Guide for Authors
The Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies (JAMS) is a bimonthly, peer-reviewed journal featuring high-quality studies related to basic and clinical acupuncture and meridian research. It also includes new paradigm of integrative research, covering East–West and traditional–modern medicine. The following subjects will be covered by the journal: acupressure, electroacupuncture, laser therapy, pharmacopuncture (aqua-acupuncture, bee venom therapy, eight principle pharmacopuncture, meridian pharmacopuncture, moxibustion, Sasang constitutional medicine), herbal medicine, veterinary acupuncture, and related animal studies. Articles on general health science and other modalities, such as anthroposophy, homeopathy, ayurveda, bioelectromagnetic therapy, chiropractic, neural therapy and meditation, are eligible for consideration if the articles are related to acupuncture and meridian studies.
The Editorial Board requires authors to be in compliance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (URMs); current URMs are available at http://www.icmje.org
1. Manuscript Submission
Authors are requested to submit their manuscript through the Elsevier Editorial System, available at http://ees.elsevier.com/jams. Any further inquiry relating to manuscript submission, please contact the Editorial Office (firstname.lastname@example.org).Important information
- Articles submitted by e-mail should be in Microsoft Word document format (*.doc) and prepared in the simplest form possible. We will add in the correct font, font size, margins and so on according to the journal's style.
- You may use automatic page numbering, but do NOT use other kinds of automatic formatting such as footnotes, endnotes, headers and footers.
- Put text, references, tables, figures, and legends in one file, with each table and figure on a new page.
- Figures that are line drawing or photographs must be submitted separately in high-resolution EPS or TIFF format (or alternatively in high-resolution JPEG format). Please ensure that files are supplied at the correct resolution of a minimum of 300 dpi. The files are to be named according to the figure number and format, e.g. Fig1.tif.
Please ensure that the following submission documents are also included, where applicable:
(1) A cover letter. It must include your name, address, telephone and fax numbers, e-mail address, and a list of up to five suggested reviewers with their contact information, and state that all authors have contributed to the paper and have never submitted the manuscript, in whole or in part, to other journals.
(2) A conflict of interest disclosure statement (see relevant section below).
(3) Articles covering the use of human samples in research and human experiments must be approved by the relevant review committee (see relevant section below)
(4) Articles covering the use of animals in experiments must be approved by the relevant authorities
(5) Articles where human subjects can be identified in descriptions, photographs or pedigrees must be accompanied by a signed statement of informed consent to publish (in print and online) the descriptions, photographs and pedigrees from each subject who can be identified (see relevant section below)
(6) Where material has been reproduced from other copyrighted sources, the letter(s) of permission from the copyright holder(s) to use the copyrighted sources must be supplied.2. Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest
All authors are required to sign and submit the following financial disclosure statement at the time of manuscript submission:
- I certify that all my affiliations with or financial involvement in, within the past 5 years and foreseeable future, any organization or entity with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript are completely disclosed (e.g. employment, consultancies, honoraria, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, grants or patents received or pending, royalties).
3. Ethical Approval of StudiesFor human or animal experimental investigations, appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee approval is required, and such approval should be stated in the methods section of the manuscript. For those investigators who do not have formal ethics review committees, the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki should be followed (World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. Available at: http://www.wma.net/e/policy/pdf/17c.pdf).
4. Identification of Patients in Descriptions, Photographs and PedigreesA signed statement of informed consent to publish (in print and online) patient descriptions, photographs and pedigrees should be obtained from all subjects (parents or legal guardians for minors) who can be identified (including by the subjects themselves) in such written descriptions, photographs or pedigrees. Such persons should be shown the manuscript before its submission. Omitting data or making data less specific to de-identify patients is acceptable, but changing any such data is not acceptable.
5. Previous Publication or Duplicate SubmissionSubmitted manuscripts are considered with the understanding that they have not been published previously in print or electronic format (except in abstract or poster form) and are not under consideration in totality or in part by another publication or electronic medium.
