Guide for Authors

  • Clinical Radiology is published under the auspices of The Royal College of Radiologists which appoints the Editor who selects all material for publication. No responsibility is accepted by The Royal College of Radiologists or the Editor for opinions expressed by the contributors.
    The instructions below accord with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (http://www.icmje.org/). The journal supports the guidelines published by the Committee on Publication Ethics and the recommendations of the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy steering group and requires that authors do the same. The guidelines can be found at http://www.publicationethics.org.uk and http://www.stard-statement.org/ respectively.
    The right is reserved to introduce any changes necessary to make contributions conform to the editorial standards and format of the journal. Original manuscripts will be accepted only on the understanding that they have been submitted exclusively to Clinical Radiology.

    Clinical Radiology invites submission of the following:

    Original Papers should be no more than 4,000 words in length, and should contain no more than 10 illustrations (single frames), which will be printed at single column width.
    Technical Reports should be no more than 2,000 words in length.
    Review Articles* should not exceed 5,000 words and should include no more than 10 illustrations, which will be printed no larger than the width of a single column of text.
    Pictorial Reviews* should not exceed 2,500 words and should include no more than 20 illustrations (single frame) which will be published at single column width.
    Letters to the Editor concerning papers published in the journal, and other points of interest to readers, are welcomed by the Editor and are published at the Editor's discretion.
    * To avoid duplicating review articles and pictorial reviews please contact the editorial office (crad@editorial office.co.uk) if you are planning to write a review article for Clinical Radiology. Please include a short precis (100 words or less) describing the intended review and any novel aspects. Specify how many figures you will intend to include, referring to the instructions for authors for current requirements. Please note that a favourable response does not mean that the Journal has commissioned the review, simply that there is no clash with other papers in the pipeline. Submitted reviews are subject to peer review and publication is not guaranteed.
    Additional illustrations : Illustrations in excess of the numbers specified above, including video clips, may be included in the online version of the paper at the discretion of the Editor. This will only be considered if the additional material clearly adds value for readers of the paper, and the author will be responsible for identifying which key images he or she wishes to appearin the paper version. Despite the availability of this facility, the uncritical inclusion of large number of illustrations should be avoided, as it may reduce the liklihood of acceptance.

    Peer Review
    All papers, including review articles that have been commissioned, are subjected to peer review. Manuscripts are assessed by the Editor or Deputy Editor, an Assistant Editor and an independent referee; the latter receives an anonymised version. Where necessary, papers are also assessed by a statistician. The mean turnaround time is 50 days as at December 2008. The average time taken between acceptance and publication is 6 months. Clinical Radiology has a fast track system for the publication of papers that report important findings.

    Ethics
    Manuscripts reporting the results of studies on human subjects must include a statement in the Materials and Methods section to confirm that informed consent was obtained. Furthermore, original papers must also include a statement to confirm that institutional ethics committee (or equivalent) approval has been obtained; or that such approval was not deemed to be necessary by the committee chairperson. Where there is any uncertainty concerning the ethical basis of a research paper, or the approval process, the Editor reserves the right to contact the guarantor of the study for further information, and this may include a request to see written confirmation of ethics committee approval. A signed letter of permission must be included with the manuscript for any individual who might be identified due to written descriptions, photographs, or otherwise; in this context, informed consent requires that the individual be shown the manuscript.
    Authors must disclose any indirect or direct financial interest they have in the subject matter of a submitted manuscript, or any other potential conflict of interest.
    Plagiarism Instances of plagiarism or suspected duplicate publication will be taken seriously, and will be dealt with according to guidelines laid down by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). This may include the use of anti-plagiarism software to analyse the manuscript in question.

    Submission of Manuscripts
    Manuscripts should be submitted online at http://crad.edmgr.com and the instructions on this site should be closely followed. To use the site, authors need an up-to-date web browser (Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator) and Adobe Acrobat Reader (version 6 or later) which is available free at http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html.
    Manuscript Format
    Separate files should be uploaded for each of the following manuscript sections. Please note that failure to submit files as requested will result in the manuscript being returned for amendment and will delay the review process.

