[caption id="attachment_18979" align="aligncenter" width="798"] Haiti turned its attention to public health problems following the 2010 earthquake, which overwhelmed the nation's health system. Here, medical personnel prepare a Haitian woman for surgery at the Milot hospital in cap-Haitian. (US Navy photo by Chief Mass Communication Specialist Robert J. Fluegel)[/caption]
A concerted effort headed by Haitian and US agencies is improving a range of public health conditions following the 2010 earthquake in that nation, according to a commentary this month in The Lancet.
Improvements were noted in HIV testing of pregnant women and the administration of antiretroviral drugs to those testing positive; incidence of cholera, which struck the nation following the quake; childhood vaccinations; measures to combat lymphatic filariasis, a debilitating parasitic disease; and the training of water technicians to test and protect local water supplies.
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Public health impact goals for Haiti1. Eliminate vertical transmission of HIV. 2. Eliminate the threat of epidemic cholera. 3. Eliminate lymphatic filariasis. 4. Establish a functioning, sustainable, self-correcting public health system. 5. Reduce under-5 mortality rate from vaccine-preventable diseases by 35%. 6. Reduce maternal mortality by 30%. 7. Reduce tuberculosis prevalence by 25%. [/caption]
In an article titled “Cautious optimism on public health in post-earthquake Haiti,” the authors noted the measures had been taken as the Haitian health-care system recovered from the cholera epidemic. That's when officials at Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population sought to focus on long-term health issues. The ministry, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other organizations came up with seven major goals for the effort.
“At the 3-year anniversary of the earthquake, Haiti is starting to show that its health services have expanded far beyond those in place before the earthquake,” wrote the authors, all of whom are from the CDC.
[caption id="attachment_18965" align="aligncenter" width="800"] Mirebalais Hospital is being developed as a public-private partnership between Partners in Health and the government of Haiti in response to the government’s request to PIH just after the earthquake. The photo was taken in mid-2012 by Owen Robinson, Haiti Program Manager for Partners in Health. He said the hospital is almost finished and will open in a few weeks.[/caption]
The improved health measurements over the 3-year period include:
[pullquote align="right"]At the 3-year anniversary of the earthquake, Haiti is starting to show that its health services have expanded far beyond those in place before the earthquake.[/pullquote]
- A 55 percent increase in testing pregnant women for HIV to 201,545.
- A 3-month vaccination campaign in 2012 that targeted 2.5 million children. A follow up survey showed 91 percent of children had been vaccinated against measles and rubella.
- Some 2.3 million Port-au-Prince area residents received two medications against lymphatic filiarisis, raising the rate of residents so treated to 90 percent from 35 percent, according to a survey.
- Cholera rates dropped to 20 percent by in the second year of the project, compared with the first year.
- Last year 258 water technicians were trained and deployed to test municipal water sources and to provide sanitation education across the country.
- An increase in the rate HIV positive women received antiretroviral drugs to 83 percent from 54 percent.