Guide for Authors

  • Asian Nursing Research is the official peer-reviewed research journal of the Korean Society of Nursing Science, and is devoted to publication of a wide range of research that will contribute to the body of nursing science and inform the practice of nursing, nursing education, administration, and history, on health issues relevant to nursing, and on the testing of research findings in practice. ANR is indexed in SCIE, SSCI, SCOPUS, Science Direct, EMBASE, EMCare and CINAHL. The language of manuscript should be English. The minimum standard of proficiency in English should be met before a manuscript is submitted for review.

    The guidelines are separated into the following sections:


    Please submit manuscripts electronically to:
    Papers should be submitted as using online submission. Author Support,, is our front-line link between journal authors and the Elsevier production process. This helpdesk service can help authors with questions on pre-publication, production and post-production processes for both hard copy mail and online submissions. Concise, relevant and intuitive, Elsevier's Editorial System (EES) is a author's one-stop shop to:

    • Submit your papers online
    • Track the status of your submission—from decision to publication

    It is understood that submitted manuscripts are prepared specifically and solely for Asian Nursing Research. Accepted manuscripts become the property of Asian Nursing Research and may be reproduced in other publications in whole or in part only with the permission of Asian Nursing Research. Asian Nursing Research has exclusive rights to the article and to its reproduction and sale in all countries. Asian Nursing Research reserves the right to edit all manuscripts to its style and space requirements and to clarify the presentation. Declined manuscripts will not be returned.


    Criteria for initial consideration of papers submitted are originality, credibility of all data, and applicability to the aims of the Journal as a whole. Additional weight will be afforded to submissions that are concise and comprehensible. All potentially acceptable manuscripts will be subjected to peer-review.
    To increase the usefulness of Asian Nursing Research to the readership, submissions in the following categories, in addition to original manuscripts, will be deemed appropriate for consideration by the editors and editorial board:

    Editorials: These include comments by organizations or individuals on topics of current interest by invitation only.

    Research Articles: These include full papers reporting original research. Research papers should adhere to recognized standards for reporting (see Manuscript checklist). Typical length should be not more than 6,000 words for text only, although shorter papers are preferred.

    Review Articles: These include critical presentations of topics of interest to those relevant to nursing theory, practice, and education. The unsolicited reviews will be considered for publication if topical, of high quality and subject to peer review. The body of a review article should be a comprehensive, scholarly evidence-based review of the literature, accompanied by critical analysis and leading to reasonable conclusions. Wherever appropriate, details of the literature search methodology should be provided, i.e. the databases searched, the search terms and inclusive dates, and any selectivity criteria imposed. Wherever possible, use primary resources, avoiding "Data on File", "Poster" or other unpublished references. Typical length should be not more than 6,000 words for text only.

    Letters to the Editor: These include responses to previous articles and editorials.

    Commentaries: All commentary topics must be checked with the editor prior to submission. These include knowledge-based or consensus-type articles (e.g. working group statement) expressing objective opinions, experiences or perspectives on an important area related to asthma.

    Announcements: These include announcements to pertinent forthcoming meetings or events.


    Files uploaded to the online submission system are ultimately used in final production through a completely paperless system.
    Authors should submit to the journal online via the journal's home page or at You will be guided through the creation and uploading of the various files, including the Manuscript Checklist. Once the uploading is completed, the system automatically builds an electronic proof in the PDF format, which is then reviewed after your submission. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revisions, will be made by e-mail. Submitted papers should be relevant to international audience and Articles should be written in English (using American English spelling) and meet the following basic criteria: the material is original, the information is important, the writing is clear and concise, the study methods are appropriate, the data are valid, and the conclusions are reasonable and supported by the data.
    Manuscripts must be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). If there are any discrepancies between these author instructions and the APA Manual, the ANR guidelines shall prevail. All authors will be required to complete the Manuscript Checklist during the submission process to assist them in ensuring that the basic requirements of manuscript submission are met, including details of the roles of funding sources and any conflicts of interest. The Manuscript Checklist is designed to be a self-assessment checklist to assist authors in preparing their manuscript. A completed form must be submitted to show that you have included all the necessary parts in your submission.

    Manuscript Preparation
    Manuscripts should be typewritten, double-spaced, using a standard sized typeface and margins of at least 1 inch. Place three returns after every element, such as title, headings, paragraphs, and figure and table callouts. Manuscripts are accepted for publication with the understanding that their contents, or their essential substance, have not been published elsewhere, except in abstract form or by the express consent of the Editors. Materials taken from other sources must be accompanied by written permissions for reproduction, obtained from the original copyright holder. Statistical methods should be identified. Priority claims are discouraged. The length of manuscript is limited to 6,000 words for text only.