    Title Page
    This page should include the title of the manuscript, full names of the authors, the name and address of the institution from which the work originates, the telephone number, fax number and e-mail address of the corresponding author, and information concerning grants.
    Acknowledgements: List on the title page those who have contributed substantially to the work reported in the manuscript, such as editorial and writing assistance, but who are not included as authors.

    Author Contributions
    Authors are required to identify the contributions for which they are responsible. The author responsible for the integrity of the entire study should be identified. Please list the following phrases and beside each indicate the name(s) of the author(s) to whom they apply:
    1 guarantor of integrity of the entire study
    2 study concepts and design
    3 literature research
    4 clinical studies
    5 experimental studies / data analysis
    6 statistical analysis
    7 manuscript preparation
    8 manuscript editing.
    Items that do not apply should also be indicated with N/A. Where there is any uncertainty regarding authorship the editor of the study reserves the right to contact the guarantor of the study for further information.

    Abstract
    An abstract of 250 words or less must be submitted with each paper. Review articles should have a brief, unstructured abstract. Otherwise, abstracts should be divided into paragraphs with the following headings:
    Aim: Briefly state the hypothesis being tested or the procedure being evaluated.
    Materials and Methods: State what was done and what materials were used, including number of subjects. Also include the methods used to assess the data.
    Results: The findings of the study, including indicators of statistical significance. Include actual numbers, as well as percentages.
    Conclusion: Summarise in one or two sentences the conclusion made on the basis of the findings.

    Highlights
    Highlights are mandatory for original articles and technical reports for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate file in the online submission system. Please use "Highlights" in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). See http://www.elsevier.com/highlights for examples.

    Manuscript
    Your manuscript should be double-spaced. To allow for anonymity in the review process, do not include the names of authors or your institution in the body of the manuscript.

    Introduction
    The introduction should be concise and include only strictly pertinent references. Clearly state the hypothesis or purpose of the study.

    Materials and Methods
    Describe clearly the number and selection of the subjects studied (patients or experimental animals, including controls). For studies of the diagnostic accuracy of new imaging tests, authors should refer to the STARD recommendations (http://www.stard-statement.org). Identify the methods, instrumentation (manufacturer's name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods and give reasons for using these techniques. Detailed statistical analyses, mathematical derivations and similar should be presented in one or more appendices.

    Results
    Present the results in a logical sequence with tables where appropriate. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables and/or illustrations; summarise only important observations.

    Discussion
    Emphasise the new and important aspects of the study and conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail the data given in the Results section. Include in the Discussion the implications of the findings and their limitations, in particular with reference to the use of modified methods, statistical or otherwise. Relate the observations to other relevant studies. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study, but avoid unwarranted statements and conclusions not supported by the data. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when appropriate, but clearly label them as such. For experimental studies, please describe the potential importance of your conclusions as they relate to future practical applications. Do not repeat the conclusion stated in the abstract.

    Figure and Table Legends
    Figure and table legends should be listed in numerical order and included at the end of the manuscript.

    Reference Format
    Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned. The abbreviations used for periodicals cited in the references should follow the following style:

    For journal articles, list surnames and initials of all authors when six or less, such as:
    1 Stuart MJ, Elrad H, Graeber JE, Hakanson DO, Sunderji SG, Barvinchak MK. Increased synthesis of prostaglandin endoperoxides and platelet hyperfunction in infants of mothers with diabetes mellitus. J Lab Clin Med 1979;94:1226.
    When seven or more authors are listed, only the first three names need to be identified, followed by 'et al'.

    Abstracts, editorials and letters to the Editor should be noted as such. In the case of books, the authors of a chapter, title of the chapter, editor(s), title of the book, edition, city, publisher, year, and specific pages must be provided:
    1 Brown M, Gray L. Indications for hematology. In: Wintrobe MM, ed. Clinical Hematology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, USA: Lea & Febiger, 1975;1146-1167.

    It is the responsibility of the author(s) to ensure the accuracy of all references.
    A reference to any article published online only should list the authors, title, journal name, year of publication and Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
    A reference to any website containing background information should list the authors and title (if appropriate), the date it was accessed and the DOI if possible. At the very least, the URL of the website and the date it was accessed should be given.

