Guide for Authors
The Formosan Journal of Musculoskeletal Disorders (FJMD)aims to publish high quality scientific research in the fieldof musculoskeletal system, with the goal of promotingand disseminating medical science knowledge to improveglobal health.
Articles on clinical, laboratory and social research inorthopedics and other related fields that are of interestto the medical profession are eligible for consideration.Review articles, original articles, case reports, short communications,technical notes, book reviews and letters tothe editor are accepted. The journal is published quarterly,with a total of 4 issues a year.
The Editorial Board requires authors to be in compliancewith the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted toBiomedical Journals (URMs); current URMs are available at http://www.icmje.org1. Manuscript Submission
The FJMD accepts submissions through email. If assistanceis needed, the Editorial Office can be contacted for any helpnecessary.
- Editorial Office
Formosan Journal of Musculoskeletal Disorders
3F., No. 31, Sec. 5, Nanjing Rd., Songshan Dist.,
Taipei City105, Taiwan
Tel: (886) 968-319-769
Fax: (886) 02 8921 3969
- Articles submitted should be in Microsoft Word documentformat and prepared in the simplest form possible. Wewill add in the correct font, font size, margins and so onaccording to the journal's style.
- You may use automatic page numbering, but do NOT useother kinds of automatic formatting such as footnotes,endnotes, headers and footers.
- Put text, references, and table/figure legends in one file.
- Figures must be submitted as separate picture files, at thecorrect resolution of a minimum of 600 dpi. The files shouldbe named according to the figure number and format, e.g."Fig 1. tif", "Fig 2. jpg".
Please ensure that the following documents are included (referalso to the checklist):
- (1) A cover letter. It must include your name, address,telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address, andstate that all authors have contributed to the paper andhave never submitted the manuscript, in whole or in part,to other journals. Your signature and those of ALL yourcoauthors must be included.
(2) A conflict of interest disclosure statement (see relevantsection below).
(3) A copyright transfer statement.
(4) Articles covering the use of human samples in researchand human experiments must be accompanied by a letter ofapproval from the relevant review committee (see relevantsection below).
(5) Articles covering the use of animals in experimentsmust be accompanied by a letter of approval from therelevant authorities.
(6) Articles where individuals can be identified indescriptions, photographs or pedigrees must beaccompanied by a signed statement of informed consentto publish (in print and online) the descriptions, photographsand pedigrees from each individual who can beidentified (see relevant section below).
(7) Where material has been reproduced from other copyrightedsources, the letter(s) of permission from the copyrightholder(s) to use the copyrighted sources must be supplied.
2. Disclosure of Conflicts of InterestAll authors are required to sign and submit the following financialdisclosure statement at the time of manuscript submission:
- I certify that all my affiliations with or financial involvementin, within the past 5 years and foreseeable future, anyorganization or entity with a financial interest in or financialconflict with the subject matter or materials discussed inthe manuscript are completely disclosed (e.g. employment,consultancies, honoraria, stock ownership or options, experttestimony, grants or patents received or pending, royalties).
3. Ethical Approval of Studies and Informed ConsentFor human or animal experimental investigations, appropriateinstitutional review board or ethics committeeapproval is required, and such approval should be statedin the methods section of the manuscript. For those investigatorswho do not have formal ethics review committees,the principles outlined in the Declaration ofHelsinki should be followed (World Medical Association.Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principles for medical researchinvolving human subjects. Available at: http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html).
For investigation of human subjects, state explicitly inthe methods section of the manuscript that informed consentwas obtained from all participating adult subjects andfrom parents or legal guardians for minors or incapacitatedadults, together with the manner in which informedconsent was obtained (e.g. oral or written).4. Identification of Patients in Descriptions, Photographsand Pedigrees
A signed statement of informed consent to publish (in printand online) patient descriptions, photographs and pedigreesshould be obtained from all subjects (parents or legalguardians for minors) who can be identified (including bythe subjects themselves) in such written descriptions, photographsor pedigrees. Such persons should be shown themanuscript before its submission. Omitting data or makingdata less specific to de-identify patients is acceptable, butchanging any such data is not acceptable.5. Previous Publication or Duplicate Submission
Submitted manuscripts are considered with theunderstanding that they have not been published previouslyin print or electronic format (except in abstract or posterform) and are not under consideration in totality or in partby another publication or electronic medium.6. Basic Criteria
Articles should be written in English (using AmericanEnglish spelling) and meet the following basic criteria: thematerial is original, the information is important, the writingis clear and concise, the study methods are appropriate,the data are valid, and the conclusions are reasonable andsupported by the data.7. Categories of Articles
7.1. Review Articles7.2. Original Articles
These should aim to provide the reader with a balancedoverview of an important and topical subject in the field,and should be systematic and critical assessments of literatureand data sources. They should cover aspects of atopic in which scientific consensus exists as well as aspectsthat remain controversial and are the subject of ongoingscientific research. All articles and data sources reviewedshould include information about the specific type of studyor analysis, population, intervention, exposure, and testsor outcomes. All articles or data sources should be selectedsystematically for inclusion in the review and criticallyevaluated. Review articles are accepted by invitation only.The text should not exceed 4500 words. The format for reviewarticles will be jointly decided by the Editors and thecontributing author.
