Guide for Authors
Drug and Alcohol Dependence is an international journal devoted to publishing original research, scholarly reviews, commentaries, and policy analyses in the area of drug, alcohol and tobacco use and dependence. It is sponsored by the College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD), the oldest scientific organization in the United States concerned with research on addiction. The goal of its editors is to promote mutual understanding of the many facets of drug abuse to the benefit of all investigators involved in drug and alcohol research, and to facilitate the transfer of scientific findings to successful treatment and prevention practices. Drug and Alcohol Dependence is currently being distributed to all the members of CPDD.
I. Submission of Manuscripts
All submissions to Drug and Alcohol Dependence are made online. Before beginning the submission process, authors are advised to read these instructions carefully and prepare the following separate files in advance: 1) Abstract 2) Manuscript text including a title page, abstract, references and figure legends, 3) tables (if any), 4) graphics files of figures (if any), 5)author disclosure statements and 6) supplementary material for viewing with the online version of the journal (if any). Although it is possible to perform the submission in several steps, authors will find it easier to have all of the needed documents ready before they begin the process so it can be completed in one session.
By accessing the online submission system at http://ees.elsevier.com/dad authors will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. Authors will be requested to direct the manuscripts to the most appropriate Section/Category of research to assist in editor assignment, to provide some Key Words to assist with indexing the article as well as to select one or more scientific Classifications which will be used by the editor to identify reviewers with the appropriate expertise. There is a section ("Please Enter Comments") where authors are invited to direct comments to the editors or suggest possible reviewers (please also provide e-mail adresses) for their paper. If the paper has been invited to be part of a supplemental issue of the journal, this issue can be selected during the Section/Category step.Once the uploading is done, the system automatically generates an electronic (PDF) proof, which is then used for reviewing. The submitting author will be required to view this PDF and approve it for release to the journal office. All correspondence, including the Editor's decision and request for revisions, will be processed through the system and will reach the corresponding author by e-mail. Once a manuscript has successfully been submitted, authors may track the status of their manuscript using the online submission system (details will be provided by e-mail).
For further details on how to submit online, please refer to the online Tutorial for Authors which can be accessed on the submission page. Authors may send technical queries concerning the submission process to the Author Support Team at firstname.lastname@example.org. Alternatively, contact the Central Editorial Office for the journal at email@example.com.Elsevier also provides 24/7 Telephone Support for:
The Americas: +1 888 834 7287II. Preparation of manuscripts
Asia & Pacific: +81 3 5561 5032
Europe & the rest of the world: +353 61 709 190
Manuscripts should be written in English. Drug and Alcohol Dependence is an international journal. Authors should avoid overly parochial national or regional perspectives. Addressing a geographically, politically, and culturally diverse readership will enhance the impact of your paper.A. Types of Papers
1) Full-length Reports reporting original results of research within the field of drug, alcohol and tobacco use and dependence. A Full-length Report typically should not exceed 4000 words (for the introduction, methods, results and discussion).2) Review Articles of specialized topics within the scope of the journal. Typically, these are critical reviews of a field of research. A Review Article typically should not exceed 6000 words for the main body of the paper (i.e., excluding references, tables and figures). Review Articles that will be substantially longer than 6000 words should be discussed with the Editor-in-Chief prior to submission.
3) Short Communications reporting on research that has progressed to the stage where a preliminary publication is appropriate. The maximum length is 2000 words plus references and illustrations. There should be not more than 2 illustrations (figure or tables).4) Commentaries express points of view on scientific matters or published papers. Typically, commentaries are solicited by the editors, but authors who wish to submit commentaries are advised to contact the Editor-in-Chief to discuss the suitability of the proposed paper. A Commentary typically should not exceed 2000 words.
5) NEW! Registered reports (click here for more details). These submissions undergo a two-phase review process in which study rationale and methodology are considered prior to the research being undertaken.6) Other forms of papers. The journal does not publish letters to the editor, individual case studies or book reviews.