    The Corresponding Author must submit a completed Author Consent Form to the ANR editorial office with manuscripts. All authors must sign the Author Consent Form.
    According to the International Committee on Medical Journal Editor (ICMJE), an author is defined as one who has made substantial contributions to the conception and development of a manuscript.
    Adhere to the ICMJE guidelines ( which state that "authorship credit should be based on all of the following: 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or advising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published". All other contributors should be listed as acknowledgments.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship as defined above should be listed in an acknowledgments section. General acknowledgements for consultations, statistical analysis and so forth, should be listed concisely at the end of the text, including the names of the individuals who were directly involved. Consent should be obtained from those individuals before their names are listed in this section. All financial and material support for the research and work from internal or external agencies, including commercial companies, should be clearly and completely identified. Ensure that any conflicts of interest (financial and/or non-financial) are explicitly declared.

    Ethical Considerations
    The work on human beings that is submitted to the journal should comply with the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki should be followed (World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, available at Manuscripts will only be considered if they comply with internationally recognized standards of ethical research. The authors must be able to state that:
    1. Research involving humans or animals has been approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB) and has been conducted in accordance with accepted national and international standards: informed consent has been obtained from human subjects or their guardians prior to their participations in a study if applicable; privacy of study subjects is maintained or informed consent has been obtained if they are in any way identifiable and any potential conflicts of interest are disclosed.
    2. All individuals named as author qualify for authorship. All people listed as is restricted only to direct participants who have contributed significantly to the work.

    Conflict of Interest Statement
    All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately any influence their work. Authors who have no relevant conflicts of interest should provide a statement indicating that they have no conflicts of interest in the manuscript.


    General Style and Format
    Papers must adhere to the style and format described in the APA style (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed.)
    Manuscripts must be electronic files. You will need to prepare the following files for submission:

    Cover letter
    To the editor in which you detail authorship contributions and other matters you wish the editors to consider.

    Title Page
    On the title page include: title; running head; first name, middle initial, and last names of each author, with highest academic degrees; name of department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed; disclaimer(s) (if any); name and address of author to whom requests for reprints should be sent. The address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of corresponding author should be listed clearly. Acknowledgments of aid or criticism (e.g., source of research fund or grant; any conflicts of interest) should be approved by the person whose help is being recognized. Authors are required to sign a statement conferring the copyright to the manuscript to Asian Nursing Research.

    Abstract and Keywords
    An abstract of up to 250 words for articles (including reviews) should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. It should cover the main factual points, including statements of the purpose, methods, results, and conclusions. The abstract should be accompanied by a list of three to five keywords for indexing purposes; be very specific in your word choice. Use MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) keywords (

    Headings and subheadings should be provided in the methods and results sections, and, where appropriate, in the discussion section. Please keep the text clear and concise. Because the readership of Asian Nursing Research spans many disciplines, jargon should be avoided as it may not be familiar to some readers. Organize the manuscript in the following order: title page, acknowledgments, abstract, text, references, tables, figure legends and figures. Do not use appendices. The text of articles is usually divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion(s). Articles may need subheadings within some sections to clarify their content.

    Introduction: Clearly state the need for this study and the main question or hypothesis of the study. Summarize the literature review or background in the area of the study.
    Methods: Describe the study design, setting and samples, ethical considerations, measurements/instruments, data collection/procedure and data analysis used. If it is qualitative research instrument can be omitted.
    Results: Describe the main results in a concise paragraph. This section should be the most descriptive. Note levels of statistical significance and confidence intervals where appropriate.
    Discussion: Discussion should be based only on the reported results. Discussion for advances in nursing practice, nursing knowledge development, and nursing implication is strongly recommended.
    Conclusion(s): State the conclusions and recommendations for further study. Do not summarize the study results.

    Use standard abbreviations and units recommended in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Non-standard abbreviations should be defined the first time they appear in the text.

    Drug Names
    Generic names should be used. Proprietary names may be given (parenthetically) with the first use of the generic name.

    References should be cited in the text by name(s) of author(s) followed by year of publication in parentheses. The reference list should be typed alphabetically according to the APA style detailed in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.).
    References to articles that are in press must state the name of the journal and, if possible, volume and year. References to unpublished material, if essential, should be incorporated in the appropriate place in the text. Written permission from authors of unpublished data should be obtained and submitted. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. DOI number should be included in each article. Please recheck all references before manuscript submission.

