Subscriptions for the year 2015, Volume 48, 16 issues
Guest Access to Abstracts - Abstracts to all Elsevier journals are freely accessible on ScienceDirect.Access now
PatientINFORM - A program in which publishers and health organizations provide patients and their caregivers access to up-to-date research about specific diseases. PatientINFORM provides links to full-text articles for free or for a minimal fee.More info
Research4Life - Provides users in developing countries with access to agricultural, health and environmental research, either for free or at deeply discounted rates.More info
Open Archives - A growing number of Elsevier journals open articles after a designated period of time. Articles in this journal are freely available after 24 months)Access now
Walk-in Access - We provide public walk-in access to our ScienceDirect platform. Almost all universities have implemented this option, please contact your local university for more details.
You may already have access.
Most research libraries and institutions subscribe to Elsevier journals via our online platform ScienceDirect. Check with your librarian or information specialist to see if you have access.
Researchers who are not affiliated to an institution, or who would simply like convenient access to a title not available from their library, can take advantage of our personal access options.
Pay-Per-View - A credit card based transactional article sale option for occasional corporate or unaffiliated users accessing ScienceDirect.More info
Single Articles and Titles
Institutional online access - Purchase online access to this journal on ScienceDirect for up to 5 authorized usersOrder now
Institutional online access - Purchase online access to this journal on ScienceDirect for more than 5 authorized usersOrder now
Pre-paid Transactions - Institutional customers can purchase bundles of prepaid articles and eBook chapters on ScienceDirect. Pricing is based on request. More info
ArticleChoice - Pre-purchased bundles of 5, 10, 20, 50 or 100 articles and eBook chapters. For more details click here.More info
Collections - great value for institutes with a specific research focus
Subject Collections - Any of 27 Subject Collections can be added to your Complete agreement, with or without the options of discipline based Intermediate Backfiles (1995 to current) or Backfiles (1994 and older). More info
Comprehensive Access - best value for broad based research institutes
Freedom Collection - Access virtually all the journals on ScienceDirect. More info
See additional information about Conditions of sale & ordering procedures, and links to our regional sales offices.
Medical practitioners, orthopaedic surgeons, rheologists, dentists, biomedical engineers, mechanical engineers, physiologists, physiotherapists, applied physicists, plastic surgeons, materials scientists, metallurgists.
Commenced publication 1968
Journal Issue Dispatch Dates
The dispatch dates of the last 12 months are given with a maximum of 12 issues
|47||1||23 January 2014|
|47||2||21 January 2014|
|47||3||4 February 2014|
|47||4||25 March 2014|
|47||5||25 March 2014|
|47||6||8 April 2014|
|47||7||30 April 2014|
|47||8||23 May 2014|
|47||9||18 June 2014|
|47||10||25 June 2014|
|47||11||19 August 2014|
|47||12||24 September 2014|
|47||13||15 October 2014|
|47||14||7 November 2014|
|47||15||25 November 2014|