B. Manuscript submission requirementsThe online manuscript submission system will guide you when and how to submit the following required items:
1) There should be a title page which provides a title and addresses (including postal codes) for all of the authors as they should appear in the publication and full contact details for the corresponding author (address with postal codes and countries, phone, FAX and E-mail). Please include on the title page the word count for the manuscript.2) An abstract with a maximum 250-word summary. Abstracts should be structured with specific sections describing the background, methods, results and conclusions.
3) 3-6 key words or phrases for indexing placed on the bottom of the abstract page.4) The body of research reports will generally include introduction, methods, results and discussion sections. Further subheadings are acceptable. Review papers should also use section headings and subheadings. Sections should be numbered using the 1., 1.1, 1.1.1, 2., 2.1 etc. system. Extensive use of footnoting is not encouraged.
5) References should be assembled beginning on a separate sheet. Within the text they should be referred to by author surname and year. When referring to a work by more than two authors, the name of the first author should be given followed by et al. Examples of the correct format for citation within the text are (Jessor and Jessor, 1977; Smith and Davis, 1975) and (Chutuape et al., 2001). Citations to organization reports should spell out the name of the organization (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2005). Personal communications and papers submitted for publication should be so indicated and appear with the source or author's name(s) in the text in parentheses. In the References section of the manuscript, they should be listed alphabetically by first author surname and must consist of names and initials of all authors, year, title of paper, abbreviated title of journal, volume number and first and last page numbers of the paper. Abbreviations of journal titles should conform to those used by Index Medicus ( http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/lji.html). References to journals, books, chapters and reports should be in accord with the following examples:Chutuape, M.A., Katz, E.C., Stitzer, M.L., 2001. Methods for enhancing transition of substance dependent patients from inpatient to outpatient treatment. Drug Alcohol Depend. 61, 137-143.
Jessor, R., Jessor, S.L., 1977. Problem Behaviour and Psychosocial Development: A Longitudinal Study of Youth. Academic Press, New York. National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2005. Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse. Vol. 1: Proceedings of the Community Epidemiology Work Group. Highlights and Executive Summary. NIH Publication No. 07-5879A. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.Smith, S.G., Davis, W.M., 1975. A method for chronic intravenous drug administration in the rat. In: Ehrenpreis, S., Neidle, A. (Eds.), Methods in Narcotics Research. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 3-21.
To cite material on the internet, the authors (if known) or organization, title of the page and the URL should be provided along with an [accessed on [date]] to indicate a date on which the cited material was present. Only internet pages of a relatively permanent nature should be cited (e.g. reports, data bases, electronic journals).6) Figure legends (descriptive captions) should be numbered consecutively and typed on a separate page as a text file and included as part of the manuscript, not placed within the graphics file of the illustration. If there is more than one figure, the legends should be placed together on one page (or more if necessary).
7) Tables should be prepared as text files and are to be numbered consecutively (Table 1, Table 2, etc.) and uploaded as a step in the submission process. The captions go above the body of the Table and are left justified; Tables are read from the top down, consistent with others in this journal.8) Figures of good quality should be submitted online as a separate file. The lettering should be large enough to permit photographic reduction. Simple black on white reproduces best, so avoid shading in the background and the use of 3D and other enhancements. If possible, place the key to the symbols or lines within the axes of the graph. Do not place the legend within the graphics file, as this is printed below the image by the publisher. If there are more than one panel in the figure, please assemble the panels as you would like them to appear in the journal within a single graphics file. Please refer to the generic Elsevier artwork instructions available in the "Author Information" menu on http://ees.elsevier.com/dad/
NOTE: Tables and figures should be so constructed that they, together with their captions and legends, will be intelligible with minimal reference to the text.9) Clinical Trials Drug and Alcohol Dependence endorses the policy of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (guidelines available at www.icmje.org) on the registration of clinical trials. The ICMJE defines a clinical trial "as any research project that prospectively assigns human subjects to intervention or concurrent comparison or control groups to study the cause-and-effect relationship between a medical intervention and a health outcome. Medical interventions include drugs, surgical procedures, devices, behavioral treatments, process-of-care changes, and the like." Any trial that started recruiting on or after 1 July 2005 should be registered in a publicly owned, publicly accessible registry and should satisfy a minimal standard dataset. Please include the trial identification number within the manuscript. Should the ms be accepted, trials registered in www.clinicaltrials.gov will be hyperlinked in the online version of papers.
