Indian Heart Journal (IHJ) is the official journal of Cardiological Society of India (CSI) and accepts articles for publication from across the globe. IHJ is a bi-monthly peer-reviewed journal and aims to publish work of the highest quality from all sub-specialties of cardiology- clinical and non-clinical including cardiovascular medicine and surgery. The journal invites original research articles, research briefs, perspective, case reports, case vignette, cardiovascular images, cardiovascular graphics, research letters, correspondence, reader forum, and interesting photographs, for publication. The aim of the publication is to promote research in India and serve as platform for dissemination of scientific information in cardiology particularly from South Asia
Categories of Articles
Articles can be submitted as Original Research Articles, Research Briefs, Review Articles, Perspective, Case Reports, Case Vignettes, Cardiovascular Images, Cardiovascular Graphics, Research Letters and Correspondence, Reader Forum and Interesting Photographs.
Original Research Articles: Original, in-depth research article that represents new and significant contributions to medical science. These articles should report research relevant to clinical cardiology including randomized clinical trials, Cardiac intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic tests, cohort studies, systematic reviews, cost-effectiveness analyses, case control studies and cross-sectional studies. Before reporting a clinical trial we strongly urge the authors to register their clinical trials involving human subjects in CTRI (Clinical Trials Registry of India), available at http://www.ctri.in, hosted by the Indian Council of Medical Research. Each manuscript should be accompanied by a structured abstract of not more than 250 words using the following headings: Objective, Methods (discussing design, setting, participants/patients, interventions (if any) and end-points), Results, and Conclusions. Four to five key words to facilitate indexing should be provided in alphabetical order below the abstract. The text should be arranged in sections on INTRODUCTION, METHODS, RESULTS and DISCUSSION. One line key messages could also be provided at the end of the manuscript in a box under headings: ‘What is Already Known?’ and ‘What this Study Adds?’ Number of tables and figures should be limited to a maximum of 4 and 2, respectively. Extra tables and figures, subject to clearance by editorial review process, can be allowed on payment or may be made available only at the journal website. The typical text length for such contributions is up to 3000 words (including title page, abstract, tables, figures, acknowledgments and key messages). Number of references should be limited to 40.Research Briefs: Brief accounts of descriptive, observational studies, epidemiological assessments, and surveys are published as Research Briefs. A series of cases can also be considered as Research Briefs. Abstract should be unstructured, limited to 100 words, and highlight the aims, methods and main results. Provide 2-3 key words. The text should contain not more than 1000 words, two illustrations/ tables and up to 15 references, preferably recent publications. The text should be arranged in order of INTRODUCTION, METHODS, RESULTS and DISCUSSION. One line key messages could also be provided at the end of the study. The number of authors should be limited to 5.
Review Articles: These are comprehensive review articles on topics of current interest in Cardiology. The review should not exceed 5000 words (including tables, and figures). Authors submitting review articles should include an abstract of around 200 words describing the need and purpose of review, methods used for locating, selecting, extracting and synthesizing data, and main conclusions. The number of references should be limited to 50. Following types of articles can be submitted under this category:
• Newer drugs
• New technologies
• Review of a current concept
Please note that generally review articles are by invitation only. But unsolicited review articles will be considered for publication on merit basis. The authors may consult the Honorary Editor before submitting such articles, as similar reviews may already be in submission. Normally, a review article on a subject already published in Indian Heart Journal in last 3 years is not considered.
Perspective: Articles published under this heading intend to cover challenging and controversial topics of current interest in clinical cardiology and the intersection between medicine and society. The issues covered could be of national, regional (South East Asia) or global interest. Though the articles are usually solicited, we welcome submissions and proposals from researchers and opinion makers, provided they have sufficient credible experience and recognition on the subject for giving opinions. Some manuscripts submitted as ‘Review Articles’ may also be considered for publication under this section at the discretion of editors. The following guidelines need to be followed: The number of authors should be limited to maximum of 3. The topic should be specific and related to the practice of cardiology in general. Word limit: 2000 words and may include one figure and one table. Unstructured abstract of up to 150 words is acceptable. The views should be supported by appropriate evidence and references. Number of references should be limited to a maximum of 10.
