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Physics

Higgs boson papers published and freely available

CERN's landmark discovery detailed in Elsevier's Physics Letters B

Physics Letters BIt doesn’t happen often, but occasionally a discovery comes along that shapes how science views the universe. And when it does happen, the world takes notice.

Such a moment occurred in July: the announcement that two research teams  The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), had discovered the long-hypothesized subatomic particle, the Higgs boson. More than 1,000 people stood in line overnight for the announcement at CERN headquarters in Geneva. And the fact that there’s no easy way to describe a Higgs boson deterred neither news outlets all over the world from excitedly reporting the discovery, nor humorists from cracking wise about it.

Now the two studies are published in Physics Letters B, Elsevier’s flagship journal in high energy physics.

 [caption id="attachment_11859" align="alignright" width="110"]Eleanora Presani

Eleanora Presani, PhD

[/caption]The scientists from CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) chose Physics Letters B because of its ability to publish the studies quickly and because it accommodated longer research papers, said Eleonora Presani, publisher for 14 high-energy physics journals at Elsevier and a former CERN physicist.

As soon as Presani learned her journal was the researchers’ choice, she moved to make space available in its next issue. Then she and her staff busied themselves with production details, including checking and double checking myriad details, and creating a special cover with an aerial view of CERN’s Large Hadron Collider — the mammoth tool used to produce and detect the Higgs bosons — with two crucial data charts superimposed. Normally, the cover of Physics Letters B shuns large images and features its name against a red cover with a white border.

[note color="#f1f9fc" position="right" width=400 margin=10 align="alignright"]

View the studies

The two CERN studies are available free of charge on ScienceDirect:

Observation of a new boson at a mass of 125 GeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC”

Observation of a new particle in the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson with the ATLAS detector at the LHC” [/note]

Until a year ago, Presani was a particle physicist at CERN, though not in the Higgs boson project. She was part of a research team that worked on a device to detect anti-matter in space that was placed aboard the International Space Station last year.

Faced with the uncertainty of research-funding in a highly competitive field, the native of Trieste, Italy, said she decided to leave CERN and pursue a related interest, science communications.

The publication of scientific research, Presani said, is a fundamental part of science often overlooked by the public. Journals provide a place where new scientific ideas can be presented and tested, advancing scientific knowledge.

“Knowledge by itself is not worth anything unless it is communicated to others who can work on it and improve it,” Presani said.

Publishing the Higgs boson studies — first electronically and then in a print edition a few days later — is another step down that path.[divider]

So what is a Higgs boson anyway?

Higgs boson is often described as a tiny subatomic particle that gives other subatomic particles their mass. That is a mind-bending concept that sends some looking for analogies to help explain what it does. Here are a few:

  • Daniel Stone, Newsweek’s White House correspondent, wrote this explanation in the Daily Beast: “Imagine a set of Legos. As any 8-year-old knows, with Legos you can build anything: a castle, a race car — hell, even an aircraft carrier. But until now, Legos are the smallest building blocks we’ve ever known about. What if we could get even smaller? What if we could deconstruct a Lego block into more fundamental parts: the plastic, the adhesives, the coloring agent. That coloring die, in essence, is the Higgs Boson, something we’ve never seen before in a raw state. Except in this case, it would help explain some fundamental qualities about the universe, such as how it formed, why everything in it has the shape it does, and how much about our universe we still don’t know.”
  • Steven Weinberg, a professor at the University of Texas at Austin and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics, sought out this baseball analogy in a New York Times essay: “If the new particle is the Higgs boson, it would have to be like a knuckleball in baseball; unlike all other known elementary particles, it would have no spin.”

[divider][note color="#f1f9fc" position="left" width=800]

An Encounter with Professor Higgs

[caption id="attachment_11846" align="alignleft" width="110"]Annelies van DamAnnelies van Dam[/caption]A few years back Annelies van Dam met Professor Peter Higgs, who nearly 50 years ago predicted the existence of the sub-atomic particle that bears his name. Annelies, a Communications Consultant for Elsevier’s Global Internal Communications asked the physicist whether the search for the elusive particle could jeopardize the planet’s existence – a concern then roiling some segments of the media. Here is her recollection:

I was volunteering at the International Documentary Festival of Amsterdam in 2009, when I was asked to host a Q&A session with the makers of the documentary “Higgs.”

There had been a lot of talk in the media about CERN’s Large Hadron Collider and the fear some had that the search for the Higgs-particle would cause a new ‘Big Bang’ or create a black hole, destroying everything around us.

Professor Higgs was present at the screening of this documentary, and I was lucky enough to talk to him afterwards. I just had to ask him: Were these fears even remotely realistic? Of course, I joined him in a chuckle when he said this was nonsense, and there was absolutely no danger of the world coming to an end as a result of the experiments, but secretly I was very relieved to hear him say this![/note][divider]

[caption id="attachment_11875" align="alignleft" width="99"]Len ManiaceLen Maniace[/caption]

About the Author

Len Maniace is an Executive Editor for Global Internal Communications at Elsevier. He worked 32 years as a journalist, mostly with Gannett in New York (The Journal News), reporting on science, medical, environmental, health-policy and government news, as well as serving as assistant city editor. He later covered breaking news in New York City for the New York Post. Outside of work, he leads an environmental sustainability program for a volunteer, nonprofit group in his New York City neighborhood of Jackson Heights, Queens. He is married and has two sons.



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