These articles typically include randomized trials,intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostictests, laboratory and animal studies, cohort studies, costeffectivenessanalyses, case-control studies, and surveyswith high response rates, which represent new and significantcontributions to the field.
Section headings should include Abstract, Introduction,Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if applicable)and References.The Introduction should provide a brief backgroundto the subject of the paper, explain the importance of thestudy, and state a precise study question or purpose.
The Methods section should describe the study design(including the study setting and dates, patients/participantswith inclusion and exclusion criteria, or data sources andhow these were selected for the study), explain the laboratorymethods followed, and state the statistical proceduresemployed in the research.The Results section should comprise the study resultspresented in a logical sequence, supplemented by tablesand/or figures. Take care that the text does not repeat datathat are presented in tables and/or figures. Only emphasizeand summarize the essential features of any interventions,the main outcome measures, and the main results.
The Discussion section should be used to emphasize thenew and important aspects of the study, placing the results incontext with published literature, the implications of the findings,and the conclusions that follow from the study results.The text should not exceed 3500 words.
7.3. Case ReportsThe Introduction should describe the purpose of thepresent report, the significance of the disease and itsspecificity, and briefly review the relevant literature.
These are short discussions of a case or case series with uniquefeatures not previously described that make an importantteaching point or scientific observation. They may describenovel techniques, novel use of equipment, or new informationon diseases of importance. Section headings should be:Abstract, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Acknowledgments(if applicable) and References.
The Case Report should include the general data ofthe case, medical history, family history, chief complaint,present illness, clinical manifestation, methods of diagnosisand treatment, and outcome.The Discussion should compare, analyze and discussthe similarities and differences between the reported caseand similar cases reported in other published articles. Theimportance or specificity of the case should be restatedwhen discussing the differential diagnoses. Suggest theprognosis of the disease and possibility of prevention.
The text should not exceed 2000 words.7.4. Letters to the Editor
Letters are welcome in response to previously publishedarticles, and may also include interesting cases that do notmeet the requirement of being truly exceptional, and othercommunications of general interest. Letters should have a titleand include appropriate references (no more than 5 references),and include the author's mailing and e-mail addresses.Letters are edited, sometimes extensively, to sharpen theirfocus. They may be sent for peer review, at the discretion ofthe Editors. Letters are selected based on clarity, significance,and space. The text should not exceed 500 words.
7.5. Short Communications7.6. Technical Notes
These reports should be concise presentations of clinical orpreliminary experimental results. The abstract should notexceed 150 words. The text should not exceed 1200 words,with no more than four figures or tables and no more than10 references. The editors reserve the right to decide whatconstitutes a Short Communication.
Technical notes are devoted to technical aspects of clinicalor experimental practice that are not fully investigated,verified or perfected, but which may be of widespread application.The text should not exceed 2000 words. Submissionsunder this category will go through a short review andediting process.
7.7. Book Reviews8. Manuscript Preparation
These are written by invited reviewers of newly publishedbooks in the field of orthopedics.
Text should be typed double-spaced on one side of white A4(297 mm x 210 mm) paper, with outer margins of 2.5 cm.A manuscript should include a title page, abstract, text,references, acknowledgments, and figures and tables asappropriate. Each section of the manuscript should beginon a new page. Pages should be numbered consecutively,beginning with the title page.8.1. Title Page
The title page should contain the following information (inorder, from the top to bottom of the page):
- category of paper
- article title
- names (spelled out in full) of all authors*, and the institutionswith which they are affiliated
- corresponding author details (name, e-mail, mailingaddress, telephone and fax numbers)
*The name of each author should be written with the familyname last, e.g. Jing-Long Huang. Authorship is restricted onlyto direct participants who have contributed significantly to thework.