10) Reporting Guidelines for Specific Study Designs Reports of clinical trials are not always optimal and the editors of DAD encourage prospective authors to familiarise themselves with guidelines for reporting essential elements for the relevant study design. For reports of randomized controlled trials authors should refer to the CONSORT statement http://www.consort-statement.org/. The CONSORT guidelines provide a set of recommendations comprising a list of items to report and a patient flow diagram. Reporting guidelines have also been developed for a number of other study designs:
Initiative Type of study Source CONSORT randomized controlled trials http://www.consort-statement.org STARD studies of diagnostic accuracy http://www.consort-statement.org/stardstatement.htm QUOROM systematic reviews and meta-analyses http://www.consort-statement.org/Initiatives/MOOSE/moose.pdf STROBE observational studies in epidemiology http://www.strobe-statement.org MOOSE meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology http://www.consort-statement.org/Initiatives/MOOSE/moose.pdf
11) Prior Publication of Results The editors of Drug and Alcohol Dependence believe that interpretation of trial results and discussion of their clinical relevance are best suited to a peer-reviewed journal; however, we support disclosure of non-peer reviewed study results in publicly accessible databases, subject to their presentation in a 'dispassionate' format. Should you be considering disclosure of your results in a results database, please indicate which database and the timeframe of disclosure in the accompanying submission letter (and include a copy of the results as they are planned to be disclosed). Presentation of results in abstract, poster or oral presentation at a clinical or scientific meeting does not count as prior publication.12) Author Disclosures As is widely acknowledged within medical publishing, the integrity of articles published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence depends in part on how well the Journal handles author disclosure. As described in detail below, authors are requested to provide three mandatory and one optional author disclosure sections; please do not include them in the manuscripts. The author disclosures will be automatically incorporated in the PDF builder of the online submission system. These statements will appear in the journal article if the paper is accepted. It is highly recommended that authors prepare these author disclosures prior to going online to submit the paper.
The sequence for the Author Disclosures section should be Role of Funding Source (required; default text "Nothing declared"), Contributors (should always state something when more than one author), Conflict of Interest (required; default text "No conflict declared") and Acknowledgements (optional).The four statements should not be numbered
Headings should be in bold
No white space between the heading and the text
Same font size as the references
Role of Funding Source (mandatory)eg, Funding for this study was provided by NIMH Grant XXXXXXX; the NIMH had no further role in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the paper for publication.
Authors are kindly requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the manuscript and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement, authors should so state. All sources of funding should be declared in an Acknowledgements section at the end of the text.
Contributors (mandatory)eg, Authors X and Y designed the study and wrote the protocol. Author Z managed the literature searches and summaries of previous related work . Authors X and Z undertook the statistical analysis, and author W wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors contributed to and have approved the final manuscript.
Authors are required to declare their individual contribution to the manuscript under a subheading Contributors. All authors must have materially participated in the research and/or manuscript preparation, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final manuscript should be true and included in the disclosure.
Conflict of Interest (mandatory)Examples of potential conflicts of interest which should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, stock ownership (except for personal investment purposes equal to the lesser of one percent (1%) or USD 5000), honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications, registrations, and grants. If there are no conflicts of interest, authors should state that there are none.
