Guide for Authors

All journal information and instructions compiled in one document (PDF) in just one mouse-click Author information pack

• Aims and Scope
• Short communications
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
• Ethics in publishing
• Conflict of interest
• Copyright
• Role of the funding source
• Funding body agreements and policies
• Open Access
• Language (usage and editing services)
PREPARATION
• Use of word processing software
• Manuscript contents
• Essential title page information
• Abbreviations
• Acknowledgments
• Artwork
• Tables
• References
• Use of the Digital Object Identifier
AUTHOR INQUIRIES

Aims and Scope

Asian Pacifi c Journal of Reproduction (APJR) is a quarterly international journal which serves researchers and clinicians in the fi elds of human, animal and plantreproduction. It publishes high quality original research and topical reviews on the subject of reproductive sciences.We encourage manuscripts on cellular and molecular mechanisms of reproduction, fertility and infertility,gynecologic and repro ductive oncology, embryology,obstetrics, gynecology, andrology, maternal-fetal medicine,reproductive endocrinology, reproductive immunology,reproductive genetics, and genetic breeding.

In addition, we support new and emerging topics in more applied areas ofreproduction, including assisted reproductive technologies,prenatal and preimplantation genetic diagnosis, cloning,stem cell research, and genetic breeding. Descriptive papers are welcome provided they shed some light on reproductive science. Original scientific researches, timely reviews, case reports, short communications, and letters to the editor related to the research and practice of reproduction are encouraged.

Reviewers of APJR consist of members practicing in different professions from all over the globe. The journal is proud to have such an international and diverse editorial board that will assist and facilitate the publication of articles which reflect a global view on reproductive medicine, as well as emphasizing our focus on supporting the needs of medical practitioners.

As an internationally journal, APJR is distributed worldwide and welcomes submissions from international contributors and researchers working in reproductive medicine. The journal provides a platform for reporting progress in reproductive science in different settings, which enhances our understanding of reproduction.Specialist physicians and general practitioners will find it an indispensable source of reading and reference, and undergraduates will learn a lot from each issue. APJR will allow us to seek opportunities to work with others, who are devoted to reproductive medicine, and to enhance our work through partnership, and to uphold the standards of our profession and contribute to its advancement. We believe that in this way we can contribute much to the development of reproductive science and human health.

Short communications

Short communications not exceeding two printed pages, including title, author affiliations, references, and one figure or table, are acceptable for rapid publication if requested by the authors.

Letters to the editor
Criticisms or comments of less than 500 words and five references are welcome. Preference is given to letters related to articles published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction.

Ethics in publishing

For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see http://www.elsevier.com/publishingethics and http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/ethics.

Conflict of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. If there are no conflicts of interest then please state this: 'Conflicts of interest: none'. See also http://www.elsevier.com/conflictsofinterest. Further information and an example of a Conflict of Interest form can be found at: http://help.elsevier.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/286/p/7923.

Copyright

The submission of a manuscript by authors implies that they automatically agree to assign exclusive copyright to the Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction if the manuscript is accepted for publication. The work should not be published elsewhere in any form without the written permission of the Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction. All rights of the articles published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction are reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical or otherwise) without permission from the Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction.

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Funding body agreements and policies

Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees. To learn more about existing agreements please visit http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies.

Open Access

APJR is an open access journal: all articles will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. To provide open access, Hainan Medical College charges an open access fee of USD 480 excluding taxes (also known as an article processing charge APC) which needs to be paid by the authors or on their behalf, e.g. by their research funder or institution. Permitted third party (re)use is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses (see http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses):

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

This journal has an embargo period of 12 months.

Language (usage and editing services)

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/languageediting/) or visit our customer support site (http://support.elsevier.com) for more information.

Submit your article
Please submit your article via http://ees.elsevier.com/apjr.

Referees
Please submit the names, institutional email addresses and nationalities of several potential referees. For more details, visit our Support site. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.

Use of word processing software

It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier: http://www.elsevier.com/guidepublication). Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic artwork.
To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

Manuscript contents

Subdivision - numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

Authors
All authors should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Written approval signed by all authors should be presented with the manuscript.

Manuscript
The manuscript should be submitted online through our email, later on through our websit, and the text should be double spaced and have wide margins. The manuscript should be arranged in the following order: 1) Title Page, 2) Keywords, 3) Abstract, 4) Corresponding author, 5) Introduction, 6) Materials and methods, 7) Results, 8) Discussion, 9) Acknowledgments, 10) References, 11) Tables, 12) Figure Legends, and 13) Figures. Please indicate the page your manuscripts to facilitate reviewing.