Case Vignette: Reflections of clinical cases focussing on some interesting point may also be considered. The case should be 200 words, fit in 1 page having 1-2 illustrations and upto 2 references.Cardiovascular Images: Only clinical photographs with/without accompanying skiagrams or pathological images, echocardiography images, angiographic images etc. are considered for publication. Image should clearly identify the condition and have the classical characteristics of the clinical condition. Clinical photographs of condition which are very common, extremely rare, where diagnosis is obvious, or where diagnosis is not at all possible on images alone would not be considered. Photographs should be of high quality, usually 127 × 173 mm (5 × 7 in) but no larger than 203 × 254 mm (8 × 10 in). A short text of about 150 words depicting the condition is needed. Figures should be submitted separately from the text file. The submitted images should be of high resolution (>300 dpi). The following file types are acceptable: TIFF, EPS, and JPEG. The number of authors should not exceed 2. The authors should ensure that images of similar nature have not been published earlier. Authors must obtain signed informed consent from the patient.
Cardiovascular Graphics: This will include any ECG / EP, oximetry or hemodynamic trace which is interesting and makes a teaching point. The graphics need to be limited to 4 and should be followed by a brief commentary to describe the illustration. The commentary should focus on the graphic/s rather than on the clinical presentation/management/outcome. The accompanying commentary should be limited to 150 words.
Research Letters: Under this heading, short communication pertaining to research would be included. Research Letters reporting original research should not exceed 500 words of text and upto 5 references. They may have no more than 4 authors; other persons who have contributed to the study may be indicated in an acknowledgment section, with their permission. An abstract of up to 50 words reporting the key findings should also be included. Letters must not duplicate other material published, submitted or planned to be submitted for publication. In general, the matter of the letter could be unstructured but should follow the general sequence of introduction, methods, results and discussion and all other standard guidelines of a manuscript.
Reader Forum: Readers may send questions of common interest. Editorial board will try to solicit answers from experts; and publish them, if found suitable.Interesting Photograph: These are unsolicited photographs, not necessarily related to the mandate of the Journal, published as space fillers. There are no restrictions on subject matter, but photographs of familiar people are generally not published. A digital picture of 300 dpi or higher resolution in TIFF, EPS, and JPEG format needs to be submitted.
Contact details for submission
If assistance is required by the authors, please refer to the tutorials for authors and/or customer support that are available on the EES website; you may also contact the Editorial Office. Please do not post, fax or e-mail your manuscripts to the Editorial Office.
Indian Heart Journal
Dr Sundeep Mishra
Department of Cardiology
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
New Delhi - 110029, India
Email: email@example.com Ethics in publishing
For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see http://www.elsevier.com/publishingethics and http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/ethics.
Human and animal rights
If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html; EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/lab_animals/legislation_en.htm; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals http://www.icmje.org. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.
All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. If there are no conflicts of interest then please state this: 'Conflicts of interest: none'. See also http://www.elsevier.com/conflictsofinterest. Further information and an example of a Conflict of Interest form can be found at: http://help.elsevier.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/286/p/7923.
Submission declaration and verification
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see http://www.elsevier.com/sharingpolicy), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck http://www.elsevier.com/editors/plagdetect.
All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted.
Changes to authorship
This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:
Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.
After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.
Randomized controlled trials should be presented according to the CONSORT guidelines. At manuscript submission, authors must provide the CONSORT checklist accompanied by a flow diagram that illustrates the progress of patients through the trial, including recruitment, enrollment, randomization, withdrawal and completion, and a detailed description of the randomization procedure. The CONSORT checklist and template flow diagram can be found on http://www.consort-statement.org.
