The following materials include tools to help avoid misconduct and background materials about research and publication ethics. If in doubt, nothing can replace a candid conversation with your advisor, or someone in a position of authority who can guide you to the right course of action.
- Duplicate Submission English | Spanish | Chinese | Japanese
- Research Fraud English | Spanish | Chinese | Japanese
- Plagiarism English | Spanish | Chinese | Japanese
- Authorship English | Spanish | Chinese | Japanese
- Conflict of Interest English | Spanish | Chinese | Japanese
- Salami Slicing English | Spanish | Chinese | Japanese
- Plagiarism - passing off another's work or idea as your own
- Duplicate submission - submitting a paper simultaneously to more than one publication at a time
- Conflict of interest - nondisclosure to the publication that you have a direct or indirect conflict that prevents you from being unbiased in your paper2
- Authorship disputes - deliberately misrepresenting a scientist's relationship to their work on a published paper
- Salami slicing - the "slicing" of research that would form one meaningful paper into several different papers
Dr. Jaap van Harten, Executive Publisher, Elsevier, shares insights about research and publishing ethics, data manipulation, plagiarism, publication duplication, and the consequences of scientific misconduct.
Professor of Developmental Biology, Christine L. Mummery explains why you should stick to the golden rules of ethics and the implications of ethics failure.
Watch the Videos
- A perspective on research ethics from Christine L. Mummery
- What are the major types of scientific misconduct?
- What are the types of data manipulation?
- What is figure falsification in the publishing process?
- Is figure manipulation completely unacceptable?
- What is the common scenario in publishing misconduct?
- Are there forms of publication misconduct besides plagiarism?
- How often does plagiarism occur?
- How do publishers detect publication misconduct?
- Is it difficult to identify research misconduct?
- What are the consequences of scientific misconduct to you (the author), your institution and the research community?
- What are the consequences of scientific misconduct to you personally?
- What would be a typical case of plagiarism?
- What should you do if you suspect ethical misconduct?
- Research fraud - which includes fabrication (making up research data); and falsification (manipulation of existing research data, tables, or images)1
- Improper use of humans or animals in research - which includes absent or inadequate informed consent of human subjects, or maltreatment of laboratory animals2
- Office of Research Integrity U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Definition of Research Misconduct. Available at: http://ori.hhs.gov/definition-misconduct. Accessed: June 12, 2012.
- Scott-Lichter D and the Editorial Policy Committee, Council of Science Editors. CSE's White Paper on Promoting Integrity in Scientific Journal Publications, 2012 Update. 3rd Revised Edition. Wheat Ridge, CO: 2012. Available at: http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/files/public/entire_whitepaper.pdf Accessed: June 12, 2012.
- These video's first appeared on www.biggerbrains.com