8.2. Abstracts8.3. Main Text
Abstracts should be no more than 300 words in length.Abstracts for Original Articles should be structured,with the section headings: Background/Introduction,Purpose(s)/Aim(s), Methods, Results, Conclusion. Abstractsfor Case Reports are unstructured, but should include thesignificance and purpose of the case presentation, thediagnostic methods of the case, the key data, and briefcomments and suggestions with regard to the case. For allarticle categories, 3-5 relevant key words should also beprovided in alphabetical order.
The text for Original Articles should be organized in sectionsas follows: Background/Introduction, Purpose(s)/Aim(s), Methods, Results and Discussion. Sections for CaseReports are: Introduction, Case Report, and Discussion.Each section should begin on a new page.
8.3.1. Abbreviations8.3.2. Units
Where a term/definition will be continually referred to,it must be written in full when it first appears in the text,followed by the subsequent abbreviation in parentheses.Thereafter, the abbreviation may be used. Restrict thenumber of abbreviations to those that are absolutelynecessary.
Système International (SI) units must be used, with theexception of blood pressure values which are to be reportedin mmHg. Please use the metric system for the expressionof length, area, mass, and volume. Temperatures are to begiven in degrees Celsius.
8.3.3. Names of Drugs, Devices and Other Products8.3.4. Statistical Requirements
The generic term should be used, unless the specific tradename is directly relevant to the discussion.
Statistical analysis is essential for all research papersexcept case reports. Use correct nomenclature of statisticalmethods (e.g. two sample t test, not unpaired t test). Allp values should be presented to the third decimal placefor accuracy, unless they are less than 0.001. Descriptivestatistics should follow the scales used in data description.Inferential statistics are important for interpretingresults and should be described in detail.
8.3.5. AcknowledgmentsAll financial and material support for the researchand work from internal or external agencies, includingcommercial companies, should be clearly and completelyidentified. Ensure that any conflicts of interest are explicitlydeclared.
General acknowledgments for consultations, statisticalanalysis, and so forth should be listed concisely at the endof the text, including the names of the individuals whowere directly involved. Consent should be obtained fromthose individuals before their names are listed in thissection.
8.4. References8.4.1. In Main Text, Tables and Figure Legends
- References should be identified using superscriptednumbers, and numbered consecutively in order ofappearance in the text and placed after punctuation.
- References cited in tables or figure legends should beincluded in sequence at the point where the table orfigure is first mentioned in the main text.
- Do not cite uncompleted work or work that has not yetbeen accepted for publication (i.e. "unpublished observation","personal communication") as references.
- Do not cite abstracts unless they are the only availablereference to an important concept.
8.4.2. In References Section
- References should be limited to those cited in the text andlisted in numerical order, NOT alphabetical order.
- References should include, in order, author names,article title, journal name, year, volume and inclusivepage numbers. The last names and initials of all theauthors up to 7 should be included, but when authorsnumber 8 or more, list the first 7 authors only followedby "et al".
- Abbreviations for journal names should conform to thoseused in MEDLINE.
- If citing a website, provide the author information, articletitle, website address and the date you accessed theinformation.
- Reference to an article that is in press must state thejournal name and, if possible, the year and volume.
Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness oftheir references and for correct text citation.
Examples are given below:Standard journal article
J. Rantanen, M. Hurme, B. Falck, H. Alaranta, F. Nykvist,M. Lehto, S. Einola, et al., The lumbar multifidus muscle fiveyears after surgery for a lumbar intervertebral disc herniation,Spine 18 (1993) 568-574.
Journal supplementJournal article not in English
D.R. Steinberg, M.E. Steinberg, J.P. Garino, M. Dalinka,J.K. Udupa, Determining lesion size in osteonecrosis of thefemoral head, J Bone Joint Surg Am 88 (Suppl 3) (2006) 27-34.
I.Y. Choi, Y.H. Kim, I.M. Lee, K.C. Park, T.H. Kweon. Reversehybrid total hip arthroplasty, J Korean Orthop Assoc 35(2000) 759-764 [Article in Korean].
BookBook chapter in book with editor and edition
E.L. Bradley, Medical and Surgical Management, Saunders,Philadelphia, 1982.
C.S. Ranawat, A.S. Ranawat, Primary total hip arthroplasty:cemented acetabulum, in: J.R. Lieberman, D.J. Berry (Eds.),Advanced Reconstruction Hip, 1st ed. American Academy ofOrthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL, 2005, pp. 47-53.