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Informed consent and patient details
Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals in an Elsevier publication. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to Elsevier on request. For more information, please review the Elsevier Policy on the Use of Images or Personal Information of Patients or other Individuals, http://www.elsevier.com/patient-consent-policy. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.
Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word, LaTeX) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.
The Indian Heart Journal accepts online submissions in electronic format. All new manuscripts must be submitted through Indian Heart Journal online and review Website (http://ees.elsevier.com/ihj). Please follow the following steps to submit your manuscript:
1. Open the homepage of the Journal's Website http://ees.elsevier.com/ihj
2. Register yourself for free by clicking on register on the top and create a user profile with a desired username and mandatory details. On submission of the information, you will receive an e-mail confirming your registration along with the "Password".
3. "Log In" on the main navigation menu (at the top of the journal screen to open the login page) using the username and password emailed to you at the time of registration.
4. Click "Author Log in", this takes you to the "Author Main Menu".
Criteria for Acceptance
All manuscripts should meet the following criteria: the material is original, study methods are appropriate, data are sound, conclusions are reasonable and supported by the data, and the information is important; the topic has general cardiology interest; and that the article is written in reasonably good English. Knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP) studies are generally not accepted. The article should be submitted strictly in the style of Indian Heart Journal (vide infra). Manuscripts which do not follow the guidelines are likely to be sent back to authors without initiating the peer-review process. The current acceptance rate of submitted articles is higher for original studies but lower for case reports and review articles. In general review articles should be submitted only after consulting with the Editorial office. All accepted manuscripts are subject to editorial modifications to suit the language and style of Indian Heart Journal and suggestions may be made to the authors by the Editorial Board to improve the scientific value of the journal. Manuscripts once accepted will be edited in accordance with Editorial Policy and returned to the author for approval. Rejected manuscripts are retained for three months to answer any queries. The journal reserves the right to analyze the information obtained from submitted manuscripts as a part of editorial research to improve the peer-review process and for teaching and training activities; this does not include use of the manuscript data.
Submit your article
Please submit your article via http://ees.elsevier.com/ihj/.
The covering letter should explain any deviation from the standard IMRAD (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) format and should outline the importance and uniqueness of the work. It should include the signed declaration from all authors on:
1. The category of manuscript (original research, review articles, case reports etc.
2. Statement that the material has not been previously published or submitted elsewhere for publication (This restriction does not apply to abstracts published in connection with scientific meetings.) 3. Transfer of copyright to the Indian Heart Journal upon the acceptance of the manuscript for publication
4. All authors have reviewed the article and agree with its contents
5. Information of any conflicts of interest (of any) of the authors
6. Sources of research support, if any, including funding, equipment, and drugs
The covering letter should also include the mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
The manuscripts should comply with the following guidelines. Title page (Page 1) should contain:
• Brief abstract of the article (For Original articles, review articles and case reports)
• Name(s) of author(s), their academic qualifications and current affiliations
• Name, mailing and e-mail addresses of the corresponding author
• Key words
• Information relating to any conflicts of interest of any of the authors and sources of research support, if any, including funding, equipment, and drugs should be included in the manuscript before references. Also include acknowledgement of financial support, if any.
The title represents the subject matter of the manuscript. A subtitle can be added if necessary. The title should be brief and comprehensive. Keywords should be the listed terms in the medical subject's headings (MeSH) of the Index Medicus, to help in easy indexing.The manuscript should be well organized and written in simple and correct English under appropriate headings. The abbreviations and acronyms should be spelled out when they occur first time.
