Guide for Authors

    GEOSCIENCE FRONTIERS (GSF) is a bi-monthly international journal that publishes in English significant original research articles and high quality reviews of recent advances in the frontier fields of Earth Sciences - including stratigraphy and paleontology, mineralogy and petrology, economic geology and fuel exploration, structural geology, lithospheric tectonics, environmental and engineering geology, hydrogeology, astrogeology, marine geology, geophysics and geochemistry. GSF is a broad spectrum journal that provides a bridge to link interdisciplinary research in areas of global focus. The article categories include high profile review papers under the category of GSF Focus published together with author vitae and photographs, regular research papers, discussions and book reviews. Selected color figures of accepted papers will be printed free of cost in color in the Journal. GSF also provides gratis reprints and complimentary journal copy. Open access to full text of all articles published in GSF is provided through Elsevier's ScienceDirect platform.

    Manuscripts should generally not exceed 10,000 words, excluding figures, tables and references.

    Title page: please provide the following information on the title page.


    The title should be concise and informative. Choose as few words as possible to describe the contents of the paper adequately.

    Author names and affiliations

    List the authors on the title page by full names whenever possible. Chinese contributors' names should be written with authors' given names first, followed by surnames; for example: Huilin Zheng. List authors' affiliations and addresses below each name, including the full postal address and country name.

    Corresponding Author

    Please clearly indicate who will handle all stages of refereeing, publication, and post-publication, If that person is not the first author. Ensure that person's telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided, in addition to e-mail and complete postal addresses.

    Abstract (may be placed on a separate page following the title page)

    Each manuscript must be accompanied by an informative abstract of no more than one paragraph and up to 350 words. The abstract should state briefly the nature of the study, its principal results and major conclusions. It should not state what the paper intends to do or what will be discussed.


    Please provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of") immediately after the abstract. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

    This section should provide sufficient background information to allow readers to understand the context and significance of the problem.

    The methodology employed in the work should be described in sufficient detail.

    The results section contains applications of the methodology described above and their earth science interpretation.

    Discussion of the research in the context of similar or earlier studies

    This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them.

    Place acknowledgments, including information on grants received, before the references in a separate section, and not as a footnote on the title page.

    Reference list
    The reference list is placed at the end of a manuscript, immediately following the acknowledgments and appendices (if any).

    Figures and tables
    Each figure and table must be called out (mentioned) sequentially in the text of the paper. Each figure must have a caption, and each table must have a heading.

    Spacing and paragraphs

    All parts of the manuscript must be double-spaced in 12-point type using Times New Roman. Each paragraph must be indented. The manuscript text file should not be in pdf format.

    Page numbers

    Page numbers must appear on all pages of text, including references and figure captions. Continuous line numbers should also be inserted from the first page onwards.


    Text can use up to two heading categories in the format shown below.


    Triassic stratigraphy and depositional environments

    Central and eastern Helan Mountains

    Western Helan Mountains

    Sediment composition and provenance

    Figures and tables

    In the manuscript, figures should not be embedded in the text. Figure files, sequentially numbered and referred to in the manuscript text, should be submitted separately in .jpg, .tif or .eps format. Figure captions should be listed at the end of the manuscript on a separate page before the first figure page.

    Tables, including should not be included within the text but should be separately submitted. The manuscript text should carry a list of the table captions.


    Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list. Do not list references that are not cited in the text.

    Citations in the text should be listed as follows:
    1. Single author: the author’s name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;

    2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;

    3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al. " and the year of publication.

    Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be first listed chronologically, then alphabetically.

    Examples: "as demonstrated (Allan and Jones, 1995; Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999). Kramer et al. (2000) have recently shown ... "

    : Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list. Do not list references that are not cited in the text. References (single or multi-authored) should first be arranged alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. Note: All authors should be listed by name.

    Reference to a journal publication:

    Iwamori, H., Zhao, D.P., 2000. Melting and seismic structure beneath the northeastern Japan arc. Geophysical Research Letters 27, 425-428.

    Reference to a book:

    Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 1979. The Elements of Style, third ed. Macmillan, New York, 384 pp.

    Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

    Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 1999. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281-304.