6. Basic CriteriaArticles should be written in English (using American English spelling) and meet the following basic criteria: the material is original, the information is important, the writing is clear, concise and grammatically correct, the study methods are appropriate, the data are valid, and the conclusions are reasonable and supported by the data. For non-native English-speaking authors, we suggest that manuscripts be checked and edited by a native English speaker. For more information on language editing services, please refer to http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/authorsview.authors/languagepolishing.7. Categories of Articles
7.1. Review Articles
These describe new developments of significance in the field of acupuncture and meridian studies, and highlight unresolved questions and future directions. Most reviews are solicited by the editors, but unsolicited submissions may also be considered for publication. Review articles should have an Abstract, an Introduction, and brief main headings. The text should be limited to 5000 words (including tables, figures and references).7.2. Research Articles
These are expected to present major advances and important new research results related to acupuncture and meridian studies. Section headings should be: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if applicable), and References. The text should be limited to 4000 words (including figures and references).
7.3. Brief Reports7.4. Clinical Case ReportsThese are short peer-reviewed papers presenting novel findings in clinical studies. Section headings should be: Abstracts, Introduction, Case report, and Discussion. The text should be limited to 2000 words (including figures and references). A maximum of 4 figures/tables may be included.
These are short peer-reviewed papers presenting novel results in basic acupuncture and meridian studies. Section headings should be: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and References. The text should be limited to 2000 words (including figures and references). A maximum of 4 figures/tables may be included.
7.5. Technical NotesThese include short comments and replies to articles on topical issues published in the journal. They also present new techniques for instruments and herbal drugs. Receipt of technical notes will not be acknowledged norare authors generally consulted before publication. The text should be limited to 400 words (including spaces) and accepted manuscripts are subject to editing for clarity and space.7.6. Book Reviews
These evaluate books on acupuncture and meridian studies and related subjects. Receipt of book reviews will not be acknowledged nor are authors generally consulted before publication. The text should be limited to 400 words (including spaces) and accepted manuscripts are subject to editing for clarity and space.
7.7. Letters to the EditorThese are letters about readers' opinions or issues of concern on previously published articles in the journal. Receipt of letters will not be acknowledged nor are authors generally consulted before publication. The text should be limited to 400 words (including spaces) and accepted letters are subject to editing for clarity and space.8. Manuscript Preparation
Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced throughout. Each section of the manuscript should begin on a new page. Pages should be numbered consecutively and organized as follows.8.1. Title Page
The title page should contain the following information:
- category of paper
- article title*
- names (spelled out in full) of all authors**, and the institutions with which they are affiliated
- short running title not exceeding 50 characters
- corresponding author details (name, e-mail address, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers)
- declaration of any source of financial support
* The article title should not exceed two lines in print. This equates to 100 characters (including spaces) for articles. The article title does not normally include numbers, acronyms, abbreviations or punctuation. It should include sufficient detail for indexing purposes but be general enough for readers outside the field to appreciate what the paper is about.
** The name of each author should be written with the family name last, e.g. Charles Darwin. Authorship is restricted only to direct participants who have contributed significantly to the work.8.2. Abstracts
Abstracts for Review Articles, Research Articles, Brief Reports and Case Reports are unstructured and should not exceed 200 words, with 4-6 relevant key words provided in alphabetical order.
8.3. Main Text8.3.1. Abbreviations
The text for Research Articles should include the following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. The Introduction should be as concise as possible, without subheadings. The Materials and Methods section should be sufficiently detailed. Subheadings may be used to organize the Results and Discussion. Sections for Brief Reports are: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. Sections for Case Reports are: Introduction, Case Presentation, and Discussion. Each section should begin on a new page.
Where a term/definition will be continually referred to, it must be written in full when it first appears in the text, followed by the subsequent abbreviation in brackets. Thereafter, the abbreviation may be used. The use of abbreviations should be kept to a minimum.