The Introduction should address the subject of the paper. The Methods section should describe in adequate detail the laboratory or study methods followed and state the statistical procedures employed in the research. This section should also identify the ethical guidelines followed by the investigators with regard to the population, patient samples or animal specimens used. A statement should be made that their study conforms to widely accepted ethical principles guiding human research (such as the Declaration of Helsinki) AND also that their study has been approved by a local ethics committee.The Results section should be concise and include pertinent findings and necessary tables and figures. The Discussion should contain conclusions based on the major findings of the study, a review of the relevant literature, clinical application of the conclusions and future research implications. Following the Discussion, Acknowledgements of important contributors and funding agencies may be given. The editorial office must receive written, signed consent from each contributor recognized in the Acknowledgements because the statement can imply endorsement of data and conclusions. Subdivision - numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
• Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
• Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
• Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
• Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI.
Units of measurement should be given in conventional units. All bio-clinical measurements should be given in conventional units, with Systeme International d'unites (SI) units given in parenthesis. Generic rather than trade names of drugs should be used.
Figures and graphics
1. For graphics, a digital picture of 300 dpi or higher resolution in TIFF, EPS, and JPEG format should be submitted.
2. Figures should be in Arabic numerals, consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text, if there is more than 1 figure. Each figure should be cited in the text.
3. Each figure/illustration should be provided with a suitable legend that includes enough information to permit its interpretation without reference to the text.
4. All photomicrographs should indicate the magnification of the prints.
5. When symbols, arrows, numbers or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, each one should be explained clearly in the legend.
• Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
• Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
• Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.
• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
• Provide captions to illustrations separately.
• Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the published version.
• Submit each illustration as a separate file.
A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website:
You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.
If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format.
Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.
Please do not:
• Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors;
• Supply files that are too low in resolution;
• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.
Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF) or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color online (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) in addition to color reproduction in print. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules.
1. Number tables in the order of their find it citation in the text. Each table should be cited in the text in Arabic numerals.
2. Titles should be brief and a short or abbreviated heading for each column should be given. Explanatory matter should be placed in footnotes and not in the heading.
3. Abbreviations in each table should be explained in footnotes.
4. The data presented in a table should not be repeated in the text or figure.
The authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references and their citations in the text.
1. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text.
2. References in text, tables and legends should be identified by superscript Arabic numerals at the end of the sentence outside any punctuation. If several different studies or papers are cited within one sentence, the number should be placed where it will accurately identify the correct study.
3. The names of authors in the text should concur with the reference list.
4. References cited only in tables or in legends to figures should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or illustration.
5. Abstracts as references may be used; "unpublished observations" and "personal communications" may not be used as references, although references to written, not oral, communications may be inserted (in parentheses) in the text.
6. Papers accepted but not yet published may be included as references by adding "In press" after the journal name. Information from manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" (in parentheses).
7. In general: • All authors/editors should be listed unless the number exceeds three, when you should give three followed by "et al." • Full page number for first page and as many digits as are changed for final page need to be mentioned. For more details and examples of correct forms of references, please refer to ICMJE guidelines sheet at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html.
The Indian Heart Journal commits to high ethical and scientific standards. Submitted manuscripts are considered with the understanding that they have not been published previously in print or electronic format (except in abstract or poster form) and are not under consideration by another publication or electronic medium.
Statements and opinions expressed in the articles published in the Journal are those of the authors and not necessarily of the Editor. Neither the Editor nor the Publisher guarantees, warrants, or endorses any product or service advertised in the Journal.
Submitted manuscripts are reviewed by two or more referees along with a section editor to determine whether an article is suitable for publication in IHJ based on their scientific merit, originality, validity of the material presented and readability. Decision about provisional or final acceptance is communicated within 8-12 weeks.
Elsevier accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com. In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please provide the data in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. For more detailed instructions please visit our artwork instruction pages at http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.
• Covering letter mentioning.
• Manuscript category.
• Single-journal submission affirmation.
• Sources of funding, equipment, drugs.
• Informed patient consent statement. /ethical approval
• Funding agency's role in data interpretation
Use of the Digital Object Identifier
The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B):
When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.
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If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and upload your edits on the PDF version. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods to the online version and PDF.
We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.
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