The third aspect of the Journal's new policy concerns Conflict of Interest. ALL authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three (3) years of beginning the work submitted that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.
eg, Author Y owns shares in pharma company A. Author X and Z have consulted for pharma company B. All other authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.Acknowledgements (optional)
Finally, the Journal will publish Acknowledgements, in a separate section, and not as a footnote on the title page. If there are no acknowledgements there would be no heading or default language.
eg, We thank Mr A, who kindly provided the data necessary for our analysis, and Ms B, who assisted with the preparation and proof-reading of the manuscript.13) Supplementary material (when applicable). Elsevier accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files will be published online with the electronic version of your article in Elsevier web products, including ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com.
NOTE: Your published article will be assigned a digital object identifier (DOI) which is used to cite and link to the electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The DOI will never change. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly Articles in Press because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. The DOI can also be used to create an URL hyperlink to supplementary material associated to an article.When you use the DOI to create URL hyperlinks to documents on the web, they are guaranteed never to change.
Readers will complete the following steps to view the supplementary material for your paper:1. Open the following DOI site with a browser: http://dx.doi.org
2. Enter the entire DOI citation in the text box provided, and then click Go.
The article or supplementary material that matches the DOI citation appears in the browser window.The DOI scheme is administered by the International DOI Foundation. Many of the world's leading learned publishers have come together to build a DOI-based article linking scheme known as CrossRef.
The article in the journal must be complete and fully comprehensible without reference to the Supplementary Material. The purpose of Supplementary Material is to provide additional and usually more detailed information for readers who are particularly interested in the study. Supplementary Material is not an integral part of a published paper; the suitability of the Supplementary Material is assessed by the editor but it is not subject to the peer review procedure as applied to articles in the journal. Supplementary Material may either accompany the first version of a manuscript submitted to the journal or in response to a request from an editor.a) Scope of Supplementary material. Several types of material may be included in Supplementary Material. These may include more detailed tables of demographic data and of results and statistical analyses. In other cases, Supplementary Material provides an opportunity for authors to publish questionnaires used for data collection that are too long for inclusion in the journal article. Additional and more detailed figures and photographs, including colour pictures, can be reproduced in this way.
There is also a possibility of supplying audio and video files as Supplementary Material; in such cases, authors are advised to seek the advice of the Editor before preparing the material.AudioSlides
The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at http://www.elsevier.com/audioslides. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.
b) Format for submission. Supplementary Material should begin with a title page , similar to that used with the main manuscript (i.e., with the title of the paper,authors, etc.), followed by the statement "This material supplements but does not replace the content of the peer-reviewed paper published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence". Authors should ensure that the journal article contains at least one footnote referring to the Supplementary Material.This footnote can either appear on the title page of the main manuscript, and/or in the text at a place that appropriately refers to the Supplementary Material.The text of the Supplementary Material should to the extent possible be styled according to the usual format of the journal. However, when the intention is to display materials in an existing format (e.g. a questionnaire or psychological test materials), they may be reproduced without change.
Word-processor or rtf files for widely-used computer systems are acceptable. Word-processor files may include graphics. Separate graphic items may also be submitted in standard file formats such as metafiles, bitmaps, jpg or gif. Scanned images are acceptable but image sizes, colour depth and resolution should be adjusted to the minimum necessary to convey the required information at high quality. Files should not be submitted in proprietary formats that cannot be read without special software. At this time only media that can be read by Windows systems can be accepted.Supplementary Material relating to a particular article may be submitted as more than one file. However, if a large number of files are submitted, editors may request they be combined into a smaller number of larger files. Editorial offices will convert all submitted files to pdf format; all Supplementary Material for any one article will be incorporated into one pdf file.
There is at present no specific limit on the file sizes for Supplementary Material but editors reserve the right to refuse excessively large files or material that they consider unsuitable for any other reason.14) Colour reproduction
Drug and Alcohol Dependence is included in an initiative from Elsevier: 'Colourful e-Products'. Through this initiative, figures that appear in black & white in print can appear in colour, online, in ScienceDirect at http://www.sciencedirect.com. There is no extra charge for authors who participate.For colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for colour in print or on the Web only.
