KML or KMZ files which will be visualized using Google maps. The KML or KMZ files can be uploaded in our online submission system. KML is an XML schema for expressing geographic annotation and visualization within Internet-based Earth browsers. Elsevier will generate Google Maps from the submitted KML files and include these in the article when published online. Submitted KML files will also be available for downloading from your online article on ScienceDirect. For more information see

Submission checklist

The following checklist will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

Before beginning the submission process, ensure that the following items completed:

On the Title page:

  • One author has been designated as the corresponding author with an "*" includes a full postal address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address.
Manuscript body includes:
  • 2 to 6 keywords listed after the Abstract
  • Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
  • Acknowledgments follow the text
  • References are in the correct format for this journal
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Each table includes a descriptive legend listed above the table
  • Description of each figure is included in the Figure Captions section

Other files to be submitted:

  • Each figure has an associated high-resolution file (file type TIF, EPS, or PDS preferred) named with the figure number
  • Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print (for additional charge), or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
  • If only color on the Web is required, black-and-white versions of the figures must also be submitted and labeled as such with figure number
  • Each appendix should be submitted as separate file named Appendix A, Appendix B, etc
  • Supplementary information is included in a separate file named SI1, SI2, etc

Other items needed:

  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
For any further information please visit our customer support site at

Additional Information

Authors will be invited to submit a photograph for consideration for the journal cover. If interested, submit an electronic photograph to be considered for the journal cover. Photos should be high resolution graphics files (.tif, .jpg, etc.), capable of being cropped to a landscape orientation with an aspect ratio of approximately 1.4. A collage of photos is also suitable for the cover, as long as the final layout has the correct aspect ratio. Photos must appear clearly (not grainy or fuzzy) at a printed size of approximately 114 x 79 mm.

Use of the Digital Object Identifier

The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B):
When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.


One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author or a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. If it is anticipated that the corresponding author will not be available to check proofs, then the corresponding author must make other arrangements to ensure corrections are sent to Elsevier in a timely manner. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 (or higher) available free from Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site: If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post.

Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.


The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a personalized link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. This link can also be used for sharing via email and social networks. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's WebShop ( Authors requiring printed copies of multiple articles may use Elsevier WebShop's 'Create Your Own Book' service to collate multiple articles within a single cover (

Web releases

Authors of accepted papers are strongly encouraged to write short web releases about their paper's key findings for distribution to the media and general public. Informing citizens of your work is very important if science is to have a voice in decision making on the issues relating to Great Lakes of the world. Go to for information on how to write a web release. The web release is intended to convey information published in the Journal of Great Lakes Research to the media and the general public. Web releases are posted on the IAGLR web page. If you provide a draft web release for the outreach committee we will edit it for posting and your work will reach a wider audience. This has the double benefit of spreading news of your work, and demonstrating how the Journal is contributing to knowledge about the Great Lakes and other large freshwater systems worldwide.

You can track your submitted article at You can track your accepted article at You are also welcome to contact Customer Support via