    Reference to a thesis or dissertation:

    Amory, J.Y., 1996. Permian sedimentation and tectonics of southern Mongolia. M.S. thesis, Stanford University, 183 pp.

    Reference to a paper in a conference proceeding:

    Ishibuchi, H., Nozaki, K., Tanaka, H., 2001. Fuzzy data mining: effect of fuzzy discretization, in: Proc. 1st IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, San Jose, CA, 241-248.

    Reference for a paper in press:

    Kryszkiewicz M. Knowledge reduction in information systems. Acta Mathematica Scientia, in press.

    Note: Internal reports (unpublished) and personal communications are not accepted in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text, e.g., (G.M. Levy, 1984, Geonics Ltd. Tech., note TN-16) and (J. Smith, personal communication, 2006).

    Graphical abstract

    A Graphical abstract is required and should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. See for examples.

    All illustrations must be submitted in electronic format.


    Standard column sizes are 20 picas, or 3.33 inches, for one-column figures and 26 picas, or 4.33 inches, for one-and-one-third-column figures at required resolution.


    All graphic illustrations should use Arial or Helvetica fonts.


    All illustrations, graphics and photographs, must have a resolution of at least 300 dots per inch (dpi).


    Color figures are formatted using CMYK (cyan-magenta-yellow-black), not RGB (red-green-blue).

    Page and color charges

    If your manuscript is accepted for publication in GEOSCIENCE FRONTIERS, there will be no page charges, and selected color figures will also be printed in color free of charge. Authors are encouraged to submit attractive colored versions of the figures accompanying their manuscripts.


    The corresponding author will be provided with a complimentary PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file includes a cover sheet with the journal cover. After publication of your article, China University of Geosciences (Beijing) will also provide the corresponding authors with one paper copy of the journal as well as 30 free offprints. Additional offprints can be ordered by the authors through GSF editorial office (

    General preparation tips

    TIFF files are saved with LZW compression enabled.

    Do not embed figures in documents. Do not submit figures in Microsoft Word or PowerPoint.

    • All submissions should be made through the online manuscript submission system of Elsevier for Geoscience Frontiers by logging in as an author: at Submissions by e-mail attachment to the editorial office are not entertained.

    Telephone Support for Chinese speaking users is available. Call at +86 10 85208780 (Available from 9:00 to 17:30 CST)

    • The article type should be selected from the pull down menu

    • The title, abstract and key words should be copied and pasted in the appropriate columns

    • The author list and contact details should be entered

    • A list of at least four potential reviewers with names and e-mails should be submitted

    • The following electronic files should be uploaded: (1) Cover letter, in Word file; (2) Research Highlights in Word file. Research Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They must comprise three short sentences, approximately 85 characters each sentence, and each sentence beginning with a bullet mark; (3) Graphical Abstract as a figure file in .tif, .eps or .jpg file. A Graphical Abstract is mandatory for this journal. It should be a fully colored and elegantly presented figure that would capture the attention of the reader. The Graphical Abstract can be a copy of a figure from the manuscript, or a mosaic of few panels arranged horizontally across in ‘landscape format’ with the horizontal axis of the figure about 3 times in length as compared to the vertical axis. There should be no figure caption, and the labeling inside the figures should be minimal and in large fonts. See for examples; (4) Manuscript text file in Word with title, author names, abstract, key words, text, references, figure and table captions; (5) Figure files: each figure file must be numbered and uploaded separately. Figure files must be in .tif, .eps or .jpg format; (6) Table files: each table file should be numbered and uploaded separately. Table files should be in Excel format; (7) Appendix and lengthy data tables should be uploaded choosing file type as 'e-component' in the EES. These should be mentioned as Supplementary Data in the text. The captions of the Supplementary Tables should be listed under a separate section in the manuscript text, titled as "Supplementary Items".

    • Once all the files are uploaded, build the pdf file through the EES, view the merged pdf file and approve it. Your manuscript will then be submitted to the Journal Office, and will be assigned to an Editor for review processing.

    • All correspondence relating to manuscript submission and other queries should be addressed to the Editorial Office of Geoscience Frontiers at:


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