Because of technical complications which can arise by converting colour figures to "grey scale" (for the printed version should you not opt for colour in print) please submit in addition usable black and white versions of all the colour illustrations. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see the "Author Information" menu at http://ees.elsevier.com/dad/ or http://support.elsevier.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/308/c/6261/kw/colo for more information on the process.III. Reviewer recommendations
Authors may suggest potential reviewers for a submission. Such suggestions can either be provided in a cover letter, or entered into the "Please Enter Comments" section when submitting a paper. Reviewer names should include a current e-mail address. The use of suggested reviewers is at the discretion of the editor.IV. Ethics of experimentation
The journal and CPDD are committed to the protection of animal and human research subjects and ethical practices in science publishing. Studies submitted to Drug and Alcohol Dependence must have been conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and according to requirements of all applicable local and international standards. An example of a widely accepted standard for research subject protection is the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Subjects as adopted and promulgated by the US National Institutes of Health. Studies that entail pain or distress will be assessed in terms of the balance between the distress inflicted and the likelihood of benefit, and must be of such a nature that their objectives could not have been achieved by using less stressful procedures. All authors must conform to the highest standards of ethical conduct in the submission of accurate data, acknowledging the work of others, and divulging potential conflicts of interests. Policies on the handling of evidence for scientific misconduct can be obtained from the editors.V. Author Publishing Agreement
Upon acceptance of an article, you will be asked to transfer copyright through the Authors's Publishing Agreement (for more information on copyright see right hand menu "Author Information" at http://ees.elsevier.com/dad). This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included in the submission, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has pre-printed forms for use by authors in these cases: contact Elsevier's Rights Department, Philadelphia, PA, USA: phone (+1) 215 238 7869, fax (+1) 215 238 2239, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.orgElsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors who publish in Elsevier journals to comply with manuscript archiving requirements of the following funding bodies, as specified as conditions of researcher grant awards. In case your paper has been funded by one of these funding bodies, you will also be asked to tick off by which funding body your paper was funded. For more information on Elsevier's agreements and policies see, http://eees.elsevier.com.dad or direct link http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/authorsview.authors/fundingbodyagreements.
VI. ProofsOne set of proofs will be sent to the corresponding author. A form with queries from the copyeditor may accompany your proofs. Please answer all queries and make any corrections within 2 days of receipt. No alteration of the substance of the text, tables or figures will be allowed at this stage. Should there be no corrections, please confirm this.
Elsevier will do everything possible to get your article corrected and published as quickly and accurate as possible. In order to do this we need your help. When you receive the (PDF) proof of your article for correction it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Subsequent corrections will not be possible, so please ensure your first sending is complete.VII. Tracking Accepted Manuscripts
After acceptance of your article by the journal, and following receipt of the files at Elsevier, authors can keep track of the progress of their accepted article, and set up e-mail alerts informing them of changes in their manuscript's status using the 'Track Your Paper' feature of Elsevier's Author Gateway (http://authors.elsevier.com/TrackPaper.html). You will receive a unique reference code together with the acknowledgement e-mail from Elsevier sent upon receipt of your manuscript files in the Elsevier production system.VIII. English-language support
Elsevier Language Editing Services offer English language editing for researchers preparing articles for publication. Features of this service include:- Native English speakers from top universities
- Expert input from Ph.D.s or Ph.D. candidates matched to your field of study
- Manuscript edited to correct scientific English (US or UK)
- Self-service website with easy article upload and retrieval
- Pricing starting from USD 225 / Euro 160 / Yen 23375
- Secure payment
Further information on this service can be found at:http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/authorsview.authors/languagepolishing
IX. ReprintsThe corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use.