Guide for Authors

  • Manuscripts submitted should not have been published earlieror be under simultaneous consideration for publication by anyother Journal. Violation may lead to a retraction of the publishedarticle by the Journal and other actions as deemed necessaryby the editor. All articles (including invited ones) will bepeer-reviewed, and accepted articles edited to the Journal'sstyle. Accepted manuscripts become the permanent property ofthe Journal and may not be reproduced, in whole or in part,without the written permission of the editor.

    Studies involving intervention in human subjects or animalsshould have received the approval of the institutional ethicscommittee. A statement to this effect and that an informedconsent was obtained from participating human subjects mustbe included in the manuscript text. If the institution hasno formal ethics committee, a statement by the authors thatthe terms of the Helsinki Agreement were adhered to will benecessary.

    Manuscripts must conform to the instructions given below:


    The journal only accepts online submissions in electronic format. All new manuscripts must be submitted through Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma online and review website ( ). Authors are requested to submit the text, tables, and figures in electronic form to this address. Please follow the following steps to submit your manuscript:

    1. Open the homepage of the journal's website (
    2. Register yourself for free by clicking on "Register" on the top and create a user profile with a desired username and mandatory details. On submission of the information, you will receive an E-mail confirming your registration along with the "Password".
    3. Click "Log In" on the main navigation menu at the top of the journal screen to open the login page.
    4. Enter your username and password in the appropriate fields (E-mailed to you at the time of registration)
    5. Click "Author Log in", this takes you to the "Author Main Menu".
    Note: Please note that the username and password combination required for Elsevier Editorial System is different from the username and password combination used to "Track your paper" on the Elsevier "Authors' Home" website.

    By submitting a manuscript, the author agrees to the following:

    1. The work is original and free from plagiarism.
    2. It has not been submitted for publication/is not under considerationfor publication at another Journal.
    3. All authors are aware of the order of authorship. The submittingauthor shall be solely responsible in case disputesarise.
    4. Once published, copyright of manuscript shall stand transferredto the Journal.
    5. 'Conflict of interest' if any, must be explicitly stated at theend of the manuscript.

    General: Type the manuscript (using 'Times New Roman' font,size 10) in single space throughout. Please arrange the manuscriptas follows: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Methods,Results, Discussion, and References. Number all pages consecutively,beginning with the title page. Figures and Tables mustbe referred to in the manuscript. Consult a recent issue of theJournal for details. Only the Title page should bear the namesand addresses of the author(s).

    Editorials, perspective and review articles are accepted generallyby invitation.

    Length of articles: Text of original articles should be between2000 and 4000 words. Case reports and other short submissionsneed not have an abstract or all the headings of a full article.

    These may have a short introduction, case description followedby discussion. Please keep the number of illustration and referencesto minimum. Letters discussing or criticizing materialpublished recently in the Journal, brief presentations of data, orthose pertaining to issues of relevance to health policy, practiceof medicine, or the like, are welcome. These should not exceed500 words, 1 table and 5 references.

    Title page: In animal studies, the title should state the species;all other titles will refer to human studies. State names of authors(including first names), degrees, designation, the departments andthe institution where the work was done. The Journal reservesthe right to ask for the contribution of each author to an article.A short, running title, not exceeding 40 characters, should beprovided. Please provide the name, postal address with PIN code,facsimile number and E-mail address of the author to whomcommunications and proofs are to be sent. Acknowledgements,if any, may be mentioned on this page.

    Abstract: The abstract should summarise the most importantpoints in the study. Original articles should include a structuredabstract of about 250 words under the following headings:Background/Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.[See Ann Intern Med 1990; 113: 69-76]. References should notbe included. Less than 10 key words, not present in the title, toassist indexing, should be typed in alphabetical order belowthe Abstract; these may be obtained from the Medical SubjectHeadings (MeSH) database of 'Pubmed'.

    Acknowledgements: These should appear at the end of themanuscript. The source of funding as well as a disclosure statementmentioning conflict of interest, if any, should appearunder this heading.

    References: Number the references in the order in which theyfirst appear in the text and identify the reference numbers inthe text in superscript. References may be placed at the end ofthe manuscript. Publications as abstract and letters should beso identified in parentheses. The responsibility for accuracy ofreferences lies with the respective authors. The Journal is inagreement with the International Committee of MedicalJournal Editors ( The general arrangement,abbreviations of Journal names and punctuations followed areas per the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted toBiomedical Journals ( Please pay attention tothe style of references and punctuations as follows:

    Journal article

    List all authors when six or less as shown in the examplebelow:

    Tallon D, Chard J, Dieppe P. Exploring the priorities of patientswith osteoarthritis of the knee. Arthritis Care Res 2000;13:312-9.

    When there are seven or more authors, list only the first sixand add et al.

    Book or monograph

    Following is an example:

    Cassidy JT. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. In: Textbook ofRheumatology 6th ed, Kelly et al (eds) Philadelphia Saunders2000; pp. 1297-1313.

    Tables: Each Table should be typed on a separate page andnumbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Necessary explanatorynotes, if any, may be given below the Table.

    Figures/Illustrations/Photographs: Illustrations should beclear enough and of appropriate size (5 inch x 7 inch or larger)for better reproduction. If illustrations are scanned, then theyshould be scanned at minimum of 300 dpi. Colour imagesmust be CMYK. Line art drawing must have a minimum resolutionof 1200 dpi. Photographs may be submitted as 'jpg', or 'tiff'files in a zipped folder. In clinical photographs, identity ofthe subjects should be suitably masked; in case this is notpossible, a written permission from the concerned personshould accompany the manuscript. Permission to reproduce any borrowed illustration must be obtained from the authorand the publisher.

    Legends to Figures: The Figure number (numbered consecutivelyin Arabic numerals), title and explanations of the Figuresshould appear in the legend (not on the Figure). Type the legendson a separate page. Enough information should be included tointerpret the Figure without reference to the text.

    Units: All measurements must be in metric units, preferablywith corresponding SI units in parentheses.

    Correspondence: We welcome letters to the Editor on mattersof general orthopaedic concern or about recently published articles.Such letters will be subjected to selection and editing;where appropriate, the authors of the original article will beinvited to reply. The letter should be double-spaced throughout,signed by all authors, and fully referenced. The edited versionwill be returned for approval before publication.

    Address all correspondence to: Prof Lalit Maini, Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma. or Dr Lalit Maini, Delhi OrthopaedicAssociation, Plot No. 69, Tughlakabad Institutional Area, BehindBatra Hospital, New Delhi - 110062.


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