    Journal articles or books:
    Bollingmo, G. C., Wessel, E. O., Eilertsen, D. E., & Magnussen, S. (2008). Credibility of the emotional witness: a study of ratings by police investigators. Psychology, Crime & Law, 14(1), 29-40.
    Carey, K. B., Scott-Sheldon, L. A. J., Carey, M. P., & DeMartini, K. S. (2007). Individual-level interventions to reduce college student drinking: a meta-analytic review. Addictive Behaviors, 32(11), 2469-2494.
    Chang, D. R. (2007). Sponsorship marketing and professional football: The case of Korea. In M. Desbordes (Ed.), Marketing and football: An international perspective (pp. 489-510). Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann.
    Constanigro, M., McCluskey, J. J., & Mittelhammer, R.C. (2007). Segmenting the wine market based on price: Hedonic regression when different prices mean different products. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58(3), 454-466.
    Griffiths, P., Bennett, J., & Smith, E. (2008). The size, extent and nature of the learning disability nursing research base: a systematic scoping review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46(4), 490-507.
    Kiekkas, P., Brokalaki, H., Manolis, E., Samios, A., Skartsani, C., & Baltopoulos, G (2007). Patient severity as an indicator of nursing workloads in the intensive unit. Nursing in Critical Care, 12(1), 34-41.
    Reichel, P. L. (2008). Comparative criminal justice systems: a topical approach (5thed.).UpperSaddleRiver,NJ:PearsonPrenticeHall.
    Williams-Forson, P. A. (2006). Building houses out of chicken legs: black women, food, and power. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

    Technical and research reports:
    Colorado Health Institute, Center for the Study of the Safety Net. (2009). Colorado children's health insurance: 2009 update (Issue Brief). Denver, CO: Caring for Colorado Foundation.
    Economic Impact Taskforce. (2007). UNC economic impact analysis: Phases I, II, and III. Retrieved from the University of Northern Colorado, Office of the President
    James, D.J. & Glaze, L. E. (2006). Mental health problems of prison and jail inmates (NJC 213600). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2009). Inventory of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions and sinks: 1990-2007 (EPA 430-R-09-004). Washington, D.C.: Author.

    Electronic Media:
    As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.
    American Heart Association. (2009). Learn you levels. Retrieved from
    Health Central Network. (2009). Heart attack symptoms and warning signs. Retrieved from
    Hoffman, D. (2009). Diagnosing skin cancer on nose. Retrieved from,,6f9v,00.html
    U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2009, July 24). Smoking cessation products to help you quit. Retrieved from

    Each table and figure should be placed on a separate sheet. Number tables consecutively, and supply a brief title at the top for each. Footnotes to a table are typed immediately below the table, indicated by superscript letters (a, b, c, etc) with the footnotes arranged alphabetically by the superscripts. Asterisks (*, **) are used only to indicate the probability level of tests of significance. Tables and figures are printed only when they express more than can be done by words in the same amount of space. Do not indicate placement of tables or figures in the text-the editor will automatically place your tables and figures.

    Other than as specified above, manuscripts should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.).


    Review Process
    All manuscripts are sent simultaneously to three reviewers for blind peer review. Authors will receive of the reviewer's comments. If the manuscript is subjected to publish, the author will be asked to respond the reviewer's comment within 2 weeks.

    The editorial decision
    All contributions (including solicited articles) are critically reviewed by the Editors, members of the Editorial Board, and/or appropriate consultant reviewers. The decision of the Editors is final.

    Final Revised Manuscript
    A final version of the accepted manuscript should be submitted online. If submitting hard copies by mail, please submit two copies of the manuscript along with a disk containing the final version. If aspects of the research are reported elsewhere, include a copy of the publication(s). Include all material in one computer file (do not separate the abstract, tables, etc., into separate files). Paper copies of the submitted manuscript should match exactly the electronic version (including figures). Save your file as MS Word.

    To avoid delays in publication, corrections to proofs must be returned within 2 business days, by email or fax. Authors will be charged for excessive corrections at this stage of production. If authors do not return page within the period, the publisher reserves to decide to either delay publication to a subsequent issue or to proceed to press without author corrections upon advices of the editor.

    Authors are required to sign the copyright transfer agreement to the society. All accepted manuscripts, artwork, and photographs become the permanent property of the society. The copyright agreement form will be sent to corresponding authors of accepted manuscripts with proofs. This should be signed and returned to the society. Authors must obtain permission to reproduce or adapt all or part of copyrighted materials from other journal or book sources.


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