Guide for Authors
The Journal of Bionic Engineering is published by Science Press and is hosted on ScienceDirect.
GUIDE FOR AUTHORS
Submission of manuscripts
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or academic thesis or presentation in conference).
Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to transfer copyright to the publisher. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information.
Manuscripts for consideration should be submitted online at: http://ees.elsevier.com/bionic/ or http://jbe.jlu.edu.cnor by e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Preparation of manuscripts
Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) should be used.
1. Manuscripts should be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscripts checked by an English-speaking colleague prior to submission.
2. Manuscripts should be prepared in single column with wide margins and double spacing throughout. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc. should be numbered. All variables and Greek letters should be in italic, and all constants should be in Times New Roman. Vectors or matrix variables should be in bold italic.
3. Manuscripts in general should be organized in the order: Title page, Abstract, Keywords, Text, Acknowledgement, References, Figures, Tables, List of figure captions.
Title page: This page should contain a concise and descriptive title with no more 80 characters, name(s) of author(s), affiliation(s), city, zip code, country, E-mail of the corresponding author.
Abstract: The abstract should be clear, informative and not longer than 200 words to outline the objective, method and main results.
Keywords: Authors are asked to provide 3 to 6 items for cross-indexing of this paper. The keywords should be placed below the abstract with one space line apart from it.
Text: The text should contain an Introduction to put the paper in proper perspective for the audience, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, and Conclusion sections. Section and subsection headings must be numbered in the decimal system, e.g. 1, 1.1, 1.1.1 etc.; section and subsection headings should not be run within the text; they should be typed on a separate line, without indentation. Upper case is used only for the first letter of the first word of the headings. Equations should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals in parentheses on the right-hand margin and cited in the text, e.g. Eq. (1).
Illustrations: Each illustration must be prepared on a separate page; never embodying the illustrations in the Text. Illustrations should be companied by appropriate captions and numbered according to their sequence in the text, e.g. Fig. 1, Fig. 2a. The text should include references to all illustrations. A separate page should be used to list the captions of the illustrations at the end of the manuscript. The width of a single column illustration is 8 cm and that of a double page illustration is 16 cm; therefore, if possible, make illustrations close to these two sizes; otherwise, attention should be paid that after reduction the illustrations should be clearly readable. In illustrations, the data line should be thicker than the axes.
Tables: Each table must be prepared on a separate page; never embodying the tables in the Text. Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title and be numbered according to its sequence in the text, e.g. Table 1, Table 2. The text should include references to all tables. The headings of columns should include proper abbreviations of units in parentheses, e.g. (g), (mm). Any explanation essential to the understanding of the table should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table.
Acknowledgements: Individuals or group other than the authors who were direct help in the work should be acknowledged. Information on research grants should be mentioned here.
References: References should be typed on separate page. All references should be numbered in Arabic numerals according to their sequence in the text and bracketed, e.g. , [2,3] and [4–7] as superscripts. Personal communications and unpublished data are not acceptable as references. Different kinds of references should be referred to as follows.
•Papers in periodicals should be referred in the order: name of author(s), title of paper, name of periodical (in italic), year, Volume (in bold), and pages. For example:
 Vincent J F V. Dynamics of drying in phenolically tanned materials. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2004, 1, 4–8.
•Books should be referred to in the order: name of author(s), title of books (in italic), publishing house, city, year, and pages. For example:
 Ren L Q. Optimum Design and Analysis of Experiments, 2nd ed, Higher Education Press, Beijing, 2003. (in Chinese)
•Papers in conference proceedings should be referred to in the order: name of author(s), title of paper, name of conference (in italic), city, country, year, and pages. For example:
 Ren L Q, Tong J, Li J Q, Chen B C. Soil adhesion and biomimetics of soil-engaging components in anti-adhesion against soil: A review. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference of ISTVS, Munich, Germany, 1999, 233–240.
•Website online publication should be referred in the order: name of author(s) (if available), title of paper or web page, [date], and website address. For example:
 Stockman A, Sharpe L T. Color & Vision Database, [2005-04-05], http://cvision.ucsd.edu
Disclosure and Conflicts of InterestHazards and Human or Animal Subjects
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. Examples of potential conflicts of interest which should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest stage possible.
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) have approved them. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.