Title Page
The title page should contain, on separate lines, the title of the manuscript, a running title of no more than 40 letters, the name(s) and affiliation(s) of the author(s), and the mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and E-mail address of the corresponding author. The title must be informative, specific, and concise. Serialization of articles into parts is not permitted; such articles may be submitted independently with self-sufficient titles.

Abstract and Keywords
Provide 3-10 key words or phrases for indexing purposes, using terms from the latest US National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html If appropriate MeSH terms are not available, other suitable terms may be used. Full-length submissions should include an abstract of up to 250 words in structured form, consisting of an Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.

Text
The text should include the following sections. The Introduction summarizes the rationale, provides a concise research background (not an exhaustive review) and states in one sentence the objective of the study. Do not include any results or the conclusions of the study. The Materials and Methods provide technical information about the study. Do not describe methodological details that have been published previously. Specifications (including the manufacturer, city, and the country) should be given for the main drugs, chemicals, and instruments. Indicate the statistical methods used and identify statistical significance using superscripts(a and b) following the data(aP<0.05, bP<0.01). The Results are the findings, using SI units. In a sample, the number of effective digits is determined by the variation within the sample, that is, one-third of the standard deviation. Digits may be separated into groups of three by a small space. The Discussion deals with the interpretation of the results and their comparison with those of other studies. Do not repeat the results, do not review the literature, do not repeat textbook knowledge and do not cite references that do not have a close relationship with the present results. End with a brief conclusion linking back to the aim of the study.

Essential title page information

Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Abbreviations

The use of abbreviations, except for units of measure, is discouraged. At the first appearance in the abstract and the text, abbreviations should be preceded by words for which they stand.

Acknowledgments

Authors should obtain written permission for everyone acknowledged by name, since readers may infer their endorsement of the paper and its conclusions.

Artwork

Electronic artwork
General points
• Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
• Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
• Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.
• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
• Provide captions to illustrations separately.
• Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the published version.
• Submit each illustration as a separate file.
A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website:
http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.
You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.
Formats
If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format.
Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.
Please do not:
• Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors;
• Supply files that are too low in resolution;
• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Tables

Tables must be concise and cited consecutively using Arabic numerals in the text (Table 1, Table 2, etc.). Each table should be typed on a separate sheet. The title of the table should clearly indicate the nature of the contents and sufficient details should be included in the footnote to facilitate interpretation without reference to the text. Use horizontal rules only.

References

The Journal advocates the citation of new papers; old references are better replaced with updated ones. The authors are responsible for the correctness of references. References are numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. Citation should be labelled in superscript parenthesis and should appear in front of the period or comma at the end of the sentence/clause. All references should be cited. "

Unpublished data, personal communications, abstracts at meetings and manuscripts submitted for publication are not acceptable as references. Information from such sources may be cited in the text with the sources given in parentheses. References should be listed in numerical order in the Reference section. Journal titles should be abbreviated according to the list of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus or MEDLINE http://www.nlwm.nih.gov. Please note that no periods are used after the authors-initials or journal abbreviations. A period is used at the end of each reference. The type and punctuation of references is consistent with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors http://www.ICMJE.org. Some examples are as follows:

Journal

Journal article up to six authors (list all authors)
Mallat J, Michel D, Salaun P, Thevenin D, Tronchon L. Defining metabolic acidosis in patients with septic shock using Stewart approach. Am J Eme g Med 2012; 30(3): 391-398.

Journal article more than six authors (list first six and add et al.)
Wright DW, Kellermann AL, Hertzberg VS, Clark PL, Frankel M, Goldstein FC, et al. ProTECT: A randomized clinicaltrial of progesterone for acute traumatic brain injury. Ann Emerg med 2007, 49( 4): 391-402.

Book
Cunha BA. Pneumonia essentials. 3rd ed. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett; 2010.102-110.

Chapter in a book
Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, editors. Introduction to the electronic age. New York: E-Publishing Inc; 1999, p. 281-304.

Acknowledgments
Authors should obtain written permission for everyone acknowledged by name, since readers may infer their endorsement of the paper and its conclusions.

Use of the Digital Object Identifier

The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B):
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.09.059
When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.



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