K. Pacak, G. Aguilera, E. Sabban, R. Kvetnansky (Eds.),Stress: Current Neuroendocrine and Genetic Approaches,8th Symposium on Catecholamines and Other Neurotransmittersin Stress, June 28-July 3, 2003, Smolenice Castle,Slovakia. New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 2004.
A.J. Ayers, Retention of Resin Restorations by Means ofEnamel Etching and by Pins, MSD thesis, Indiana University,Indianapolis, 1971.
American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons,Wisdom Teeth, AAOMS, Rosemont, IL, 2008, available at:http://www.aaoms.org/wisdom_teeth.php [Date accessed:November 15, 2008]
Eastman Kodak Company, Eastman Organic Chemicals,Catalog No. 49, Eastman Kodak, Rochester, NY, 1977, pp. 2-3.
8.5. Tables8.6. Figures
Tables should supplement, not duplicate, the text. Theyshould have a concise table heading, be self-explanatory,and numbered consecutively in the order of their citationin the text. Information requiring explanatory footnotesshould be denoted using these symbols (in order ofappearance): *,†, ‡, §, ∥, ¶, #, **, ††, ‡‡. Abbreviations usedin the table must be defined and placed after the footnotes.If you include a block of data or table from another source,whether published or unpublished, you must acknowledgethe original source.
The number of figures should be restricted to the minimumnecessary to support the textual material. They should havean informative figure legend and be numbered in the orderof their citation in the text. All symbols and abbreviationsshould be defined in the legend. Patient identification shouldbe obscured. All lettering should be done professionally andshould be in proportion to the drawing, graph or photograph.Photomicrographs must include an internal scale marker, thetype of specimen, original magnification and stain.Figures must be submitted as separate picture files(e.g. TIF, JPG) at the correct resolution of a minimum of600 dpi. The files should be named according to the figurenumber and format, e.g. "Fig 1. tif", "Fig 2. jpg".The cost of color illustrations will be charged to the author.
9. The Editorial and Peer Review ProcessAs a general rule, the receipt of a manuscript will beacknowledged within 2 weeks of submission, and authorswill be provided with a manuscript reference number forfuture correspondence. If such an acknowledgment is notreceived in a reasonable period of time, the author shouldcontact the Editorial Office.
Manuscripts are reviewed by the Editorial Office toensure that the submission contains all parts. The EditorialOffice will not accept a submission if the author has notsupplied all parts of the manuscript as outlined in thisdocument.Manuscripts are then forwarded to the Editor-in-Chief,who makes an initial assessment of it. If the manuscriptdoes not appear to be of sufficient merit or is not appropriatefor the Journal, then the manuscript will be rejectedwithout review. Rejected manuscripts will not be returnedto authors unless requested.
Manuscripts that appear meritorious and appropriatefor the Journal are reviewed by at least two Editorial Boardmembers or expert consultants assigned by the Editor-in-Chief. Authors will usually be notified within 10 weeks ofwhether the submitted article is accepted for publication,rejected, or subject to revision before acceptance. However,do note that delays are sometimes unavoidable.10. Preparation for Publication
Once a manuscript has been accepted for publication, theauthors should submit the final version of their manuscriptthrough Elsevier's online submission system—EES.Accepted manuscripts are copyedited according to thejournal's style and the galley proofs in the form of a PDFfile are e-mailed by the Publisher to the corresponding authorfor final approval. Authors are responsible for all statementsmade in their work, including changes made by the copyeditor.
11. Publication Charges and ReprintsThe journal will bear the cost of publication for articles of 7printed pages or less for Original Articles, and 5 printedpages or less for Case Reports and Short Communications.Authors will be charged for the cost of extra pages at US$150/page. Authors will also be charged US$75 per illustration,figure or table that is in color. For manuscripts that requireextensive English editing, authors will be charged for thecorrection of English grammar at US$20/page.
Authors receive 20 stapled offprints of their articles freeof charge, which will be sent by the Editorial Office to thecorresponding author. Additional professional reprints (whichinclude a cover page for the article) may be ordered at pricesbased on the cost of production. The reprint order form can beobtained from the journal website.12. CopyrightThe FJMD is an official peer-reviewed publication ofTaiwan Orthopaedic Association, Taipei, Taiwan. Publishedmanuscripts become the permanent property of the TaiwanOrthopaedic Association, and may not be publishedelsewhere in any form without written permission.
- Editorial Office