    Units and Abbreviations
    Radiation measurements and laboratory values should be given in the International System of Units (SI) (see: SI Units in Radiation Protection and Measurements. NCRP Report no. 82 [August 1985]).
    Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only when the term appears more than 10 times in the following text. Abbreviations should be spelled out when first used in the text such as 'cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)'. Laboratory slang, clinical jargon, and uncommon abbreviations should be avoided.

    Permissions Information
    Written permission must be granted by the publisher and author to reproduce any previously published figures, including permission to reproduce in both print and electronic formats; any such material must be clearly noted and its source given in the manuscript. A copy of the written permission must be sent to the Editorial Office. If reference is made in the text to personal communication (oral or written) as a source of information, a signed statement of permission is required from each source.

    Figures and Tables
    Images should not contain irrelevant data, particularly anything which might lead to identification of an individual.
    Illustrations should be limited to those required to show the essential features described in the text. It is essential that each illustration show only the area(s) of interest with enough surrounding area for orientation purposes.
    Images to be combined in one array, such as posteroanterior and lateral views, should be the same height or the same width to facilitate reproduction. They should correspond in appearance to the tonal relations of the original. If an image has been enhanced electronically, explain the alterations that have been made and send an original image along with the enhanced one.
    A caption must be supplied for each illustration. All illustrations must be numbered and the top indicated. Ensure that you type the figure number in the Description box when uploading figures online. Tables should be numbered and should have a title. All abbreviations used in the table should be explained in a footnote. Bar charts should be formatted with flat bars in monochrome patterns. 3D and coloured bar charts are not acceptable.
    Figures should be saved in TIFF format at a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. Avoid compressed JPEG files. For advice on correctly formatting electronic images, visit http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/authorsview.authors/authorartworkinstructions.

    Copyright Form
    An original copy of the completed copyright form must be received prior to publication. This form will be sent via email to the corresponding author following acceptance of a paper, and should be returned once signed by all the authors.

    Off-Prints
    The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use.

    Funding body agreements and policies
    Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies.

    Changes to authorship
    This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:

    Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.

    After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.

    Copyright
    This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research: Open Access and Subscription.
    For Subscription articles
    Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright, see http://www.elsevier.com/copyright). An e-mail will be sent to the correspondingauthor confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and forall other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consulthttp://www.elsevier.com/permissions). If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult http://www.elsevier.com/permissions.

    For Open Access articles
    Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (for more information see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement). Permitted reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license (see http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses).

    Retained author rights
    As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights. For more information on author rights for:
    Subscription articles please see http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/author-rights-and-responsibilities.
    Open access articles please see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement.

    Role of the funding source
    You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis andinterpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated. Please see http://www.elsevier.com/funding.

    Funding body agreements and policies
    Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of theirgrant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visithttp://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies.

    Open access
    This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:
    Open Access
    • Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
    • An Open Access publication fee is payable by authors or their research funderSubscription
    • Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our access programs (http://www.elsevier.com/access)
    • No Open Access publication fee

    All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
    Permitted reuse is defined by your choice of one of the following Creative Commons user licenses:
    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, to create extracts, abstracts and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), totext and data mine the article, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation, and license their new adaptations or creations under identical terms (CC BY-NC-SA).
    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

    Elsevier has established agreements with funding bodies, http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies. This ensuresauthors can comply with funding body Open Access requirements, including specific user licenses, such as CC BY.
    Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees. If you need to comply with your funding body policy, you can apply for the CC BY license after your manuscript is accepted for publication.To provide Open Access, this journal has a publication fee which needs to be met by the authors or their researchfunders for each article published Open Access.Your publication choice will have no effect on the peer review process or acceptance of submitted articles.
    The publication fee for this journal is $2500, excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy:
    http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing.

    CHECKLIST OF REQUIREMENTS
    1 Submit your manuscript online at http://crad.edmgr.com.
    2 Double-space your text.
    3 Details of authors and institutions in your uploaded submission should be restricted to the Title Page and Author Contributions sections only.
    4 Post or fax letters of permission to reprint any previously published figure or any other permissions.

    If you have any queries or are unable to submit online, contact
    Clinical Radiology, Editorial Office, 21 Lion Cose, Overton, Hampshire, RG25 3HL.
    Tel: +44 (0)8448 044321; Fax: 044 (0)1256 771303; Email: crad@editorialoffice.co.uk

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