8.3.2. Ethical Approval8.3.3. Informed Consent
For human or animal experimental investigations, appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee approval is required, and such approval should be stated in the methods section. Investigators who do not have formal ethics review committees should state whether the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki were followed. For work involving experimental animals, the guidelines for the care and use of the animals that were followed should be included in the methodssection.
For investigations of human subjects, state explicitly in the methods section that informed consent was obtained from all participating adult subjects and from parents or legal guardians for minors or incapacitated adults, together with the manner in which informed consent was obtained (i.e. oral or written).
8.3.4. Identification of Patients in Descriptions, Photographs, and Pedigrees8.3.5. Units
Omitting data or making data less specific to de-identify patients is acceptable, but changing any such data is not acceptable.
Système International (SI) units must be used, with the exception of blood pressure values which are to be reported in mmHg. Please use the metric system for the expression of length, area, mass, and volume. Temperatures are to be given in degrees Celsius.
8.3.6. Drug Names8.3.7 Acupuncture Nomenclature and Traditional Medicine Terminologies
Use the Recommended International Non-proprietary Name for medicinal substances, unless the specific trade name of a drug is directly relevant to the discussion.
Refer to the Standard Acupuncture Nomenclature (http://www.wpro.who.int/publications/pub_9290611057.htm) and WHO International Standard Terminologies on Traditional Medicine in the Western Pacific Region (http://www.wpro.who.int/publications/PUB_9789290612487.htm) published by the World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific.
8.3.8. Controlled Trials of Acupuncture in Clinical Studies8.3.9. Statistical Requirements
Use the preferred reporting criteria based on the Guidelines for Clinical Research in Acupuncture (http://www.wpro.who.int/publications/pub_9290611146.htm).
Statistical analysis is essential for all research papers except case reports. Use correct nomenclature of statistical methods (e.g. two sample t test, not unpaired t test). All p values should be presented to the third decimal place for accuracy, unless they are less than 0.001. Descriptive statistics should follow the scales used in data description. Inferential statistics are important for interpreting results and should be described in detail.
8.3.10. Acknowledgments8.4. References
General acknowledgments for consultations, statistical analysis, etc., should be listed at the end of the text, including the names of the individuals involved. All financial and material support for the research and the work should be clearly and completely identified. Ensure that any conflicts of interest are explicitly declared.
- References should be assembled on a separate sheet and should be limited to those cited in the text.
- Each reference citation within the main body of the text should be an Arabic numeral enclosed in square brackets on the same line as the text, not a superscript.
- References must be numbered consecutively in order of appearance in the text, and listed in numerical order in the reference list: do not alphabetize.
- References cited in tables or figure legends should be included in sequence at the point where the table or figure is first mentioned in the main text.
- Abstracts should not be cited unless the abstract is the only available reference to an important concept.
- Do not cite uncompleted work or work that has not yet been accepted for publication as references.
- References should include the complete title of the article and the last names and initials of all the authors up to 6. If there are 7 or more authors, include the last names and initials of the first 6 authors only, followed by "et al".
- Abbreviations for journal titles should conform to those used in MEDLINE.
- If citing a website, please provide the author information, article title, website address and the date you accessed the information.
- Reference to an article that is in press must state the journal name and, if possible, the year and volume.
Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of their references and for correct text citation.Examples are given below.Journal articles:
1. Streitberger K, Steppan J, Maier C, Hill H, Backs J, Plaschke K. Effects of verum acupuncture compared to placebo acupuncture on quantitative EEG and heart rate variability in healthy volunteers. J Altern Complement Med 2008;14:505-13
2. Yeh GY, Ryan MA, Phillips RS, Audette JF. Doctor training and practice of acupuncture: results of a survey. J Eval Clin Pract 2008;14:439-45
3. Langhorst J, Häuser W, Irnich D, Speeck N, Felde E, Winkelmann A, et al. Alternative and complementary therapies in fibromyalgia syndrome. Schmerz 2008;22:324-33. [In German]
Robinson AJ, Snyder-Mackler L. Clinical Electrophysiology: Electrotherapy and Electrophysiologic Testing, 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007.
Baldry P. Acupuncture treatment of fibromyalgia and myofascial pain. In: Chaitow L, ed. Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Practitioner's Guide to Treatment, 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2003:113-27.
Pacak K, Aguilera G, Sabban E, Kvetnansky R, eds. Stress: Current Neuroendocrine and Genetic Approaches. 8th Symposium on Catecholamines and Other Neurotransmitters in Stress, June 28-July 3, 2003, Smolenice Castle, Slovakia. New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 2004.
National Cancer Institute. Acupuncture (PDQ). Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/cam/acupuncture [Date accessed: July 21, 2008]
8.5. Tables8.6. FiguresThe number of figures should be restricted to the minimum necessary to support the textual material. Figures should be labeled in Arabic numerals in the order of their citation in the text. All symbols and abbreviations should be defined in the legend. Figure legends should indicate the anatomic area and/or pathologic condition shown. Patient identification should be obscured. All lettering should be done professionally and should be in proportion to the drawing, graph or photograph. For photomicrographs, include the type of specimen, original magnification, and stain.
Tables should supplement, not duplicate, the text. They should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals in the order of their citation in the text. Tables should be typed double-spaced on separate pages in as simple a form as possible, with a short descriptive title typed directly above and with essential footnotes below. Information requiring explanatory footnotes should be denoted using these symbols (in order of appearance): *, †, ‡, §, ∥, ¶, #, **, ††, ‡‡. Abbreviations used in the table must be defined in the footnotes. If you include data from another source, whether published or unpublished, you must acknowledge the original source.
Each figure should be submitted separately in high-resolution EPS or TIFF format (or alternatively in high-resolution JPEG format). Please ensure that files are supplied at the correct resolution of a minimum of 300 dpi. The files are to be named according to the figure number and format, e.g. Fig1.tif.9. Editorial and Peer Review Process
As a general rule, the receipt of a manuscript will be acknowledged by e-mail within 2 weeks of submission, and authors will be provided with a manuscript number for future correspondence. If such an acknowledgment is not received in a reasonable period of time, the author should contact the Editorial Office.Manuscripts are reviewed by the Editorial Office to ensure that the submission contains all parts. The Editorial Office will not accept a submission if the author has not supplied all parts of the manuscript as outlined in this document.
Manuscripts are then forwarded to the Editor-in-Chief, who makes an initial assessment of the manuscript. If the manuscript does not appear to be of sufficient merit or is not appropriate for the journal, then the manuscript will be rejected.Manuscripts that appear meritorious and appropriate for the journal are reviewed by at least two Editorial Board members or consultants assigned by the Editor-in-Chief. Authors should, at the time of manuscript submission, also submit a list of up to five suggested reviewers whom they wish to review their manuscript. Authors will usually be notified within 10 weeks by e-mail of whether the submitted article is accepted for publication, rejected, or subject to revision before acceptance. However, do note that delays are sometimes unavoidable.
The publisher of Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Elsevier, is a member of the CrossCheck plagiarism detection initiative. In cases of suspected plagiarism CrossCheck is available to the editors of Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. CrossCheck is a multi-publisher initiative allowing screening of published and submitted content for originality.10. Preparation for Publication
Once a manuscript has been accepted for publication, the authors should submit the final version of their manuscript (in MS Word format) by e-mail to: email@example.comAccepted manuscripts are copy-edited according to the journal's style and the galley proofs in the form of a PDF file are e-mailed by the Publisher to the corresponding author for final approval. Authors are responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made by the copy editor.
11. ReprintsAuthors receive 10 stapled offprints of their articles free of charge, which will be sent by the Editorial Office to the corresponding author. Additional professional reprints (which include a cover page for the article) may be ordered at prices based on the cost of production. A reprint order form is provided by the Publisher, together with the galley proofs.
12. CopyrightPublished manuscripts become the permanent property of the International Pharmacopuncture Institute, and may not be published elsewhere in any form, without written permission.